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From "Knut Anders Hatlen (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-2991) Index split deadlock
Date Mon, 22 Dec 2008 10:22:44 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2991?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12658493#action_12658493
] 

Knut Anders Hatlen commented on DERBY-2991:
-------------------------------------------

I had the JUnit test running repeatedly over the weekend, 300 times
for each configuration to get a more reliable average. I've summarized
the results in the table below. Positive values in the increase column
means that trunk is faster, negative values means that the patched
version is faster.

TEST                |TRUNK_TIME |PATCHED_TI&|INCREASE   |INCREASE_PERCENT      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
decimal10columns    |17752      |17761      |9          |0.0506985128436277    
decimal1column      |4875       |4842       |-33        |-0.676923076923075    
varchar10           |4586       |4517       |-69        |-1.5045791539467945   
varchar100          |7288       |7185       |-103       |-1.4132821075740987   
varchar1000         |35977      |37008      |1031       |2.865719765405683     
varcharAll          |41502      |42701      |1199       |2.8890173967519583    

Not much difference between them. For smaller keys, it seems like
saving the position is slightly cheaper, whereas for larger keys it
appears to be slightly more expensive.

> Index split deadlock
> --------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-2991
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2991
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Store
>    Affects Versions: 10.2.2.0, 10.3.1.4
>         Environment: Windows XP, Java 6
>            Reporter: Bogdan Calmac
>            Assignee: Knut Anders Hatlen
>         Attachments: d2991-preview-1a.diff, d2991-preview-1a.stat, d2991-preview-1b.diff,
d2991-preview-1b.stat, d2991-preview-1c.diff, d2991-preview-1c.stat, d2991-preview-1d.diff,
d2991-preview-1d.stat, derby.log, InsertSelectDeadlock.java, perftest.diff, Repro2991.java,
stacktraces_during_deadlock.txt
>
>
> After doing dome research on the mailing list, it appears that the index split deadlock
is a known behaviour, so I will start by describing the theoretical problem first and then
follow with the details of my test case.
> If you have concurrent select and insert transactions on the same table, the observed
locking behaviour is as follows:
>  - the select transaction acquires an S lock on the root block of the index and then
waits for an S lock on some uncommitted row of the insert transaction
>  - the insert transaction acquires X locks on the inserted records and if it needs to
do an index split creates a sub-transaction that tries to acquire an X lock on the root block
of the index
> In summary: INDEX LOCK followed by ROW LOCK + ROW LOCK followed by INDEX LOCK = deadlock
> In the case of my project this is an important issue (lack of concurrency after being
forced to use table level locking) and I would like to contribute to the project and fix this
issue (if possible). I was wondering if someone that knows the code can give me a few pointers
on the implications of this issue:
>  - Is this a limitation of the top-down algorithm used?
>  - Would fixing it require to use a bottom up algorithm for better concurrency (which
is certainly non trivial)?
>  - Trying to break the circular locking above, I would first question why does the select
transaction need to acquire (and hold) a lock on the root block of the index. Would it be
possible to ensure the consistency of the select without locking the index?
> -----
> The attached test (InsertSelectDeadlock.java) tries to simulate a typical data collection
application, it consists of: 
>  - an insert thread that inserts records in batch 
>  - a select thread that 'processes' the records inserted by the other thread: 'select
* from table where id > ?' 
> The derby log provides detail about the deadlock trace and stacktraces_during_deadlock.txt
shows that the inser thread is doing an index split.
> The test was run on 10.2.2.0 and 10.3.1.4 with identical behaviour.
> Thanks,
> Bogdan Calmac.

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