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From Kristian Waagan <Kristian.Waa...@Sun.COM>
Subject Re: thread interrupts and Derby I/O
Date Wed, 05 Nov 2008 15:04:08 GMT
Mike Matrigali wrote:
> I am looking a problems caused by interrupts being delivered to to 
> Derby threads from outside Derby code (for example see DERBY-151).  In 
> all of the cases that I have had to
> do support on the application didn't actually want to interrupt Derby, 
> and often did not even know their code (or some other code they had 
> embedded) was doing the interrupt.  As the test case in DERBY-151 shows
> it is very easy to cause this, just call Thread.
> Prior to our use of channel based I/O in the logging system and the 
> data base I/O these interrupts would not affect the I/O at all.  Now 
> if an
> interrupt is delivered to a thread that will call Derby code before the
> thread's isInterrupted flag is cleared any channel based I/O will fail.
> So customers moving up to later Derby versions are seeing this as a
> regression.
> So after looking at this a little should Derby try to do it's I/O 
> somehow, basically somehow ignoring the interrupt?  I think the only
> way to continue would be to clear the interrupt and then doing work
> to either reget the channel, and possibly reopen the file.  This was
> the path was making my way down at first, but then wondered if this was
> a good behavior for an embedded application.  Any opinions?

Hi Mike,

I think somehow ignoring the interrupt would be fine. Doesn't that take 
us back to the previous behavior?

If it is possible, maybe something like this could be done:
 a) When getting ClosedByInterruptException, clear interrupted flag, and 
redo operation.
 b) After a successful completion, set interrupted flag again and continue.
 c) Define "safe" interruption points.
 d) Determine if the interrupted flag will affect us in any other way.

The interruption points (c) don't have to be in Derby, i.e. Derby 
completes whatever operation it is doing and it will then be up to the 
application to stop by not sending any more requests to Derby. They can 
also be in Derby, but then we must identify locations where it is 
safe/convenient to abort. For instance, maybe we could exploit the 
existing timeout functionality for this, by also checking if the thread 
is interrupted?

I'm a bit skeptical about having Thread.interrupt() stop Derby in 
arbitrary places, but maybe that can be done by throwing an exception?

Feel free to correct me, I haven't spent a lot of time studying this in 


> In most cases if
> Derby gets an interrupt error it is going to treat it as unrecoverable
> and shut down the database.  The errors in this case could definitely
> be improved, as they mostly point the wrong cause and lead user to think
> the db is corrupted.  In all the interrupt based shutdowns that I have
> seen the db will boot fine as long as the booting thread has cleared the
> interrupted flag.  Unfortunately I think it would be a major project to
> figure out how to only affect the current thread in such a I/O failure
> as there are low level cross thread dependencies on the I/O working so
> it is not as simple as just failing the current thread (especially 
> hard are reads and writes to the database recovery log which may 
> contain work
> for more than just the current thread).

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