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From "Knut Anders Hatlen (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-481) implement SQL generated columns
Date Thu, 13 Nov 2008 12:49:44 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-481?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12647275#action_12647275
] 

Knut Anders Hatlen commented on DERBY-481:
------------------------------------------

> Is this the right behavior?

I would have expected that attempts to set a column which is GENERATED
ALWAYS AS failed. Similarly to what happens if you try to specify the
value of an identity column (GENERATED ALWAYS AS IDENTITY):

ij> insert into tt select * from b;
ERROR 42Z23: Attempt to modify an identity column 'B'. 

> It seems a bit non-intuitive to require the
> result set inserted to have two columns when only one is used anyway...

Note that you could specify that you only set some of the columns in
the insert (again similarly to how you'd do it if you had an identity
column):

  insert into a(i) select i from b

> implement SQL generated columns
> -------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-481
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-481
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: SQL
>    Affects Versions: 10.0.2.1
>            Reporter: Rick Hillegas
>            Assignee: Rick Hillegas
>         Attachments: derby-481-00-aa-prototype.diff, derby-481-01-aa-catalog.diff, derby-481-02-aa-utilities.diff,
derby-481-03-aa-grammar.diff, derby-481-04-aa-insert.diff, derby-481-05-aa-update.diff, derby-481-06-aa-genreferences.diff,
derby-481-07-aa-noSQLinRoutines.diff, derby-481-07-ab-noSQLinRoutines.diff, derby-481-08-aa-castToDeclaredType.diff,
derby-481-09-aa-dummyDefaults.diff, derby-481-10-aa-foreignKeyActions.diff, derby-481-11-aa-notNull.diff,
derby-481-12-aa-padding.diff, derby-481-13-aa-alterDatatype.diff, derby-481-14-ab-dropColumn.diff,
derby-481-15-aa-renameAndAddDefault.diff, derby-481-16-aa-dropFunction.diff, GeneratedColumns.html
>
>
> Satheesh has pointed out that generated columns, a SQL 2003 feature, would satisfy the
performance requirements of Expression Indexes (bug 455). Generated columns may not be as
elegant as Expression Indexes, but they are easier to implement. We would allow the following
new kind of column definition in CREATE TABLE and ALTER TABLE statements:
>     columnName GENERATED ALWAYS AS ( expression )
> If expression were an indexableExpression (as defined in bug 455), then we could create
indexes on it. There is no work for the optimizer to do here. The Language merely has to compute
the generated column at INSERT/UPDATE time.

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