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From "Knut Anders Hatlen (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-3693) Deadlocks accessing DB metadata
Date Fri, 18 Jul 2008 21:49:31 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-3693?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12614889#action_12614889
] 

Knut Anders Hatlen commented on DERBY-3693:
-------------------------------------------

It seems like the plan for the meta-data query is invalidated in the user transaction. When
the plan is invalidated, SYS.SYSSTATEMENTS is updated to reflect that the plan is invalid,
hence the user transaction has an exclusive lock on a row in SYS.SYSSTATEMENTS. However, the
meta-data query is recompiled in a sub-transaction, and therefore it runs into a lock conflict
with the user transaction. Perhaps we could get around this problem by also performing the
invalidation in a sub-transaction so that the exclusive lock is released once the plan has
been marked as invalid. Statements within triggers probably also suffer from the same problem.

> Deadlocks accessing DB metadata
> -------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-3693
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-3693
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: JDBC
>    Affects Versions: 10.3.2.1, 10.3.3.0, 10.4.1.3
>         Environment: Linux amd64 or Windows 32bit
>            Reporter: Svata Dedic
>         Attachments: d3693.java, deadlock.diff, derby.log, GetTables.java
>
>
> My code changes DB structure (create a column), then immediately after setting autocommit
back to true, the code rescans the DB metadata
> DatabaseMetaData.getColumns(catalog, schemaName, tableName, null);
> I am sometimes getting a deadlock with these operations:
> 2008-04-16 19:50:47.833 GMT Thread[Default RequestProcessor,1,system] (XID = 569844),
(SESSIONID = 2), (DATABASE = /..../a3/.config/localdb/db), (DRDAID = null), Cleanup action
starting 2008-04-16 19:50:47.833 GMT Thread[Default RequestProcessor,1,system] (XID = 569844),
(SESSIONID = 2),  (DATABASE = /..../IJCProjects/a3/.config/localdb/db), (DRDAID = null), Failed
Statement is: EXECUTE STATEMENT SYS."getColumns" ERROR 40XL2: A lock could not be obtained
within the time requested.
> The lockTable dump is:
> 2008-04-16 19:50:47.796 GMT
> XID       |TYPE         |MODE|LOCKCOUNT|LOCKNAME                                    
            |STATE|TABLETYPE /LOCKOBJ                   |INDEXNAME / CONTAINER_ID / MODE for
LATCH only)  |TABLENAME / CONGLOM_ID                |
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> *** The following row is the victim ***
> 569852    |ROW          |X   |0        |(44,7)                                      
         |WAIT |S                      |NULL |SYSSTATEMENTS                         | 
> *** The above row is the victim ***
> The stacktrace of the operation causing the deadlock is 
>         at org.apache.derby.iapi.error.StandardException.newException(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.services.locks.Timeout.createException(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.services.locks.Timeout.buildException(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.services.locks.ConcurrentLockSet.lockObject(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.services.locks.AbstractPool.lockObject(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.services.locks.ConcurrentPool.lockObject(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.raw.xact.RowLocking3.lockRecordForWrite(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.heap.HeapController.lockRow(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.heap.HeapController.lockRow(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.btree.index.B2IRowLocking3.lockRowOnPage(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.btree.index.B2IRowLocking3._lockScanRow(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.btree.index.B2IRowLockingRR.lockScanRow(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.btree.BTreeForwardScan.fetchRows(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.store.access.btree.BTreeScan.fetchNext(Unknown Source)

>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.catalog.TabInfoImpl.updateRow(Unknown Source) 
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.catalog.TabInfoImpl.updateRow(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.catalog.DataDictionaryImpl.updateSPS(Unknown Source
)
>         at org.apache.derby.iapi.sql.dictionary.SPSDescriptor.updateSYSSTATEMENTS(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.iapi.sql.dictionary.SPSDescriptor.getPreparedStatement(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.iapi.sql.dictionary.SPSDescriptor.getPreparedStatement(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.compile.ExecSPSNode.generate(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericStatement.prepMinion(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericStatement.prepare(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericPreparedStatement.rePrepare(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.sql.GenericPreparedStatement.execute(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedStatement.executeStatement(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.executeStatement(Unknown
Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedPreparedStatement.executeQuery(Unknown Source)

>         at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedDatabaseMetaData.doGetCols(Unknown Source)
>         at org.apache.derby.impl.jdbc.EmbedDatabaseMetaData.getColumns(Unknown Source)
> I've seen the deadlock occur during several get-metadata operations (getImportedKeys,
...), each time waiting on the SYSSTATEMENTS apparently because of internally constructed
PreparedStatement. The lock eventually times out and the locked out operation completes without
error.
> When the deadlock occurs, the "real" SQL into systables is being compiled (I traced this
sql to be the value of "getColumns" key in org/apache/derby/impl/jdbc/metadata.properties
file):
> ---------%<-----------------------%<--------------
> Begin compiling prepared statement: SELECT CAST ('' AS VARCHAR(128)) AS PKTABLE_CAT,
S.SCHEMANAME AS PKTABLE_SCHEM, TABLENAME AS
> PKTABLE_NAME, COLS.COLUMNNAME AS PKCOLUMN_NAME, CAST ('' AS VARCHAR(128)) AS FKTABLE_CAT,
FKTABLE_SCHEM, FKTABLE_NAME, FKCOLUMN_NAME, CAST ...
> ---------%<-----------------------%<--------------

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