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From "Dyre Tjeldvoll (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Updated: (DERBY-3192) Cache session data in the client driver
Date Mon, 19 Nov 2007 21:04:43 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-3192?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel
]

Dyre Tjeldvoll updated DERBY-3192:
----------------------------------

    Attachment: derby-3192-test.v1.stat
                derby-3192-test.v1.diff

In the interest of having test-driven and incremental development I'm starting my work on
this issue
by attaching a patch for a new JUnit test. The test runs ok by itself and as a part of jdbcapi.
I have not run it as part of suites.All.

Currently, only isolation level changes are tested.

If anyone knows about other ways of changing the isolation level that should be part of this
 test, I would love to hear about it. (Other comments are also appreciated).

> Cache session data in the client driver
> ---------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-3192
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-3192
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: JDBC, Network Client, Network Server, Performance, SQL
>    Affects Versions: 10.3.1.4
>            Reporter: Dyre Tjeldvoll
>            Assignee: Dyre Tjeldvoll
>         Attachments: derby-3192-test.v1.diff, derby-3192-test.v1.stat
>
>
> The reason for doing this is to avoid a rather
> substantial performance hit observed when the client driver is used
> together with an appserver that uses connection pooling. There are two
> problems:
> 1) The connection pool will compare the isolation level it has
> stored for the connection with the value returned from
> Connection.getTransactionIsolation() each and every time someone
> requests a new connection from the pool.
> 2) The users of the connection pool (ab)use it to avoid having to keep
> track of their current connection. So each time a query needs to be
> executed a call to the connection pool's getConnection() method is
> made. Getting a connection from the connection pool like this also
> means that a new PreparedStatement must be prepared each time.
> The net result is that each query results in the following sequence:
> getConnection()
> getTransactionIsolation() --> roundtrip + lookup in server's statement cache
> prepareStatment()         --> roundtrip + lookup in server's statement cache
> executeQuery()            --> roundtrip
> Arguably this is a "user error" but when suggesting this I'm kindly
> informed that this works "just fine" with other datbases (such as
> PostgreSQL and ORACLE). 
> The reason why it works is that these databases do statement caching
> in the driver. I've tried to implement a very (too) simple statement
> cache in Derby's client driver and to re-enable caching of the
> isolation level (see
> https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-1148). With these changes
> I observe a marked performance improvement when running with appserver
> load. 
> A proper statment cache cannot be implemented without knowing what the
> current schema is. If the current schema has changed since the
> statement was prepared, it is no longer valid and must be evicted from
> the cache.
> The problem with caching both the isolation level and the current schema in
> the driver is that both can change on the server without the client
> detecting it (through SQL and XA and possibly stored procedures).
> I think this problem can be overcome if we piggy-back the information we would 
> like to cache on messages going back to the client. This can be done by
> utilizing the EXCSQLSET DRDA command. According to the DRDA spec (v4, volume 3, 
> page 359-360) it is possible to add one or more SQLSTT objects after SQLCARD in the reply,
> I think it would be possible to cache additional session information when this becomes
relevant.  It
> would also be possible to use EXCSQLSET to batch session state changes
> going from the client to the server.

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