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From "Oleksandr Alesinskyy (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-2212) Add "Unique where not null" to create index
Date Wed, 31 Oct 2007 11:12:50 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2212?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel#action_12539048
] 

Oleksandr Alesinskyy commented on DERBY-2212:
---------------------------------------------

New version of specification looks much better, but still has some problems.

1. There are too many typos and they sometimes affect the meaning, e.g.

  "null,null,1  null.null,1  no exception"   - what is "null.null" (dot instead of comma)
  
  "null,1,null null,null,1 no exception"  - likely should be ""null,1,null null,1,null no
exception"

2. After "no exception" shall be " and table contains both inserted rows" (otherwise it is
legal to assume that second row may be silently swallowed)

3. Issue is named 'Add "Unique where not null" to create index', but discussion of unique
indexes is completely absent from functional specification.

Regards,
Oleksandr

> Add "Unique where not null" to create index
> -------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-2212
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2212
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: SQL
>    Affects Versions: 10.2.1.6
>            Reporter: Oleksandr Alesinskyy
>            Assignee: Anurag Shekhar
>         Attachments: derby-2212preview.diff, derby-2212preview2.diff, FunctionalSpec.html,
FunctionlaSpecv2.html
>
>
> Derby prohibits creation of unique constraints on nullable colums (as well if only some
columns in the constraint list are nullable) and treat nulls in unique indexes as normal values
(i.e. only one row with null values in indexed columns may be inserted into the table). This
bahavior is very restrictive, does not completely comply with SQL standards (both letter and
intent) as well as with business needs and intending meaning of NULL values (2 null values
are not considered as equal, this comparision shall return NULL, and for selection criteria
boolean null is treated as FALSE).
> This behavior, as far as I can see, is modelled after DB2 (and differs from behavior
of most other major databases, like SyBase, Oracle, etc.).
> But even DB2 provide some means to alleviate these restrictions, namely "UNIQUE WHERE
NOT NULL" clause for CREATE INDEX statement.
> It will be very good if such "UNIQUE WHERE NOT NULL" clause will be introduced in Derby.
> Regards,
> Oleksandr Alesinskyy

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