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From "Anurag Shekhar (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-2212) Add "Unique where not null" to create index
Date Tue, 16 Oct 2007 10:45:50 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2212?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel#action_12535221
] 

Anurag Shekhar commented on DERBY-2212:
---------------------------------------

>3. This code will not be executed for partial key matching. Hence, null values will always
be treated equal in that case. Is that intentional? If yes, it would be good if that would
be clear from the specification of the method, and not just be an implicit assumption based
on how partial key matching is currently used.

Partial key matching is used only for searching. While searching (either for update or select)
null should be treated equal. So this code shouldn't get executed. 

DataType#compare: Are you sure that nullsOrderedLow does not matter when both values are null?
I am a bit confused,so it would be good if you could add a convincing comment. And why return
-1 and not 1 if nulls are not equal? Does this work equally well for both ascending and descending
scans?

nullsOrderedLow is used for ordering nulls with respect to not null values (in order by clause
with null ordering option) so when two nulls are being compared this flag is not relevant.

-1 or 1 result of the null comparison will only effect where new node will be inserted (left
or right of the existing node). The spec in my opinion doesn't mandates it. So I think its
ok to return either -1 or 1. Please let me know if I am wrong.

 

> Add "Unique where not null" to create index
> -------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-2212
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2212
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: SQL
>    Affects Versions: 10.2.1.6
>            Reporter: Oleksandr Alesinskyy
>            Assignee: Anurag Shekhar
>         Attachments: derby-2212preview.diff
>
>
> Derby prohibits creation of unique constraints on nullable colums (as well if only some
columns in the constraint list are nullable) and treat nulls in unique indexes as normal values
(i.e. only one row with null values in indexed columns may be inserted into the table). This
bahavior is very restrictive, does not completely comply with SQL standards (both letter and
intent) as well as with business needs and intending meaning of NULL values (2 null values
are not considered as equal, this comparision shall return NULL, and for selection criteria
boolean null is treated as FALSE).
> This behavior, as far as I can see, is modelled after DB2 (and differs from behavior
of most other major databases, like SyBase, Oracle, etc.).
> But even DB2 provide some means to alleviate these restrictions, namely "UNIQUE WHERE
NOT NULL" clause for CREATE INDEX statement.
> It will be very good if such "UNIQUE WHERE NOT NULL" clause will be introduced in Derby.
> Regards,
> Oleksandr Alesinskyy

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