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From "Mike Matrigali (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Updated: (DERBY-2212) Add "Unique where not null" to create index
Date Thu, 12 Jul 2007 19:20:04 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2212?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel
]

Mike Matrigali updated DERBY-2212:
----------------------------------


What is the standard with respect to multi-column keys and the null uniqueness semantics for
this feature.  The Oracle semantics definitely seem easier to implement/understand. If this
is not the standard what should happen in the following 3 part multi-column unique 
key but allow null duplicate instances:
clearly not allowed:
null, null, null vs null, null, null

clearly not allowed:
a, a, a    vs a a a

Is following a duplicate or not?
a, null, b vs a, null, b
a, null, null vs a, null, null
null, a, b vs null a, b 

The Derby store is architected to allow the SQL engine to create an index which would only
have a subset of rows of the base table.  This would be easy.  The challenge would be to
enhance the existing engine code to understand how it could use this index.  So for instance
would be wrong to use this new index for optimized isNull() lookup, also won't work for count
*, and the consistency checker probably would need to change as it assumes matching number
of rows between base table and indexes.  Depending on 
the answer above optimizer may even more limited on what it could use the index for.  There
are probably other things.

Long term I believe there are other uses for these kinds of non-standard indexes so I think
work in this area may help other projects, like functional indexes.  

> Add "Unique where not null" to create index
> -------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-2212
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2212
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: SQL
>    Affects Versions: 10.2.1.6
>            Reporter: Oleksandr Alesinskyy
>
> Derby prohibits creation of unique constraints on nullable colums (as well if only some
columns in the constraint list are nullable) and treat nulls in unique indexes as normal values
(i.e. only one row with null values in indexed columns may be inserted into the table). This
bahavior is very restrictive, does not completely comply with SQL standards (both letter and
intent) as well as with business needs and intending meaning of NULL values (2 null values
are not considered as equal, this comparision shall return NULL, and for selection criteria
boolean null is treated as FALSE).
> This behavior, as far as I can see, is modelled after DB2 (and differs from behavior
of most other major databases, like SyBase, Oracle, etc.).
> But even DB2 provide some means to alleviate these restrictions, namely "UNIQUE WHERE
NOT NULL" clause for CREATE INDEX statement.
> It will be very good if such "UNIQUE WHERE NOT NULL" clause will be introduced in Derby.
> Regards,
> Oleksandr Alesinskyy

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