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From "A B (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Updated: (DERBY-827) Performance can be improved by re-using language ResultSets across Activation executions.
Date Thu, 29 Mar 2007 23:19:25 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-827?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

A B updated DERBY-827:

    Attachment: multiprobe_notTested.patch

In a thread on derby-dev I wrote the following:

>> I think the approach would be to generate the array of probe values 
>> as a "saved object", which can then be retrieved from the activation 
>> just like any other saved object.  My perhaps slightly uninformed
>> guess is that this shouldn't be too difficult--maybe a day or two of
>> coding?

It turns out my guess was indeed misinformed.  I looked at the various places where existing
code calls "addSavedObject()" and in all cases the object being passed in is a specific compile-time
object.  That's also what the javadoc for addSavedObject() indicates.  But in the case of
IN list probing values the object of interest (namely, an array of DataValueDescriptors) does
not exist until execution time because we create it as part of code generation.  So use of
saved objects is not going to work here.

That said, the generated values for parameters are "pluggable", meaning that if we generate
some DataValueDescriptor for a parameter p1, then whatever value is bound to p1 will end up
in the generated DataValueDescriptor at execution time. If we re-execute the statement with
a different value assigned to p1, then the generated DataValueDescriptor will end up with
new value, as well.  Given that, I think all we need to do is save off the DataValueDescriptor
array that we receive in the MultiProbeTableScanResultSet constructor, and then "reload" from
that array on every call to "openCore()".  The relevant code changes are pretty small; I'm
attaching them as multiprobe_notTested.patch.

With these simple changes to MultiProbeTableScanResultSet, the "test_inbetween.sql" script
that you attached to DERBY-827 returned the correct results (even after applying derby-827.snapshot.diff).

I haven't tested this at all, though (aside from running test_inbetween.sql), so please take
this suggestion with caution.  Just something I thought of when I realized that the savedObject
approach wasn't going to work...

> Performance can be improved by re-using language ResultSets across Activation executions.
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: DERBY-827
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-827
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Performance
>            Reporter: Daniel John Debrunner
>         Attachments: close_nofinish.txt, d827_execute_method_cleanup.txt, derby-827.extra.diff,
derby-827.snapshot.diff, derby827_draft_reuse_result_sets.txt, derby827_update920.txt, multiprobe_notTested.patch,
noclose_finish.txt, noclose_nofinish.txt, rsfromps.v1.diff, rsfromps.v1.stat, rsfromps_prelim.diff,
rsfromps_prelim2.diff, test_inbetween.sql
> >Shouldn't DistinctScalarAggregateRS implement a close or a finish method
> >>(not sure what the difference is) and close the scan controller there.
> The close() and finish() methods are actually explained in their javadoc
> in the language org.apache.derby.iapi.sql.ResultSet class.
> [note this is not a JDBC java.sql.ResultSet object]
> close() -  Tells the system that there will be no more calls to
> getNextRow() (until the next open() call)
> finish() - Tells the system that there will be no more access to any
> database information via this result set
> So close means the ResultSet may be opened again for more access, while
> finish means it will not be used again.
> However, their use in the code always doesn't match that, and that does
> cause confusion, at least to me.
> Language ResultSets (not JDBC ones) can be and are opened multiple
> times, for example when scanning a table multiple times within a join.
> An Activation, which represents the internal state of
> java.sql.PreparedStatement object & has the lifetime of the
> java.sql.PreparedStatement, contains a top-level language ResultSet.
> This top-level language ResultSet provides the execution of the SQL
> statement, DML, DDL or a query. The top-level ResultSet may contain
> other ResultSets and could be seen as a tree structure. For the simple
> case of a primary key lookup query like:
>    select name from customer where id = ?
> The activation would contain this:
> top result set
> ProjectRestrictRS << IndexRowToBaseRowRS << TableScanRS
> Now for some reason, even though the api of ResultSet say they can be
> re-used, and in some cases they are, this result set tree is thrown away
> after each execution. That is, the top result set has its finish()
> method called and then the activation removes its reference to it. Then
> on the next execution a new (identical) tree is set up.
> There is potential for a huge performance gain if this top level result
> set and its tree are re-used and have the same lifetime as the
> Activation. The saving comes in two forms, not having to create many
> objects on each execution, and not creating short-lived objects for the
> garbage collector to handle.
> I made a simple fix, it's a couple of lines of code, just calling close
> & finish at the correct times, and for the above simple primary key
> lookup query, the performance went from 17,300 to 24,000 selects per
> second (cached data, single user). I'll post a patch shortly as an
> indication of the direction, once I can separate it from other changes
> in my client.
> However, I'm running the Derby tests and there are some (maybe 25-30)
> failures, I think because not all the language ResultSet implementations
> are correctly written to be re-opened. Interestingly, the first failure
> I saw was in an aggregrate test, which goes back to the issue Manish saw.
> Even if derbyall passed I would be nervous about submitting this patch
> for real, because I don't think there's a lot of testing using repeat
> executions of PreparedStatements in the tests. The ij tests mainly use
> Statement, this is a single use of an activation so this change would
> not affect them. Thus such a patch could regress Derby by making it more
> likely existing bugs would be exposed.
> Given the performance gains, I think we need to start re-using
> ResultSets from Activation, and devise a way to ensure the testing
> covers the re-use. The main issue is there is a large number of
> ResultSet implementations to cover.

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