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From "Rick Hillegas (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DERBY-2109) System privileges
Date Tue, 16 Jan 2007 22:03:27 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2109?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel#action_12465306
] 

Rick Hillegas commented on DERBY-2109:
--------------------------------------

I agree that a DatabasePrincipal should encode both the database name and the authorization
id inside that database. It is interesting that the same authorization id can have different
credentials depending on the connected database.

I don't know what the terms-of-art here are, but for the rest of this discussion, I'm going
to use the following nomenclature:

systemWideID - This is a user name that is authenticated with databaseName = null.

databaseScopedID - This is a user name that is authenticated with a non-null databaseName.

It is interesting that we authenticate the user twice when creating a database. First we authenticate
with a systemWideID. If that succeeds, we create the database and mark that authorization
id as the database owner. Then we re-authenticate the user as a databaseScopedID, using the
same credentials. Clearly this assumes that at bootstrap time, the same credentials will work
for the systemWideID and the databaseScopedID.

The policy file syntax for Principals is a little limited. That is, you're only allowed to
declare one argument to your Principal's constructor. This means that we have to glue together
the authorization id and database name. Maybe we can model this on the names used for KerberosPrincipal.
Those names are of the form userName@realm. I don't know if the @ is going to be a nuisance.
Any separator we choose will have escaping problems and @ may be particularly annoying to
customers who want their authorization ids to be email addresses. But here's what it would
look like:

# this is a systemWideID
grant principal org.apache.derby.authentication.DatabasePrincipal "fred" ...

# this is a databaseScopedID
grant principal org.apache.derby.authentication.DatabasePrincipal "fred@fredsDB" ...

# this systemWideID is an email address
grant principal org.apache.derby.authentication.DatabasePrincipal "fred@@comcast.net" ...

# this databaseScopedID is an email address
grant principal org.apache.derby.authentication.DatabasePrincipal "fred@@comcast.net@fredsDB"
...

I think that the create-database privilege should be granted to systemWideIDs for the following
reasons:

1) The actual database creation today depends on whether we can authenticate the systemWideID,
not the databaseScopedID.

2) This is a generic privilege which is not bound to a particular database name.

I think that the engine-shutdown privilege is also a systemWideID. So for this first release,
I think we only need systemWideIDs--although the user guides should explain the implications
of escaping @.

> System privileges
> -----------------
>
>                 Key: DERBY-2109
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-2109
>             Project: Derby
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: Security
>    Affects Versions: 10.3.0.0
>            Reporter: Rick Hillegas
>             Fix For: 10.3.0.0
>
>         Attachments: systemPrivs.html, systemPrivs.html
>
>
> Add mechanisms for controlling system-level privileges in Derby. See the related email
discussion at http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.apache.db.derby.devel/33151.
> The 10.2 GRANT/REVOKE work was a big step forward in making Derby more  secure in a client/server
configuration. I'd like to plug more client/server security holes in 10.3. In particular,
I'd like to focus on  authorization issues which the ANSI spec doesn't address.
> Here are the important issues which came out of the email discussion.
> Missing privileges that are above the level of a single database:
> - Create Database
> - Shutdown all databases
> - Shutdown System
> Missing privileges specific to a particular database:
> - Shutdown that Database
> - Encrypt that database
> - Upgrade database
> - Create (in that Database) Java Plugins (currently  Functions/Procedures, but someday
Aggregates and VTIs)
> Note that 10.2 gave us GRANT/REVOKE control over the following  database-specific issues,
via granting execute privilege to system  procedures:
> Jar Handling
> Backup Routines
> Admin Routines
> Import/Export
> Property Handling
> Check Table
> In addition, since 10.0, the privilege of connecting to a database has been controlled
by two properties (derby.database.fullAccessUsers and derby.database.defaultConnectionMode)
as described in the security section of the Developer's Guide (see http://db.apache.org/derby/docs/10.2/devguide/cdevcsecure865818.html).

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