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From Knut Anders Hatlen <Knut.Hat...@Sun.COM>
Subject Re: ArrayInputStream and performance
Date Tue, 28 Nov 2006 15:45:26 GMT
Daniel John Debrunner <djd@apache.org> writes:

> Knut Anders Hatlen wrote:
>> They use a pattern of first copying the instance
>> variables into local variables, then do the work on the local
>> variables, and finally write back to the instance variables. While I
>> find that a little confusing because I would expect the run-time
>> compiler to be able to perform that kind of optimization itself,
>> that's a different issue from what is discussed in this thread.
> Can the run-time optimizer/compiler perform such an optimization when
> the instance variable is not final? I would have thought not.

Yes, I believe it can. Java's memory model basically allows the
compiler to assume that the variables are accessed by a single thread
as long as it doesn't hit a memory barrier (like a volatile variable
or a synchronized block).

The standard example I have seen, is that the JVM is allowed to
rewrite this code

  while (running) {

to this

  if (running) {
    while (true) {

as long as 'running' is not a volatile variable. I'm sure I've read
somewhere that the server VM actually will do this optimization, but I
can't find a reference to it right now.

Knut Anders

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