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From "Dyre Tjeldvoll (JIRA)" <derby-...@db.apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (DERBY-1703) The documentation for (or implementation of) SUBSTR(s,len) is wrong
Date Wed, 16 Aug 2006 10:09:13 GMT
The documentation for (or implementation of) SUBSTR(s,len) is wrong

                 Key: DERBY-1703
                 URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DERBY-1703
             Project: Derby
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: Documentation
    Affects Versions:
            Reporter: Dyre Tjeldvoll
            Priority: Minor
             Fix For:

The latest alpha manuals say:
"If startPosition is positive, it refers to position from the start of the source expression
(counting the first character as 1). If startPosition is 
negative, it is the position from the end of the source."

But when I try to use substr with a negative starting position, I get:

$ java org.apache.derby.tools.ij repro.sql
ij version 10.2
ij> connect 'jdbc:derby:/home/dt136804/repro;create=true;territory=en_US';
ij> create table t1(c1 varchar(128));
0 rows inserted/updated/deleted
ij> insert into t1 values ('The dog ate my homework');
1 row inserted/updated/deleted
ij> select substr(c1,-1,8) from t1;
ERROR 22011: The second or third argument of the SUBSTR function is out of range.

and not 'homework' as I would expect.

The SQL standard (2003) does not seem to say anything about negative starting positions...

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