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From Kathey Marsden <kmarsdende...@sbcglobal.net>
Subject Re: Language based matching
Date Wed, 12 Jul 2006 13:37:32 GMT
Rick Hillegas wrote:

> 3) The locale-sensitive meaning of <, =, and > affected the operation 
> of all orderings of national strings, including sorts, indexes, 
> unions, group-by's, like's, between's, and in's.
> At one point I was keen on re-enabling the national string types. Now 
> I am leaning toward implementing the ANSI collation language. I think 
> this is more powerful. In particular, it lets you support more than 
> one language-sensitive ordering in the same database.
> You and your customer face a hard problem trying to migrate national 
> strings from Cloudscape 5.1.60 into Derby 10.1.3 or 10.2. I'm at a 
> loss how to do this in a way that preserves Cloudscape's performance.

Thank you so much Rick for helping me understand this stuff. For now 
lets just assume this is just a small dataset and  set  performance 
aside I am interested to know
1)   When might Locale specific matching  be different  in the context  
WHERE value LIKE '%<   >%'  (or whatever language we use)  besides the 
deprecated Norwegian 'aa' and when might this be useful?  Is it somehow 
related to bidirectional data like Hebrew and Arabic?
 2)  Is there some easy java code that can be used to accomplish writing 
a LOCALE_MATCHES(pattern,value) function?
For the other functionality  I have these equivalent functions to offer 
as a workaround (see http://wiki.apache.org/db-derby/LanguageBasedOrdering)

ORDER BY -  Use ORDER BY expression with  LOCALE_ORDER function 
implemented with Collator.getCollationKey() 
<, =,  > , BETWEEN  -  Use LOCALE_COMPARE function implemented with 
IN - Since this is an exact match, would the non-locale specific 
matching work ok here?
GROUP-BY - No solution yet but GROUP BY expression in progress will 
allow LOCALE_ORDER to be used.
*LIKE - ????????  * Is there some easy Java regular expression matching 
function  like String.matches(Collator collator, String pattern, String 
value)?     I can't find it.    The code in 
org.apache.derby.iapi.types.Like looks pretty involved, but perhaps that 
is what is needed.   I  just want to confirm before I go down that path 
and try to figure it out.



P.S.  I once came very close to getting a cash register meant to 
interface to a gas pump working in a Deli  with a scale  until Mother 
Nature stepped in and raised the Russian River to the point that it 
swallowed the whole thing up, so I have been known to try too hard for a 
workaround.  If  trying to workaround Locale specific processing with 
Derby with FUNCTIONS is   a doomed enterprise,  I welcome that 
perspective as historically I sometimes don't know when to give up.

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