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From Mamta Satoor <msat...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: documenting DERBY -573, optimizer overrides
Date Mon, 23 Jan 2006 06:51:08 GMT
Hi Eric,

I have entered JIRA entry Derby-855 for documentation changes for optimizer
overrides. Since you are working on it, can you please make yourself the
owner of that JIRA entry? You might need to get youself an id for JIRA if
you don't have one already, which you can sign up
for at http://issues.apache.org/jira/ .

thanks,
Mamta


On 1/22/06, Mamta Satoor <msatoor@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Eric,
>
> Thanks for working on the documentation part of this feature.
>
> Couple comments
> 1)Wherever you have referenced DERBY-PROPERTIES as DERBY PROPERTIES,
> please put a - between the 2 words. Following are the specific lines that
> need to be changed.
> "You can override the default behavior of the Derby query optimizer by
> including a --DERBY PROPERTIES "
> "Make sure that you adhere to the correct syntax when using the -- DERBY
> PROPERTIES "
> "The following four properties are available for use in a --DERBY
> PROPERTIES "
>
> 2)There is a typo "forc e" instead of "force"
>
> 3)There is another typo "app ropriate " instead of "appropriate "
>
> 4)As for the examples, you can find them in
> db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/master/optimizerOverrides.out
>
> Please let me know if you need any specific information/examples other
> than what is in that master file.
>
> 5)Also, like Satheesh mentioned, we need to let the users know that they
> can see their optimizer overrides in RUNSTAT output. If they don't see their
> overrides there, it is possible that the user has misspelled
> "DERBY_PROPERTIES" or didn't put - between DERBY and PROPERTIES,
>
> 6)In the end, when you talk about various properties, mention whether they
> belong after FROM or after table. Jeff brought up this point in his
> comments.
>
> Hope this helps,
> Mamta
>
> On 1/20/06, Eric Radzinski <ericrad7@yahoo.com > wrote:
>
> > Here's my attempt at documenting the optimizer overrides that are
> > introduced by DERBY -573.  I'm assuming that this information would be added
> > to the Tuning Guide, probably as a topic within "Performance and
> > optimization" (let me know if anything needs to be added to the Ref Guide or
> > any other book(s)).
> >
> > * Overriding the default optimizer behavior
> > * You can override the default behavior of the Derby query optimizer by
> > including a --DERBY PROPERTIES clause and an associated property as a
> > comment within an SQL statement.
> >
> > Because optimizer overrides are expressed as comments, they must be
> > included at the end of a line. You can specify optimizer override properties
> > for an entire FROM clause, for tables in the FROM clause, or for both.
> >
> > The syntax for FROM clause properties is:
> >
> >  *FROM [ -- DERBY-PROPERTIES propertyName = value ]*
> >      *TableExpression* [,*TableExpression*]*
> >
> > The syntax for table optimizer override properties, which must be
> > included at the end of a TableExpression, is:
> >
> > *{TableName | ViewName }*
> >      [ [ AS ] CorrelationName
> >        [ (SimpleColumnName [ , SimpleColumnName]* ) ] ]
> >        [ -- DERBY-PROPERTIES clause]
> >
> > Note that the space between -- and DERBY-PROPERTIES is optional.
> > *
> > Important:
> > *Make sure that you adhere to the correct syntax when using the -- DERBY
> > PROPERTIES clause. Failure to do so will cause the parser to interpret i t
> > as a comment and ignore it.
> >
> > The following four properties are available for use in a --DERBY
> > PROPERTIES clause:
> > **
> > *constraint*
> > The Derby optimizer chooses an index, including the indexes that enforce
> > constraints, as the access path for query execution if the index is useful.
> > If there is more than one useful index, in most cases Derby chooses the
> > index that is most useful. Use the constraint property to override the index
> > that the optimizer selects and force the use of a particular index or force
> > a table scan. To force the use of the index that enforces a primary key or
> > unique constraint, use the constraint property and specify the unqualified
> > name of the constraint. The constraint property can be specified only on
> > base tables; it cannot be specified on views or derived tables.
> > *
> > index
> > *The index property is similar to the constraint property. To forc e use
> > of a particular index, specify the unqualified index name. To force a table
> > scan, specify null for the index name. The index property can be specified
> > only on base tables; it cannot be specified on views or derived tables.
> > *
> > joinOrder
> > * Use the joinOrder property to override the optimizer's choice of join
> > order for two tables. When the value FIXED is specified, the optimizer will
> > choose the order of tables as they appear in the FROM clause as the join
> > order. Valid values for the joinOrder property include FIXED and UNFIXED.
> >
> > The joinOrder property can be specified on all table expressions.
> > *
> > joinStrategy
> > *Use the joinStrategy property to override the optimizer's choice of
> > join strategy. The two types of join strategy are called *nested loop*and
> > *hash*. In a nested loop join strategy, for each qualifying row in the
> > outer table, Derby uses the app ropriate access path (index or table scan)
> > to find the matching rows in the inner table. In a hash join strategy, Derby
> > constructs a hash table that represents the inner table. For each qualifying
> > row in the outer table, Derby does a quick lookup on the hash table to find
> > the matching rows in the inner table. Derby needs to scan the inner table or
> > index only once to create the hash table. The –DERBY-PROPERTIES parameter
> > must immediately follow the inner table. The joinOrder property can be
> > specified on all table expressions. Valid values include HASH and NESTED
> > LOOP.
> > The joinStrategy property can be specified on all table expressions, but
> > it must be used in conjunction with the joinOrder property. Do not let the
> > optimizer choose the join order.
> >
> > * Examples:
> > I could use some help with some examples here.
> > *
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > What are the most popular cars? Find out at Yahoo! Autos<http://us.rd.yahoo.com/evt=38382/_ylc=X3oDMTEzNWFva2Y2BF9TAzk3MTA3MDc2BHNlYwNtYWlsdGFncwRzbGsDMmF1dG9z/*http://autos.yahoo.com/newcars/popular/thisweek.html+%0A>
> >
> >
>
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