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From kahat...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1081455 - in /db/derby/code/trunk/java: engine/org/apache/derby/impl/services/locks/ testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/
Date Mon, 14 Mar 2011 16:38:50 GMT
Author: kahatlen
Date: Mon Mar 14 16:38:50 2011
New Revision: 1081455

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1081455&view=rev
Log:
DERBY-3980: Conflicting select then update with REPEATABLE_READ gives lock timeout instead
of deadlock
DERBY-5073: Derby deadlocks without recourse on simultaneous correlated subqueries

Improve the deadlock detection algorithm by

  1) fixing a bug that made it misrepresent the wait graph in a way
     that made the chosen victim refuse to die

  2) making it understand that two transactions waiting for the same
     lock are not blocking each other if the two lock requests are
     compatible

Added:
    db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/DeadlockDetectionTest.java
  (with props)
Modified:
    db/derby/code/trunk/java/engine/org/apache/derby/impl/services/locks/Deadlock.java
    db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/_Suite.java

Modified: db/derby/code/trunk/java/engine/org/apache/derby/impl/services/locks/Deadlock.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/db/derby/code/trunk/java/engine/org/apache/derby/impl/services/locks/Deadlock.java?rev=1081455&r1=1081454&r2=1081455&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- db/derby/code/trunk/java/engine/org/apache/derby/impl/services/locks/Deadlock.java (original)
+++ db/derby/code/trunk/java/engine/org/apache/derby/impl/services/locks/Deadlock.java Mon
Mar 14 16:38:50 2011
@@ -167,40 +167,59 @@ inner:		for (;;) {
 				}
 				chain.push(space);
 
-				Lock waitingLock = (Lock) waiters.get(space);
-				if (waitingLock == null) {
-					// end of the road, no deadlock in this path
-					// pop items until the previous Stack
-					rollback(chain);
-					continue outer;
-				}
+                skip_space: while (true) {
 
-				// Is a LockControl or another ActiveLock
-				Object waitOn = waiters.get(waitingLock); 
-				if (waitOn instanceof LockControl) {
-
-					LockControl waitOnControl = (LockControl) waitOn;
-
-					// This lock control may have waiters but no
-					// one holding the lock. This is true if lock
-					// has just been released but the waiters haven't
-					// woken up, or they are trying to get the synchronization we hold.
-
-					if (waitOnControl.isUnlocked()) {
-						// end of the road, no deadlock in this path
-						// pop items until the previous Stack
-						rollback(chain);
-						continue outer;
-					}
+                    Lock waitingLock = (Lock) waiters.get(space);
+                    if (waitingLock == null) {
+                        // end of the road, no deadlock in this path
+                        // pop items until the previous Stack
+                        rollback(chain);
+                        continue outer;
+                    }
 
-					chain.push(waitOnControl.getGrants());
+                    // Is a LockControl or another ActiveLock
+                    Object waitOn = waiters.get(waitingLock);
+                    if (waitOn instanceof LockControl) {
+
+                        LockControl waitOnControl = (LockControl) waitOn;
+
+                        // This lock control may have waiters but no
+                        // one holding the lock. This is true if lock
+                        // has just been released but the waiters haven't
+                        // woken up, or they are trying to get the
+                        // synchronization we hold.
+
+                        if (waitOnControl.isUnlocked()) {
+                            // end of the road, no deadlock in this path
+                            // pop items until the previous Stack
+                            rollback(chain);
+                            continue outer;
+                        }
 
-					continue outer;
-				} else {
-					// simply waiting on another waiter
-					space = waitingLock.getCompatabilitySpace();
-				}
-		}
+                        chain.push(waitOnControl.getGrants());
+
+                        continue outer;
+                    } else {
+                        // simply waiting on another waiter
+                        ActiveLock waitOnLock = (ActiveLock) waitOn;
+
+                        space = waitOnLock.getCompatabilitySpace();
+
+                        if (waitingLock.getLockable().requestCompatible(
+                                waitingLock.getQualifier(),
+                                waitOnLock.getQualifier())) {
+                            // We're behind another waiter in the queue, but we
+                            // request compatible locks, so we'll get the lock
+                            // too once it gets it. Since we're not actually
+                            // blocked by the waiter, skip it and see what's
+                            // blocking it instead.
+                            continue skip_space;
+                        } else {
+                            continue inner;
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
 		}
 
 		return null;

Added: db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/DeadlockDetectionTest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/DeadlockDetectionTest.java?rev=1081455&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/DeadlockDetectionTest.java
(added)
+++ db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/DeadlockDetectionTest.java
Mon Mar 14 16:38:50 2011
@@ -0,0 +1,276 @@
+/*
+ * Derby - Class org.apache.derbyTesting.functionTests.tests.lang.DeadlockDetectionTest
+ *
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND,
+ * either express or implied. See the License for the specific
+ * language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.derbyTesting.functionTests.tests.lang;
+
+import java.sql.Connection;
+import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
+import java.sql.SQLException;
+import java.sql.Statement;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
+import java.util.Collections;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.List;
+import junit.framework.Test;
+import org.apache.derbyTesting.junit.BaseJDBCTestCase;
+import org.apache.derbyTesting.junit.CleanDatabaseTestSetup;
+import org.apache.derbyTesting.junit.DatabasePropertyTestSetup;
+import org.apache.derbyTesting.junit.JDBC;
+import org.apache.derbyTesting.junit.TestConfiguration;
+
+/**
+ * This test verifies that the deadlock detection algorithm is able to
+ * recognize certain cycles in the wait graph as deadlocks.
+ */
+public class DeadlockDetectionTest extends BaseJDBCTestCase {
+
+    /** SQLState for deadlock exceptions. */
+    private final static String DEADLOCK = "40001";
+
+    public static Test suite() {
+        // Deadlock detection is engine functionality, so only test embedded.
+        Test test =
+                TestConfiguration.embeddedSuite(DeadlockDetectionTest.class);
+
+        // Reduce the deadlock timeout since this test expects deadlocks, and
+        // we want to detect them quickly in order to reduce the test time.
+        // We don't expect any wait timeouts, so set the wait timeout
+        // sufficiently high to prevent that queries time out before we have
+        // set up the deadlock on slow machines.
+        test = DatabasePropertyTestSetup.setLockTimeouts(test, 1, 30);
+
+        return new CleanDatabaseTestSetup(test);
+    }
+
+    public DeadlockDetectionTest(String name) {
+        super(name);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Test case to verify the fix for DERBY-3980. A simple deadlock was not
+     * detected, and was reported as a lock timeout.
+     */
+    public void testDerby3980_repeatable_read() throws Exception {
+        Statement s = createStatement();
+        s.executeUpdate("create table derby3980 (i int)");
+        s.executeUpdate("insert into derby3980 values 1956, 180, 456, 3");
+
+        // Set up two threads.
+        Thread[] threads = new Thread[2];
+        Connection[] conns = new Connection[threads.length];
+
+        // This barrier lets the two threads wait for each other so that both
+        // can obtain a read lock before going on trying to obtain the write
+        // lock. If one thread goes ahead and obtains the write lock before the
+        // other thread has obtained the read lock, we won't see a deadlock.
+        final Barrier readLockBarrier = new Barrier(threads.length);
+
+        // Exceptions seen by the threads.
+        final List exceptions = Collections.synchronizedList(new ArrayList());
+
+        // Start the two threads. Both should first obtain a read lock, and
+        // when both have the read lock, they should try to lock the same row
+        // exclusively. They'll be blocking each other, and we have a deadlock.
+        for (int i = 0; i < threads.length; i++) {
+            final Connection c = openDefaultConnection();
+            c.setTransactionIsolation(Connection.TRANSACTION_REPEATABLE_READ);
+            c.setAutoCommit(false);
+
+            final PreparedStatement select = c.prepareStatement(
+                    "select * from derby3980 where i = 456");
+            final PreparedStatement update = c.prepareStatement(
+                    "update derby3980 set i = 456 where i = 456");
+
+            threads[i] = new Thread() {
+                public void run() {
+                    try {
+                        JDBC.assertSingleValueResultSet(
+                                select.executeQuery(), "456");
+
+                        // Now we've got the read lock. Wait until all threads
+                        // have it before attempting to get the write lock.
+                        readLockBarrier.await();
+
+                        // All threads have the read lock. Now all should try
+                        // to update the row and thereby create a deadlock.
+                        assertUpdateCount(update, 1);
+
+                        // We got the write lock too. End the transaction.
+                        c.rollback();
+                    } catch (Exception e) {
+                        exceptions.add(e);
+                    }
+                }
+            };
+
+            conns[i] = c;
+            threads[i].start();
+        }
+
+        // Threads have started, wait for them to complete.
+        for (int i = 0; i < threads.length; i++) {
+            threads[i].join();
+            conns[i].rollback();
+            conns[i].close();
+        }
+
+        // Verify that we only got deadlock exceptions.
+        for (Iterator it = exceptions.iterator(); it.hasNext(); ) {
+            Exception e = (Exception) it.next();
+            if (e instanceof SQLException) {
+                assertSQLState(DEADLOCK, (SQLException) e);
+            } else {
+                // What's this? Report it.
+                throw e;
+            }
+        }
+
+        // And we should only get one exception. (One transaction should be
+        // picked as victim, the other one should be able to complete.)
+        assertEquals("Number of victims", 1, exceptions.size());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Test case for DERBY-5073. A deadlock involving three transactions was
+     * not reported when there were other transactions waiting for the same
+     * locks. The deadlock was detected, and a victim chosen. But the victim
+     * would recheck the deadlock and conclude that it wasn't part of it, and
+     * it would pick a new victim that would also recheck and come to the same
+     * conclusion. This would go on until the wait timeout had expired, and
+     * an exception would be throws, although not a deadlock.
+     */
+    public void testDerby5073_dodgy_victims() throws Exception {
+        Statement s = createStatement();
+        s.executeUpdate("create table derby5073(x int primary key, y int)");
+        s.executeUpdate("insert into derby5073(x) values 0, 1, 2");
+
+        // We want six connections. Three that are involved in the deadlock,
+        // and three that try to obtain locks on the same rows without
+        // actually being part of the deadlock.
+        Connection[] conns = new Connection[6];
+        Thread[] threads = new Thread[conns.length];
+        for (int i = 0; i < conns.length; i++) {
+            conns[i] = openDefaultConnection();
+            conns[i].setAutoCommit(false);
+        }
+
+        // Three transactions take an exclusive lock on one row each.
+        for (int i = 3; i < 6; i++) {
+            PreparedStatement ps = conns[i].prepareStatement(
+                    "update derby5073 set y = x where x = ?");
+            ps.setInt(1, i % 3);
+            assertUpdateCount(ps, 1);
+        }
+
+        // Then try to lock the rows in three other transactions and in the
+        // three transactions that already have locked the rows exclusively.
+        // The transactions that have exclusive locks should attempt to lock
+        // another row than the one they already have locked, otherwise there
+        // will be no deadlock.
+        final List exceptions = Collections.synchronizedList(new ArrayList());
+        for (int i = 0; i < threads.length; i++) {
+            final PreparedStatement ps = conns[i].prepareStatement(
+                    "select x from derby5073 where x = ?");
+
+            // Which row to lock. Add one to the thread number to make sure
+            // that the threads don't attempt to lock the same row that they
+            // already have locked above.
+            final int row = (i + 1) % 3;
+            ps.setInt(1, row);
+
+            // The query will have to wait, so execute it in a separate thread.
+            threads[i] = new Thread() {
+                public void run() {
+                    try {
+                        JDBC.assertSingleValueResultSet(
+                                ps.executeQuery(), Integer.toString(row));
+                        ps.getConnection().commit();
+                    } catch (Exception e) {
+                        exceptions.add(e);
+                    }
+                }
+            };
+
+            threads[i].start();
+
+            // The bug is only seen if the first three threads are already
+            // waiting for the locks when the last three threads (those
+            // involved in the deadlock) start waiting. So take a little nap
+            // here after we've started the third thread (index 2) to allow
+            // the first three threads to enter the waiting state.
+            if (i == 2) Thread.sleep(100L);
+        }
+
+        // Wait for all threads to finish.
+        for (int i = 0; i < threads.length; i++) {
+            threads[i].join();
+            conns[i].rollback();
+            conns[i].close();
+        }
+
+        // Verify that we only got deadlock exceptions.
+        for (Iterator it = exceptions.iterator(); it.hasNext(); ) {
+            Exception e = (Exception) it.next();
+            if (e instanceof SQLException) {
+                assertSQLState(DEADLOCK, (SQLException) e);
+            } else {
+                // What's this? Report it.
+                throw e;
+            }
+        }
+
+        // And we should only get one exception. (One transaction should be
+        // picked as victim, the other ones should be able to complete.)
+        assertEquals("Number of victims", 1, exceptions.size());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * In the absence of java.util.concurrent.CyclicBarrier on many of the
+     * platforms we test, create our own barrier class. This class allows
+     * threads to wait for one another on specific locations, so that they
+     * know they're all in the expected state.
+     */
+    private static class Barrier {
+        /** Number of threads to wait for at the barrier. */
+        int numThreads;
+
+        /** Create a barrier for the specified number of threads. */
+        Barrier(int numThreads) {
+            this.numThreads = numThreads;
+        }
+
+        /**
+         * Wait until {@code numThreads} have called {@code await()} on this
+         * barrier, then proceed.
+         */
+        synchronized void await() throws InterruptedException {
+            assertTrue("Too many threads reached the barrier", numThreads > 0);
+
+            if (--numThreads <= 0) {
+                // All threads have reached the barrier. Go ahead!
+                notifyAll();
+            }
+
+            // Some threads haven't reached the barrier yet. Let's wait.
+            while (numThreads > 0) {
+                wait();
+            }
+        }
+    }
+}

Propchange: db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/DeadlockDetectionTest.java
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    svn:eol-style = native

Modified: db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/_Suite.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/_Suite.java?rev=1081455&r1=1081454&r2=1081455&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/_Suite.java
(original)
+++ db/derby/code/trunk/java/testing/org/apache/derbyTesting/functionTests/tests/lang/_Suite.java
Mon Mar 14 16:38:50 2011
@@ -149,6 +149,7 @@ public class _Suite extends BaseTestCase
         suite.addTest(UniqueConstraintSetNullTest.suite());
         suite.addTest(UniqueConstraintMultiThreadedTest.suite());
         suite.addTest(ViewsTest.suite());
+        suite.addTest(DeadlockDetectionTest.suite());
         suite.addTest(DeadlockModeTest.suite());
         suite.addTest(AnsiSignaturesTest.suite());
         suite.addTest(PredicatePushdownTest.suite());



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