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From "Russell Melick (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (DATAFU-98) New UDF for Histogram / Frequency counting
Date Sun, 12 Jul 2015 18:16:04 GMT
Russell Melick created DATAFU-98:
------------------------------------

             Summary: New UDF for Histogram / Frequency counting
                 Key: DATAFU-98
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DATAFU-98
             Project: DataFu
          Issue Type: New Feature
            Reporter: Russell Melick


I was thinking of creating a new UDF to compute histograms / frequency counts of input bags.
 It seems like it would make sense to support ints, longs, float, and doubles.  

I tried looking around to see if this was already implemented, but ValueHistogram and AggregateWordHistogram
were about the only things I found.  They seem to exist as an example job, and only work for
Strings.
https://hadoop.apache.org/docs/current/api/org/apache/hadoop/mapred/lib/aggregate/ValueHistogram.html
https://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r1.2.1/api/org/apache/hadoop/examples/AggregateWordHistogram.html

Should the user specify the bin size or the number of bins?  Specifying bin size probably
makes the implementation simpler since you can bin things without having seen all of the data.

I think it would make sense to implement a version of this that didn't need any reducers.
 It could use counters to keep track of the counts per bin without sending any data to a reducer.
 You would be able to call this without a preceding GROUP BY as well.

Here's my proposal for the two udfs.  This assumes the input data is two columns, memberId
and numConnections.
{code}
DEFINE BinnedFrequency datafu.pig.stats.BinnedFrequency('min=0;binSize=50')

connections = LOAD 'connections' AS memberId, numConnections;
connectionHistogram = FOREACH (GROUP connections ALL) GENERATE BinnedFrequency(connections.numConnections);
{code}

The output here would be a bag with the frequency counts
{code}
{('0-49', 5), ('50-99', 0), ('100-149', 10)}
{code}

{code}
DEFINE BinnedFrequencyCounter datafu.pig.stats.BinnedFrequencyCounter('min=0;binSize=50;name=numConnectionsHistogram')

connections = LOAD 'connections' AS memberId, numConnections;
connections = FOREACH connections GENERATE BinnedFrequencyCounter(numConnections);
{code}

The output here would just be a counter for each bin, all sharing the same group of numConnectionsHistogram.
 It would look something like

numConnectionsHistogram.'0-49' = 5
numConnectionsHistogram.'50-99' = 0
numConnectionsHistogram.'100-149' = 10



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