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From "Francois Masurel (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Commented: (CXF-2164) CXFBusImpl never removed from ThreadLocal, generates permgen out of memory error after some redeployments
Date Fri, 24 Apr 2009 08:20:30 GMT


Francois Masurel commented on CXF-2164:

Willing to help, I've tried to dig a bit deeper in the code.

There is no try/finally around WebServiceContextImpl.setMessageContext and WebServiceContextImpl.clear
in org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JAXWSMethodInvoker invoke method.  But as long no exception is throw
in between it should'nt be a problem.

In org.apache.cxf.jaxws.BindingProviderImpl, requestContext and responseContext threadlocal
variables don't seem to be cleared anywhere, there is a strange protected clearContext method
which doesn't seem to be called from anywhere.

Same for org.apache.cxf.endpoint.ClientImpl.  No call to set(null) method in the code for
these threadlocal variables.

This might be the cause of our problems.

Some kind of clear() method needs to be implemented for these two classes.

Is there any architectural constraints for these methods not being implemented and used ?

> CXFBusImpl never removed from ThreadLocal, generates permgen out of memory error after
some redeployments
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: CXF-2164
>                 URL:
>             Project: CXF
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Bus
>    Affects Versions: 2.1.4
>            Reporter: Francois Masurel
>         Attachments: cxf_threadlocal.jpg,, threadlocal.patch
> I've found this message on a mailing list recently, and it doesn't seem to have been
resolved as we have the same problem with version 2.1.4 of CXF on one of our webapp :
> Hello CXF users,
> I've been  working on figuring out why our JBoss servers keep going down with permgen
> of memory exceptions when we redeploy our war files. To do this I had been using a profiler
> to inspect the WebAppClassloader to find out what was keeping it from being garbage collected.
> One such culprit was the class org.apache.cxf.BusFactory
> The BusFactory has a ThreadLocal in which it stores a copy of CXFBusImpl. However, this
> getting cleaned up properly when the war is undeployed. I noticed that CXFBusImpl has
a shutdown
> method that calls BusFactory.setDefaultBus(null) which in turn sets the value stored
in the
> ThreadLocal to null. However, this doesn't seem to be getting called.
> The way we are using CXF from spring is with the following WEB-INF/services.xml file
in our
> war:
>   <beans xmlns="" xmlns:xsi=""
>     xmlns:amq="" xmlns:jaxws=""
>     xmlns:http-conf=""
>     xsi:schemaLocation="
>     default-autowire="byType">
>     <import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf.xml" />
>     <import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-soap.xml" />
>     <import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml" />
>     <jaxws:endpoint id="helloService" implementor="#helloSvc" address="/HelloService"
>   </beans>
> I'm not really sure why this Bus.shutdown() isn't getting called or even who is responsible
> for calling it. I tried doing something along the lines of:
>   WebApplicationContext webContext = WebApplicationContextUtils.getRequiredWebApplicationContext(context);
>   if (webContext.containsBean("cxf")) {
>     CXFBusImpl cxfBus = (CXFBusImpl) webContext.getBean("cxf");
>     cxfBus.shutdown(true);
>   }
> But that didn't work. What I eventually ended up doing was to have the following hack
in the
> shutdown sequence of our webapp:
>   Field field = org.apache.cxf.BussFactory.class.getDeclaredField("localBus");
>   field.setAccessible(true);
>   ThreadLocal<?> localBus = (ThreadLocal<?>) field.get(null);
>   localBus.remove();
> This did work but obviously it is a bit of an ugly hack. Is there something that needs
> be included in our service.xml file to tell spring how to cleanup CXF? Is this maybe
a bug
> in CXF that the CXFBusImpl.shutdown(Boolean) just isn't getting called at all or maybe
> in BusFactory.setThreadDefaultBus(Bus) that there should be some check such as:
>   if (bus == null) {
>     localBus.remove();
>   } else {
>     localBus.set(bus);
>   }
> Or maybe some combination of all of these. I'm reasonably new to CXF, Spring, and all
> stuff so I apologize ahead of time if there is some obvious solution that I just didn't
> across but I've been trying to scour the CXF and Spring documentation for some idea of
> correct way to do this and why BusFactory is keeping its ThreadLocal but I can't figure
> out.
> Thanks!
> Ben Dean
> Software Engineer
> Ontario Systems, LLC

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