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From dk...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1018074 [14/31] - in /websites/production/cxf/content: ./ 2008/04/28/ 2008/06/20/ 2008/10/23/ 2009/02/10/ 2009/08/04/ cache/ docs/
Date Tue, 12 Sep 2017 19:09:50 GMT
Modified: websites/production/cxf/content/docs/jax-rs-jose.html
==============================================================================
--- websites/production/cxf/content/docs/jax-rs-jose.html (original)
+++ websites/production/cxf/content/docs/jax-rs-jose.html Tue Sep 12 19:09:41 2017
@@ -32,8 +32,9 @@
 <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="/resources/highlighter/styles/shThemeCXF.css">
 
 <script src='/resources/highlighter/scripts/shCore.js'></script>
-<script src='/resources/highlighter/scripts/shBrushJava.js'></script>
+<script src='/resources/highlighter/scripts/shBrushBash.js'></script>
 <script src='/resources/highlighter/scripts/shBrushXml.js'></script>
+<script src='/resources/highlighter/scripts/shBrushJava.js'></script>
 <script src='/resources/highlighter/scripts/shBrushJScript.js'></script>
 <script>
   SyntaxHighlighter.defaults['toolbar'] = false;
@@ -119,11 +120,11 @@ Apache CXF -- JAX-RS JOSE
            <!-- Content -->
            <div class="wiki-content">
 <div id="ConfluenceContent"><p>&#160;</p><p>&#160;</p><p><style type="text/css">/*<![CDATA[*/
-div.rbtoc1498657619217 {padding: 0px;}
-div.rbtoc1498657619217 ul {list-style: disc;margin-left: 0px;}
-div.rbtoc1498657619217 li {margin-left: 0px;padding-left: 0px;}
+div.rbtoc1505242994531 {padding: 0px;}
+div.rbtoc1505242994531 ul {list-style: disc;margin-left: 0px;}
+div.rbtoc1505242994531 li {margin-left: 0px;padding-left: 0px;}
 
-/*]]>*/</style></p><div class="toc-macro rbtoc1498657619217">
+/*]]>*/</style></p><div class="toc-macro rbtoc1505242994531">
 <ul class="toc-indentation"><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-Introduction">Introduction</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-MavenDependencies">Maven Dependencies</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JavaandJCEPolicy">Java and JCE Policy&#160;</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JOSEOverviewandImplementation">JOSE Overview and Implementation</a>
 <ul class="toc-indentation"><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWAAlgorithms">JWA Algorithms</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWKKeys">JWK Keys</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWSSignature">JWS Signature</a>
 <ul class="toc-indentation"><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-SignatureandVerificationProviders">Signature and Verification Providers</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWSCompact">JWS Compact</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWSJSON">JWS JSON</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWSwithDetachedContent">JWS with Detached Content</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-JWSwithUnencodedPayload">JWS with Unencoded Payload</a></li></ul>
@@ -146,28 +147,28 @@ div.rbtoc1498657619217 li {margin-left:
 </li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-Configurationthatappliestobothencryptionandsignature">Configuration that applies to both encryption and signature</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-Configurationthatappliestosignatureonly">Configuration that applies to signature only</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-Configurationthatappliestoencryptiononly">Configuration that applies to encryption only</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-ConfigurationthatappliestoJWTtokensonly">Configuration that applies to JWT tokens only</a></li></ul>
 </li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-Interoperability">Interoperability</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSJOSE-Third-PartyLibraries">Third-Party Libraries</a></li></ul>
 </div><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-Introduction">Introduction</h1><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/jose/documents/" rel="nofollow">JOSE</a>&#160;is a set of high quality specifications that specify how data payloads can be signed/validated and/or encrypted/decrypted with the cryptographic properties set in the JSON-formatted metadata (headers). The data to be secured can be in JSON or other formats (plain text, XML, binary data).</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/jose/documents/" rel="nofollow">JOSE</a>&#160;is a key piece of advanced OAuth2 and OpenId Connect applications but can also be successfully used for securing the regular HTTP web service communications.</p><p>CXF 3.0.x, 3.1.x and 3.2.0 provide a complete implementation of <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/jose/documents/" rel="nofollow">JOSE</a> and offer a comprehensive utility and filter support f
 or protecting JAX-RS services and clients with the help of <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/jose/documents/" rel="nofollow">JOSE</a>.</p><p>CXF <a shape="rect" href="http://cxf.apache.org/docs/jax-rs-oauth2.html">OAuth2</a> and <a shape="rect" href="http://cxf.apache.org/docs/jax-rs-oidc.html">OIDC</a> modules are also depending on it.</p><p><strong>New</strong>: Signature and Verification support for multiparts using JWS Detached Content mode.</p><p><strong>New</strong>: Optional HTTP Header protection.</p><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-MavenDependencies">Maven Dependencies</h1><p>&#160;</p><p>Having the following dependency will let developers write JOSE JWS or JWE code:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;dependency&gt;
+<pre class="brush: bash; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;dependency&gt;
   &lt;groupId&gt;org.apache.cxf&lt;/groupId&gt;
   &lt;artifactId&gt;cxf-rt-rs-security-jose&lt;/artifactId&gt;
   &lt;version&gt;3.1.7&lt;/version&gt;
 &lt;/dependency&gt;
 </pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;</p><p>Having the following dependency will let developers use JAX-RS JOSE filters which will sign and/or encrypt the data streams, and decrypt or/and validate the incoming JOSE sequences and make the original data available for the processing.</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;dependency&gt;
+<pre class="brush: bash; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;dependency&gt;
   &lt;groupId&gt;org.apache.cxf&lt;/groupId&gt;
   &lt;artifactId&gt;cxf-rt-rs-security-jose-jaxrs&lt;/artifactId&gt;
   &lt;version&gt;3.1.7&lt;/version&gt;
 &lt;/dependency&gt;
 </pre>
 </div></div><p>You may also need to include BouncyCastle for some of JWE encryption algorithms to be supported:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;dependency&gt;
+<pre class="brush: bash; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;dependency&gt;
      &lt;groupId&gt;org.bouncycastle&lt;/groupId&gt;
      &lt;artifactId&gt;bcprov-ext-jdk15on&lt;/artifactId&gt;
      &lt;version&gt;1.54&lt;/version&gt;
 &lt;/dependency&gt;
 </pre>
 </div></div><p>BouncyCastle provider can be registered and unregistered as follows:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>BouncyCastle Provider</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import java.security.Security;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import java.security.Security;
 import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;
 
 private static void registerBouncyCastle() throws Exception {
@@ -178,13 +179,13 @@ private static void unregisterBouncyCast
     Security.removeProvider(BouncyCastleProvider.PROVIDER_NAME);    
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;</p><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JavaandJCEPolicy">Java and JCE Policy&#160;</h1><p>Java7 or higher is recommended in most cases.</p><p><strong>JWE</strong></p><p>Java6 does not support JWE AES GCM key wrap and content encryption algorithms (while with BouncyCastle it is not possible to submit JWE Header properties as an extra input to the encryption process to get them integrity protected), however with Java 6 one can use AesCbcHmac content encryption if BouncyCastle is installed.</p><p>Unlimited JCE Policy for Java 7/8/9 needs to be installed if a size of the encryption key is 256 bits (example, JWE A256GCM).</p><p><strong>JWS</strong></p><p>Java 6 should also be fine but note only CXF 3.0.x can be run with Java 6.</p><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JOSEOverviewandImplementation">JOSE Overview and Implementation</h1><p>JOSE consists of the following key parts:</p><ul><li><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518" rel="nofollow">JWA</a> - JSON We
 b Algorithms where all supported signature and encryption algorithms are listed</li><li><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7517" rel="nofollow">JWK</a> - JSON Web Keys - introduces a JSON format for describing the public and private keys used by JWA algorithms</li><li><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515" rel="nofollow">JWS</a> - JSON Web Signature - describes how the data can be signed or validated and introduces compact and JSON JWS formats for representing the signed data</li><li><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7516" rel="nofollow">JWE</a> - JSON Web Encryption - describes how the data can be encrypted or decrypted and introduces compact and JSON JWE formats for representing the encrypted data&#160;&#160;</li></ul><p>Additionally, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7519" rel="nofollow">JWT</a> (JSON Web Token), while
  technically being not part of JOSE, is often used as an input material to JWS and JWE processors, especially in OAuth2 flows (example: OAuth2 access tokens can be represented internally as JWT, OpenIdConnect IdToken and UserInfo are effectively JWTs). <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7519" rel="nofollow">JWT</a> describes how a set of claims in JSON format can be JWS-signed and/or JWE-enctypted.&#160;</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWAAlgorithms">JWA Algorithms</h2><p>All JOSE signature and encryption algorithms are grouped and described in the <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518" rel="nofollow">JWA</a> (JSON Web Algorithms) specification.</p><p>The algorithms are split into 3 categories: signature algorithms (HMAC, RSA, Elliptic Curve), algorithms for supporting the encryption of content encryption keys (RSA-OAEP, AES Key Wrap, etc), and algorithms for encrypting the actual content (AES GCM or AES CBC HMA
 C).</p><div>The specification lists all the algorithms that can be used for signing or encrypting the data and also describes how some of these algorithms work in cases</div><div>where Java JCA (or BouncyCastle) does not support them directly, example, AES-CBC-HMAC-SHA2.</div><div>Algorithm name is a type + hint, example: HS256 (HMAC with SHA-256), RSA-OAEP-256 (RSA OAEP key encryption with SHA-256), etc.</div><p>All JWS and JWE algorithms process not only the actual data but also the meta-data (the algorithm properties) thus ensuring they are integrity-protected, additionally JWE algorithms produce authentication tags which ensure the already encrypted content won't be manipulated.</p><p>Please refer to <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518" rel="nofollow">the specification</a> to get all the information needed (with the follow up links to the corresponding RFC when applicable) about a particular signature or encryption algorithm: the prope
 rties, recommended key sizes, other security considerations related to all of or some specific algorithms. CXF JOSE code already enforces a number of the recommended constraints.</p><p>CXF offers the utility support for working with JWA algorithms in <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/tree/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwa" rel="nofollow">this package</a>.</p><p>Typically one would supply an algorithm property in a type-safe way either to JWS or JWE processor, for example,&#160; SignatureAlgorithm.HS256 for JWS,&#160;KeyAlgorithm.A256KW plus ContentAlgorithm.A256GCM for JWE, etc. Each enum has methods for checking a key size, JWA and Java JCA algorithm names.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWKKeys">JWK Keys</h2><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7517" rel="nofollow">JWK</a> (JSON Web Key) is a JSON document describing the cryptographic key properties. JWKs 
 are very flexible and one can expect JWKs becoming one of the major mechanisms for representing and storing cryptographic keys. While one does not have to represent the keys as JWK in order to sign or encrypt the document and rely on Java JCA secret and asymmetric keys instead, JWK is a preferred representation of signature or encryption keys in JOSE.</p><p>For example:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Secret HMAC Key</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: js; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">{
+<pre class="brush: js; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">{
    "kty":"oct",
    "k":"AyM1SysPpbyDfgZld3umj1qzKObwVMkoqQ-EstJQLr_T-1qS0gZH75aKtMN3Yj0iPS4hcgUuTwjAzZr1Z9CAow",
    "kid":"Secret HMAC key"
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>or</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Public RSA Key</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: js; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">{
+<pre class="brush: js; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">{
   "kty":"RSA",
   "n": "0vx7agoebGcQSuuPiLJXZptN9nndrQmbXEps2aiAFbWhM78LhWx
      4cbbfAAtVT86zwu1RK7aPFFxuhDR1L6tSoc_BJECPebWKRXjBZCiFV4n3oknjhMs
@@ -196,7 +197,7 @@ private static void unregisterBouncyCast
   "alg":"RS256",
   "kid":"Public RSA Key"}</pre>
 </div></div><p>A 'kid' property can be of special interest as it allows to identify a key but also help with the simple key rotation mechanism realized (ex, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="http://openid.net/specs/openid-connect-core-1_0.html#RotateSigKeys" rel="nofollow">OIDC Asymmetric Key Rotation</a>).</p><p>A collection of JWK keys is called a JWK Key Set which is represented as JSON array of JWKs.</p><p>JWK can contain X509 certificates or their thumbprints if preferred.</p><p>CXF offers a utility support for reading and writing JWK keys and key sets and working with the encrypted inlined and standalone JWK stores in <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/tree/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwk" rel="nofollow">this package</a>.</p><p>For example, a key set containing public JWK keys can be seen <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master
 /systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/certs/jwkPublicSet.txt" rel="nofollow">here</a> and referred to from the <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jws.ec.public.properties#L19" rel="nofollow">configuration properties</a>. The private (test) key set can be represented in a <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/certs/jwkPrivateSet.txt" rel="nofollow">clear form</a>, though most likely you'd want a private key set <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/certs/encryptedJwkPrivateSet.txt" rel="nofollow">encrypted</a> and referred to <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="
 https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/secret.aescbchmac.properties#L19" rel="nofollow">like this</a>.&#160;</p><p>One can inline the encrypted key or the key set directly in the configuration properties. For example, here is how an encrypted <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/secret.aescbchmac.inlinejwk.properties#L18" rel="nofollow">single JWK key is inlined</a>. Similarly, here is how an encrypted <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/secret.aescbchmac.inlineset.properties#L18" rel="nofollow">collection of keys is inlined</a>.</p><p>CXF assumes that JWK keys have been encrypted if a <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apach
 e/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/common/PrivateKeyPasswordProvider.java" rel="nofollow">password provider</a> is available in a request context, it is typically registered with JAX-RS endpoints. The encryption is done with a password based <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.8" rel="nofollow">PBES2 algorithm</a>.&#160;</p><p>Support for the pluggable strategies for loading JWKs is on the map.</p><p>For example, here is how you can load a JWK key using its 'kid':</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>JWK examples</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">InputStream is = JsonWebKeyTest.class.getResourceAsStream(fileName);
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">InputStream is = JsonWebKeyTest.class.getResourceAsStream(fileName);
 JsonWebKeys keySet = JwkUtils.readJwkSet(is);
 JsonWebKey key = keySet.getKey("Public RSA Key");
 String thumbprint = JwkUtils.getThumbprint(key);
@@ -204,7 +205,7 @@ assertEquals("NzbLsXh8uDCcd-6MNwXF4W_7no
 KeyType keyType = key.getKeyType();
 assertEquals(KeyType.RSA, keyType);</pre>
 </div></div><p>JsonWebKeys also supports the retrieval of keys by their type (RSA, EC, Octet) and operation (ENCRYPT, SIGN, etc). <br clear="none">Once you have JWK loaded it is typically submitted to JWS or JWE providers.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWSSignature">JWS Signature</h2><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515" rel="nofollow">JWS</a> (JSON Web Signature) document describes how a document content can be signed. For example, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-A.1" rel="nofollow">Appendix A1</a> shows how the content can be signed with an HMAC key</p><p>CXF ships JWS related classes in <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/tree/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws" rel="nofollow">this package</a> and offers a support for all of JWA <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/h
 tml/rfc7518#section-3" rel="nofollow">signature algorithms</a>.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-SignatureandVerificationProviders">Signature and Verification Providers</h3><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsSignatureProvider.java" rel="nofollow">JwsSignatureProvider</a> supports signing the content, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsSignatureVerifier.java" rel="nofollow">JwsSignatureVerifier</a> - validating the signatures.</p><p>Note the signature and verification capabilities are represented by 2 different interfaces - it was done to keep the interfaces minimalistic and have the concerns separated which can be appreciated most in the cases where the code only signs or only validates.</p><p>The following table shows the 
 algorithms and the corresponding providers (<span class="pl-smi">org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jws</span> package):</p><div class="table-wrap"><table class="confluenceTable"><tbody><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>Algorithm</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>JWS Header 'alg'</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>JwsSignatureProvider</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>JwsSignatureVerifier</strong></td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-3.2" rel="nofollow">HMAC</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">HS256, HS384, HS512</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p>HmacJwsSignatureProvider</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p>HmacJwsSignatureVerifier</p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" cl
 ass="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-3.3" rel="nofollow">RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">RS256, RS384, RS512</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PrivateKeyJwsSignatureProvider</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PublicKeyJwsSignatureVerifier</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-3.4" rel="nofollow">ECDSA</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">ES256, ES384, ES512</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">EcDsaJwsSignatureProvider</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">EcDsaJwsSignatureVerifier</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-3.5" rel="nofollow">RSASSA-PSS</a></td><td cols
 pan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PS256, PS384, PS512</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PrivateKeyJwsSignatureProvider</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PublicKeyJwsSignatureVerifier</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-3.6" rel="nofollow">None</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">none</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">NoneJwsSignatureProvider</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">NoneJwsSignatureVerifier</td></tr></tbody></table></div><p>Either of these providers (except for None) can be initialized with the keys loaded from JWK or Java JKS stores or from the in-memory representations.</p><p>RS256/384/512 algorithms are likely to be used most often at the moment due to existing JKS stores being available everywhere and a relatively easy way of making the public validation k
 eys available. 'None' algorithm might be useful when a JWS sequence is subsequently JWE-encrypted or when a 2-way TLS (with client and server certificates) is used.</p><p>Once you have decided which algorithm needs to be supported you can initialize an appropriate pair of JwsSignatureProvider and JwsSignatureVerifier if both signing the data and the verification are needed. If only the signing is needed - select JwsSignatureProvider, only the verification - select JwsSignatureVerifier. The selected providers are submitted to JWS Compact or JWS JSON producers or consumers.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsUtils.java" rel="nofollow">JwsUtils</a> utility class has a lot of helper methods to load JwsSignatureProvider or JwsSignatureVerifier and to get JWS sequences created and validated.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWSCompact">JWS Compact</h3><p><a sh
 ape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#section-3.3" rel="nofollow">JWS Compact representation</a> is the most often used JWS sequence format. It is the concatenation of Base64URL-encoded sequence of JWS headers (algorithm and other properties),&#160; Base64URL-encoded sequence of the actual data being protected and Base64URL-encoded sequence of the signature algorithm output bytes.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsCompactProducer.java" rel="nofollow">JwsCompactProducer</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsCompactConsumer.java" rel="nofollow">JwsCompactConsumer</a> offer a support for producing and consuming compact JWS sequences, protecting the data in JSON or non-JS
 ON formats.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsJwtCompactProducer.java" rel="nofollow">JwsJwtCompactProducer</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsJwtCompactConsumer.java" rel="nofollow">JwsJwtCompactConsumer</a> are their simple extensions which help with processing typed JWT Tokens.</p><p>&#160;For example, here is how an <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-A.1" rel="nofollow">Appendix A1</a> example can be done in CXF:</p><p>&#160;</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>CXF JWS Compact HMac</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">JwtClaims claims = new JwtClaims();
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">JwtClaims claims = new JwtClaims();
 claims.setIssuer("joe");
 claims.setExpiryTime(1300819380L);
 claims.setClaim("http://example.com/is_root", Boolean.TRUE);
@@ -225,7 +226,7 @@ jwsConsumer.verifySignatureWith(new Hmac
 JwtClaims protectedClaims = jws.getJwtClaims();
 </pre>
 </div></div><p>In the above example, the data (JwtToken) is submitted to an instance of JwsCompactProducer (JwsJwtCompactProducer) and signed with an HMac key.</p><p>Here is another example:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>CXF JWS Compact RSA</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">JwsCompactProducer jwsProducer = new JwsCompactProducer("Hello World");
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">JwsCompactProducer jwsProducer = new JwsCompactProducer("Hello World");
 
 // Load private RSA key from the JWK Key set stored on the disk
 InputStream is = JsonWebKeyTest.class.getResourceAsStream(fileName);
@@ -247,7 +248,7 @@ jws.verifySignatureWith(publicRsaKey);
 String helloWorldString = jwsConsumer.getDecodedJwsPayload();
 </pre>
 </div></div><p>In this latest example a plain text sequence is encoded with a private RSA key loaded from the JWK store and validated with a public RSA key loaded from the existing Java JKS store.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWSJSON">JWS JSON</h3><p>While JWS Compact is optimized and represents a concatenation of 3 Base64URL values, JWS JSON is an open JSON container, see <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-A.6" rel="nofollow">Appendix 6</a>.</p><p>The most interesting feature of JWS JSON is that allows a content be signed for multiple recipients. For example,&#160; the immediate consumer will validate a signature with one key, forward the payload to the next consumer which will also validate the content with another key, etc. &#160;</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsJsonProducer.java" rel="nofol
 low">JwsJsonProducer</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsJsonConsumer.java" rel="nofollow">JwsJsonConsumer</a> support producing and consuming JWS JSON sequences.</p><p>&#160;</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>CXF JWS JSON</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">JwsJsonProducer producer = new JwsJsonProducer(UNSIGNED_PLAIN_JSON_DOCUMENT);
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">JwsJsonProducer producer = new JwsJsonProducer(UNSIGNED_PLAIN_JSON_DOCUMENT);
 JwsHeaders headerEntries = new JwsHeaders(SignatureAlgorithm.HS256);
               
 producer.signWith(new HmacJwsSignatureProvider(ENCODED_MAC_KEY_1, SignatureAlgorithm.HS256),
@@ -280,13 +281,13 @@ String nextJwsJson = consumer.validateAn
 // double-signed JWS JSON signature, minus the signature which was already validated, in this case nextJwsJson will 
 // only have a single signature </pre>
 </div></div><p>The above code produces a JWS JSON sequence containing two signatures, similarly to <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-A.6.4" rel="nofollow">this example</a>. If the sequence contains a single signature only then the JWS JSON 'signatures' array will contain a single 'signature' element, or the whole sequence can be <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-A.6.4" rel="nofollow">flattened</a> instead with the actual 'signatures' array dropped. JwsJsonProducer &#160;does not produce the flattened sequence when only a single signature is used by default because 3rd party JWS JSON consumers may only be able to process the sequences with the 'signatures' array, so pass a 'supportFlattened' flag to JwsJsonProducer if needed.&#160;</p><p>Does it make sense to use JWS JSON if you do not plan to do multiple signatures ? Indeed, if it is only a single signature then using JWS Co
 mpact is a good alternative, likely to be used most often.</p><p>However, even if you do a single signature, you may still want to try JWS JSON because is is easier to observe the individual JWS JSON structure parts when, example, checking the logs or TCP-tracing HTTP requests/responses. This is especially true when we start talking about an unencoded payload option, see below.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWSwithDetachedContent">JWS with Detached Content</h3><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-F" rel="nofollow">JWS with Detached Content</a> provides a way to integrity-protect some data without actually having these data included in the resulting JWS sequence.</p><p>For example, if the producer and consumer can both access the same shared piece of data, then the producer can sign these data, post the JWS sequence (without the data) to the consumer. The consumer will validate this JWS sequence and assert the data have not been modified
  by the time it has received and started validating the sequence. JWS Compact and JWS JSON Producer and Consumer provider constructors accept an optional 'detached' flag in cases were it is required. &#160; &#160; &#160;</p><p>Note the detached content mode is used to support the signing and verification of CXF multipart attachment parts, see below for more information.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWSwithUnencodedPayload">JWS with Unencoded Payload</h3><p>By default, JWS Compact and JWS JSON sequences have the data first Base64Url encoded and then inlined in the resulting sequence. This is useful especially for JWS Compact which is used in OAuth2/OIDC &#160;flows to represent the signed access or id tokens.&#160;</p><p>One concern around the data being inlined is that it takes an extra time to Base64Url encode them which may become noticeable with large payloads, and another one is that one can not see the data while looking at JWS sequences in the logs or trace screens.</p><p>Thus a <a s
 hape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7797" rel="nofollow">JWS with Unencoded Payload</a> option (JWS header 'b64' property set to false) has been introduced to let users configure JWS Signature providers not to encode the actual data payload, see <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7797#page-7" rel="nofollow">this example</a>.</p><p>Both JWS JSON and JWS Compact support 'b64' property for the detached and embedded payloads.</p><p>In CXF you can apply this option to both JWS Compact (embedded payloads - from CXF 3.1.7) and JWS JSON sequences, here is a JWS JSON code fragment:</p><p>&#160;</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>JWS JSON Unencoded</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">JwsJsonProducer producer = new JwsJsonProducer(UNSIGNED_PLAIN_JSON_DOCUMENT, true);
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">JwsJsonProducer producer = new JwsJsonProducer(UNSIGNED_PLAIN_JSON_DOCUMENT, true);
 JwsHeaders headers = new JwsHeaders(SignatureAlgorithm.HS256);
 headers.setPayloadEncodingStatus(false);
 producer.signWith(new HmacJwsSignatureProvider(ENCODED_MAC_KEY_1, SignatureAlgorithm.HS256),
                   headers);</pre>
 </div></div><p>Note that JWS Compact uses a '.' as a separator between its 3 parts. <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7797#section-5" rel="nofollow">JWS with Unencoded Payload</a> recommends that it is the application's responsibility to deal with the unencoded payloads which may have '.' characters. Similarly, JWS JSON unencoded payloads with double quotes will need to be taken care of by the application.&#160;</p><p>Note the the signing and verification of CXF multipart attachment parts does depend on this unencoded payload feature, see below for more information.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWEEncryption">JWE Encryption</h2><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7516" rel="nofollow">JWE</a> (JSON Web Encryption) document describes how a document content, and, when applicable, a content encryption key, can be encrypted. For example, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7
 516#appendix-A.1" rel="nofollow">Appendix A1</a> shows how the content can be encrypted with a secret key using AesGcm with the actual content encryption key being encrypted using RSA-OAEP.</p><p>CXF ships JWE related classes in <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/tree/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe" rel="nofollow">this package</a> and offers a support for all of JWA <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4" rel="nofollow">key encryption</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-5" rel="nofollow">content encryption</a> algorithms.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-KeyandContentEncryptionProviders">Key and Content Encryption Providers</h3><p>JWE Encryption process typically involves a content-encryption key being generated with this key being subsequently encrypted/wrapped with a key known to the con
 sumer. Thus CXF offers the providers for supporting the key-encryption algorithms and providers for supporting the content-encryption algorithms. Direct key encryption (where the content-encryption key is established out of band) is also supported.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/KeyEncryptionProvider.java" rel="nofollow">KeyEncryptionProvider</a> supports encrypting a content-encryption key, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/KeyDecryptionProvider.java" rel="nofollow">KeyDecryptionProvider</a> - decrypting it.</p><p>The following table shows the key encryption algorithms and the corresponding providers (<span class="pl-smi">org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwe</span> package):</p><div class="table-wrap"><table cl
 ass="confluenceTable"><tbody><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>Algorithm</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>JWE Header 'alg'</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>KeyEncryptionProvider</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>KeyDecryptionProvider</strong></td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.2" rel="nofollow">RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">RSA1_5</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p>RSAKeyEncryptionAlgorithm</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p>RSAKeyDecryptionAlgorithm</p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.3" rel="nofollow">R
 SAES OAEP</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">RSA-OAEP, RSA-OAEP-256</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">RSAKeyEncryptionAlgorithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">RSAKeyDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.4" rel="nofollow">AES Key Wrap</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">A128KW, A192KW, A256KW</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">AesKeyWrapEncryptionAlgorithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">AesKeyWrapDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.5" rel="nofollow">Direct</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">dir</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" clas
 s="confluenceTd">DirectKeyEncryptionAlgorithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">DirectKeyDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#page-15" rel="nofollow">ECDH-ES Key Wrap</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">ECDH-ES+A128KW (+A192KW, +256KW)</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">EcdhAesWrapKeyEncryptionAlgorithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">EcdhAesWrapKeyDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#page-15" rel="nofollow">ECDH-ES Direct</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">ECDH-ES</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><span class="pl-en">EcdhDirectKeyJweEncryption</span></td><td colspan="1" row
 span="1" class="confluenceTd"><span class="pl-en">EcdhDirectKeyJweDecryption</span></td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.7" rel="nofollow">AES-GCM Key Wrap</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">A128GCMKW, A192GCMKW, A256GCMKW</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">AesGcmWrapKeyEncryptionAlgorithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">AesGcmWrapKeyDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-4.8" rel="nofollow">PBES2</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">PBES2-HS256+A128KW</p><p class="newpage">PBES2-HS384+A192KW</p><p class="newpage">PBES2-HS512+A256KW</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PbesHmacAesWrapKeyEncryptionAlgo
 rithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">PbesHmacAesWrapKeyDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr></tbody></table></div><p>&#160;</p><p>RSA-OAEP algorithms are likely to be used most often at the moment due to existing JKS stores being available everywhere and a relatively easy way of making the public validation keys available.</p><p>BouncyCastle is required if you use AES Key or AES-GCM Key Wrap or PBES2 key encryption.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/ContentEncryptionProvider.java" rel="nofollow">ContentEncryptionProvider</a> supports encrypting a generated content-encryption key, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/ContentDecryptionProvider.java" rel="nofollow">ContentDecryptionProvider</a> - decryptin
 g it.</p><p>The following table shows the content encryption algorithms and the corresponding providers:</p><div class="table-wrap"><table class="confluenceTable"><tbody><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>Algorithm</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>JWE Header 'enc'</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>ContentEncryptionProvider</strong></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><strong>ContentDecryptionProvider</strong></td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-5.2" rel="nofollow">AES_CBC_HMAC_SHA2</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">A128CBC-HS256(-HS384, -HS512)</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p>AesCbcHmacJweEncryption,</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p>AesCbcHmacJweDecryption</p></
 td></tr><tr><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-5.3" rel="nofollow">AES-GCM</a></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd"><p class="newpage">A128GCM, A92GCM, A256GCM</p></td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">AesGcmContentEncryptionAlgorithm</td><td colspan="1" rowspan="1" class="confluenceTd">AesGcmContentDecryptionAlgorithm</td></tr></tbody></table></div><p>All of the above providers can be initialized with the keys loaded from JWK or Java JKS stores or from the in-memory representations.</p><p>BouncyCastle is required if you use AES_CBC_HMAC content encryption.</p><p>Once you have decided which key and content encryption algorithms need to be supported you can initialize <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweEncryptionProvide
 r.java" rel="nofollow">JwsEncryptionProvider</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweDecryptionProvider.java" rel="nofollow">JwsDecryptionProvider</a> which do the actual JWE encryption/decryption work by coordinating with the key and content encryption providers. CXF ships <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweEncryption.java" rel="nofollow">JweEncryption</a> (JwsEncryptionProvider) and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweDecryption.java" rel="nofollow">JweDecryption</a> (JweDecryptionProvider) helpers, simply pass them the preferred key and content encryption providers and have the
  content encrypted or decrypted.</p><p>JweEncryption and JweDecryption help with creating and processing JWE Compact sequences (see the next section).&#160; JweEncryption can also help with streaming JWE JSON sequences (see JAX-RS JWE filters section).</p><p>Note that <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/AesCbcHmacJweEncryption.java" rel="nofollow">AesCbcHmacJweEncryption</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/AesCbcHmacJweDecryption.java" rel="nofollow">AesCbcHmacJweDecryption</a> providers supporting <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-5.2" rel="nofollow">AES_CBC_HMAC_SHA2</a> contet encryption are extending JweEncryption and JweDecryption respectively. They implemen
 t <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7518#section-5.2.2" rel="nofollow">the content encryption</a> internally but do accept preferred key encryption/decryption providers.</p><p>Similarly, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/DirectKeyJweEncryption.java" rel="nofollow">DirectKeyJweEncryption</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/DirectKeyJweDecryption.java" rel="nofollow">DirectKeyJweDecryption</a> are simple&#160;JweEncryption and JweDecryption extensions making it straighforward to do the direct key content encryption/decryption.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cx
 f/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweUtils.java" rel="nofollow">JweUtils</a> utility class has a lot of helper methods to load key and and content encryption providers and get the data encrypted and decrypted.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWECompact">JWE Compact</h3><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7516#section-3.3" rel="nofollow">JWE Compact representation</a> is the most often used JWE sequence format. It is the concatenation of 5 parts: Base64URL-encoded sequence of JWE headers (algorithm and other properties),&#160; Base64URL-encoded sequence of JWE encryption key (empty in case of the direct encryption), Base64URL-encoded sequence of JWE Initialization vector,&#160;Base64URL-encoded sequence of the produced ciphertext (encrypted data) and finally&#160;Base64URL-encoded sequence of the authentication tag (integrity protection for the headers and the ciphertext itself).</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob
 /master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweCompactProducer.java" rel="nofollow">JweCompactProducer</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweCompactConsumer.java" rel="nofollow">JweCompactConsumer</a> offer a basic support for creating and consuming compact JWE sequences. In most cases you will likely prefer to use <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweEncryption.java" rel="nofollow">JweEncryption</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweDecryption.java" rel="nofollow">JweDecryption</a> instead: <a shape="rect" class="external-link" 
 href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweEncryption.java" rel="nofollow">JweEncryption</a> uses JweCompactProducer internally when its <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweEncryptionProvider.java#L27" rel="nofollow">encrypt</a> method is called (<a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweEncryptionProvider.java#L32" rel="nofollow">getEncryptedOutput</a> will be discussed in the JAX-RS JWE filters section), and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweDecryption.java" rel="nofollow">JweDecryption</a> accepts 
 only JWE Compact and uses JweCompactConsumer internally.</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweJwtCompactProducer.java" rel="nofollow">JweJwtCompactProducer</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsJwtCompactConsumer.java" rel="nofollow">JwsJwtCompactConsumer</a> help with directly encrypting typed JWT Tokens.</p><p>Here is the example of doing AES Key Wrap and&#160;AES CBC HMAC in CXF:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>CXF Jwe AesWrapAesCbcHMac</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">final String specPlainText = "Live long and prosper.";
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">final String specPlainText = "Live long and prosper.";
         
 AesWrapKeyEncryptionAlgorithm keyEncryption = new AesWrapKeyEncryptionAlgorithm(KEY_ENCRYPTION_KEY_A3, KeyAlgorithm.A128KW);
 JweEncryptionProvider encryption = new AesCbcHmacJweEncryption(ContentAlgorithm.A128CBC_HS256,
@@ -298,7 +299,7 @@ JweDecryptionProvider decryption = new A
 String decryptedText = decryption.decrypt(jweContent).getContentText();
 assertEquals(specPlainText, decryptedText);</pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;</p><p>Here is another example using RSA-OAEP key encryption and AES-GCM content encryption:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>CXF Jwe RsaOaepAesGcm</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">final String content = "Live long and prosper.";
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">final String content = "Live long and prosper.";
 // Load public RSA key from the JWK Key set stored on the disk
 InputStream is = JsonWebKeyTest.class.getResourceAsStream(fileName);
 JsonWebKeys keySet = JwkUtils.readJwkSet(is);
@@ -320,7 +321,7 @@ JweDecryptionProvider decryptor = JweUti
 String decryptedText = decryption.decrypt(jweContent).getContentText();
 assertEquals(content, decryptedText);</pre>
 </div></div><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWEJSON">JWE JSON</h3><p>While JWE Compact is optimized and represents a concatenation of 5 Base64URL values, JWE JSON is an open JSON container, see <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7516#appendix-A.4" rel="nofollow">Appendix A4</a>.</p><p>The most interesting feature of JWE JSON is that allows a content be encrypted by multiple key encryption keys, with te resulting sequence targeted at multiple recipients. For example,&#160; the immediate consumer will decrypt the content with its own key decryption key, forward the payload to the next consumer, etc. &#160;</p><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweJsonProducer.java" rel="nofollow">JweJsonProducer</a> and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/m
 ain/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwe/JweJsonConsumer.java" rel="nofollow">JweJsonConsumer</a> support producing and consuming JWS JSON sequences.</p><p>Here is the code example:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>CXF JweJson</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">final String text = "The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.";
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">final String text = "The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.";
 // Create the secret keys for encrypting the content encryption key:
 SecretKey wrapperKey1 = CryptoUtils.createSecretKeySpec(WRAPPER_BYTES1, "AES");
 SecretKey wrapperKey2 = CryptoUtils.createSecretKeySpec(WRAPPER_BYTES2, "AES");
@@ -401,7 +402,7 @@ content = consumer.decryptWith(jwe2, Col
 
 &#160;</pre>
 </div></div><p>If the sequence contains a single recipient entry only then the JWE JSON 'recipients' array will contain a single entry, or the whole sequence can be <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7516#appendix-A.5" rel="nofollow">flattened</a> instead with the actual 'recipients' array dropped. JweJsonProducer &#160;does not produce the flattened sequence when only a single encryption is done by default because 3rd party JWE JSON consumers may only be able to process the sequences with the 'recipients' array, so pass a 'canBeFlat' flag to JwEJsonProducer if needed</p><p>Does it make sense to use JWE JSON if you do not plan to do multiple encryptions ? Most likely you will prefer JWE Compact if only a single recipient is targeted.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JSONWebToken">JSON Web Token</h2><p><a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7519" rel="nofollow">JWT</a> (JSON Web Token) is a collection of claims in JSON 
 format. It is simply a regular JSON document where each top elevel property is called a 'claim'.</p><p>JWT can be JWS signed and/or JWE encrypted like any other data structure.</p><p>JWT is mainly used in OAuth2 and OIDC applications to represent self-contained OAuth2 access tokens, OIDC IdToken, UserInfo, but can also be used in other contexts. For example, see the section below on linking JWT authentication tokens to JWS or JWE secured payloads.</p><p>CXF offers a JWT support in <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/tree/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jwt" rel="nofollow">this package</a>. Typically one would create a set of claims and submit them to JWS/JWE JWT processors, for example, see a JWS section above.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JWSandJWECombined">JWS and JWE Combined</h2><p>If you have a requirement to sign the data and then encrypt the signed payload then it can be easily achieved by sel
 ecting a required JWS Producer and creating a JWS Compact sequence, and next submitting this sequence to a JWE producer, and processing it all in the reverse sequence</p><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JOSEJAX-RSFilters">JOSE JAX-RS Filters</h1><p>&#160;</p><p>While working directly with JWS and JWE providers may be needed in the application code, JAX-RS users writing the code like this:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Typical JAX-RS code</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">@Path("/bookstore")
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">@Path("/bookstore")
 public class BookStore {
     
     public BookStore() {
@@ -437,7 +438,7 @@ INFO: JWS Headers:
 {"alg":"HS256",
  "cty":"json"}</pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;</p><p>You can see 3 JWS parts (put on separate lines for the better readibility) separated by dots. The 1st part is Base64Url encoded protected headers, next one - Base64Url encoded Book JSON payload, finally - the signature.</p><p>Note that the protected headers can be traced by enabling a "jose.debug" contextual property: once can see the signature algorithm is "HS256" and the content type of the signed payload is "json" which is a shorcut for a content type "application/json" where "application" is omitted.</p><p>The following client code can be used to set the client JWS Compact interceptors:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Client JWS SetUp</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">    	public void testJwsJwkBookHMac() throws Exception {
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">    	public void testJwsJwkBookHMac() throws Exception {
         String address = "https://localhost:" + PORT + "/jwsjwkhmac";
         BookStore bs = createJwsBookStore(address);
         Book book = bs.echoBook(new Book("book", 123L));
@@ -503,7 +504,7 @@ Payload:
    ]
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>The client code and server configuration is nearly identical to a code/configuration needed to set up JWS Compact filters as shown above, simply replace JwsWriterInterceptor/JwsClientResponseFilter with JwsJsonWriterInterceptor/JwsJsonClientResponseFilter in the client code, and JwsContainerRequestFilter/JwsContainerResponseFilter with JwsJsonContainerRequestFilter/JwsJsonContainerResponseFilter</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-SigningandVerificationofHTTPAttachments">Signing and Verification of HTTP Attachments</h2><p>The signing and verification of HTTP request and response attachments is supported starting from CXF 3.1.12.</p><p>This feature does not buffer the request and response attachment data and is completely streaming-'friendly'.</p><p>Note that in some cases the data may need to be buffered on the receiver end.</p><p>It depends on&#160;<a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7515#appendix-F" rel="nofollow">JWS with Detached Content</
 a> and&#160; <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7797" rel="nofollow">JWS with Unencoded Payload</a> options as well as on the newly introduced CXF <a shape="rect" href="http://cxf.apache.org/docs/jax-rs-multiparts.html#JAX-RSMultiparts-MultipartFilters">multipart filters</a> and works as follows.</p><p>When request or response attachment parts are about to be submitted to the Multipart serialization provider, JWS Multipart Output Filter (<a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/multipart/JwsMultipartClientRequestFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwsMultipartClientRequestFilter</a> and/or <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/multipart/JwsMultipartContainerResponseFilter.java" rel="
 nofollow">JwsMultipartContainerResponseFilter</a>) initializes a <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsSignature.java" rel="nofollow">JWSSignature</a> object. Next every parts's output stream is replaced with the filtering output stream which updates the signature object on every write operation. Finally this multipart filter adds one more attachment part to the list of the attachments to be written - this part holds a reference to JWS Signature. When this last part is written, JWSSignature produces the signature bytes which are encoded using either JWS Compact or JWS JSON format, with the detached and unencoded content already being pushed to the output stream.</p><p>When the attachment parts are about to be read by the Multipart deserialization provider, their signature carried over in the last part will need to be verified. Just before the parts are
  about to be read in order to be made available to the application code, JWS Multipart Input Filter (<a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/multipart/JwsMultipartContainerRequestFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwsMultipartContainerRequestFilter</a> and/or <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/multipart/JwsMultipartClientResponseFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwsMultipartClientResponseFilter</a>) checks the last part and initializes a <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jws/JwsVerificationSignature.java" rel="nofollow">JWSVerificationSignature</a> object. Next for every attachment but the last o
 ne it replaces the input stream with the filtering input stream which updates the signature verification object on every read operation. Once all the data have been read it compares the calculated signature with the received signature.</p><p>Note when the attachments are accessed by the receiving application code, the read process will fail to complete if the validation fails. For example, if the application code copies a given part's InputStream to the disk then this copy operation will fail. For example:</p><p>&#160;</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">@POST
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">@POST
 @Path("/books")
 @Consumes("multipart/related")
 public void uploadBookMultipart(@Multipart(type = "application/xml") Book book) {
@@ -523,7 +524,7 @@ public void uploadStreamMultipart(@Multi
 
 </pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;</p><p>Note that besides the signature verification process, CXF offers some other indirect support for ensuring the attachment data have not been affected. For example, <a shape="rect" href="http://cxf.apache.org/docs/jax-rs-multiparts.html#JAX-RSMultiparts-Readinglargeattachments">the size of the attachments can be restricted</a>, and if the data stream is converted from XML then the conversion process will be controlled by the secure XML parser.&#160;</p><p>However, if the receiver starts acting immediately on the attachment's InputStream, for example, the attachment data returned from the service to the client are streamed to a UI display which can activate a script then it is important that a '<strong>bufferPayload</strong>' property is enabled on either <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/multipart/JwsMultipartContaine
 rRequestFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwsMultipartContainerRequestFilter</a> or <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/multipart/JwsMultipartClientResponseFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwsMultipartClientResponseFilter</a>. It will ensure that the data streams are validated first before the application gets an access to them.</p><p>The '<strong>bufferPayload</strong>' property may also need be enabled if the multipart payload contains many attachment parts. In this case, if the receiving code is written to consume all the parts in the order different to the one the parts have been ordered in the multipart payload or if the receiver code may optionally skip reading some of the parts, then the '<strong>bufferPayload</strong>' property must be enabled.</p><p>Here is an example showing how a Book object (represented as an XML attachment on the wire) can be 
 secured.</p><p>Given this client code:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">@Test
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">@Test
 public void testJwsJwkBookHMacMultipart() throws Exception {
     String address = "https://localhost:" + PORT + "/jwsjwkhmacSinglePart";
     BookStore bs = createJwsBookStoreHMac(address, true, false);
@@ -554,7 +555,7 @@ private BookStore createJwsBookStoreHMac
      return bean.create(BookStore.class);
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>and the relevant server code:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">@Path("/bookstore")
+<pre class="brush: bash; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">@Path("/bookstore")
 public class BookStore {
     
     @POST
@@ -568,7 +569,7 @@ public class BookStore {
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>and server configuration:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:jaxrs="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs"&gt;
+<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:jaxrs="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs"&gt;
     &lt;bean id="serviceBean" class="org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.security.jose.BookStore"/&gt;
     &lt;bean id="jwsInMultipartFilter" class="org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jaxrs.multipart.JwsMultipartContainerRequestFilter"/&gt;
     &lt;bean id="jwsOutMultipartFilter" class="org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jaxrs.multipart.JwsMultipartContainerResponseFilter"/&gt;
@@ -644,7 +645,7 @@ INFO: JWE Headers:
  "enc":"A128GCM",
  "cty":"text/plain"}</pre>
 </div></div><p>You can see 5 JWE parts (put on separate lines for the better readibility) separated by dots. The 1st part is Base64Url encoded protected headers, next one - Base64Url encoded content encryption key, next one - Base64Url encoded IV, next one - Base64Url encoded ciphertext, finally - the authentication tag.</p><p>Note that the protected headers can be traced by enabling a "jose.debug" contextual property: once can see the key encryption algorithm is "A128KW", content encryption algorithm is "A128GCM" and the content type of the encrypted payload is "text/plain".</p><p>The following client code can be used to set the client JWE Compact interceptors:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Client JWE SetUp</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">    public void testJweJwkAesWrap() throws Exception {
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">    public void testJweJwkAesWrap() throws Exception {
         String address = "https://localhost:" + PORT + "/jwejwkaeswrap";
         JAXRSClientFactoryBean bean = new JAXRSClientFactoryBean();
         bean.setServiceClass(BookStore.class);
@@ -680,7 +681,7 @@ Payload:
    "tag":"DkW2pZCd7lhR0KqIGQ69-A"
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>Note the Base64Url encoded protected headers go first, followed by the 'recipients' array, with each element containing the encrypted content encryption key which can be decrypted by the recipient private key, with the array of recipients followed by the IV, ciphertext and authentication tag Base64Url sequences.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-LinkingJWTauthenticationstoJWSorJWEcontent">Linking JWT authentications to JWS or JWE content</h2><p>CXF introduced a "JWT" HTTP authentication scheme, with a Base64Url encoded JWT token representing a user authentication against an IDP capable of issuing JWT assertions (or simply JWT tokens). JWT assertion is like SAML assertion except that it is in a JSON format. If you'd like to cryptographically bind this JWT token to a data secured by JWS and/or JWE processors then simply add <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/secu
 rity/jose/jaxrs/JwtAuthenticationClientFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwtAuthenticationClientFilter</a>on the client side and <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose-jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/jaxrs/JwtAuthenticationFilter.java" rel="nofollow">JwtAuthenticationFilter</a> on the server side. These filters link the authentication token with a randomly generated secure value which is added to both the token and the body JWS/JWE protected headers.</p><p>This approach is more effective compared to the ones where the body hash is calculated before it is submitted to a signature creation function, with the signature added as HTTP header.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-OptionalprotectionofHTTPheaders">Optional protection of HTTP headers</h2><p>Starting from CXF 3.1.12 it is possible to use JWS, JWS JSON, JWE and JWE JSON filters to protect the selected set of HTTP headers. The JOSE payloads produced b
 y these filters guarantee that the JOSE headers are integrity protected. Given this, if one enables a 'protectHttpHeaders' boolean property on the request filters, then, by default, HTTP Content-Type and Accept header values will be registered as JOSE header properties prefixed with "http.", example, "http.Accept":"text/plain". The list of the headers to be protected can be customized using a 'protectedHttpHeaders' set property.</p><p>These properties will be compared against the current HTTP headers on the receiving end.</p><p>This approach does not prevent the streaming of the outgoing data (which will also be protected by the filters) and offers a way to secure the HTTP headers which are really important for the correct processing of the incoming payloads</p><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-JOSEinJAX-RSapplicationcode">JOSE in JAX-RS application code</h1><p>In some cases you may need to create or process the JOSE data directly in the service or client application code. For example, one of the 
 properties in the request or response payload needs to be JWS signed/verified and/or JWE encrypted/decrypted. The following 2 options can be tried.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-Option1:ProcessJOSEdirectly">Option 1:&#160; Process JOSE directly</h2><p>This option is about using the CXF JOSE library to sign, encrypt, or/and decrypt and verify the data as <a shape="rect" href="jax-rs-jose.html">documented above</a>. This option should be preferred if one needs to keep a closer control, for example, set the custom JWS or JWE headers, etc.</p><h2 id="JAX-RSJOSE-Option2:UseJOSElibraryhelpersandEndpointConfiguration">Option 2:&#160; Use JOSE library helpers and Endpoint Configuration</h2><p>This option makes it straighforward to do JOSE in the application code. One has to extend or delegate to a specific JOSE helper instance and configure the endpoint with the location of the JOSE properties file where the JWS or JWE algorithm and key store properties are set.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-ProduceJOSEdat
 a">Produce JOSE data</h3><p>If you need to protect some non JWT property - extend or delegate to <strong>JoseProducer</strong>:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.common.JoseProducer;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.common.JoseProducer;
 @Path("service")
 public class SecureService extends JoseProducer {
     @GET
@@ -703,7 +704,7 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>If you need to protect some JWT property then extend or delegate to <strong>JoseJwtProducer</strong>:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwt.JoseJwtProducer;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwt.JoseJwtProducer;
 @Path("service")
 public class SecureService extends JoseJwtProducer {
     @GET
@@ -729,7 +730,7 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;In both cases the producer helpers will detect the endpoint specific configuration thus they do not need to be preconfigured - however if needed they have the 'encryptionProvider' and 'signatureProvider' setters which can be used to inject JwsSignatureProvider and/or JweEncryptionProvider instances instead.</p><p>The producer helpers require a signature creation only by default. Use their 'setJwsRequired' or 'setJwsRequired' properties to customize it - example, disable JWS but require JWE, or enable JWE to get JWS-protected data encrypted as well.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-ConsumeJOSEdata">Consume JOSE data</h3><p>If you need to decrypt and/or verify some non-JWT JOSE property - extend or delegate to <strong>JoseConsumer</strong>:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.common.JoseConsumer;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.common.JoseConsumer;
 @Path("service")
 public class SecureService extends JoseConsumer {
     @POST
@@ -752,7 +753,7 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>If you need to&#160;decrypt and/or verify some JWT property then extend or delegate to <strong>JoseJwtConsumer</strong>:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwt.JoseJwtConsumer;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwt.JoseJwtConsumer;
 @Path("service")
 public class SecureService extends JoseJwtConsumer {
     @POST
@@ -775,7 +776,7 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>&#160;In both cases the producer helpers will detect the endpoint specific configuration thus they do not need to be preconfigured - however if needed they have the 'jweDecryptor' and 'jwsVerifier' setters which can be used to inject JwsSignatureVerifier and/or JweDecryptionProvider instances instead.</p><p>The producer helpers require a signature creation only by default. Use their 'setJwsRequired' or 'setJwsRequired' properties to customize it - example, disable JWS but require JWE, or enable JWE to get JWS-protected data encrypted as well.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-ProduceandConsumeJOSEdata">Produce and Consume JOSE data</h3><p>If you need to produce and consumer some non-JWT JOSE properties- extend or delegate to <strong>JoseProducerConsumer</strong>:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.common.JoseProducerConsumer;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.common.JoseProducerConsumer;
 @Path("service")
 public class SecureService extends JoseProducerConsumer {
     @POST
@@ -802,7 +803,7 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>If you need to&#160;decrypt and/or verify some JWT property then extend or delegate to <strong>JoseJwtProducerConsumer</strong>:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwt.JoseJwtProducerConsumer;
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">import org.apache.cxf.rs.security.jose.jwt.JoseJwtProducerConsumer;
 @Path("service")
 public class SecureService extends JoseJwtProducerConsumer {
     @POST
@@ -829,7 +830,7 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     }
 }</pre>
 </div></div><p>In both cases this composite producer-consumer will use the internal producer and/or consumer helpers which will detect the endpoint specific configuration but which can also be injected with some specific JWE and/or JWS handlers.</p><h3 id="JAX-RSJOSE-Configuretheendpoint">Configure the endpoint</h3><p>These properties will contain a location of the key store, signature and/or encryption algorithm properties, etc. See the <a shape="rect" href="jax-rs-jose.html">Configuration section</a> for all the available configuration options.</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:jaxrs="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs"&gt;
+<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">&lt;beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:jaxrs="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs"&gt;
     &lt;bean id="serviceBean" class="org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.security.jose.SecureService"/&gt;
     &lt;jaxrs:server address="/secure"&gt;
         &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
@@ -842,13 +843,13 @@ public class SecureService extends Abstr
     &lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
 &lt;/beans</pre>
 </div></div><h1 id="JAX-RSJOSE-Configuration">Configuration</h1><p>CXF JOSE configuration provides for loading JWS and JWE keys and supporting various processing options. Configuration properties can be shared between JWS and JWE processors or in/out only JWS and or JWE properties can be set.</p><p>Typically a secure JAX-RS endpoint or client is initialized with JWS and or JWE properties.</p><p>For example, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L197" rel="nofollow">this endpoint</a> is configured with a <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L207" rel="nofollow">single JWS properties file</a> which will apply to both input (signature verification) and output (signature creation) JWS operatio
 ns. <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L210" rel="nofollow">This endpoint</a> depends on <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L218" rel="nofollow">two JWS properties files</a>, one - for input JWS, another one - for output JWS. Similarly, <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L153" rel="nofollow">this endpoint</a> uses a <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L162" rel="nofollow">single JWE prop
 erties file</a> for encrypting/decrypting the data, while <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L139" rel="nofollow">this endpoint</a> uses <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L139" rel="nofollow">two JWE properties files</a>. <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L178" rel="nofollow">This endpoint</a> support both JWS and JSON with <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L189" rel="nofollow">in/ou
 t specific properties</a>. If either JWS or JWE private key needs to be loaded from the password-protected storage (JKS, encryped JWK)&#160; then a&#160;<a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/rt/rs/security/jose-parent/jose/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/rs/security/jose/common/PrivateKeyPasswordProvider.java" rel="nofollow">password provider</a> needs be <a shape="rect" class="external-link" href="https://github.com/apache/cxf/blob/master/systests/rs-security/src/test/resources/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jose/jwejws/server.xml#L194" rel="nofollow">registered</a> as well, it can be shared between JWS or JWS or be in/out specific for either JWS or JWE.</p><p>These configuration propertie are of major help when JAX-RS JOSE filters process the in/out payload without the application service code being aware of it. While filters can be injected with JWS or JWE providers directly, one would usually set the relevant properties as part
  of the endpoint or client set-up and expect the filters load the required JWS or JWE providers as needed.&#160;</p><p>If you need to do JWS or JWE processing directly in your service or interceptor code then having the properties may also be helpful, for example, the following code works because it is indirectly supported by the properties indicating which signature or encryption algorithm is used, where to get the key if needed, etc:</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Loading JWS and JWE Providers </b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">JwsSignatureProvider jwsOut = JwsUtils.loadSignatureProvider(true);
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">JwsSignatureProvider jwsOut = JwsUtils.loadSignatureProvider(true);
 JwsSignatureVerifier jwsIn = JwsUtils.loadSignatureVerifier(true);
 
 JweEncryptionProvider jweOut = JweUtils.loadEncryptionProvider(true);
 JweDecryptionProvider jweIn = JweUtils.loadDecryptionProvider(true);</pre>
 </div></div><p>The providers may be initialized from a single properties file or each of them may have specific properties allocated to it.</p><p>Sometimes it can be useful to load the properties only and check the signature or encryption algorithm and load a JWS or JWE provider directly as shown in JWS and JWE sections above.</p><div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeHeader panelHeader pdl" style="border-bottom-width: 1px;"><b>Loading JWS and JWE properties</b></div><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">Properties jwsProps = JweUtils.loadEncryptionProperties("jws.properties", true);
+<pre class="brush: java; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">Properties jwsProps = JweUtils.loadEncryptionProperties("jws.properties", true);
 Properties jweProps = JweUtils.loadEncryptionProperties("jwe.properties", true);</pre>

[... 3 lines stripped ...]
Modified: websites/production/cxf/content/docs/jax-rs-maven-plugins.html
==============================================================================
--- websites/production/cxf/content/docs/jax-rs-maven-plugins.html (original)
+++ websites/production/cxf/content/docs/jax-rs-maven-plugins.html Tue Sep 12 19:09:41 2017
@@ -116,15 +116,18 @@ Apache CXF -- JAX-RS Maven Plugins
          <td height="100%">
            <!-- Content -->
            <div class="wiki-content">
-<div id="ConfluenceContent"><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p><span class="inline-first-p" style="font-size:2em;font-weight:bold"> JAX-RS: Maven Plugins </span></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p>
+<div id="ConfluenceContent"><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p><span style="font-size:2em;font-weight:bold"> JAX-RS: Maven Plugins </span>
+
+
+</p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p>
 
 
 <style type="text/css">/*<![CDATA[*/
-div.rbtoc1435780111513 {padding: 0px;}
-div.rbtoc1435780111513 ul {list-style: disc;margin-left: 0px;}
-div.rbtoc1435780111513 li {margin-left: 0px;padding-left: 0px;}
+div.rbtoc1505243023374 {padding: 0px;}
+div.rbtoc1505243023374 ul {list-style: disc;margin-left: 0px;}
+div.rbtoc1505243023374 li {margin-left: 0px;padding-left: 0px;}
 
-/*]]>*/</style><div class="toc-macro rbtoc1435780111513">
+/*]]>*/</style><div class="toc-macro rbtoc1505243023374">
 <ul class="toc-indentation"><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSMavenPlugins-Introduction">Introduction</a></li><li><a shape="rect" href="#JAX-RSMavenPlugins-Archetypes">Archetypes</a></li></ul>
 </div>
 
@@ -141,7 +144,7 @@ div.rbtoc1435780111513 li {margin-left:
 <p>Here is how you can use it from the command line.</p>
 
 <div class="code panel pdl" style="border-width: 1px;"><div class="codeContent panelContent pdl">
-<pre class="brush: xml; gutter: false; theme: Default" style="font-size:12px;">
+<pre class="brush: bash; gutter: false; theme: Confluence" style="font-size:12px;">
 ~/work/archetypes$
 
 mvn archetype:generate -Dfilter=org.apache.cxf.archetype:



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