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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache CXF Documentation > JAX-RS
Date Thu, 30 Jul 2009 16:11:00 GMT
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     <h2><a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/CXF20DOC/JAX-RS">JAX-RS</a></h2>
     <h4>Page <b>edited</b> by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~sergey_beryozkin">Sergey Beryozkin</a>
    </h4>
     
          <br/>
     <div class="notificationGreySide">
         <span style="font-size:2em;font-weight:bold"> JAX-RS (JSR-311) </span>

<div>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Introduction'>Introduction</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Migratingfrom0.8to1.0'>Migrating from 0.8 to 1.0</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Mavendependencies'>Maven dependencies</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-CXFJAXRSbundle'>CXF JAX-RS bundle</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Understandingthebasics'>Understanding the basics</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Resourceclass'>Resource class</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-@Path'>@Path</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-HTTPMethod'>HTTP Method</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Returntypes'>Return types</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Exceptionhandling'>Exception handling</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-DealingwithParameters'>Dealing with Parameters</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Parameterbeans'>Parameter beans</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Resourcelifecycle'>Resource life-cycle</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Overviewoftheselectionalgorithm.'>Overview of the selection algorithm.</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Selectingbetweenmultipleresourceclasses'>Selecting between multiple resource classes</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Selectingbetweenmultipleresourcemethods'>Selecting between multiple resource methods</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Resourcemethodsandmediatypes'>Resource methods and media types</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Contextannotations'>Context annotations</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-URIscalculationusingUriInfoandUriBuilder'>URIs calculation using UriInfo and UriBuilder</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Annotationinheritance'>Annotation inheritance</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Subresourcelocators.'>Sub-resource locators.</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Staticresolutionofsubresources'>Static resolution of subresources</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-MessageBodyProviders'>Message Body Providers</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-CustomMessageBodyProviders'>Custom Message Body Providers</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Registeringcustomproviders'>Registering custom providers</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Customizingmediatypesformessagebodyproviders'>Customizing media types for message body providers</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Supportfordatabindings'>Support for data bindings</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-JAXBsupport'>JAXB support</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXBprovider'>Configuring JAXB provider</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-JSONsupport'>JSON support</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJSONprovider'>Configuring JSON provider</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-DealingwithJSONarrayserializationissues'>Dealing with JSON array serialization issues</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-AegisDataBinding'>Aegis Data Binding</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-XMLBeans'>XMLBeans</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Schemavalidationsupport'>Schema validation support</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Contenttypenegotiation'>Content type negotiation</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Debugging'>Debugging</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Logging'>Logging</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Filters'>Filters</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-DifferencebetweenJAXRSfiltersandCXFinterceptors'>Difference between JAXRS filters and CXF interceptors</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Custominvokers'>Custom invokers</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-AdvancedHTTP'>Advanced HTTP</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-SupportforContinuations'>Support for Continuations</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-SecureJAXRSservices'>Secure JAX-RS services</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-SecurityManagerandIllegalAccessExceptions'>SecurityManager and IllegalAccessExceptions</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ClientAPI'>Client API</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ProxybasedAPI'>Proxy-based API</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Customizingproxies'>Customizing proxies</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConvertingproxiestoWebClientsandviceversa'>Converting proxies to Web Clients and vice versa</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Handlingexceptions'>Handling exceptions</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringproxiesinSpring'>Configuring proxies in Spring</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Injectingproxies'>Injecting proxies</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Limitations'>Limitations</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-HTTPcentricclients'>HTTP-centric clients</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Handlingexceptions'>Handling exceptions</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringHTTPclientsinSpring'>Configuring HTTP clients in Spring</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-XMLcentricclients'>XML-centric clients</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-SupportforMultiparts'>Support for Multiparts</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-XPathandXSLT'>XPath and XSLT</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ModelViewControllersupport'>Model-View-Controller support</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservices'>Configuring JAX-RS services</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesprogrammatically'>Configuring JAX-RS services programmatically</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesprogrammaticallywithoutSpring'>Configuring JAX-RS services programmatically without Spring</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesincontainerwithSpringconfigurationfile.'>Configuring JAX-RS services in container with Spring configuration file.</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-web.xml'>web.xml</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-UsingSpringContextLoaderListener'>Using Spring ContextLoaderListener</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-UsingCXFServletinitparameters'>Using CXFServlet init parameters</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-beans.xml'>beans.xml</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesincontainerwithoutSpring'>Configuring JAX-RS services in container without Spring</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesprogrammaticallywithSpringconfigurationfile.'>Configuring JAX-RS services programmatically with Spring configuration file.</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Multipleendpointsandresourceclasses'>Multiple endpoints and resource classes</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-HowtherequestURIismatchedagainstagivenjaxrsendpoint'>How the request URI is matched against a given jaxrs endpoint</a></li>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-CombiningJAXWSandJAXRS'>Combining JAX-WS and JAX-RS</a></li>
<ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Dealingwithcontexts'>Dealing with contexts</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-JAXRSandSpringAOP'>JAX-RS and Spring AOP</a></li>
</ul>
    <li><a href='#JAX-RS-Howtocontribute'>How to contribute</a></li>
</ul></div>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-Introduction"></a>Introduction</h1>

<p>CXF supports JAX-RS (JSR-311), Java API for RESTful Web Services. JAX-RS provides a more standard way to build RESTful services in Java. CXF 2.2.x supports the <a href="https://jsr311.dev.java.net/nonav/releases/1.0/index.html" rel="nofollow">final version of JSR-311 API </a> while CXF 2.1.x supports the <a href="https://jsr311.dev.java.net/nonav/releases/0.8/index.html" rel="nofollow">0.8 version of JSR-311 API </a>. </p>

<p>JAX-RS related demos are located under samples/jax_rs directory (CXF 2.2 and CXF 2.1 only).<br/>
This documentation will refer to <a href="https://jsr311.dev.java.net/nonav/releases/1.0/index.html" rel="nofollow">JSR-311 API 1.0 </a>.</p>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-Migratingfrom0.8to1.0"></a>Migrating from 0.8 to 1.0</h1>

<p>The following major changes in 1.0 will most likely affect users migrating from 0.8</p>

<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li>@ProduceMime and @ConsumeMime have been replaced with @Produces and @Consumes respectively</li>
	<li>HttpHeaders has had some of its methods returning a string representation of Locale updated to return Locale instead</li>
</ul>


<p>As JAX-RS API 1.0 is currently supported in CXF 2.2.x, it's also worth noting of the following changes in dependencies :</p>

<ul class="alternate" type="square">
	<li>Spring version have changed from 2.0.8 in 2.1.x to 2.5.6</li>
	<li>jaxb-api version has changed to javax.xml.bind/jaxb-api/2.1</li>
	<li>jaxb-impl version has changed to com.sun.xml.bind/jaxb-impl/2.1.7</li>
</ul>


<p>Additionally, org.apache.cxf/cxf-rt-databinding-aegis/2.2.x compile-time dependency has been added</p>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-Mavendependencies"></a>Maven dependencies</h1>
<p><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/pom.xml" rel="nofollow">The following 3rd-party dependencies</a> are used when building CXF JAX-RS implementation :</p>

<p>1. javax.ws.rs/jsr311-api/1.0</p>

<p>available from either </p>
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<p>or from a central maven repository</p>

<p>2. org.apache.abdera groupId : abdera-core, abdera-parser and abdera-extensions-json artifacts, version 0.4.0-incubating. It's a compile time dependency. Available from </p>

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&lt;id&gt;apache.incubating&lt;/id&gt;
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&lt;url&gt;http://people.apache.org/repo/m2-incubating-repository&lt;/url&gt;
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<p>3. org.springframework/spring-core/2.5.6</p>

<p>4. org.codehaus.jettison/jettison/1.1</p>

<p>5. org.apache.xmlbeans/xmlbeans/2.3.0 - compile time</p>

<p>Please check <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/pom.xml" rel="nofollow">the pom.xml</a> for the list of cxf components used by the JAX-RS implementation. Snapshots are available from <a href="http://repository.apache.org/snapshots/org/apache/cxf/apache-cxf/" rel="nofollow">http://repository.apache.org/snapshots/org/apache/cxf/apache-cxf/</a></p>


<h1><a name="JAX-RS-CXFJAXRSbundle"></a>CXF JAX-RS bundle</h1>

<p>A standalone <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/distribution/bundle/jaxrs/pom.xml" rel="nofollow">JAX-RS bundle</a> is now available which may be of interest to users doing JAX-RS work only.</p>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-Understandingthebasics"></a>Understanding the basics</h1>

<p>You are encouraged to read <a href="http://jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=311" rel="nofollow">JAX-RS spec </a> to find out information not covered by this documentation.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Resourceclass"></a>Resource class</h2>

<p>A resource class is a Java class annotated with JAX-RS annotations to represent a Web resource. Two types of resource classes are available : root resource classes and subresource classes. A root resource class is annotated at least with a @Path annotation, while subresource classes typically have no root @Path values. A typical root resource class in JAX-RS looks like this below:</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">package demo.jaxrs.server;

java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.PathParam;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.Response;

@Path("/customerservice/")
@Produces("application/xml")
public class CustomerService {

    public CustomerService() {
    }

    @GET
    public Customers getCustomers() {
        ......
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/customers/{id}")
    @Produces("application/json")
    public Customer getCustomer(@PathParam("id") String id) {
        ......
    }

    @PUT
    @Path("/customers/{id}")
    @Consumes("application/xml")
    public Response updateCustomer(@PathParam("id") Long id, Customer customer) {
        ......
    }

    @POST
    @Path("/customers")
    public Response addCustomer(Customer customer) {
        ......
    }

    @DELETE
    @Path("/customers/{id}/")
    public Response deleteCustomer(@PathParam("id") String id) {
        ......
    }

    @Path("/orders/{orderId}/")
    public Order getOrder(@PathParam("orderId") String orderId) {
       ......
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>Customer resource class can handle requests starting from /customerservice. When /customerservice request is matched to this class, its getCustomers() method will be selected. updateCustomer(), deleteCustomer() and addCustomer() are used to serve POST, PUT and DELETE requests starting from /customerservice/customer, while getOrder() method delegates the handling of requests like /customerservice/orders/1 to a subresource locator Order.</p>

<p>&#64;Produces annotation is used to specify the format of the response. When not available on the resource method, it's inherited from a class, and if it's not available on the class then it's inherited from a corresponding message body writer, if any. Default value is &#42;/&#42;, but it's recommended that some definite value is specified. The same applies to &#64;Consumes, only it's message body readers that are checked as the last resort.</p>

<p>For example, getCustomers() method inherits &#64;Produces annotation from its class, while getCustomer() method overrides it with its own value.  </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-@Path"></a>@Path</h2>

<p>@Path annotation is applied to resource classes or methods. The value of @Path annotation is a relative URI path and follows the URI Template format and may include arbitrary regular expressions. When not available on the resource method, it's inherited from a class. For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customers/{id}")
public class CustomerResource {

    @GET
    public Customer getCustomer(@PathParam("id") Long id) {
        ......
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/order/{orderid}")
    public Order getOrder(@PathParam("id") Long customerId, @PathParam("orderid") Long orderId) {
        ......
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/order/{orderid}/{search:.*}")
    public Item findItem(@PathParam("id") Long customerId, 
                         @PathParam("orderid") Long orderId,
                         @PathParam("search") String searchString,
                         @PathParam("search") List&lt;PathSegment&gt; searchList) {
        ......
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>This example is similar to the one above it, but it also shows that an {id} template variable specified as part of the root &#64;Path expression is reused by resource methods and a custom regular expression is specified by a findItem() method (note that a variable name is separated by ':' from an actual expression).</p>

<p>In this example, a request like 'GET /customers/1/order/2/price/2000/weight/2' will be served by the findItem() method.<br/>
List&lt;PathSegment&gt; can be used to get to all the path segments in 'price/2000/weight/2' captured by the regular expression.</p>

<p>More information about Path annotations can be found from <a href="http://jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=311" rel="nofollow">JAX-RS spec </a> section 2.3. </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-HTTPMethod"></a>HTTP Method</h2>

<p>JAX-RS specification defines a number of annotations such as @GET, @PUT, @POST and @DELETE. Using an @HttpMethod designator, one can create a custom annotation such as @Update or @Patch. For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">package org.apache.cxf.customverb;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

@Target({ElementType.METHOD})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@HttpMethod("PATCH")
public @interface PATCH { 
}</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Returntypes"></a>Return types</h2>

<p>Either javax.ws.rs.core.Response or custom type can be returned. javax.ws.rs.core.Response can be used to set the HTTP response code, headers and entity. JAX-RS MessageBodyWriters (see below) are in charge of serializing the response entities, those which are returned directly or as part of javax.ws.rs.core.Response.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Exceptionhandling"></a>Exception handling</h3>

<p>One can either throw an unchecked WebApplicationException or return Response with a proper error code set.<br/>
The former option may be a better one when no JAX-RS types can be added to method signatures.</p>

<p>For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customerservice/")
public class CustomerService {

    
    @PUT
    @Path("/customers/{id}")
    public Response updateCustomer(@PathParam("id") Long id, Customer customer) {
        return Response.status(errorCode).build();
    }

    @POST
    @Path("/customers")
    public Customer addCustomer(Customer customer) {
        throw new WebApplicationException(errorCode);
    }

}</textarea>
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<p>Yet another option is to register an ExceptionMapper provider. Ex :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public BookExceptionMapper implements ExceptionMapper&lt;BookException&gt; {
    public Response toResponse(BookException ex) {
        // convert to Response
    }
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<p>This allows to throw a checked or runtime exception from an application code and map it to an HTTP response in a registered provider.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-DealingwithParameters"></a>Dealing with Parameters</h2>

<p>PathParam annotation is used to map a given Path template variable to a method parameter.<br/>
For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customer/{id}")
public class CustomerService {

    
    @PUT
    @Path("{name}")
    public Response updateCustomer(@PathParam("id") Long id, @PathParam("name") String name) {
        ...
    }
}</textarea>
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</div>


<p>In this case a template variable id available from a root class annotation is mapped to a parameter of type Long, while a name variable is mapped to a parameter of type String.</p>

<p>&#64;QueryParam, &#64;HttpHeader, &#64;MatrixParam, &#64;FormParam and &#64;CookieParam annotations are also supported.<br/>
Parameters can be of type String or of any type that have constructors accepting a String parameter or static valueOf(String s) methods. <br/>
Additionally CXF JAXRS checks for static fromString(String s) method, so types with no valueOf(String) factory methods can also be dealt with :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public enum Gender {
   MALE,
   FEMALE;

   public static fromString(String s) {
       if ("1".equals(s)) {
           return FEMALE;
       } else if ("1".equals(s)) {
           return MALE;
       }  
       return valueOf(s); 
   }
}

@Path("/{g}")
public class Service {

    
    @PUT
    @Path("{id}")
    public Response update(@PathParam("g") Gender g, @PathParam("id") UUID u) {
        ...
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>JAX-RS PathSegment is also supported. A sequence of identically named parameters (queries, headers, etc) can be mapped to List or Set or SortedSet.  </p>

<p>CXF JAXRS supports ParameterHandler extensions which can be used to deal with method parameters annotated with one of the JAXRS parameter annotations :  </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public class MapHandler implements ParameterHandler&lt;Map&gt; {
    public Map fromString(String s) {...}
}

@Path("/")
public class Service {

    
    @PUT
    @Path("{id}")
    public Response update(@PathParam("g") Map m, byte[] bytes) {
        ...
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>Note that ParameterHandlers can not be used to deal with parameters representing a message body, "byte[] byte" in this example. MessageBodyReaders have to deal with this task. That said, a given MessageBodyReader implementation can also implement ParameterHandler.</p>

<p>ParameterHandlers can be registered as providers either from Spring or programmatically.</p>

<p>All the parameters are automatically decoded. This can be disabled by using @Encoded annotation.<br/>
Parameters can have a default value set using a DefaultValue annotation :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public Response updateCustomer(@DefaultValue("123") @QueryParam("id") Long id, @PathParam("name") String name) { ... }</textarea>
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<p>JAX-RS mandates that only a single method parameter which is not annotated with JAXRS annotations applicable to method parameters is allowed in a resource method. For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public Response do(@PathParam("id") String id, String body) {
}</textarea>
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<p>Parameters like 'String body' are expected to represent the request body/input stream. It's the job of JAX-RS MessageBodyReaders to deserialize the request body into an object of the expected type.</p>



<p>Starting from JAX-RS 0.8, it's also possible to inject all types of parameters into fields or through dedicated setters. For ex, the first code fragment in this section can be rewritten like this  :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customer/{id}")
public class CustomerService {

    @PathParam("id")
    private Long id; 
    
    private String name;

    @PathParam("name")
    public setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    } 

    @PUT
    @Path("{name}")
    public Response updateCustomer() {
        // use id and name
    }
}</textarea>
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<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Parameterbeans"></a>Parameter beans</h3>

<p>There's a CXF extension which makes it possible to inject a sequence of &#64;PathParam, &#64;QueryParam, &#64;FormParam or @MatrixParam parameters into a bean. For ex :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customer/{id}")
public class CustomerService {

    
    @PUT
    @Path("{name}")
    public Response updateCustomer(@PathParam("") Customer customer) {
        ...
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/order")
    public Response getCustomerOrder(@PathParam("id") int customerId, 
                                     @QueryParam("") OrderBean bean,
                                     @MatrixParam("") OrderBean bean) {
        ...
    }

    @POST
    public Response addCustomerOrder(@PathParam("id") int customerId,
                                     @FormParam("") OrderBean bean) {
        ...
    }
}

public class Customer {
   public void setId(Long id) {...}
   public void setName(String s) {...}  
}

public class OrderBean {
   public void setId(Long id) {...}
   public void setWeight(int w) {...}  
}</textarea>
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<p>Note that there's a single @PathParam with an empty value in updateCustomer() - this is an extension bit. The value for a template variable 'id' is injected into Customer.setId(Long id), while the value for 'name' is injected into Customer.setName(String s). The setter methods should have a single parameter, the conversion from the actual value to the parameter instance follows the same procedure as outlined above.</p>

<p>Similarly, in getCustomerOrder(), OrderBean can be injected with corresponding values from a query string like ?id=1&amp;weight=2 or from matrix parameters set as part of one of the path segments : /customer/1/order;id=1;weight=2. Likewise, in addCustomerOrder(), FormParam("") can capture all the values submitted from an HTML form and inject them into OrderBean.</p>

<p>Nested beans are also supported, which among other things, makes it possible to formulate advanced search queries. For example, given the following bean definitions :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">class Name {
    String first;
    String last;
}

class Address {
    String city;
    String state;
}

class Person {
    Name legalName;
    Address homeAddr;
    String race;
    String sex;
    Date birthDate;
}

class MyService
{
    @GET
    @Path("/getPerson")
    Person getPerson(@QueryParam("") Person person);
}</textarea>
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<p>a query like</p>

<p>&gt; /getPerson?sex=M&amp;legalName.first=John&amp;legalName.last=Doe&amp;homeAddr.city=Reno&amp;homeAddr.state=NV </p>

<p>will result in a Person bean being properly initialized and all the search criteria being captured and easily accessible. Note more enhancements are being planned in this area.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Resourcelifecycle"></a>Resource life-cycle</h2>

<p>By default, resource classes are instantiated every request. In CXF, when resource classes are registered from Spring, singleton scope is always used, though the support for prototype beans is on the way. Providers are always singletons. </p>

<p>At the moment you can register per-request resource classes either programmatically (see below for code samples) or using a CXFNonSpringJaxrsServlet. Note that per-request resource classes can have JAX-RS contexts or parameters injected at the construction time :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/")
public class PerRequestResourceClass {

   public PerRequestResourceClass(@Context HttpHeaders headers, @QueryParam("id") Long id) {}
}</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Overviewoftheselectionalgorithm."></a>Overview of the selection algorithm.</h2>

<p>The JAX-RS Selection algorithm is used to select root resource classes, resource methods and subresource locators.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Selectingbetweenmultipleresourceclasses"></a>Selecting between multiple resource classes</h3>

<p>When multiple resource classes match a given URI request, the following algorithm is used :<br/>
1. Prefer the resource class which has more literal characters in its &#64;Path annotation.</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/bar/{id}")
public class Test1 {}
@Path("/bar/{id}/baz")
public class Test2 {}
@Path("/foo")
public class Test3 {}
@Path("/foo/")
public class Test4 {}</textarea>
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<p>Both classes match /bar/1/baz requests but Test2 will be selected as it has 9 Path literal characters compared to 5 in Test1. Similarly, Test4 wins against Test3 when a /foo/ request arrives. </p>

<p>2. Prefer the resource class which has more capturing groups in its &#64;Path annotation.</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/bar/{id}/")
public class Test1 {}
@Path("/bar/{id}/{id2}")
public class Test2 {}</textarea>
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<p>Both classes match /bar/1/2 requests and both have the same number of literal characters but Test2 will be selected as it has 2 Path capturing groups (id and id1) as opposed to 1 in Test1. </p>

<p>3. Prefer the resource class which has more capturing groups with arbitrary regular expressions in its &#64;Path annotation.</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/bar/{id:.+}/baz/{id2}")
public class Test1 {}
@Path("/bar/{id}/{bar}/{id2}")
public class Test2 {}</textarea>
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<p>Both classes match /bar/1/baz/2 requests and both have the same number of literal characters and capturing groups but Test1 will be selected as it has 1 Path capturing groups with the arbitrary regular expression (id) as opposed to 0 in Test2. </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Selectingbetweenmultipleresourcemethods"></a>Selecting between multiple resource methods</h3>

<p>Once the resource class has been selected, the next step is to choose a resource method. If multiple methods can be matched then the same rules which are used for selecting resource classes are applied. Additionally, one more rule is used.</p>

<p>4. Prefer a resource method to a subresource locator method</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/")
public class Test1 {

 @Path("/bar")
 @GET
 public Order getOrder() {...}

 @Path("/bar")
 public Order getOrderFromSubresource() {...}
}

public class Order {

 @Path("/")
 @GET
 public Order getOrder() { return this; }

}</textarea>
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<p>Both getOrderFromSubresource() and getOrder() methods can be used to serve a /bar request. However, getOrder() wins. </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Resourcemethodsandmediatypes"></a>Resource methods and media types</h3>

<p>Consider this resource class with 2 resource methods :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/")
public class Test1 {

 @Path("/bar")
 @POST 
 @Consumes("application/json")
 @Produces("application/json")
 public Order addOrderJSON(OrderDetails details) {...}

 @Path("/bar")
 @POST
 @Consumes("application/xml")
 @Produces("application/xml")
 public Order getOrderXML(OrderDetails details) {...}
 
}</textarea>
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<p>Both methods match /bar requests. If in a given request both Content-Type and Accept are set to application/xml then <br/>
getOrderXML will be selected. If both Content-Type and Accept are set to application/json then <br/>
getOrderJSON will be chosen instead.</p>

<p>For this specific example, in both cases either JAXB or JSON message body readers and writers will be selected to deserialize the input stream into OrderDetails and serialize Order into the output stream. Message body providers can have @Produces and @Consumes set too, and they have to match those on a chosen resource method.  </p>

<p>The above code can be replaced with this one :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/")
public class Test1 {

 @Path("/bar")
 @POST 
 @Consumes({"application/json", "application/xml"})
 @Produces({"application/json", "application/xml"})
 public Order addOrder(OrderDetails details) {...}

}</textarea>
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<p>TODO : more info</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Contextannotations"></a>Context annotations</h2>

<p>A number of context types can be injected as parameters, in fields or through dedicated methods.<br/>
UriInfo, SecurityContext, HttpHeaders, Providers, Request, ContextResolver, Servlet types (HttpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse, ServletContext, ServletConfig) can be injected.</p>

<p>A CXF-specific composite context interface, <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/ext/MessageContext.java" rel="nofollow">MessageContext</a> is also supported which makes it easier to deal with all the supported JAX-RS contexts (and indeed with the future ones) and also lets check the current message's properties.</p>

<p>Example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customer")
public class CustomerService {
    
    @Context 
    private org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.ext.MessageContext mc; 
    @Context 
    private ServletContext sc;
    private UriInfo ui;
    
    @Context
    public void setUriInfo(UriInfo ui) {
        this.ui = ui;
    }

    @PUT
    public Response updateCustomer(@Context HttpHeaders h, Customer c) {
        mc.getHttpHeaders();
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>Note that all types of supported JAX-RS providers such as MessageBodyWriter, MessageBodyReader, ExceptionMapper and ContextResolver, as well as the list of body providers which can be provided by Providers can have contexts injected too. The only exception is that no parameter level injection is supported for providers due to methods of JAXRS providers being fixed.</p>

<p>Note that Providers and ContextResolver are likely to be of interest to message body providers rather than to the actual application code. You can also inject all the context types into @Resource annotated fields.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-URIscalculationusingUriInfoandUriBuilder"></a>URIs calculation using UriInfo and UriBuilder</h3>

<p>Mapping of particular URI to service that returns some resource is straightforward using @Path annotation. However RESTful services are often connected: one service returns data that is used as key in another service. Listing entities and accessing particular entity is typical example:</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customers")
public class CustomerService {

    @GET
    public Customers getCustomers() {
        ......
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/{id}")
    public Customer getCustomer(@PathParam("id") String id) {
        ......
    }

}</textarea>
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<p>For this service we can assume that returned list is brief of customers exposing only basic attributes and more details is returned referring to second URL, using customer id as key. Something like this:</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">GET http://foobar.com/api/customers

&lt;customers&gt;
    &lt;customer id="1005"&gt;John Doe&lt;/customer&gt;
    &lt;customer id="1006"&gt;Jane Doe&lt;/customer&gt;
    ...
&lt;/customers&gt;
    
GET http://foobar.com/api/customers/1005

&lt;customer id="1005"&gt;
    &lt;first-name&gt;John&lt;/first-name&gt;
    &lt;last-name&gt;Doe&lt;/last-name&gt;
    ...
&lt;/customer&gt;</textarea>
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<p>How does client of this service know how to get from list of customers to given customer? Trivial approach is to expect client to compute proper URI. Wouldn't be better to ease flow through services attaching full URLs that can be used directly? This way client is more decoupled from service itself (that may evolve changing URLs). This way want get something like this:</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">GET http://foobar.com/api/customers

&lt;customers-list&gt;
    &lt;customer id="1005" url="http://foobar.com/api/customers/1005"&gt;John Doe&lt;/customer&gt;
    &lt;customer id="1006" url="http://foobar.com/api/customers/1006"&gt;Jane Doe&lt;/customer&gt;
    ...
&lt;/customers-list&gt;</textarea>
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</div>


<p>The problem is how to compute URIs when paths come from @Path annotations. It complicates when we consider paths with templates (variables) on multiple levels or sub-resources introducing dynamic routing to different URIs.</p>

<p>The core part of solution is to use injected <a href="https://jsr311.dev.java.net/nonav/javadoc/javax/ws/rs/core/UriInfo.html" rel="nofollow">UriInfo</a> object. Method "getCustomers" has to have UriInfo object injected. This helper object allows to extract some useful information about current URI context, but what's more important, allow to get <a href="https://jsr311.dev.java.net/nonav/javadoc/javax/ws/rs/core/UriBuilder.html" rel="nofollow">UriBuilder</a> object. UriBuilder has multiple appender methods that extends final URI it can build; in our case to current URI we can append path in multiple ways, providing it as string (which we actually want to avoid here) or providing resource (class or method) to extract @Path value. Finally UriBuilder that is composed of paths with templates (variables) must have variables bound to values to render URI. This case in action looks like this:</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customers")
public class CustomerService {

    @GET
    public Customers getCustomers(@Context UriInfo ui) {
        ......
        // builder starts with current URI and has appended path of getCustomer method
        UriBuilder ub = ui.getAbsolutePathBuilder().path(this.getClass(), "getCustomer");
        for (Customer customer: customers) {
            // builder has {id} variable that must be filled in for each customer
            URI uri = ub.build(customer.getId());
            c.setUrl(uri);
        }
        return customers;
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/{id}")
    public Customer getCustomer(@PathParam("id") String id) {
        ......
    }

}</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Annotationinheritance"></a>Annotation inheritance</h2>

<p>Most of the JAX-RS annotations can be inherited from either an interface or a superclass. For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public interface CustomerService {

    @PUT
    @Path("/customers/{id}")
    Response updateCustomer(@PathParam("id") Long id, Customer customer);

    @POST
    @Path("/customers")
    Customer addCustomer(Customer customer);

}

@Path("/customerservice/")
public class Customers implements CustomerService {

    
    public Response updateCustomer(Long id, Customer customer) {
        return Response.status(errorCode).build();
    }

    public Customer addCustomer(Customer customer) {
        throw new WebApplicationException(errorCode);
    }

}</textarea>
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<p>Similarly, annotations can be inherited from super-classes. In CXF, the resource class can also inherit the class-level annotations from either one of its implemented interfaces or its superclass.    </p>


<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Subresourcelocators."></a>Sub-resource locators.</h2>

<p>A method of a resource class that is annotated with @Path becomes a sub-resource locator when no annotation with an HttpMethod designator like @GET is present. Sub-resource locators are used to further resolve the object that will handle the request. They can delegate to other sub-resource locators, including themselves. </p>

<p>In the example below, getOrder method is a sub-resource locator:</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customerservice/")
public class CustomerService {

    @Path("/orders/{orderId}/")
    public Order getOrder(@PathParam("orderId") String orderId) {
       ......
    }
}

@XmlRootElement(name = "Order")
public class Order {
    private long id;
    private Items items;

    public Order() {
    }

    public long getId() {
        return id;
    }


    @GET
    @Path("products/{productId}/")
    public Product getProduct(@PathParam("productId")int productId) {
       ......
    }

    @Path("products/{productId}/items")
    public Order getItems(@PathParam("productId") int productId) {
       return this;
    }

    @GET
    public Items getItems() {
       ......
    }

}</textarea>
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<p>A HTTP GET request to <a href="http://localhost:9000/customerservice/orders/223/products/323" rel="nofollow">http://localhost:9000/customerservice/orders/223/products/323</a> is dispatched to getOrder method first. If the Order resource whose id is 223 is found, the Order 223 will be used to further resolve Product resource. Eventually, a Product 323 that belongs to Order 223 is returned.<br/>
The request to <a href="http://localhost:9000/customerservice/orders/223/products/323/items" rel="nofollow">http://localhost:9000/customerservice/orders/223/products/323/items</a> will be delivered to getItems() method which in turn will delegate to an overloaded getItems().</p>

<p>Note that a subresource class like Order is often has no root &#64;Path annotations which means that they're delegated to dynamically at runtime, in other words, they can not be invoked upon before one of the root resource classes is invoked first. A root resource class (which has a root @\Path annotation) can become a subresource too if one of its subresource locator methods delegates to it, similarly to Order.getItems() above.   </p>


<p>Note that a given subresource can be represented as an interface or some base class resolved to an actual class at runtime. In this case any resource methods which have to be invoked on an actual subresource instance are discovered dynamically at runtime :  </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customerservice/")
public class CustomerService {

    @Path("/orders/{orderId}/")
    public Order getOrder(@PathParam("orderId") String orderId) {
       ......
    }
}

public interface Order {
    @GET
    @Path("products/{productId}/")
    Product getProduct(@PathParam("productId")int productId);
}

@XmlRootElement(name = "Order")
public class OrderImpl implements Order {
    
    public Product getProduct(int productId) {
       ......
    }
}

@XmlRootElement(name = "Order")
public class OrderImpl2 implements Order {
    
    // overrides JAXRS annotations
    @GET
    @Path("theproducts/{productId}/")
    Product getProduct(@PathParam("id")int productId) {...}
}</textarea>
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<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Staticresolutionofsubresources"></a>Static resolution of subresources</h3>

<p>By default, subresources are resolved dynamically at runtime. This is a slower procedure, partly due to the fact that a concrete subresource implementation may introduce some JAXRS annotations in addition to those which might be available at the interface typed by a subresource locator method and different to those available on another subresource instance implementing the same interface.</p>

<p>If you know that all the JAXRS annotations are available on a given subresource type (or one of its superclasses or interfaces) returned by a subresource locator method then you may want to disable the dynamic resolution :</p>


<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server staticSubresourceResolution="true"&gt;
&lt;!-- more configuration --&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-MessageBodyProviders"></a>Message Body Providers</h2>

<p>JAX-RS relies on MessageBodyReader and MessageBodyWriter implementations to serialize and de-serialize Java types. JAX-RS requires that certain types has to be supported out of the box. <br/>
By default, CXF supports String, byte[], InputStream, Reader, File, JAXP Source, JAX-RS StreamingOutput, JAXB-annotated types with application/xml, text/xml and application/json formats as well as JAXBElement (see below). JAX-RS MultivaluedMap is also supported for form contents. </p>

<p>See also a "Support for data bindings" section below.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-CustomMessageBodyProviders"></a>Custom Message Body Providers          </h3>

<p>It's likely that a given application may need to deal with types which are not supported by default.<br/>
Alternatively, developers may want to provide a more efficient support for handling default types such as InputStream.</p>

<p>Here's an example of a custom MessageBodyReader for InputStream :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Consumes("application/octet-stream")
@Provider
public class InputStreamProvider implements MessageBodyReader&lt;InputStream&gt; {

    
    public boolean isReadable(Class&lt;InputStream&gt; type, Type genericType, Annotation[] annotations, MediaType mt) {
        return InputStream.class.isAssignableFrom(type);
    }

    public InputStream readFrom(Class&lt;InputStream&gt; clazz, Type t, Annotation[] a, MediaType mt, 
                         MultivaluedMap&lt;String, String&gt; headers, InputStream is) 
        throws IOException {
        return new FilterInputStream(is) {
             @Override
             public int read(byte[] b) throws IOException {
                 // filter out some bytes
             }              
        }     
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>and here's an example of a custom MessageBodyWriter for Long :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@ProduceMime("text/plain")
@Provider
public class LongProvider implements MessageBodyWriter&lt;Long&gt; {

    public long getSize(Long l, Class&lt;?&gt; type, Type genericType, Annotation[] annotations, MediaType mt) {
        return -1;
    }

    public boolean isWriteable(Class&lt;?&gt; type, Type genericType, Annotation[] annotations, MediaType mt) {
        return long.class.isAssignableFrom(type) || Long.class.isAssignableFrom(type);
    }

    public void writeTo(Long l, Class&lt;?&gt; clazz, Type type, Annotation[] a, 
                        MediaType mt, MultivaluedMap&lt;String, Object&gt; headers, OutputStream os) 
        throws IOException {
        os.write(l.toString().getBytes());
        
    }</textarea>
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<p>CXF ships some custom providers too. These are providers for dealing with Atom (based on Apache Abdera) and XMLObjects.<br/>
CXF also supports primitive types and their Number friends when text/plain media type is used, either on input or output.   </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Registeringcustomproviders"></a>Registering custom providers  </h3>


<p>Putting @Provider annotation on the provider class is something that should lead to your provider being registered with the runtime. CXF does not support this feature yet. </p>


<p>One can easily register a provider either from the Spring configuration or programmatically :   </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService" address="/"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;bean class="org.CustomerService" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;

    &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="isProvider" /&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="longProvider" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:providers&gt;
    &lt;bean id="isProvider" class="com.bar.providers.InputStreamProvider"/&gt;
    &lt;bean id="longProvider" class="com.bar.providers.LongProvider"/&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Note that instead of the older &lt;jaxrs:entityProviders&gt; it's now &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt;. JAX-RS supports different types of providers and having a single &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt; container is in line with the way other JAX-RS implementations discover providers by checking for @Provider annotations only. </p>

<p>See below a more complete beans.xml definition.</p>

<p>While having @Provider-annotated providers automatically registered is a handy feature indeed, sometimes it might actually be problematic. For ex, in a large project user providers from different libraries might clash. </p>

<p>When using the custom configuration (as shown above) provider instances of different types (handling the same format of request/response bodies) or differently configured instances of the same type can be registered with a different jaxrs:server instance. Yet another requirement might be to have only a given jaxrs:server endpoint among multiple available ones to handle requests with a given media type :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService1" address="/1"&gt;
   &lt;bean id="serviceBean" class="org.CustomerService" /&gt; 

   &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="serviceBean"/&gt;
   &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;

   &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt;
      &lt;bean class="com.bar.providers.InputStreamProvider"/&gt;
   &lt;/jaxrs:providers&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService2" address="/2"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="serviceBean"/&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;

    &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt;
      &lt;bean id="isProvider" class="baz.foo.jaxrsproviders.InputStreamProvider"/&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:providers&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;

&lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService3" address="/3"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="serviceBean"/&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;

    &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="isProvider"/&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:providers&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;


&lt;bean id="isProvider" class="com.bar.providers.InputStreamProvider"&gt;
   &lt;property name="limit" value="5"/&gt;
&lt;/bean&gt;

&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>In this example a single service bean can be accessed through 3 different paths, /1, /2 and /3. InputStream provider is available on all the 3 paths. com.bar.providers.InputStreamProvider is used in 2 cases, while a special InputStream handler baz.foo.jaxrsproviders.InputStreamProvider from another library is also involved in one case.</p>


<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Customizingmediatypesformessagebodyproviders"></a>Customizing media types for message body providers</h2>

<p>As explained above, message body providers can play a major part in affecting the way target resource methods are matched. If a method returns a custom type Foo and a MessageBodyWriter&lt;Foo&gt; is available then it will be used only if one of the media types specified in a given request's HTTP Accept header matches or intersects with one of the media types specified by &#64;Produces annotation in a MessageBodyWriter&lt;Foo&gt; implementation. The same applies if a method accepts a custom type Foo, but this time the value of &#64;Consumes in MessageBodyReader&lt;Foo&gt; will be matched against a request's ContentType value.    </p>

<p>Sometimes users would like to experiment with media types different to those statically supported by a given message body reader/writer. For example, application/xml might seem a bit too general in some cases and people may want to try some custom/xml type and still use a default JAXB provider. </p>

<p>In such cases it's possible to override the default @Produces and/or @Consumes types supported by a given provider. It only currently works for JAXBElementProvider and JSONProvider, but any custom provider can avail of this support by simply having setter/getter pairs for either produce and/or consume types and the JAXRS runtime will use them instead.<br/>
See <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/resources/jaxrs/WEB-INF/beans.xml" rel="nofollow">this example</a> on how to provide custom media types from Spring.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Supportfordatabindings"></a>Support for data bindings</h2>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-JAXBsupport"></a>JAXB support</h3>

<p>The request and response can be marshalled and unmarshalled to/from Java object using JAXB. </p>

<p>There's a number of ways to tell to the JAXB provider how objects can be serialized. The simplest way is to mark a given type with @XmlRootElement annotation. </p>


<p>For example:</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@XmlRootElement(name = "Customer")
public class Customer {
    private String name;
    private long id;

    public Customer() {
    }

    public void setName(String n) {
        name = n;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setId(long i) {
        id = i;
    }

    public long getId() {
        return id;
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>In the example below, the Customer object returned by getCustomer is marshaled using JAXB data binding:</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customerservice/")
public class CustomerService {
    @GET
    @Path("/customers/{customerId}/")
    public Customer getCustomer(@PathParam("customerId") String id) {
        ....
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>The wire representation of Customer object is:</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;Customer&gt;
    &lt;id&gt;123&lt;/id&gt;
    &lt;name&gt;John&lt;/name&gt;
&lt;/Customer&gt;</textarea>
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<p>The simplest way to work with the collections is to define a type representing a collection. For example:</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@XmlRootElement(name = "Customers")
public class Customers {
    private Collection&lt;Customer&gt; customers;

    public Collection&lt;Customer&gt; getCustomer() {
        return customers;
    }

    public void setCustomer(Collection&lt;Customer&gt; c) {
        this.customers = c;
    }
}
@Path("/customerservice/")
public class CustomerService {
    @GET
    @Path("/customers/")
    public Customers getCustomers() {
        ....
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>Alternatively to using @XmlRootElement and Collection wrappers, one can provide an Object factory which will tell JAXB how to <br/>
marshal a given type (in case of Collections - its template type). Another option is to return/accept a JAXBElement directly from/in <br/>
a given method.</p>

<p>Another option is to register one or more JAX-RS ContextResolver providers capable of creating JAXBContexts for a number of different types. The default JAXBElementProvider will check these resolvers first before attempting to create a JAXBContext on its own.   </p>

<p>Finally, JAXBProvider provides a support for serializing response types and deserializing parameters of methods annotated with @XmlJavaTypeAdapter annotations.     </p>

<h4><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXBprovider"></a>Configuring JAXB provider</h4>

<p>The default JAXB provider can be configured in a number of ways. For example, here's how to set up marshall properties :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"&gt;
&lt;bean id="jaxbProvider" class="org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.provider.JAXBElementProvider"&gt;
&lt;property name="marshallerProperties" ref="propertiesMap"/&gt;
&lt;/bean&gt;
&lt;util:map id="propertiesMap" map-class="java.util.Hashtable"&gt;
&lt;entry key="jaxb.formatted.output" value="true"/&gt;
&lt;/util:map&gt;
/&lt;beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Individual marshal properties can be injected as simple properties. At the moment, Marshaller.JAXB_SCHEMA_LOCATION can be injected as "schemaLocation" property. Schema validation can be enabled and custom &#64;Consume and &#64;Produce media types can be injected, see <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/resources/jaxrs/WEB-INF/beans.xml" rel="nofollow">this example</a> and "Customizing media types for message body providers" and "Schema Validation Support" sections for more information. </p>

<p>One issue which one may need to be aware of it is that an exception may occur during the JAXB serialization process, after some content has already been processed and written to the output stream. By default, the output goes directly to the output HTTP stream so if an exception occurs midway through the process then the output will likely be malformed. If you set 'enableBuffering' property to 'true' then a JAXB provider will write to the efficient CXF CachedOutputStream instead and if an exception occurs then no text which has already been written will make it to the outside world and it will be only this exception that will be reported to the client.  </p>

<p>When enabling buffering, you can also control how the data being serialized will be buffered. By default, an instance of CXF CachedOutputStream will be used. If you set an "enableStreaming" property on the JAXBElementProvider then it will be a CXF CachingXMLEventWriter that will cache the serialization events.</p>

<p>If you would like your own custom provider to write to a cached stream then you can either set an "org.apache.cxf.output.buffering" property to 'true' on a jaxrs endpoint or "enableBuffering" property on the provider. If this provider deals with XML and has a "getEnableStreaming" method returning 'true' then CachingXMLEventWriter will be used, in all other cases CachedOutputStream will be used.</p>

<p>Please note that if you don't have wrapper types for your methods and the classloader you are using does not allow you to call defineClass(), you may need to set '-Dcom.sun.xml.bind.v2.bytecode.ClassTailor.noOptimize'</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-JSONsupport"></a>JSON support</h3>

<p>Default JSON provider relies on Jettison 1.0.1 and it expects the types it deals with to follow the same techniques as described above in the JAXB support section for them to be handled properly. </p>

<p>Following code returns a Customer object that is marshaled to JSON format:</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customerservice/")
public class CustomerService {
    @Produces("application/json")
    @GET
    @Path("/customers/{customerId}/")
    public Customer getCustomer(@PathParam("customerId") String id) {
        ....
    }</textarea>
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<h4><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJSONprovider"></a>Configuring JSON provider</h4>

<p>The default JSON provider can be configured in a number of ways. For example, here's how to set up namespace-to-prefix mappings :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"&gt;
&lt;bean id="jaxbProvider" class="org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.provider.JSONProvider"&gt;
&lt;property name="namespaceMap" ref="jsonNamespaceMap"/&gt;
&lt;/bean&gt;
&lt;util:map id="jsonNamespaceMap" map-class="java.util.Hashtable"&gt;
&lt;entry key="http://www.example.org/books" value="b"/&gt;
&lt;/util:map&gt;
/&lt;beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Schema validation can be enabled and custom &#64;Consume and &#64;Produce media types can be injected, see <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/resources/jaxrs/WEB-INF/beans.xml" rel="nofollow">this example</a> and "Customizing media types for message body providers" and "Schema Validation Support" sections for more information. </p>

<h4><a name="JAX-RS-DealingwithJSONarrayserializationissues"></a>Dealing with JSON array serialization issues </h4>

<p>There is a well known problem in the JSON community which shows itself in the wrong serialization of List objects containing a single value only. To work around this issue, one needs to enable a 'serializeAsArray' feature on a JSONProvider, with the additional option of specifying the individual fields which needs to be processed accordingly using an 'arrayKeys' property. Please see <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/resources/jaxrs/WEB-INF/beans.xml" rel="nofollow">this example</a> for more information. </p>

<p>Note that 'serializeAsArray' and 'arrayKeys' can be combined to produce so called natural convention sequences. For example, given the following two class definitions :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@XmlRootElement()
@XmlType(name = "", propOrder = {"title", "comments" })
public static class Post {
    private String title;
    private List&lt;Comment&gt; comments = new ArrayList&lt;Comment&gt;();
    public void setTitle(String title) {
        this.title = title;
    }
    public String getTitle() {
        return title;
    }
    public void setComments(List&lt;Comment&gt; comments) {
        this.comments = comments;
    }
    public List&lt;Comment&gt; getComments() {
        return comments;
    }
}
   
public static class Comment {
     private String title;

     public void setTitle(String title) {
        this.title = title;
     }

     public String getTitle() {
         return title;
     }
}</textarea>
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<p>an instance of Post class can be serialized like this if a JSONProvider has had its 'serializeAsArray' property set to 'true' and 'arrayKeys' list property set to contain 'comments' value :</p>

<p>&gt; {"post":{"title":"post","comments":[{"title":"comment1"},{"title":"comment2"}]}} </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-AegisDataBinding"></a>Aegis Data Binding</h3>

<p>Use org.apache.cxf.provider.AegisElementProvider to start doing Aegis with JAX-RS</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-XMLBeans"></a>XMLBeans</h3>

<p>Use org.apache.cxf.provider.XmlBeansElementProvider to start doing XmlBeans with JAX-RS</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Schemavalidationsupport"></a>Schema validation support</h2>

<p>There're two ways you can enable a schema validation.</p>

<p>1. Using jaxrs:schemaLocations element :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server address="/"&gt;
  &lt;jaxrs:schemaLocations&gt;
     &lt;jaxrs:schemaLocation&gt;classpath:/schemas/a.xsd&lt;/jaxrs:schemaLocation&gt;
     &lt;jaxrs:schemaLocation&gt;classpath:/schemas/b.xsd&lt;/jaxrs:schemaLocation&gt;
  &lt;/jaxrs:schemaLocations&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
/&lt;beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Using this option is handy when you have multiple bindings involved which support the schema validation. In this case<br/>
individual MessageBodyReader implementations which have a method setSchemas(List&lt;Sring&gt; schemaLocations) called. Default JAXBElementProvider and JSONProvider which rely on JAXB can be enabled to do the validation this way. In the above example two schema documents are provided, with b.xsd schema presumably importing a.xsd  </p>

<p>2. Configuring providers individually</p>

<p>Please see <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/resources/jaxrs/WEB-INF/beans.xml" rel="nofollow">this example</a> of how both JAXB and JSON providers are using a shared schema validation configuration.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Contenttypenegotiation"></a>Content type negotiation</h2>

<p>One of the coolest thing of REST is that the same resource can be served using multiple representations. @Produces and @Consumes annotations are used to declare the supported request and response media types. </p>

<p>TODO : more content here</p>


<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Debugging"></a>Debugging</h2>

<p>One can easily try from a browser how a given resource class reacts to different HTTP Accept or Accept-Language header values.<br/>
For example, if a resource class supports "/resource" URI then one can test the resource class using one of the following    <br/>
queries :</p>

<p>GET /resource.xml<br/>
GET /resource.en</p>

<p>The runtime will replace '.xml' or '.en' with an appropriate header value. For it to know the type or language value associated with <br/>
a given URI suffix, some configuration needs to be done. Here's an example how to do it in Spring :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService" address="/"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="customerService" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:extensionMappings&gt;
      &lt;entry key="json" value="application/json"/&gt;
      &lt;entry key="xml" value="application/xml"/&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:extensionMappings&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:languageMappings/&gt;
  &lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;</textarea>
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<p>See below for a more complete configuration example.</p>

<p>See the JAX-RS specification for more details.</p>

<p>CXF also supports _type query as an alternative to appending extensions like '.xml' to request URIs :</p>

<p>GET /resource?_type=xml </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Logging"></a>Logging</h2>

<p>Existing CXF features can be applied to jaxrs:server, whenever it makes sense.<br/>
To enable logging of requests and responses, simply do :</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans xmlns:cxf="http://cxf.apache.org/core" 
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://cxf.apache.org/core http://cxf.apache.org/schemascore.xsd"&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:features&gt;
     &lt;cxf:logging/&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:features&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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</div>


<p>Please make sure you have an "http://cxf.apache.org/core" namespace in scope.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Filters"></a>Filters</h2>

<p>CXF suports filters. Often it's necessary to pre- or post-process some requests according to a number of requirements.<br/>
For example, a request like </p>

<p>GET /resource?_type=xml is supported by a CXF specific RequestHandler filter which modifies the CXF input Message <br/>
by updating one of its headers.</p>

<p>In some cases users can use the existing filter technologies such as Servler filters or Spring AOP proxies. In other cases, it can be handy<br/>
to write a CXF filter which will introspect the resource class, input or output message, the operation which was invoked and modify the request or response accordingly. </p>

<p>Here are the interface definitions : </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public interface RequestHandler {
    
    Response handleRequest(Message inputMessage, 
                           ClassResourceInfo resourceClass);

}</textarea>
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</div>


<p>The request handler implementation can either modify the input Message and let the request to proceed or block the request by returning a non-null Response. </p>

<p>A response filter implementation can get an access to OperationResourceInfo object representing a method to be invoked on a resource class :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">OperationResourceInfo ori = exchange.get(OperationResourceInfo.class);</textarea>
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</div>
  

<p>Use OperationResourceInfo in your filter with care. In principle a given request chain may have filters which may want to  overwrite Accept or ContentType message headers which might lead to another method be selected. However if you know no such filters (will) exist in your application then you might want to check an OperationResourceInfo instance as part of your filter logic. </p>

<p>When modifying an input message, one would typically want to replace a message input stream or one of its headers, such as ContentType :</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">InputStream is = message.getContent(InputStream.class);
message.setContent(new MyFilterInputStream(is));
message.put(Message.ACCEPT_CONTENT_TYPE, "custom/media");</textarea>
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</div>


<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public interface ResponseHandler {
    
    Response handleResponse(Message outputMessage,
                           OperationResourceInfo invokedOperation, 
                           Response response);

}</textarea>
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</div>


<p>The response handler implementation can optionally overwrite or modify the application Response or modify the output message. When modifying an output message, one may want to either replace an output stream before message body providers attempt to write to it or replace the actual response object :</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">// replace an output stream
OutputStream os = message.getContent(OutputStream.class);
message.setContent(new MyFilterOutputStream(os));

// replace an actual object
response.setEntity(new MyWrapper(response.getEntity()))
// or using a low-level Message api if needed
MessageContentsList objs = MessageContentsList.getContentsList(message);
if (objs !== null &amp;&amp; objs.size() == 1) {
    Object responseObj = objs.remove(0);
    obj.add(new MyWrapper(responseObj));
}</textarea>
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<p>Please see <a href="http://sberyozkin.blogspot.com/2008/07/rest-and-soap-united-in-cxf.html" rel="nofollow">this blog entry</a> for another example of when response filters can be useful.</p>

<p>Multiple request and response handlers are supported.</p>

<p>The implementations can be registered like any other types of providers :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans&gt;
&lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService" address="/"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;bean class="org.CustomerService" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;

    &lt;jaxrs:providers&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="authorizationFilter" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:providers&gt;
    &lt;bean id="authorizationFilter" class="com.bar.providers.AuthorizationRequestHandler"&gt;
        &lt;!-- authorization bean properties --&gt;
    &lt;/bean&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<h3><a name="JAX-RS-DifferencebetweenJAXRSfiltersandCXFinterceptors"></a>Difference between JAXRS filters and CXF interceptors</h3>

<p>JAXRS runtime flow is mainly implemented by a pair of 'classical' CXF interceptors. JAXRSInInterceptor is currently at Phase.PRE_STREAM phase while JAXRSOutInterceptor is currently at Phase.MARSHAL phase.</p>

<p>JAXRS filters can be thought of as additional handlers. JAXRSInInterceptor deals with a chain of RequestHandlers, just before the invocation. JAXRSOutInterceptor deals with a chain of ResponseHandlers, just after the invocation but before message body writers get their chance.</p>

<p>Sometimes you may want to use CXF interceptors rather than writing JAXRS filters. For example, suppose you combine JAXWS and JAXRS and you need to log only inbound or outbound messages. You can reuse the existing CXF interceptors :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans&gt;
&lt;bean id="logInbound" class="org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingInInterceptor"/&gt;
&lt;bean id="logOutbound" class="org.apache.cxf.interceptor.LoggingOutInterceptor"/&gt;

&lt;jaxrs:server&gt; 
 &lt;jaxrs:inInterceptors&gt;
     &lt;ref bean="logInbound"/&gt;
 &lt;/jaxrs:inInterceptors&gt;
 &lt;jaxrs:outInterceptors&gt;
    &lt;ref bean="logOutbound"/&gt;
 &lt;/jaxrs:outInterceptors&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;

&lt;jaxws:endpoint&gt;
 &lt;jaxws:inInterceptors&gt;
     &lt;ref bean="logInbound"/&gt;
 &lt;/jaxws:inInterceptors&gt;
 &lt;jaxws:outInterceptors&gt;
    &lt;ref bean="logOutbound"/&gt;
 &lt;/jaxws:outInterceptors&gt;
&lt;/jaxws:endpoint&gt;

&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Reusing other CXF interceptors/features such as GZIP handlers can be useful too.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Custominvokers"></a>Custom invokers</h2>

<p><b>Note</b> This feature is currently available in 2.2.2-SNAPSHOT only </p>

<p>Using custom JAXR-RS invokers is yet another way to pre or post process a given invocation. For example, this <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/java/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/CustomJAXRSInvoker.java" rel="nofollow">invoker</a> does a security check before delegating to the default JAXRS invoker. A custom invoker, like a request filter, has the access to all the information accumulated during the processing of a given call, but additionally, it can also check the actual method parameter values.</p>

<p>Custom invokers can be registered like this :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans&gt;

&lt;jaxrs:server address="/"&gt; 
 &lt;jaxrs:invoker&gt;
   &lt;bean class="org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.CustomJAXRSInvoker"/&gt;
 &lt;/jaxrs:invoker&gt;
&lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;

&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-AdvancedHTTP"></a>Advanced HTTP</h2>

<p>CXF JAXRS provides support for a number of advanced HTTP features by handling If-Match, If-Modified-Since and ETags headers. JAXRS Request context object can be used to check the preconditions. Vary, CacheControl, Cookies and Set-Cookies are also supported.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-SupportforContinuations"></a>Support for Continuations </h2>

<p>Please see <a href="http://sberyozkin.blogspot.com/2008/12/continuations-in-cxf.html" rel="nofollow">this blog entry</a> describing how JAXRS (and indeed) JAXWS services can rely on the CXF Continuations API. Currently, only Jetty based services can rely on this option.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-SecureJAXRSservices"></a>Secure JAX-RS services</h2>

<p>A demo called samples\jax_rs\basic_https shows you how to do communications using HTTPS.<br/>
Spring Security can be quite easily applied too (see "JAXRS and Spring AOP" section for some general advice).</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-SecurityManagerandIllegalAccessExceptions"></a>SecurityManager and IllegalAccessExceptions</h2>

<p>If java.lang.SecurityManager is installed then you'll likely need to configure the trusted JAXRS codebase with a 'suppressAccessChecks' permission for the injection of JAXRS context or parameter fields to succeed. For example, you may want to update a Tomcat <a href="http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-5.5-doc/security-manager-howto.html" rel="nofollow">catalina.policy</a> with the following permission :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">grant codeBase "file:${catalina.home}/webapps/yourwebapp/lib/cxf.jar" {
    permission java.lang.reflect.ReflectPermission "suppressAccessChecks";
};</textarea>
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<h1><a name="JAX-RS-ClientAPI"></a>Client API</h1>

<p>JAX-RS 1.0 does not provide for the standard approach toward consuming pure HTTP-based services so in CXF we have provided 3 flavors of the client API : proxy-based, HTTP-centric and XML-centric.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-ProxybasedAPI"></a>Proxy-based API</h2>

<p>With the proxy-based API, one can reuse on the client side the interfaces or even the resource classes which have already been designed for processing the HTTP requests on the server side. When reused on the client side, the simply act as the remote proxies.</p>

<p><a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/JAXRSClientFactory.java" rel="nofollow">JAXRSClientFactory</a> is a utility class which wraps <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/JAXRSClientFactoryBean.java" rel="nofollow">JAXRSClientFactoryBean</a>. JAXRSClientFactory has a number of utility methods but JAXRSClientFactoryBean can be used directly when needed.</p>

<p>For example, given these class definitions :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/bookstore")
public interface BookStore {
   @GET
   Books getAllBooks();
   
   @Path("{id}")
   BookResource getBookSubresource(@PathParam("id") long id) throws NoBookFoundException;
}

public class BookStoreImpl implements BookStore {
   public Books getAllBooks() {}
   
   public Book getBookSubresource(long id) throws NoBookFoundException {}
}

public interface BookResource {
   @GET
   Book getDescription();
}

public class BookResourceImpl implements BookResource {
   @GET
   Book getDescription() {}
}</textarea>
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<p>the following client code retrieves a Book with id '1' and a collection of books: </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">BookStore store = JAXRSClientFactory.create("http://bookstore.com", BookStore.class);
// (1) remote GET call to http://bookstore.com/bookstore
Books books = store.getAllBooks();
// (2) no remote call
BookResource subresource = store.getBookSubresource(1);
// {3} remote GET call to http://bookstore.com/bookstore/1
Book b = subresource.getDescription();</textarea>
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<p>When proxies are created, initially or when subresource methods are invoked, the current URI is updated with corresponding &#64;Path, &#64;PathParam, &#64;QueryParam or @MatrixParam values, while &#64;HttpHeader and &#64;CookieParam values contribute to the current set of HTTP headers. Same happens before the remote invocation is done. </p>

<p>It is important to understand that strictly speaking there is no direct relationship between a given method on the client side and the same one on the server side. The job of the proxy is to construct a correct URI according to a given class and method specifications - it may or may not be the same method on the corresponding server class that will be invoked (provided of course that it is a JAX-RS annotated server resource class - but it may not be the case !). More often than not, you will see a method foo() invoked on a server resource class whenever the same method is invoked on the corresponding remote proxy - but in the presence of &#64;Path annotations with arbitrary regular expressions is is not guaranteed - never mind, the most important things is that a proxy will produce a correct URI and it will be matched as <b>expected</b> by a server class.   </p>

<p>MessageBodyReaders and MessageBodyWriters are used to process request or response bodies, same way as on the server side. More specifically. method body writers are invoked whenever a remote method parameter is assumed to be a request body (that is, it has no JAX-RS annotations attached) or when a form submission is emulated with the help of either &#64;FormParams or JAX-RS MultivaluedMap. </p>

<p>You can make multiple remote invocations on the same proxy (initial or subresource), the current URI and headers are updated properly. </p>

<p>If you would like to proxify concrete classes such as BookStoreImpl for example (say you can not extract interfaces), then drop a cglib-nodeps.jar on a classpath. Such classes must have a default constructor. All the methods which have nothing to do with JAX-RS will simply be ignored on the client side and marked as unsupported.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Customizingproxies"></a>Customizing proxies </h3>

<p>Proxies end up implementing not only the interface requested at the proxy creation time but also a <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/Client.java" rel="nofollow">Client</a> interface. In many cases one does not need to explicitly specify commonly used HTTP headers such as Content-Type or Accept as this information will likely be available from &#64;Consumes or &#64;Produces annotations. At the same time you may to explicitly set either of these headers, or indeed some other header. You can use a simple <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/WebClient.java" rel="nofollow">WebClient</a> utility method for converting a proxy to a base client :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">BookStore proxy = JAXRSClientFactory.create("http://books", BookStore.class);
WebClient.client(proxy).accept("text/xml");
// continue using the proxy</textarea>
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<p>You can also check a current set of headers, current and base URIs and a client Response.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-ConvertingproxiestoWebClientsandviceversa"></a>Converting proxies to Web Clients and vice versa</h3>

<p>Using proxies is just one way how you can consume a service. Proxies hide away the details of how URIs are being composed while HTTP-centric WebClients provide for an explicit URI creation. Both proxies and http clients rely on the same base information such as headers and the current URI so at any moment of time you can create a WebClient instance out of the existing proxy :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">BookStore proxy = JAXRSClientFactory.create("http://books", BookStore.class);
WebClient client = WebClient.create(proxy);
// continue using the http client</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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</div>


<p>At any moment of time you can convert an http client into a proxy too :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">BookStore proxy = JAXRSClientFactory.create("http://books", BookStore.class);
WebClient client = WebClient.create(proxy);
BookStore proxy = JAXRSClientFactory.fromClient(client, BookStore.class);</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Handlingexceptions"></a>Handling exceptions</h3>

<p>There is a couple of ways you can handle remote exceptions with proxies.<br/>
One approach is to register a <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/ResponseExceptionMapper.java" rel="nofollow">ResponseExceptionMapper</a> as a provider either from Spring using a jaxrs:client or using a corresponding JAXRSClientFactory utility method. This way you can map remote error codes to expected checked exceptions or runtime exceptions if needed.</p>

<p>If no ResponseExceptionMapper is available when a remote invocation failed then a WebApplicationException will be thrown. At this point of time you can check the actual Response and proceed from there :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">BookStore proxy = JAXRSClientFactory.create("http://books", BookStore.class);
try {
    proxy.getBook();
} catch(WebApplicationException ex) {
  Response r = WebClient.create(proxy).getResponse();
  // check error code, try using WebClient explicitly, etc
}</textarea>
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<h3><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringproxiesinSpring"></a>Configuring proxies in Spring</h3>

<p>When creating a proxy with JAXRSClientFactory, you can pass a Spring configuration location as one of the arguments. Or you can create a default bus using a spring configuration and all proxies will pick it up :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">SpringBusFactory bf = new SpringBusFactory();
Bus bus = bf.createBus("org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/security/jaxrs-https.xml");
BusFactory.setDefaultBus(bus);
// BookStore proxy will get the configuration from Spring
BookStore proxy = JAXRSClientFactory.create("http://books", BookStore.class);</textarea>
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<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Injectingproxies"></a>Injecting proxies</h3>

<p>See this <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/resources/jaxrs_soap_rest/WEB-INF/beans.xml" rel="nofollow">bean</a> for an example how jaxrs:client can be used to inject a proxy </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Limitations"></a>Limitations</h3>

<p>Proxy methods can not have &#64;Context method parameters and subresource methods returning Objects can not be invoked - perhaps it is actually not too bad at all - please inject contexts as field or bean properties and have subresource methods returning typed classes : interfaces, abstract classes or concrete implementations. </p>

<p>Proxies are currently not thread-safe.</p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-HTTPcentricclients"></a>HTTP-centric clients</h2>

<p>HTTP centric clients are <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/WebClient.java" rel="nofollow">WebClient</a> instances which also implement the <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/client/Client.java" rel="nofollow">Client</a> interface. In addition to setting various Client request properties, you can also make an explicit HTTP invocation with an HTTP verb being the name of a given operation :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">WebClient client = WebClient.create("http://books");
Book book = client.path("bookstore/books").accept("text/xml").get(Book.class);</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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</script>
</div>


<p>You can choose to get an explicit JAX-RS Response instead and check the response code, headers or entity body if any :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">WebClient client = WebClient.create("http://books");
Response r = client.path("bookstore/books").type("text/xml").accept("text/xml").post(new Book());
InputStream is = (InputStream)r.getEntity();
Book b = getFromInputStreamUsingJaxb(is);</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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</div>


<p>WebClient lets you get back to a base URI or to a previous path segment and move forward, it can be handy for getting a number of individual entries from a service with ids embedded in path segments :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">WebClient client = WebClient.create("http://books");
List&lt;Book&gt; books = getBooks(client, 1L, 2L, 3L)

private List&lt;Book&gt; getBooks(WebClient client, Long ...ids) {
   List&lt;Book&gt; books = new ArrayList&lt;Book&gt;(); 
   for (Long id : ids) {
       books.add(client.path(id).get(Book.class));
       client.back(); 
   } 
   return books;
}</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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<p>The above code will send requests like "GET <a href="http://books/1" rel="nofollow">http://books/1</a>", "GET <a href="http://books/2" rel="nofollow">http://books/2</a>", etc. </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Handlingexceptions"></a>Handling exceptions</h3>


<p>You can handle remote exceptions by either explicitly getting a Response object as shown above and handling error statuses as needed or<br/>
you can catch a WebApplicationException and get a Response from it. </p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringHTTPclientsinSpring"></a>Configuring HTTP clients in Spring</h3>

<p>Like proxies, HTTP clients can be created using a number of WebClient static utility methods : you can pass a location to a Spring configuration bean if needed or you can set up a default bus as shown above. </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-XMLcentricclients"></a>XML-centric clients</h2>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-SupportforMultiparts"></a>Support for Multiparts</h1>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-XPathandXSLT"></a>XPath and XSLT</h1>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-ModelViewControllersupport"></a>Model-View-Controller support</h1>

<h1><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservices"></a>Configuring JAX-RS services</h1>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesprogrammatically"></a>Configuring JAX-RS services programmatically</h2>

<p>You can create a JAX-RS RESTful service by using <a href="http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/cxf/trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs/src/main/java/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/JAXRSServerFactoryBean.java?view=markup&amp;pathrev=HEAD" rel="nofollow">JAXRSServerFactoryBean</a> from the <em>cxf-rt-frontend-jaxrs</em> package: </p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">JAXRSServerFactoryBean sf = new JAXRSServerFactoryBean();
sf.setResourceClasses(CustomerService.class);
sf.setAddress("http://localhost:9000/");
sf.create();</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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<p>A couple things to note:</p>
<ul>
	<li>The JAXRSServerFactoryBean creates a Server inside CXF which starts listening for requests on the URL specified.</li>
	<li>By default, the JAX-RS runtime is responsible for the lifecycle of resource classes, default lifecycle is per-request. You can set the lifecycle to singleton by using following line:
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">sf.setResourceProvider(BookStore.class, new SingletonResourceProvider(new BookStore()));</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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</div>
</li>
	<li>If you prefer not to let the JAX-RS runtime to handle the resource class lifecycle for you (for example, it might be the case that your resource class is created by other containers such as Spring), you can do following:
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">JAXRSServerFactoryBean sf = new JAXRSServerFactoryBean();
CustomerService cs = new CustomerService();
sf.setServiceBeans(cs);
sf.setAddress("http://localhost:9080/");
sf.create();</textarea>
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</div>
</li>
</ul>



<h2><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesprogrammaticallywithoutSpring"></a>Configuring JAX-RS services programmatically without Spring</h2>

<p>Note that even though no Spring is explicitly used in the previous section, it is still used by default to have various CXF components registered with the bus such as transport factories. If no Spring libraries are available on the classpath then please follow the following example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">JAXRSServerFactoryBean sf = new JAXRSServerFactoryBean();
sf.setResourceClasses(CustomerService.class);
sf.setResourceProvider(CustomerService.class, new SingletonResourceProvider(new CustomerService()));
sf.setAddress("http://localhost:9000/");
BindingFactoryManager manager = sf.getBus().getExtension(BindingFactoryManager.class);
JAXRSBindingFactory factory = new JAXRSBindingFactory();
factory.setBus(sf.getBus());
manager.registerBindingFactory(JAXRSBindingFactory.JAXRS_BINDING_ID, factory);
sf.create();</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesincontainerwithSpringconfigurationfile."></a>Configuring JAX-RS services in container with Spring configuration file.</h2>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-web.xml"></a>web.xml</h3>

<p>In web.xml one needs to register one or more CXFServlet(s) and link to an application context configuration.</p>

<h4><a name="JAX-RS-UsingSpringContextLoaderListener"></a>Using Spring ContextLoaderListener</h4>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?&gt;

&lt;!DOCTYPE web-app
    PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
    "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd"&gt;
&lt;web-app&gt;
	&lt;context-param&gt;
		&lt;param-name&gt;contextConfigLocation&lt;/param-name&gt;
		&lt;param-value&gt;WEB-INF/beans.xml&lt;/param-value&gt;
	&lt;/context-param&gt;

	&lt;listener&gt;
		&lt;listener-class&gt;
			org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener
		&lt;/listener-class&gt;
	&lt;/listener&gt;

	&lt;servlet&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;display-name&gt;CXF Servlet&lt;/display-name&gt;
		&lt;servlet-class&gt;
			org.apache.cxf.transport.servlet.CXFServlet
		&lt;/servlet-class&gt;
		&lt;load-on-startup&gt;1&lt;/load-on-startup&gt;
	&lt;/servlet&gt;

	&lt;servlet-mapping&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;url-pattern&gt;/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	&lt;/servlet-mapping&gt;
&lt;/web-app&gt;</textarea>
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<p>The application context configuration is shared between all the CXFServlets</p>

<h4><a name="JAX-RS-UsingCXFServletinitparameters"></a>Using CXFServlet init parameters </h4>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?&gt;

&lt;!DOCTYPE web-app
    PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
    "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd"&gt;
&lt;web-app&gt;
	&lt;servlet&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet1&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;display-name&gt;CXF Servlet1&lt;/display-name&gt;
		&lt;servlet-class&gt;
			org.apache.cxf.transport.servlet.CXFServlet
		&lt;/servlet-class&gt;
                &lt;init-param&gt;
                   &lt;param-name&gt;config-location&lt;/param-name&gt;
                   &lt;param-value&gt;/WEB-INF/beans1.xml&lt;/param-value&gt;
                &lt;/init-param&gt;
		&lt;load-on-startup&gt;1&lt;/load-on-startup&gt;
	&lt;/servlet&gt;

        &lt;servlet&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet2&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;display-name&gt;CXF Servlet2&lt;/display-name&gt;
		&lt;servlet-class&gt;
			org.apache.cxf.transport.servlet.CXFServlet
		&lt;/servlet-class&gt;
                &lt;init-param&gt;
                   &lt;param-name&gt;config-location&lt;/param-name&gt;
                   &lt;param-value&gt;/WEB-INF/beans2.xml&lt;/param-value&gt;
                &lt;/init-param&gt;
		&lt;load-on-startup&gt;1&lt;/load-on-startup&gt;
	&lt;/servlet&gt;


	&lt;servlet-mapping&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet1&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;url-pattern&gt;/1/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	&lt;/servlet-mapping&gt;

        &lt;servlet-mapping&gt;
		&lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet2&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
		&lt;url-pattern&gt;/2/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt;
	&lt;/servlet-mapping&gt;
&lt;/web-app&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Each CXFServlet can get a unique application context configuration. Note, no Spring ContextLoaderListener is registered in web.xml in this case.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-beans.xml"></a>beans.xml</h3>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?&gt;
&lt;beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xmlns:jaxrs="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs"
  xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs
http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxrs.xsd"&gt;

  &lt;!-- do not use import statements if CXFServlet init parameters link to this beans.xml --&gt; 

  &lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf.xml" /&gt;
  &lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-jaxrs-binding.xml" /&gt;
  &lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml" /&gt;

  &lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService" address="/service1"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="customerBean" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
  &lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;

  &lt;bean id="customerBean" class="demo.jaxrs.server.CustomerService" /&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesincontainerwithoutSpring"></a>Configuring JAX-RS services in container without Spring</h2>

<p>If you prefer, you can register JAX-RS endpoints without depending on Spring with the help of CXFNonSpringJaxrsServlet :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;servlet&gt;
 &lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
 &lt;display-name&gt;CXF Servlet&lt;/display-name&gt;
 &lt;servlet-class&gt;
   org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.servlet.CXFNonSpringJaxrsServlet
 &lt;/servlet-class&gt;
 &lt;init-param&gt;
  &lt;param-name&gt;jaxrs.serviceClasses&lt;/param-name&gt;
  &lt;param-value&gt;
    org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStore1
    org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStore2		      
  &lt;/param-value&gt;
 &lt;/init-param&gt;
 &lt;init-param&gt;
  &lt;param-name&gt;jaxrs.providers&lt;/param-name&gt;
  &lt;param-value&gt;
    org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStoreProvider1
    org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStoreProvider2		      
  &lt;/param-value&gt;
 &lt;/init-param&gt;
&lt;load-on-startup&gt;1&lt;/load-on-startup&gt;
&lt;/servlet&gt;</textarea>
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<p>When service classes and providers are registered this way, the default life-cycle is 'singleton'. You can override it by setting a "jaxrs.scope" parameter with the value of 'prototype' (equivalent to per-request). <br/>
By default, the endpoint address is "/". One can provide a more specific value using "jaxrs.address" parameter.</p>

<p>A more portable way to register resource classes and providers with CXFNonSpringJaxrsServlet is to use a JAX-RS Application <a href="http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/cxf/trunk/systests/src/test/java/org/apache/cxf/systest/jaxrs/BookApplication.java" rel="nofollow">implementation</a> :</p>


<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;servlet&gt;
 &lt;servlet-name&gt;CXFServlet&lt;/servlet-name&gt;
 &lt;display-name&gt;CXF Servlet&lt;/display-name&gt;
 &lt;servlet-class&gt;
   org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.servlet.CXFNonSpringJaxrsServlet
 &lt;/servlet-class&gt;
 &lt;init-param&gt;
  &lt;param-name&gt;javax.ws.rs.Application&lt;/param-name&gt;
  &lt;param-value&gt;
    org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookApplication	      
  &lt;/param-value&gt;
 &lt;/init-param&gt;
&lt;load-on-startup&gt;1&lt;/load-on-startup&gt;
&lt;/servlet&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Note that Application.getClasses() method returns a set of per-request resource class names. Application.getSingletons() returns a list of singleton resource and provider classes. </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-ConfiguringJAXRSservicesprogrammaticallywithSpringconfigurationfile."></a>Configuring JAX-RS services programmatically with Spring configuration file. </h2>

<p>When using Spring explicitly in your code, you may want to follow this example :</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">ClassPathXmlApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[]
                      {"/org/apache/cxf/jaxrs/spring/servers.xml"});

// 'simple' is the id of the jaxrs server bean
JAXRSServerFactoryBean sfb = (JAXRSServerFactoryBean)ctx.getBean("simple");
sfb.create();</textarea>
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<p>Note that in in this case your Spring configuration file should import cxf-extension-http-jetty.xml instead of cxf-servlet.xml :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;!--
&lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml" /&gt;
--&gt;
&lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-http-jetty.xml" /&gt;</textarea>
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<h2><a name="JAX-RS-Multipleendpointsandresourceclasses"></a>Multiple endpoints and resource classes</h2>

<p>One can configure as many jaxrs:server endpoints as needed for a given application, with every endpoint possibly providing an alternative path to a single resource bean. Every endpoint can employ as many shared or unique resource classes as needed, and have common or different providers.  </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-HowtherequestURIismatchedagainstagivenjaxrsendpoint"></a>How the request URI is matched against a given jaxrs endpoint</h2>

<p>There's a number of variables involved here. </p>

<p>Lets assume you have a web application called 'rest'. CXFServlet's url-pattern is "/test/*". Finally, jaxrs:server's address is "/bar".</p>

<p>Requests like /rest/test/bar or /rest/test/bar/baz will be delivered to one of the resource classes in a given jaxrs:server endpoint. For the former request be handled, a resource class with &#64;Path("/") should be available, in the latter case - at least &#64;Path("/") or more specific @Path("/baz").</p>

<p>The same requirement can be expressed by having a CXFServlet with "/*" and jaxrs:server with "/test/bar". </p>

<p>When both CXFServlet and jaxrs:server use "/" then it's a root resource class which should provide a &#64;Path with at least "/test/bar" for the above requests be matched. </p>

<p>Generally, it can be a good idea to specify the URI segments which are more likely to change now and then with CXFServlets or jaxrs:server. </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-CombiningJAXWSandJAXRS"></a>Combining JAX-WS and JAX-RS</h2>

<p>Here's a beans.xml showing how to have a single service class supporting both SOAP and REST-based invocations at the same time with the help of JAX-WS and JAX-RS : </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?&gt;
&lt;beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xmlns:jaxrs="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs"
  xmlns:jaxws="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws"
  xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs
http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxrs.xsd
http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws
http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxws.xsd"&gt;

  &lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf.xml" /&gt;
  &lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-jaxrs-binding.xml" /&gt;
  &lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml" /&gt;

  &lt;!-- JAX-RS --&gt;
  &lt;jaxrs:server id="customerService" address="/"&gt;
    &lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
      &lt;ref bean="customerService" /&gt;
    &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
  &lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;

  &lt;!-- JAX-WS --&gt;
  &lt;jaxws:endpoint implementor="#customerService"
    address="/CustomerWorld" wsdlLocation="..."/&gt;
  
  &lt;bean id="customerService" class="demo.jaxrs.server.CustomerService" /&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Either contract-first or Java-first approach can be used for JAX-WS. JAX-RS annotations can be added to the existing service class. Some custom providers may need to be created, depending on the complexity of the method signatures.</p>

<p>When a WSDL-first approach is used then a document-literal-wrapped style may or may not be a good fit as the code generator unwraps all the types into a signature, for example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public class CustomerService {
   public void doIt(String a, String b) {...};
}</textarea>
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</div>
  

<p>By default JAX-RS may not be able to handle such methods as it requires that only a single parameter can be available in a signature that is not annotated by one of the JAX-RS annotations like @PathParam. So if <br/>
a 'String a' parameter can be mapped to a @Path template variable or one of the query segments then this signature won't need to be changed :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customers/{a}")
public class CustomerService {
   public void doIt(@PathParam("a") String a, String b) {...};
}</textarea>
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</script>
</div>
  

<p>Note that CXF Continuations API is supported for both JAXWS and JAXRS services.</p>

<h3><a name="JAX-RS-Dealingwithcontexts"></a>Dealing with contexts</h3>

<p>When combining JAXWS and JAXRS, one may need to access some context information as part of processing a given request. At the moment, CXF JAXRS does not offer a context implementation which can be used to access a request-specific information common for both JAXWS and JAXRS requests, in cases when the same methods are used to handle both JAXWS and JAXRS requests. Please use a JAXWS WebServiceContext and JAXRS contexts or CXF JAXRS composite MessageContext :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customers")
@WebService
public class CustomerService {

   @Resource WebServiceContext jaxwsContext;
   @Resource MessageContext jaxrsContext;

   @WebMethod
   @POST
   public void doIt(String b) {
       isUserInRole();
   };

   private void isUserInRole() throws WebApplicationException {
       if (jaxwsContext.getSecurityContext() != null) {
           // soap invocation
           jaxwsContext.getSecurityContext().isUserInRole(theRole);
       } else {
           // http-only jaxrs one
           jaxrsContext.getSecurityContext().isUserInRole(theRole);
       }  
   }
}</textarea>
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</div>
  

<p>Note that injected context instances (jaxwsContext and jaxrsContext) are in fact thread-local proxies hence they will not be equal to null even if they do not represent a given request. For example, jaxrsContext will not be equal to null even if it's not a JAXWS invocation which is being processed at the moment.</p>

<p>However, if say a (JAXWS or JAXRS) SecurityContext needs to be accessed then it will be set in, say, jaxwsContext only if it's a JAXWS/SOAP invocation. For this reason it can be handy using a composite CXF JAXRS MessageContext when accessing a JAXRS-specific context information when combining JAXWS and JAXRS as one can easily check if it's actually a JAXRS request by simply checking an individual context like SecurityContext or UriInfo for null.</p>

<p>Using individual contexts like JAXRS SecurityContext might be less attractive :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@WebService
public class CustomerService {
   @Resource WebServiceContext jaxwsContext;
   // @Resource can be applied too
   @Context SecurityContext jaxrsSecurityContext;  
}</textarea>
<script class="javascript">
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<p>as some methods of SecurityContext return boolean values so only throwing a runtime exception can reliably indicate that this context is actually not in scope.</p>

<p>Note that if you do not share the same service methods between JAXRS and JAXWS invocations then you can directly access corresponding contexts : </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">@Path("/customers")
@WebService
public class CustomerService {

   @Resource WebServiceContext jaxwsContext;
   @Resource MessageContext jaxrsContext;

   @WebMethod
   public void doItSoap(String b) {
       isUserInRole(jaxwsContext.getSecurityContext().getPrincipal());
   };

   @POST
   public void doItSoap(String b) {
       isUserInRole(jaxwsContext.getSecurityContext().getPrincipal());
   }

   private void isUserInRole(Principal p) throws WebApplicationException {
       ...  
   }
}</textarea>
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</div>


<p>Another option is to avoid the use of contexts in the service code and deal with them in CXF interceptors or JAXRS filters. Sometimes it's possible to avoid the use of contexts altogether. For example, Spring Security can be used to secure a given service at an individual method level.     </p>

<h2><a name="JAX-RS-JAXRSandSpringAOP"></a>JAX-RS and Spring AOP</h2>

<p>CXF JAX-RS is capable of working with AOP interceptors applied to resource classes from Spring.<br/>
For example :</p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;beans xsi:schemaLocation=" http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans  http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop  http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd http://cxf.apache.org/jaxrs http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxrs.xsd"&gt;
&lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf.xml"/&gt;
&lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-jaxrs-binding.xml"/&gt;
&lt;import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml"/&gt;

  &lt;jaxrs:server id="bookservice" address="/"&gt;
	&lt;jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
          &lt;ref bean="bookstore"/&gt;
          &lt;ref bean="bookstoreInterface"/&gt;
        &lt;/jaxrs:serviceBeans&gt;
   &lt;/jaxrs:server&gt;
   &lt;bean id="bookstore" class="org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStore"/&gt;
   &lt;bean id="bookstoreInterface" class="org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStoreWithInterface"/&gt;

   &lt;aop:config&gt;
	&lt;aop:aspect id="loggingAspect" ref="simpleLogger"&gt;
          &lt;aop:before method="logBefore" pointcut="execution(* org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStore*.*(..))"/&gt;
          &lt;aop:after-returning method="logAfter" pointcut="execution(* org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStore*.*(..))"/&gt;
        &lt;/aop:aspect&gt;
   &lt;/aop:config&gt;
   &lt;bean id="simpleLogger" class="org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.SimpleLoggingAspect"/&gt;
&lt;/beans&gt;</textarea>
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<p>Note that some AOP configuration is applied to two JAX-RS resource classes. By default Spring uses JDK dynamic proxies every time a class to be proxified implements at least one interface or CGLIB proxies otherwise. </p>

<p>For example, here's how org.apache.cxf.systest.jaxrs.BookStoreWithInterface looks like : </p>

<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="java:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">public interface BookInterface {
    @GET
    @Path("/thosebooks/{bookId}/")
    @Produces("application/xml")
    Book getThatBook(Long id) throws BookNotFoundFault;
}

public class BookStoreWithInterface extends BookStoreStorage implements BookInterface {

    public Book getThatBook(@PathParam("bookId") Long id) throws BookNotFoundFault {
        return doGetBook(id);
    }

    @Path("/thebook")
    public Book getTheBook(@PathParam("bookId") Long id) throws BookNotFoundFault {
        return doGetBook(id);
    }
}</textarea>
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<p>In this case Spring will use a JDK proxy to wrap a BookStoreWithInterface class. As such it is important that a method which needs to be invoked such as getThatBook(...) is part of the interface. </p>

<p>The other method, getTheBook() can not be dispatched to by a JAX-RS runtime as it's not possible to discover it through a JDK proxy. If this method also needs to be invoked then this method should either be added to the interface or CGLIB proxies have to be explicitly enabled (consult Spring AOP documentation for more details). For example :</p>
<div class="code">
<textarea name="newcodemacro" class="xml:nocontrols:nogutter" rows="10" readonly="readonly">&lt;aop:config proxy-target-class="true"/&gt;</textarea>
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<h1><a name="JAX-RS-Howtocontribute"></a>How to contribute</h1>

<p>CXF JAX-RS implementation sits on top of the core CXF runtime and is quite self-contained and isolated from other CXF modules such as jaxws and simple frontends.</p>

<p>Please check this <a href="http://issues.apache.org/jira/secure/IssueNavigator.jspa?reset=true&amp;mode=hide&amp;pid=12310511&amp;sorter/order=DESC&amp;sorter/field=priority&amp;resolution=-1&amp;component=12311911" rel="nofollow">list</a> and see if you are interested in fixing one of the issues.</p>

<p>If you decide to go ahead then the fastest way to start is to </p>
<ul>
	<li>do the fast trunk build using 'mvn install -Pfastinstall'</li>
	<li>setup the workspace 'mvn -Psetup.eclipse' which will create a workspace in a 'workspace' folder, next to 'trunk'</li>
	<li>import cxf modules from the trunk into the workspace and start working with the cxf-frontend-jaxrs module</li>
</ul>


<p>If you are about to submit a patch after building a trunk/rt/frontend/jaxrs, then please also run JAX-RS system tests in trunk/systests :<br/>
&gt; mvn test -Dtest=JAXRS* </p>








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