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From conflue...@apache.org
Subject [CONF] Apache CXF Documentation: Defining Contract first webservices with wsdl generation from java (page edited)
Date Tue, 19 Aug 2008 14:43:00 GMT
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#foldertab li a.current {
background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
color: black;
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#foldertab li a.current:link { color: black; }
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background: white;
border-bottom: 1px solid white;
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white-space: nowrap;
font: bold 8px Verdana, sans-serif;
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#squaretab a {
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.blogcalendar td {
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.openPageHighlight {
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a.newLabel:link {background-color: #ddffdd}
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a.newLabel:hover {background-color: #ddffdd}

ul.square {list-style-type: square}

.inline-control-link {
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.inline-control-link a:link {text-decoration: none}
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.inline-control-link {
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div.auto_complete {
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}
div.auto_complete ul {
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div.auto_complete ul li.selected {
    background-color: #ffb;
}
div.auto_complete ul strong.highlight {
    color: #800;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
}

/******* Edit Page Styles *******/
.toogleFormDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 5px;
}

.toogleInfoDiv{
    border:1px solid #A7A6AA;
    background-color:white;
    display:none;
    padding:5px;
    margin-top: 10px;
}

.inputSection{
    margin-bottom:20px;
}

#editBox{
   border:1px solid lightgray;
   background-color:#F0F0F0;
}

/******* Left Navigation Theme Styles ********/
.leftnav li a {
    text-decoration:none;
    color:white;
    margin:0px;
    display:block;
    padding:2px;
    padding-left:5px;
    background-color: #3c78b5;
    border-top:1px solid #3c78b5;
}

.leftnav li a:active {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:visited {color:white;}
.leftnav li a:hover {background-color: #003366; color:white;}

/* Added by Shaun during i18n */
.replaced
{
    background-color: #33CC66;
}

.topPadding
{
    margin-top: 20px;
}

/* new form style */
.form-block {
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}
.form-error-block {
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.form-element-large {
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    -->
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</head>
<body>

<div id="PageContent">
<table class="pagecontent" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"><tr>
<td valign="top" class="pagebody">

    <div class="pageheader">
        <span class="pagetitle">
            Page Edited :
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/CXF20DOC">CXF20DOC</a>
:
            <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/CXF20DOC/Defining+Contract+first+webservices+with+wsdl+generation+from+java">Defining
Contract first webservices with wsdl generation from java</a>
        </span>
    </div>

     <p>
        <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/CXF20DOC/Defining+Contract+first+webservices+with+wsdl+generation+from+java">Defining
Contract first webservices with wsdl generation from java</a>
        has been edited by             <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/~christian%2Bschneider">Christian
Schneider</a>
            <span class="smallfont">(Aug 19, 2008)</span>.
     </p>
    
     <p>
                 <a href="http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/diffpagesbyversion.action?pageId=93162&originalVersion=5&revisedVersion=6">(View
changes)</a>
     </p>

    <span class="label">Content:</span><br/>
    <div class="greybox wiki-content"><p>In this post I will describe how to do
contract first in a very simple and efficient way. All people involved in webservice design
have the problem what tool to use to describe the webservice interface. Of course there are
wsdl editors but you can make many errors in using them and they are normally not very intuitive. </p>

<p><span class="nobr"><a href="http://www.liquid-reality.de:8080/display/~chris/2008/08/18/Creating+Webservice+Interfaces+with+Java+and+Apache+CXF"
title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">The original post is from Christian
Schneider´s blog and can be found here<sup><img class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif"
height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span></p>

<h2><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-Whatwewouldliketohave"></a>What
we would like to have</h2>

<p>Ideally I would imagine to have a domain specific language that makes designing the
webservice very easy and fail safe. Then there should be an IDE that supports me in writing
the DSL. Either with content assist or with a graphical editor. In any case the IDE should
check the DSL while it is entered and help me to do the right thing. Some people favor using
Model Driven Design tools to do this job but it is quite hard finding good tools and configuring
them for the job.</p>

<h2><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-WhichtoolsdidIchooseandwhy"></a>Which
tools did I choose and why</h2>

<p>I wanted to go some way in the direction of a DSL for webservices but without using
a big MDD tool. So I thought about how to have most advantages of a DSL with just Java and
the normal Eclipse IDE. So I needed Java code that looks almost like a DSL and a tool to generate
the webservice out of it. For the WSDl generation I used Apache CXF with JAXWS and JAXB annotations
to describe the webservice. While this setup is quite standard I focused on keeping the syntax
as simple as possible.</p>

<h2><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-SohowdoestheDSLlooklike"></a>So
how does the DSL look like</h2>

<p>To describe a data object I use a java class with just attributes. The Namespace
will come from the package name. To make JAXB understand this syntax only one annotation is
necessary. Of course some more annotations are necessary if you want to use special fetaures.</p>

<h3><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-Customerdatatype"></a>Customer
datatype</h3>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">package</span> com.example.customerservice;

@XmlAccessorType( XmlAccessType.FIELD )
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> class Customer {
  <span class="code-object">String</span> name;
  <span class="code-object">String</span>[] address;
  <span class="code-object">int</span> numOrders;
  <span class="code-object">double</span> revenue;
  BigDecimal test;
  Date birthDate;
  CustomerType type;
}</pre>
</div></div>
<p>The sample class Customer gives a nice overview which primitive datatypes can be
used. Additionally you can create arrays of primitive or class datatypes in this way. The
complete example also contains an enumeration definition to show this is possible. I think
this code is quite near the DSL I would imagine to describe my services.</p>

<p>The enumeration CustomerType shows how enumerations are handled:</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">package</span> com.example.customerservice;

<span class="code-keyword">public</span> <span class="code-keyword">enum</span>
CustomerType {
  PRIVATE, BUSINESS
}</pre>
</div></div>

<h3><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-Servicedefinition"></a>Service
definition</h3>

<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-java"><span class="code-keyword">package</span> com.example.customerservice;

@WebService
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> <span class="code-keyword">interface</span>
CustomerService {
<span class="code-keyword">public</span> Customer[] getCustomersByName(@WebParam(name=<span
class="code-quote">"name"</span>) <span class="code-object">String</span>
name);
}</pre>
</div></div>
<p>As you can see only two annotations are necessary here. @WebService marks the interface
as a service and @Webparam is necessary as Java will else loose the name of the parameter
and the wsdl will contain arg0 instead of the desired name.</p>

<h2><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-Howisthewsdlgenerated"></a>How
is the wsdl generated</h2>

<p>To generate the wsdl the maven plugin cxf-java2ws-plugin is used. See the pom.xml
in the complete example for details.
<br clear="all" /></p>

<h2><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-Let%C2%B4stakealookattheresultingWSDL"></a>Let´s
take a look at the resulting WSDL</h2>

<p>You can <span class="nobr"><a href="/confluence/download/attachments/93162/CustomerService.wsdl?version=1"
title="^CustomerService.wsdl">download the wsdl this example creates here\<sup><img
class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/link_attachment_7.gif" height="7" width="7"
align="absmiddle" alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>.</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml"><span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:complexType name=<span
class="code-quote">"customer"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:sequence&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element minOccurs=<span class="code-quote">"0"</span>
name=<span class="code-quote">"name"</span> type=<span class="code-quote">"xs:string"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element maxOccurs=<span class="code-quote">"unbounded"</span>
minOccurs=<span class="code-quote">"0"</span> name=<span class="code-quote">"address"</span>
nillable=<span class="code-quote">"true"</span> type=<span class="code-quote">"xs:string"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element name=<span class="code-quote">"numOrders"</span>
type=<span class="code-quote">"xs:int"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element name=<span class="code-quote">"revenue"</span>
type=<span class="code-quote">"xs:double"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element minOccurs=<span class="code-quote">"0"</span>
name=<span class="code-quote">"test"</span> type=<span class="code-quote">"xs:decimal"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element minOccurs=<span class="code-quote">"0"</span>
name=<span class="code-quote">"birthDate"</span> type=<span class="code-quote">"xs:dateTime"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:element minOccurs=<span class="code-quote">"0"</span>
name=<span class="code-quote">"type"</span> type=<span class="code-quote">"tns:customerType"</span>/&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/xs:sequence&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/xs:complexType&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div>
<p>The customer Class is a complex type in xsd. As you can see the Java types have been
described as their respective XSD primitive types.</p>

<p>Each element has minOccurs="0" which marks it as optional. This is a good thing as
you can add new optional elements and keep compatible. If you do not want this optionality
you can use @XmlElement(required=true).</p>

<p>The array of Strings for address is described as maxOccurs="unbounded" so the element
may be repeated in the later xml to form the array.</p>

<p>The enumeration customerType is described as a simple type with a restriction:</p>
<div class="code"><div class="codeContent">
<pre class="code-xml"><span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:simpleType name=<span
class="code-quote">"customerType"</span>&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:restriction base=<span class="code-quote">"xs:string"</span>&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:enumeration value=<span class="code-quote">"PRIVATE"</span>/&gt;</span>
    <span class="code-tag">&lt;xs:enumeration value=<span class="code-quote">"BUSINESS"</span>/&gt;</span>
  <span class="code-tag">&lt;/xs:restriction&gt;</span>
<span class="code-tag">&lt;/xs:simpleType&gt;</span></pre>
</div></div>
<p>The wsdl defines a SOAP/HTTP binding by default but can also be used to build services
based on JMS as I will show in my next post.</p>

<h2><a name="DefiningContractfirstwebserviceswithwsdlgenerationfromjava-Summary"></a>Summary</h2>

<p>As you can see the generated WSDL looks quite clean and correctly expresses the service
interface we wanted to describe. In most cases where you are not satisfied with what the conversion
does you can correct the WSDL using JAX-WS or JAXB annotations. But I recommend to use them
sparsly to keep the DSL easy to read.</p>

<p>In the next post I will show ho to build service consumers and providers using the
WSDL we just built.</p>

<p>You can <span class="nobr"><a href="http://www.liquid-reality.de:8080/download/attachments/131082/cxfjava2wsexample.zip?version=1"
title="Visit page outside Confluence" rel="nofollow">download the complete example here<sup><img
class="rendericon" src="/confluence/images/icons/linkext7.gif" height="7" width="7" align="absmiddle"
alt="" border="0"/></sup></a></span>.
<br clear="all" /></p></div>


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