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From Mathieu Castonguay <mcastong...@justlexit.com>
Subject Re: Question about multiple keys with ranges
Date Tue, 14 Feb 2012 15:21:59 GMT
I tried lowercase "startkey" it made no difference.

As for the doc.timeScheduled, it's normally formatted timestamps and none
are null, ie

"2012-02-13T16:18:19.565+0000"


On Tue, Feb 14, 2012 at 4:38 AM, Simon Metson <simonmetson@googlemail.com>wrote:

> Hi,
> Looks like the Date.parse is failing, try emitting the doc.timeScheduled
> as the value instead of the _id (aside: it's probably not worth emitting
> the _id as a value since it's in the view result anyway...) and then
> checking on the command line that what's returned is parseable.
> Cheers
> Simon
>
>
> On Tuesday, 14 February 2012 at 01:54, Mathieu Castonguay wrote:
>
> > Actually disregard that, it's still not working... :(
> >
> > The view:
> >
> > function(doc) { if(doc.userId && doc.timeScheduled) {var d = new
> > Date(Date.parse(doc.timeScheduled)); emit([doc.userId,
> > d.getFullYear(), d.getMonth(), d.getDate()], doc._id)} }
> >
> >
> >
> > When I do ?startKey=["226de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82",2012,1,11]
> >
> > I get these results, which seems to get null for those values.
> >
> >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973003c60","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0b39b2",null,null,null],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973003c60"},
> >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973004cd9","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0b39b2",null,null,null],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973004cd9"},
> >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973001d3f","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82",null,null,null],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973001d3f"},
> >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973002c01","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82",null,null,null],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973002c01"}
> >
> > If I do the full thing with the end key:
> >
> ?startKey=["226de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82",2012,1,11]&endkey=["226de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82",2012,3,25]
> >
> > I get no results:
> >
> > {"total_rows":4,"offset":0,"rows":[]}
> >
> >
> > On Mon, Feb 13, 2012 at 8:18 PM, Mathieu Castonguay <
> > mcastonguay@justlexit.com (mailto:mcastonguay@justlexit.com)> wrote:
> >
> > > Yes, it was me that misunderstood your example, I've been trying a few
> > > things now and it's working great, thank you for your help.
> > >
> > >
> > > On Mon, Feb 13, 2012 at 7:46 PM, Michael Miller <mike@cloudant.com(mailto:
> mike@cloudant.com)> wrote:
> > >
> > > > Thanks Simon,
> > > >
> > > > Mathieu I'm afraid that I may have misunderstood what you're trying
> to
> > > > do. I assumed the timestamp was a static property of the document.
> The
> > > > role of the map function is to render those static properties into a
> static
> > > > index, and then to use dynamic start/stop keys at query time to to
> range
> > > > queries. It's a common misperception to thing that you are
> interacting
> > > > with the map function at query time, but you aren't. You can only
> interact
> > > > with the output of the map function, so you want to put the logic
> into the
> > > > startkey/endky to slice into the index appropriately. Are we on the
> right
> > > > track?
> > > >
> > > > -M
> > > >
> > > > On Feb 13, 2012, at 4:33 PM, Simon Metson wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > Hi,
> > > > > Do you mean how do you query the view for a given date? Once the
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > document is written I'd assume it has a fixed date, e.g. you'd do
> something
> > > > like:
> > > > > > var d = new Date(Date.parse(doc.date));
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > You don't want to dynamically generate the date in the view, as
> this
> > > > will be the date the view was created, not the date of the query or
> the
> > > > date associated to the data.
> > > > > Cheers
> > > > > Simon
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > On Monday, 13 February 2012 at 21:27, Mathieu Castonguay wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > Thanks for the explanation Michael. This works great if you
> already
> > > > know
> > > > > > the value of the date, but if it's dynamic, how can I replace
> this line
> > > > > >
> > > > > > var d = new Date(Date.parse("2012-02-11T22:00:00"))
> > > > > >
> > > > > > with the date from the key? Can I access key[0] or something
> along
> > > > those
> > > > > > lines from inside my map function?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On Mon, Feb 13, 2012 at 3:46 PM, Michael Miller <
> mike@cloudant.com (mailto:mike@cloudant.com)(mailto:
> > > > mike@cloudant.com (mailto:mike@cloudant.com))> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > > Hi Mathieu,
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Sorry to jump in on this conversation late. This is a bit
> verbose, but
> > > > > > > I've seen this question go by unanswered way too many times
and
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > decided to
> > > > > > > be proactive.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > *Long story short: CouchDB is ideal for this, even on big
data
> sets.
> > > > It
> > > > > > > will be fast at scale.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > * Details: When working with dates in couchdb, I almost
always
> find
> > > > > > > myself using the following pattern:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > 1) Store the date-time in either epoch seconds or a ISO
std
> format,
> > > > both
> > > > > > > of which are convenient to work with in javascript (for
> server-side
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > views
> > > > > > > as well as client applications). Your choice of ISO 8601
> formatted
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > works
> > > > > > > nicely with the JS Date class:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > var d = new Date(Date.parse("2012-02-11T22:00:00"))
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > 2) Then, in preparation for future reduces you will likely
end
> up
> > > > wanting,
> > > > > > > I'd use a compound key structured like:
> > > > > > > [<userId>, year, month, day]
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > So, the map code would be:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > function(doc){
> > > > > > > if (doc && doc.userId && doc.timeScheduled
&& doc.dollarValue)
> {
> > > > > > > var d = new Date(Date.parse("2012-02-11T22:00:00"));
> > > > > > > //note, Month runs [0,11]
> > > > > > > emit( [doc.userId, d.getFullYear(), d.getMonth(), d.getDate()],
> > > > > > > doc.dollarValue);
> > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > }
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > where I've assumed that you may want to aggregate on some
> fictitious
> > > > > > > doc.dollarValue numerical field. For that, you would add
to
> your
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > design
> > > > > > > document a builtin reduce function:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > "reduce": "_stats"
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > to get the count, sum, min value, max value, mean and std-dev.
> Let's
> > > > > > > suppose we call this view "idByTime" and it lives in the
> design_doc
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > called
> > > > > > > "selectors".
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > 3) Now, to query this for the SELECT you want you would
do:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?reduce=false&startkey=\[
> > > > > > > "bob",2012,0,1\]&endkey=\["bob",2012,0,25\]'
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > to get the list of document ids that fall within Jan 1,
2012
> and Jan
> > > > 25,
> > > > > > > 2012 for user id "bob".
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Now, if you want to get the full documents, you can just
> change that
> > > > to:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?reduce=false&startkey=\[
> > > > > > > "bob",2012,0,1\]&endkey=\["bob",2012,0,25\]&include_docs=true'
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > 4) Now, the real fun comes when you can use that same index
to
> do
> > > > > > > query-time rollup that's super fast. For this the thing
you
> want to
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > note
> > > > > > > is the group_level option at query time. If you have a
key of
> 'n'
> > > > > > > dimensions (n=4 in our case), then you can roll it up from
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > dimensionality
> > > > > > > n=0 through n=4. So, at full dimensionality:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?group_level=4
> > > > > > > '
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > will give you the values for all users aggregated by day.
You
> can add
> > > > > > > startkey and endky just as before to slice into the range.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Now if you want to roll it up by user/year/month:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?group_level=3
> > > > > > > '
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > by user/year:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?group_level=2
> > > > > > > '
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > by user:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?group_level=1
> > > > > > > '
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > and ultimately roll up over all users:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > curl -X GET '
> > > >
> http://demo.cloudant.com/dbname/_design/sectors/_view/idByTime?group_level=0
> > > > > > > '
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Note that group_level=0 => "group=false", and group_level
= n
> =>
> > > > > > > "group=true" in the view query options at:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > http://wiki.apache.org/couchdb/HTTP_view_API#Querying_Options.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I prefer to just be explicit with the group_level and forget
> that
> > > > > > > group=true/false exists.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Thanks, Mike
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > p.s., apologies for any typos, I was cribbing this from
some
> cloudant
> > > > > > > blog-posts in the making.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Feb 13, 2012, at 11:11 AM, Mathieu Castonguay wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > I tried that exact example with
> > > >
> ?startKey=["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82","2012-02-11T22:00:00"]&endkey=["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82",{}]
> > > > > > > > and I still get records in the past:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > {"total_rows":3,"offset":0,"rows":[
> > > >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973003c60","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0b39b2","2012-02-13T16:18:19.565+0000"],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973003c60"},
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973001d3f","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82","2012-02-10T21:44:14.920+0000"],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973001d3f"},
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> {"id":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973002c01","key":["26de9c438e5d1c0f075f2ae6ad0bcc82","2012-02-10T22:05:48.218+0000"],"value":"344e921af796598bcd709ba973002c01"}
> > > > > > > > ]}
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > The view's map function is:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > function(doc) { if(doc.userId && doc.timeScheduled)
> > > > > > > > {emit([doc.userId,doc.timeScheduled], doc._id)} }
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > On Mon, Feb 13, 2012 at 1:55 PM, James Klo <jim.klo@sri.com(mailto:
> jim.klo@sri.com) (mailto:
> > > > jim.klo@sri.com (mailto:jim.klo@sri.com))> wrote:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Not sure how you are querying, but are you doing
the
> equivalent to
> > > > this?
> > > > > > > > > startkey and endkey should be expressed as JSON
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > curl -g '
> > > >
> http://localhost:5984/orders/_design/Order/_view/by_users_after_time?startkey=[
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> "f98ba9a518650a6c15c566fc6f00c157","2012-01-01T11:40:52.280Z"]&endkey=["userid",{}]'
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > *
> > > > > > > > > Jim Klo
> > > > > > > > > Senior Software Engineer
> > > > > > > > > Center for Software Engineering
> > > > > > > > > SRI International
> > > > > > > > > e. jim.klo@sri.com (mailto:jim.klo@sri.com)
> > > > > > > > > p. 805.542.9330 x121
> > > > > > > > > m. 805.286.1350
> > > > > > > > > f. 805.546.2444
> > > > > > > > > *
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > On Feb 13, 2012, at 10:27 AM, Mathieu Castonguay
wrote:
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > I tried reversing the keys with no luck. I still
get
> timestamps that
> > > > > > > are in
> > > > > > > > > the past (before the startKey).
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > On Sat, Feb 11, 2012 at 6:37 PM, James Klo <
> jim.klo@sri.com (mailto:jim.klo@sri.com)(mailto:
> > > > jim.klo@sri.com (mailto:jim.klo@sri.com))> wrote:
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Reverse the key. [userid, time]
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > CouchDB is all about understanding collation.
Basically
> views are
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > sorted/grouped from left to right alphanumeric.
See
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > http://wiki.apache.org/couchdb/View_collation
for the
> finer
> > > > details as
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > there are more rules than the basics I mention.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > so the reversal sorts the view by userid first,
then date
> as string.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Instead of sorting by dates then userids.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > You do it this way because you know the exact
userid, but
> not the
> > > > exact
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > date. If you knew the exact date, but not the
userid, what
> you have
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > currently would be better.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > - Jim
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Sent from my iPad
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > On Feb 11, 2012, at 1:54 PM, "Mathieu Castonguay"
<
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > mcastonguay@justlexit.com (mailto:
> mcastonguay@justlexit.com)>
> > > > wrote:
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > I have a simple document named Order structure
with the
> fields id,
> > > > name,
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > userId and timeScheduled.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > What I would like to do is create a view where
I can find
> the
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > document.idfor those who's userId is some value
and
> timeScheduledis
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > after a given date.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > My view:
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > "by_users_after_time": {
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > "map": "function(doc) { if (doc.userId &&
> doc.timeScheduled) {
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > emit([doc.timeScheduled, doc.userId], doc._id);
}}"
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > If I do
> > > >
> localhost:5984/orders/_design/Order/_view/by_users_after_time?startKey="[2012-01-01T11:40:52.280Z,f98ba9a518650a6c15c566fc6f00c157]"
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > I get every result back. Is there a way to access
key[1]
> to do an if
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > doc.userId == key[1] or something along those
lines and
> simply emit
> > > > on
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > the
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > time?
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > This would be the SQL equivalent of select id
from Order
> where
> > > > userId =
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > "f98ba9a518650a6c15c566fc6f00c157" and timeScheduled
>
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > 2012-01-01T11:40:52.280Z;
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > I did quite a few Google searches but I can't
seem to find
> a good
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > tutorial
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > on working with multiple keys. It's also possible
that my
> approach
> > > > is
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > entirely flawed so any guidance would be appreciated.
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Thank you,
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Matt
>
>

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