couchdb-dev mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From "Filipe Manana (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (COUCHDB-1153) Database and view index compaction daemon
Date Sun, 21 Aug 2011 22:04:30 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/COUCHDB-1153?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13088483#comment-13088483
] 

Filipe Manana commented on COUCHDB-1153:
----------------------------------------

Thanks for your concerns Robert.

Regarding the percentage, I haven't seen before any comment about it. I think it's more clear
to users what the ranges are when explicitly using percentages. Either way this is a very
minor thing imho.

I've been testing this over the last 2 months or so in systems with a high number of databases
where all of them are constantly being updated. It behaves fairly well, specially for the
case where the number of databases is <= max_dbs_open. I haven't seen the case where a
compaction lasts forever due to retries (2 to 5 retries were the worst scenario I think I
ever saw). There's a tradeoff always.

Asking the filesystem for a list of .couch files and opening each respective database to check
if it needs to be compacted - There's a price to pay here yes, but there are also costs of
not compacting databases often -> databases (and views) with high amounts of wasted space
are much less cache friendly, and the server can run out of disk space quickly, something
clearly undesirable as well.

This is far from perfect yes (and so are many features of CouchDB or any other software).
The periodicity of the scans if configurable, and doing such scans in systems with a small
amount of databases (<= max_dbs_open) is not a major problem. Such deployments aren't an
uncommon case.

If you have a patch or concrete proposal, I'll be happy to review and get it into the repository.

> Database and view index compaction daemon
> -----------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: COUCHDB-1153
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/COUCHDB-1153
>             Project: CouchDB
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>         Environment: trunk
>            Reporter: Filipe Manana
>            Assignee: Filipe Manana
>            Priority: Minor
>              Labels: compaction
>
> I've recently written an Erlang process to automatically compact databases and they're
views based on some configurable parameters. These parameters can be global or per database
and are: minimum database fragmentation, minimum view fragmentation, allowed period and "strict_window"
(whether an ongoing compaction should be canceled if it doesn't finish within the allowed
period). These fragmentation values are based on the recently added "data_size" parameter
to the database and view group information URIs (COUCHDB-1132).
> I've documented the .ini configuration, as a comment in default.ini, which I paste here:
> [compaction_daemon]
> ; The delay, in seconds, between each check for which database and view indexes
> ; need to be compacted.
> check_interval = 60
> ; If a database or view index file is smaller then this value (in bytes),
> ; compaction will not happen. Very small files always have a very high
> ; fragmentation therefore it's not worth to compact them.
> min_file_size = 131072
> [compactions]
> ; List of compaction rules for the compaction daemon.
> ; The daemon compacts databases and they're respective view groups when all the
> ; condition parameters are satisfied. Configuration can be per database or
> ; global, and it has the following format:
> ;
> ; database_name = parameter=value [, parameter=value]*
> ; _default = parameter=value [, parameter=value]*
> ;
> ; Possible parameters:
> ;
> ; * db_fragmentation - If the ratio (as an integer percentage), of the amount
> ;                      of old data (and its supporting metadata) over the database
> ;                      file size is equal to or greater then this value, this
> ;                      database compaction condition is satisfied.
> ;                      This value is computed as:
> ;
> ;                           (file_size - data_size) / file_size * 100
> ;
> ;                      The data_size and file_size values can be obtained when
> ;                      querying a database's information URI (GET /dbname/).
> ;
> ; * view_fragmentation - If the ratio (as an integer percentage), of the amount
> ;                        of old data (and its supporting metadata) over the view
> ;                        index (view group) file size is equal to or greater then
> ;                        this value, then this view index compaction condition is
> ;                        satisfied. This value is computed as:
> ;
> ;                            (file_size - data_size) / file_size * 100
> ;
> ;                        The data_size and file_size values can be obtained when
> ;                        querying a view group's information URI
> ;                        (GET /dbname/_design/groupname/_info).
> ;
> ; * period - The period for which a database (and its view groups) compaction
> ;            is allowed. This value must obey the following format:
> ;
> ;                HH:MM - HH:MM  (HH in [0..23], MM in [0..59])
> ;
> ; * strict_window - If a compaction is still running after the end of the allowed
> ;                   period, it will be canceled if this parameter is set to "yes".
> ;                   It defaults to "no" and it's meaningful only if the *period*
> ;                   parameter is also specified.
> ;
> ; * parallel_view_compaction - If set to "yes", the database and its views are
> ;                              compacted in parallel. This is only useful on
> ;                              certain setups, like for example when the database
> ;                              and view index directories point to different
> ;                              disks. It defaults to "no".
> ;
> ; Before a compaction is triggered, an estimation of how much free disk space is
> ; needed is computed. This estimation corresponds to 2 times the data size of
> ; the database or view index. When there's not enough free disk space to compact
> ; a particular database or view index, a warning message is logged.
> ;
> ; Examples:
> ;
> ; 1) foo = db_fragmentation = 70%, view_fragmentation = 60%
> ;    The `foo` database is compacted if its fragmentation is 70% or more.
> ;    Any view index of this database is compacted only if its fragmentation
> ;    is 60% or more.
> ;
> ; 2) foo = db_fragmentation = 70%, view_fragmentation = 60%, period = 00:00-04:00
> ;    Similar to the preceding example but a compaction (database or view index)
> ;    is only triggered if the current time is between midnight and 4 AM.
> ;
> ; 3) foo = db_fragmentation = 70%, view_fragmentation = 60%, period = 00:00-04:00, strict_window
= yes
> ;    Similar to the preceding example - a compaction (database or view index)
> ;    is only triggered if the current time is between midnight and 4 AM. If at
> ;    4 AM the database or one of its views is still compacting, the compaction
> ;    process will be canceled.
> ;
> ;_default = db_fragmentation = 70%, view_fragmentation = 60%, period = 23:00 - 04:00
> (from https://github.com/fdmanana/couchdb/compare/compaction_daemon#L0R195)
> The full patch is mostly a new module but also does some minimal changes and a small
refactoring to the view compaction code, not changing the current behaviour.
> Patch is at:
> https://github.com/fdmanana/couchdb/compare/compaction_daemon.patch
> By default the daemon is idle, without any configuration enabled. I'm open to suggestions
on additional parameters and a better configuration system.

--
This message is automatically generated by JIRA.
For more information on JIRA, see: http://www.atlassian.com/software/jira

        

Mime
View raw message