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From "Curt Arnold (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (COUCHDB-345) "High ASCII" can be inserted into db but not retrieved
Date Thu, 07 May 2009 01:32:30 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/COUCHDB-345?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12706689#action_12706689
] 

Curt Arnold commented on COUCHDB-345:
-------------------------------------

Not a CouchDB or Python developer, but interested in the issue and thought I might help you
clarify what you have encountered.

According to http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4627.txt?number=4627, JSON data must be encoded in
Unicode and the default encoding is UTF-8.  I'm assuming that is the definite statement on
JSON encoding.

 It should not be necessary to escape non US-ASCII characters as long as the document is properly
encoded in UTF-8, one of the UTF-16s or UCS-4.  What I'm guessing is happening in your code
fragment is that a Latin-1 (ISO-8859-1) byte sequence is sent in  the request which should
have been rejected by the PUT operation since it bad JSON.

If that interpretation is correct and shooting from the hip, I think:

1. The Python API should have either rejected the standard string or converted it to a Unicode
string before sending the request.

2. CouchDB should reject any document that is not valid UTF-8, UTF-16BE, UTF-16LE or UCS-4.

3. It should not require non-USASCII characters to be escaped.

4. CouchDB should ignore any encoding specified in the header.  Limiting to only Unicode types
means that the encoding can be reliably determined and it is likely that any encoding in the
header might be wrong.




> "High ASCII" can be inserted into db but not retrieved
> ------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: COUCHDB-345
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/COUCHDB-345
>             Project: CouchDB
>          Issue Type: Bug
>    Affects Versions: 0.9
>         Environment: OSX 10.5.6
>            Reporter: Joan Touzet
>         Attachments: badtext.tar.gz
>
>
> It is possible to PUT/POST a document into CouchDB with a "high ASCII" value that cannot
be retrieved. This results from not escaping a non-ASCII value into \u#### when PUT/POSTing
the document.
> The attached sample code will recreate the problem using the hex value D8 (Ø) in a possibly
unsavoury test string.
> Sample output against 0.9.0 is as follows:
> ================================================
> {
>     "ok": true
> }
> {
>     "id": "fail", 
>     "ok": true, 
>     "rev": "1-76726372"
> }
> {
>     "error": "ucs", 
>     "reason": "{bad_utf8_character_code}"
> }
> ================================================
> Please note this defect turned up another problem, namely that the bad_utf8_character_code
exception thrown by a design document attempting to map() the bad document caused Futon to
fail silently in building the view, with no indication (except via debug log) that there was
a failure. The log indicated two attempts to build the view, both failing, followed by an
uncaught exception error for Futon.
> Based on this, there are likely other areas in the codebase that do not handle the bad_utf8_character_code
exception correctly.
> My belief is that CouchDB shouldn't accept this input and should have rejected the PUT/POST,
or should have escaped the input itself before the insertion.

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