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From dav...@apache.org
Subject [20/46] support static build
Date Thu, 06 Feb 2014 17:28:02 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/couchdb-couch-collate/blob/32ffa429/platform/osx/icu/unicode/ucnv.h
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diff --git a/platform/osx/icu/unicode/ucnv.h b/platform/osx/icu/unicode/ucnv.h
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+/*
+**********************************************************************
+*   Copyright (C) 1999-2008, International Business Machines
+*   Corporation and others.  All Rights Reserved.
+**********************************************************************
+ *  ucnv.h:
+ *  External APIs for the ICU's codeset conversion library
+ *  Bertrand A. Damiba
+ *
+ * Modification History:
+ *
+ *   Date        Name        Description
+ *   04/04/99    helena      Fixed internal header inclusion.
+ *   05/11/00    helena      Added setFallback and usesFallback APIs.
+ *   06/29/2000  helena      Major rewrite of the callback APIs.
+ *   12/07/2000  srl         Update of documentation
+ */
+
+/**
+ * \file
+ * \brief C API: Character conversion 
+ *
+ * <h2>Character Conversion C API</h2>
+ *
+ * <p>This API is used to convert codepage or character encoded data to and
+ * from UTF-16. You can open a converter with {@link ucnv_open() }. With that
+ * converter, you can get its properties, set options, convert your data and
+ * close the converter.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>Since many software programs recogize different converter names for
+ * different types of converters, there are other functions in this API to
+ * iterate over the converter aliases. The functions {@link ucnv_getAvailableName() },
+ * {@link ucnv_getAlias() } and {@link ucnv_getStandardName() } are some of the
+ * more frequently used alias functions to get this information.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>When a converter encounters an illegal, irregular, invalid or unmappable character
+ * its default behavior is to use a substitution character to replace the
+ * bad byte sequence. This behavior can be changed by using {@link ucnv_setFromUCallBack() }
+ * or {@link ucnv_setToUCallBack() } on the converter. The header ucnv_err.h defines
+ * many other callback actions that can be used instead of a character substitution.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>More information about this API can be found in our 
+ * <a href="http://icu-project.org/userguide/conversion.html">User's
+ * Guide</a>.</p>
+ */
+
+#ifndef UCNV_H
+#define UCNV_H
+
+#include "unicode/ucnv_err.h"
+#include "unicode/uenum.h"
+
+#ifndef __USET_H__
+
+/**
+ * USet is the C API type for Unicode sets.
+ * It is forward-declared here to avoid including the header file if related
+ * conversion APIs are not used.
+ * See unicode/uset.h
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_getUnicodeSet
+ * @stable ICU 2.6
+ */
+struct USet;
+/** @stable ICU 2.6 */
+typedef struct USet USet;
+
+#endif
+
+#if !UCONFIG_NO_CONVERSION
+
+U_CDECL_BEGIN
+
+/** Maximum length of a converter name including the terminating NULL @stable ICU 2.0 */
+#define UCNV_MAX_CONVERTER_NAME_LENGTH 60
+/** Maximum length of a converter name including path and terminating NULL @stable ICU 2.0 */
+#define UCNV_MAX_FULL_FILE_NAME_LENGTH (600+UCNV_MAX_CONVERTER_NAME_LENGTH)
+
+/** Shift in for EBDCDIC_STATEFUL and iso2022 states @stable ICU 2.0 */
+#define  UCNV_SI 0x0F
+/** Shift out for EBDCDIC_STATEFUL and iso2022 states @stable ICU 2.0 */
+#define  UCNV_SO 0x0E
+
+/**
+ * Enum for specifying basic types of converters
+ * @see ucnv_getType
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+typedef enum {
+    UCNV_UNSUPPORTED_CONVERTER = -1,
+    UCNV_SBCS = 0,
+    UCNV_DBCS = 1,
+    UCNV_MBCS = 2,
+    UCNV_LATIN_1 = 3,
+    UCNV_UTF8 = 4,
+    UCNV_UTF16_BigEndian = 5,
+    UCNV_UTF16_LittleEndian = 6,
+    UCNV_UTF32_BigEndian = 7,
+    UCNV_UTF32_LittleEndian = 8,
+    UCNV_EBCDIC_STATEFUL = 9,
+    UCNV_ISO_2022 = 10,
+
+    UCNV_LMBCS_1 = 11,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_2, 
+    UCNV_LMBCS_3,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_4,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_5,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_6,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_8,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_11,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_16,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_17,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_18,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_19,
+    UCNV_LMBCS_LAST = UCNV_LMBCS_19,
+    UCNV_HZ,
+    UCNV_SCSU,
+    UCNV_ISCII,
+    UCNV_US_ASCII,
+    UCNV_UTF7,
+    UCNV_BOCU1,
+    UCNV_UTF16,
+    UCNV_UTF32,
+    UCNV_CESU8,
+    UCNV_IMAP_MAILBOX,
+
+    /* Number of converter types for which we have conversion routines. */
+    UCNV_NUMBER_OF_SUPPORTED_CONVERTER_TYPES
+
+} UConverterType;
+
+/**
+ * Enum for specifying which platform a converter ID refers to.
+ * The use of platform/CCSID is not recommended. See ucnv_openCCSID().
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_getPlatform
+ * @see ucnv_openCCSID
+ * @see ucnv_getCCSID
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+typedef enum {
+    UCNV_UNKNOWN = -1,
+    UCNV_IBM = 0
+} UConverterPlatform;
+
+/**
+ * Function pointer for error callback in the codepage to unicode direction.
+ * Called when an error has occured in conversion to unicode, or on open/close of the callback (see reason).
+ * @param context Pointer to the callback's private data
+ * @param args Information about the conversion in progress
+ * @param codeUnits Points to 'length' bytes of the concerned codepage sequence
+ * @param length Size (in bytes) of the concerned codepage sequence
+ * @param reason Defines the reason the callback was invoked
+ * @param pErrorCode    ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                      For converter callback functions, set to a conversion error
+ *                      before the call, and the callback may reset it to U_ZERO_ERROR.
+ * @see ucnv_setToUCallBack
+ * @see UConverterToUnicodeArgs
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+typedef void (U_EXPORT2 *UConverterToUCallback) (
+                  const void* context,
+                  UConverterToUnicodeArgs *args,
+                  const char *codeUnits,
+                  int32_t length,
+                  UConverterCallbackReason reason,
+                  UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Function pointer for error callback in the unicode to codepage direction.
+ * Called when an error has occured in conversion from unicode, or on open/close of the callback (see reason).
+ * @param context Pointer to the callback's private data
+ * @param args Information about the conversion in progress
+ * @param codeUnits Points to 'length' UChars of the concerned Unicode sequence
+ * @param length Size (in bytes) of the concerned codepage sequence
+ * @param codePoint Single UChar32 (UTF-32) containing the concerend Unicode codepoint.
+ * @param reason Defines the reason the callback was invoked
+ * @param pErrorCode    ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                      For converter callback functions, set to a conversion error
+ *                      before the call, and the callback may reset it to U_ZERO_ERROR.
+ * @see ucnv_setFromUCallBack
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+typedef void (U_EXPORT2 *UConverterFromUCallback) (
+                    const void* context,
+                    UConverterFromUnicodeArgs *args,
+                    const UChar* codeUnits,
+                    int32_t length,
+                    UChar32 codePoint,
+                    UConverterCallbackReason reason,
+                    UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+U_CDECL_END
+
+/**
+ * Character that separates converter names from options and options from each other.
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+#define UCNV_OPTION_SEP_CHAR ','
+
+/**
+ * String version of UCNV_OPTION_SEP_CHAR. 
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+#define UCNV_OPTION_SEP_STRING ","
+
+/**
+ * Character that separates a converter option from its value.
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+#define UCNV_VALUE_SEP_CHAR '='
+
+/**
+ * String version of UCNV_VALUE_SEP_CHAR. 
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+#define UCNV_VALUE_SEP_STRING "="
+
+/**
+ * Converter option for specifying a locale.
+ * For example, ucnv_open("SCSU,locale=ja", &errorCode);
+ * See convrtrs.txt.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+#define UCNV_LOCALE_OPTION_STRING ",locale="
+
+/**
+ * Converter option for specifying a version selector (0..9) for some converters.
+ * For example, ucnv_open("UTF-7,version=1", &errorCode);
+ * See convrtrs.txt.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.4
+ */
+#define UCNV_VERSION_OPTION_STRING ",version="
+
+/**
+ * Converter option for EBCDIC SBCS or mixed-SBCS/DBCS (stateful) codepages.
+ * Swaps Unicode mappings for EBCDIC LF and NL codes, as used on
+ * S/390 (z/OS) Unix System Services (Open Edition).
+ * For example, ucnv_open("ibm-1047,swaplfnl", &errorCode);
+ * See convrtrs.txt.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @stable ICU 2.4
+ */
+#define UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING ",swaplfnl"
+
+/**
+ * Do a fuzzy compare of two converter/alias names.
+ * The comparison is case-insensitive, ignores leading zeroes if they are not
+ * followed by further digits, and ignores all but letters and digits.
+ * Thus the strings "UTF-8", "utf_8", "u*T@f08" and "Utf 8" are exactly equivalent.
+ * See section 1.4, Charset Alias Matching in Unicode Technical Standard #22
+ * at http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr22/
+ *
+ * @param name1 a converter name or alias, zero-terminated
+ * @param name2 a converter name or alias, zero-terminated
+ * @return 0 if the names match, or a negative value if the name1
+ * lexically precedes name2, or a positive value if the name1
+ * lexically follows name2.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_compareNames(const char *name1, const char *name2);
+
+
+/**
+ * Creates a UConverter object with the name of a coded character set specified as a C string.
+ * The actual name will be resolved with the alias file
+ * using a case-insensitive string comparison that ignores
+ * leading zeroes and all non-alphanumeric characters.
+ * E.g., the names "UTF8", "utf-8", "u*T@f08" and "Utf 8" are all equivalent.
+ * (See also ucnv_compareNames().)
+ * If <code>NULL</code> is passed for the converter name, it will create one with the
+ * getDefaultName return value.
+ *
+ * <p>A converter name for ICU 1.5 and above may contain options
+ * like a locale specification to control the specific behavior of
+ * the newly instantiated converter.
+ * The meaning of the options depends on the particular converter.
+ * If an option is not defined for or recognized by a given converter, then it is ignored.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>Options are appended to the converter name string, with a
+ * <code>UCNV_OPTION_SEP_CHAR</code> between the name and the first option and
+ * also between adjacent options.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
+ * and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>The conversion behavior and names can vary between platforms. ICU may
+ * convert some characters differently from other platforms. Details on this topic
+ * are in the <a href="http://icu-project.org/userguide/conversion.html">User's
+ * Guide</a>. Aliases starting with a "cp" prefix have no specific meaning
+ * other than its an alias starting with the letters "cp". Please do not
+ * associate any meaning to these aliases.</p>
+ *
+ * @param converterName Name of the coded character set table.
+ *          This may have options appended to the string.
+ *          IANA alias character set names, IBM CCSIDs starting with "ibm-",
+ *          Windows codepage numbers starting with "windows-" are frequently
+ *          used for this parameter. See ucnv_getAvailableName and
+ *          ucnv_getAlias for a complete list that is available.
+ *          If this parameter is NULL, the default converter will be used.
+ * @param err outgoing error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
+ * @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an error occured
+ * @see ucnv_openU
+ * @see ucnv_openCCSID
+ * @see ucnv_getAvailableName
+ * @see ucnv_getAlias
+ * @see ucnv_getDefaultName
+ * @see ucnv_close
+ * @see ucnv_compareNames
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_open(const char *converterName, UErrorCode *err);
+
+
+/**
+ * Creates a Unicode converter with the names specified as unicode string. 
+ * The name should be limited to the ASCII-7 alphanumerics range.
+ * The actual name will be resolved with the alias file
+ * using a case-insensitive string comparison that ignores
+ * leading zeroes and all non-alphanumeric characters.
+ * E.g., the names "UTF8", "utf-8", "u*T@f08" and "Utf 8" are all equivalent.
+ * (See also ucnv_compareNames().)
+ * If <TT>NULL</TT> is passed for the converter name, it will create 
+ * one with the ucnv_getDefaultName() return value.
+ * If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
+ * and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
+ *
+ * <p>See ucnv_open for the complete details</p>
+ * @param name Name of the UConverter table in a zero terminated 
+ *        Unicode string
+ * @param err outgoing error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, 
+ *        U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
+ * @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an 
+ *        error occured
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @see ucnv_openCCSID
+ * @see ucnv_close
+ * @see ucnv_compareNames
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_openU(const UChar *name,
+           UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Creates a UConverter object from a CCSID number and platform pair.
+ * Note that the usefulness of this function is limited to platforms with numeric
+ * encoding IDs. Only IBM and Microsoft platforms use numeric (16-bit) identifiers for
+ * encodings.
+ *
+ * In addition, IBM CCSIDs and Unicode conversion tables are not 1:1 related.
+ * For many IBM CCSIDs there are multiple (up to six) Unicode conversion tables, and
+ * for some Unicode conversion tables there are multiple CCSIDs.
+ * Some "alternate" Unicode conversion tables are provided by the
+ * IBM CDRA conversion table registry.
+ * The most prominent example of a systematic modification of conversion tables that is
+ * not provided in the form of conversion table files in the repository is
+ * that S/390 Unix System Services swaps the codes for Line Feed and New Line in all
+ * EBCDIC codepages, which requires such a swap in the Unicode conversion tables as well.
+ *
+ * Only IBM default conversion tables are accessible with ucnv_openCCSID().
+ * ucnv_getCCSID() will return the same CCSID for all conversion tables that are associated
+ * with that CCSID.
+ *
+ * Currently, the only "platform" supported in the ICU converter API is UCNV_IBM.
+ *
+ * In summary, the use of CCSIDs and the associated API functions is not recommended.
+ *
+ * In order to open a converter with the default IBM CDRA Unicode conversion table,
+ * you can use this function or use the prefix "ibm-":
+ * \code
+ *     char name[20];
+ *     sprintf(name, "ibm-%hu", ccsid);
+ *     cnv=ucnv_open(name, &errorCode);
+ * \endcode
+ *
+ * In order to open a converter with the IBM S/390 Unix System Services variant
+ * of a Unicode/EBCDIC conversion table,
+ * you can use the prefix "ibm-" together with the option string UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING:
+ * \code
+ *     char name[20];
+ *     sprintf(name, "ibm-%hu" UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING, ccsid);
+ *     cnv=ucnv_open(name, &errorCode);
+ * \endcode
+ *
+ * In order to open a converter from a Microsoft codepage number, use the prefix "cp":
+ * \code
+ *     char name[20];
+ *     sprintf(name, "cp%hu", codepageID);
+ *     cnv=ucnv_open(name, &errorCode);
+ * \endcode
+ *
+ * If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
+ * and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
+ *
+ * @param codepage codepage number to create
+ * @param platform the platform in which the codepage number exists
+ * @param err error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
+ * @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an error
+ *   occured.
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @see ucnv_openU
+ * @see ucnv_close
+ * @see ucnv_getCCSID
+ * @see ucnv_getPlatform
+ * @see UConverterPlatform
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_openCCSID(int32_t codepage,
+               UConverterPlatform platform,
+               UErrorCode * err);
+
+/**
+ * <p>Creates a UConverter object specified from a packageName and a converterName.</p>
+ * 
+ * <p>The packageName and converterName must point to an ICU udata object, as defined by
+ *   <code> udata_open( packageName, "cnv", converterName, err) </code> or equivalent.
+ * Typically, packageName will refer to a (.dat) file, or to a package registered with
+ * udata_setAppData(). Using a full file or directory pathname for packageName is deprecated.</p>
+ * 
+ * <p>The name will NOT be looked up in the alias mechanism, nor will the converter be
+ * stored in the converter cache or the alias table. The only way to open further converters
+ * is call this function multiple times, or use the ucnv_safeClone() function to clone a 
+ * 'master' converter.</p>
+ *
+ * <p>A future version of ICU may add alias table lookups and/or caching
+ * to this function.</p>
+ * 
+ * <p>Example Use:
+ *      <code>cnv = ucnv_openPackage("myapp", "myconverter", &err);</code>
+ * </p>
+ *
+ * @param packageName name of the package (equivalent to 'path' in udata_open() call)
+ * @param converterName name of the data item to be used, without suffix.
+ * @param err outgoing error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
+ * @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an error occured
+ * @see udata_open
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @see ucnv_safeClone
+ * @see ucnv_close
+ * @stable ICU 2.2
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_openPackage(const char *packageName, const char *converterName, UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Thread safe converter cloning operation.
+ * For most efficient operation, pass in a stackBuffer (and a *pBufferSize)
+ * with at least U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE bytes of space.
+ * If the buffer size is sufficient, then the clone will use the stack buffer;
+ * otherwise, it will be allocated, and *pBufferSize will indicate
+ * the actual size. (This should not occur with U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE.)
+ *
+ * You must ucnv_close() the clone in any case.
+ *
+ * If *pBufferSize==0, (regardless of whether stackBuffer==NULL or not)
+ * then *pBufferSize will be changed to a sufficient size
+ * for cloning this converter,
+ * without actually cloning the converter ("pure pre-flighting").
+ *
+ * If *pBufferSize is greater than zero but not large enough for a stack-based
+ * clone, then the converter is cloned using newly allocated memory
+ * and *pBufferSize is changed to the necessary size.
+ *
+ * If the converter clone fits into the stack buffer but the stack buffer is not
+ * sufficiently aligned for the clone, then the clone will use an
+ * adjusted pointer and use an accordingly smaller buffer size.
+ *
+ * @param cnv converter to be cloned
+ * @param stackBuffer user allocated space for the new clone. If NULL new memory will be allocated. 
+ *  If buffer is not large enough, new memory will be allocated.
+ *  Clients can use the U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE. This will probably be enough to avoid memory allocations.
+ * @param pBufferSize pointer to size of allocated space. pBufferSize must not be NULL.
+ * @param status to indicate whether the operation went on smoothly or there were errors
+ *  An informational status value, U_SAFECLONE_ALLOCATED_WARNING,
+ *  is used if any allocations were necessary.
+ *  However, it is better to check if *pBufferSize grew for checking for
+ *  allocations because warning codes can be overridden by subsequent
+ *  function calls.
+ * @return pointer to the new clone
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverter * U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_safeClone(const UConverter *cnv, 
+               void             *stackBuffer,
+               int32_t          *pBufferSize, 
+               UErrorCode       *status);
+
+/**
+ * \def U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE
+ * Definition of a buffer size that is designed to be large enough for
+ * converters to be cloned with ucnv_safeClone().
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+#define U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE  1024
+
+/**
+ * Deletes the unicode converter and releases resources associated
+ * with just this instance.
+ * Does not free up shared converter tables.
+ *
+ * @param converter the converter object to be deleted
+ * @see ucnv_open
+ * @see ucnv_openU
+ * @see ucnv_openCCSID
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void  U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_close(UConverter * converter);
+
+/**
+ * Fills in the output parameter, subChars, with the substitution characters
+ * as multiple bytes.
+ * If ucnv_setSubstString() set a Unicode string because the converter is
+ * stateful, then subChars will be an empty string.
+ *
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param subChars the subsitution characters
+ * @param len on input the capacity of subChars, on output the number 
+ * of bytes copied to it
+ * @param  err the outgoing error status code.
+ * If the substitution character array is too small, an
+ * <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</TT> will be returned.
+ * @see ucnv_setSubstString
+ * @see ucnv_setSubstChars
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getSubstChars(const UConverter *converter,
+                   char *subChars,
+                   int8_t *len,
+                   UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Sets the substitution chars when converting from unicode to a codepage. The
+ * substitution is specified as a string of 1-4 bytes, and may contain
+ * <TT>NULL</TT> bytes.
+ * The subChars must represent a single character. The caller needs to know the
+ * byte sequence of a valid character in the converter's charset.
+ * For some converters, for example some ISO 2022 variants, only single-byte
+ * substitution characters may be supported.
+ * The newer ucnv_setSubstString() function relaxes these limitations.
+ *
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param subChars the substitution character byte sequence we want set
+ * @param len the number of bytes in subChars
+ * @param err the error status code.  <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR </TT> if
+ * len is bigger than the maximum number of bytes allowed in subchars
+ * @see ucnv_setSubstString
+ * @see ucnv_getSubstChars
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_setSubstChars(UConverter *converter,
+                   const char *subChars,
+                   int8_t len,
+                   UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Set a substitution string for converting from Unicode to a charset.
+ * The caller need not know the charset byte sequence for each charset.
+ *
+ * Unlike ucnv_setSubstChars() which is designed to set a charset byte sequence
+ * for a single character, this function takes a Unicode string with
+ * zero, one or more characters, and immediately verifies that the string can be
+ * converted to the charset.
+ * If not, or if the result is too long (more than 32 bytes as of ICU 3.6),
+ * then the function returns with an error accordingly.
+ *
+ * Also unlike ucnv_setSubstChars(), this function works for stateful charsets
+ * by converting on the fly at the point of substitution rather than setting
+ * a fixed byte sequence.
+ *
+ * @param cnv The UConverter object.
+ * @param s The Unicode string.
+ * @param length The number of UChars in s, or -1 for a NUL-terminated string.
+ * @param err Pointer to a standard ICU error code. Its input value must
+ *            pass the U_SUCCESS() test, or else the function returns
+ *            immediately. Check for U_FAILURE() on output or use with
+ *            function chaining. (See User Guide for details.)
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_setSubstChars
+ * @see ucnv_getSubstChars
+ * @stable ICU 3.6
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_setSubstString(UConverter *cnv,
+                    const UChar *s,
+                    int32_t length,
+                    UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Fills in the output parameter, errBytes, with the error characters from the
+ * last failing conversion.
+ *
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param errBytes the codepage bytes which were in error
+ * @param len on input the capacity of errBytes, on output the number of
+ *  bytes which were copied to it
+ * @param err the error status code.
+ * If the substitution character array is too small, an
+ * <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</TT> will be returned.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getInvalidChars(const UConverter *converter,
+                     char *errBytes,
+                     int8_t *len,
+                     UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Fills in the output parameter, errChars, with the error characters from the
+ * last failing conversion.
+ *
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param errUChars the UChars which were in error
+ * @param len on input the capacity of errUChars, on output the number of 
+ *  UChars which were copied to it
+ * @param err the error status code.
+ * If the substitution character array is too small, an
+ * <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</TT> will be returned.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getInvalidUChars(const UConverter *converter,
+                      UChar *errUChars,
+                      int8_t *len,
+                      UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Resets the state of a converter to the default state. This is used
+ * in the case of an error, to restart a conversion from a known default state.
+ * It will also empty the internal output buffers.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_reset(UConverter *converter);
+
+/**
+ * Resets the to-Unicode part of a converter state to the default state.
+ * This is used in the case of an error to restart a conversion to
+ * Unicode to a known default state. It will also empty the internal
+ * output buffers used for the conversion to Unicode codepoints.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_resetToUnicode(UConverter *converter);
+
+/**
+ * Resets the from-Unicode part of a converter state to the default state.
+ * This is used in the case of an error to restart a conversion from
+ * Unicode to a known default state. It will also empty the internal output
+ * buffers used for the conversion from Unicode codepoints.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_resetFromUnicode(UConverter *converter);
+
+/**
+ * Returns the maximum number of bytes that are output per UChar in conversion
+ * from Unicode using this converter.
+ * The returned number can be used with UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING
+ * to calculate the size of a target buffer for conversion from Unicode.
+ *
+ * Note: Before ICU 2.8, this function did not return reliable numbers for
+ * some stateful converters (EBCDIC_STATEFUL, ISO-2022) and LMBCS.
+ *
+ * This number may not be the same as the maximum number of bytes per
+ * "conversion unit". In other words, it may not be the intuitively expected
+ * number of bytes per character that would be published for a charset,
+ * and may not fulfill any other purpose than the allocation of an output
+ * buffer of guaranteed sufficient size for a given input length and converter.
+ *
+ * Examples for special cases that are taken into account:
+ * - Supplementary code points may convert to more bytes than BMP code points.
+ *   This function returns bytes per UChar (UTF-16 code unit), not per
+ *   Unicode code point, for efficient buffer allocation.
+ * - State-shifting output (SI/SO, escapes, etc.) from stateful converters.
+ * - When m input UChars are converted to n output bytes, then the maximum m/n
+ *   is taken into account.
+ *
+ * The number returned here does not take into account
+ * (see UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING):
+ * - callbacks which output more than one charset character sequence per call,
+ *   like escape callbacks
+ * - initial and final non-character bytes that are output by some converters
+ *   (automatic BOMs, initial escape sequence, final SI, etc.)
+ *
+ * Examples for returned values:
+ * - SBCS charsets: 1
+ * - Shift-JIS: 2
+ * - UTF-16: 2 (2 per BMP, 4 per surrogate _pair_, BOM not counted)
+ * - UTF-8: 3 (3 per BMP, 4 per surrogate _pair_)
+ * - EBCDIC_STATEFUL (EBCDIC mixed SBCS/DBCS): 3 (SO + DBCS)
+ * - ISO-2022: 3 (always outputs UTF-8)
+ * - ISO-2022-JP: 6 (4-byte escape sequences + DBCS)
+ * - ISO-2022-CN: 8 (4-byte designator sequences + 2-byte SS2/SS3 + DBCS)
+ *
+ * @param converter The Unicode converter.
+ * @return The maximum number of bytes per UChar that are output by ucnv_fromUnicode(),
+ *         to be used together with UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING for buffer allocation.
+ *
+ * @see UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING
+ * @see ucnv_getMinCharSize
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int8_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getMaxCharSize(const UConverter *converter);
+
+/**
+ * Calculates the size of a buffer for conversion from Unicode to a charset.
+ * The calculated size is guaranteed to be sufficient for this conversion.
+ *
+ * It takes into account initial and final non-character bytes that are output
+ * by some converters.
+ * It does not take into account callbacks which output more than one charset
+ * character sequence per call, like escape callbacks.
+ * The default (substitution) callback only outputs one charset character sequence.
+ *
+ * @param length Number of UChars to be converted.
+ * @param maxCharSize Return value from ucnv_getMaxCharSize() for the converter
+ *                    that will be used.
+ * @return Size of a buffer that will be large enough to hold the output bytes of
+ *         converting length UChars with the converter that returned the maxCharSize.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_getMaxCharSize
+ * @stable ICU 2.8
+ */
+#define UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING(length, maxCharSize) \
+     (((int32_t)(length)+10)*(int32_t)(maxCharSize))
+
+/**
+ * Returns the minimum byte length for characters in this codepage. 
+ * This is usually either 1 or 2.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @return the minimum number of bytes allowed by this particular converter
+ * @see ucnv_getMaxCharSize
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int8_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getMinCharSize(const UConverter *converter);
+
+/**
+ * Returns the display name of the converter passed in based on the Locale 
+ * passed in. If the locale contains no display name, the internal ASCII
+ * name will be filled in.
+ *
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter.
+ * @param displayLocale is the specific Locale we want to localised for
+ * @param displayName user provided buffer to be filled in
+ * @param displayNameCapacity size of displayName Buffer
+ * @param err error status code
+ * @return displayNameLength number of UChar needed in displayName
+ * @see ucnv_getName
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getDisplayName(const UConverter *converter,
+                    const char *displayLocale,
+                    UChar *displayName,
+                    int32_t displayNameCapacity,
+                    UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Gets the internal, canonical name of the converter (zero-terminated).
+ * The lifetime of the returned string will be that of the converter 
+ * passed to this function.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param err UErrorCode status
+ * @return the internal name of the converter
+ * @see ucnv_getDisplayName
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_getName(const UConverter *converter, UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Gets a codepage number associated with the converter. This is not guaranteed
+ * to be the one used to create the converter. Some converters do not represent
+ * platform registered codepages and return zero for the codepage number.
+ * The error code fill-in parameter indicates if the codepage number
+ * is available.
+ * Does not check if the converter is <TT>NULL</TT> or if converter's data
+ * table is <TT>NULL</TT>.
+ *
+ * Important: The use of CCSIDs is not recommended because it is limited
+ * to only two platforms in principle and only one (UCNV_IBM) in the current
+ * ICU converter API.
+ * Also, CCSIDs are insufficient to identify IBM Unicode conversion tables precisely.
+ * For more details see ucnv_openCCSID().
+ *
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param err the error status code.
+ * @return If any error occurrs, -1 will be returned otherwise, the codepage number
+ * will be returned
+ * @see ucnv_openCCSID
+ * @see ucnv_getPlatform
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getCCSID(const UConverter *converter,
+              UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Gets a codepage platform associated with the converter. Currently, 
+ * only <TT>UCNV_IBM</TT> will be returned.
+ * Does not test if the converter is <TT>NULL</TT> or if converter's data 
+ * table is <TT>NULL</TT>. 
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param err the error status code.
+ * @return The codepage platform
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverterPlatform U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getPlatform(const UConverter *converter,
+                 UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Gets the type of the converter
+ * e.g. SBCS, MBCS, DBCS, UTF8, UTF16_BE, UTF16_LE, ISO_2022, 
+ * EBCDIC_STATEFUL, LATIN_1
+ * @param converter a valid, opened converter
+ * @return the type of the converter
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UConverterType U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getType(const UConverter * converter);
+
+/**
+ * Gets the "starter" (lead) bytes for converters of type MBCS.
+ * Will fill in an <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> if converter passed in
+ * is not MBCS. Fills in an array of type UBool, with the value of the byte 
+ * as offset to the array. For example, if (starters[0x20] == TRUE) at return,
+ * it means that the byte 0x20 is a starter byte in this converter.
+ * Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
+ * 
+ * @param converter a valid, opened converter of type MBCS
+ * @param starters an array of size 256 to be filled in
+ * @param err error status, <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> if the 
+ * converter is not a type which can return starters.
+ * @see ucnv_getType
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getStarters(const UConverter* converter, 
+                 UBool starters[256],
+                 UErrorCode* err);
+
+
+/**
+ * Selectors for Unicode sets that can be returned by ucnv_getUnicodeSet().
+ * @see ucnv_getUnicodeSet
+ * @stable ICU 2.6
+ */
+typedef enum UConverterUnicodeSet {
+    /** Select the set of roundtrippable Unicode code points. @stable ICU 2.6 */
+    UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_SET,
+    /** Select the set of Unicode code points with roundtrip or fallback mappings. @draft ICU 4.0 */
+    UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_AND_FALLBACK_SET,
+    /** Number of UConverterUnicodeSet selectors. @stable ICU 2.6 */
+    UCNV_SET_COUNT
+} UConverterUnicodeSet;
+
+
+/**
+ * Returns the set of Unicode code points that can be converted by an ICU converter.
+ *
+ * Returns one of several kinds of set:
+ *
+ * 1. UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_SET
+ *
+ * The set of all Unicode code points that can be roundtrip-converted
+ * (converted without any data loss) with the converter (ucnv_fromUnicode()).
+ * This set will not include code points that have fallback mappings
+ * or are only the result of reverse fallback mappings.
+ * This set will also not include PUA code points with fallbacks, although
+ * ucnv_fromUnicode() will always uses those mappings despite ucnv_setFallback().
+ * See UTR #22 "Character Mapping Markup Language"
+ * at http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr22/
+ *
+ * This is useful for example for
+ * - checking that a string or document can be roundtrip-converted with a converter,
+ *   without/before actually performing the conversion
+ * - testing if a converter can be used for text for typical text for a certain locale,
+ *   by comparing its roundtrip set with the set of ExemplarCharacters from
+ *   ICU's locale data or other sources
+ *
+ * 2. UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_AND_FALLBACK_SET
+ *
+ * The set of all Unicode code points that can be converted with the converter (ucnv_fromUnicode())
+ * when fallbacks are turned on (see ucnv_setFallback()).
+ * This set includes all code points with roundtrips and fallbacks (but not reverse fallbacks).
+ *
+ * In the future, there may be more UConverterUnicodeSet choices to select
+ * sets with different properties.
+ *
+ * @param cnv The converter for which a set is requested.
+ * @param setFillIn A valid USet *. It will be cleared by this function before
+ *            the converter's specific set is filled into the USet.
+ * @param whichSet A UConverterUnicodeSet selector;
+ *              currently UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_SET is the only supported value.
+ * @param pErrorCode ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                   Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ *
+ * @see UConverterUnicodeSet
+ * @see uset_open
+ * @see uset_close
+ * @stable ICU 2.6
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getUnicodeSet(const UConverter *cnv,
+                   USet *setFillIn,
+                   UConverterUnicodeSet whichSet,
+                   UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Gets the current calback function used by the converter when an illegal
+ *  or invalid codepage sequence is found. 
+ * Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
+ *
+ * @param converter the unicode converter
+ * @param action fillin: returns the callback function pointer
+ * @param context fillin: returns the callback's private void* context
+ * @see ucnv_setToUCallBack
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getToUCallBack (const UConverter * converter,
+                     UConverterToUCallback *action,
+                     const void **context);
+
+/**
+ * Gets the current callback function used by the converter when illegal 
+ * or invalid Unicode sequence is found.
+ * Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
+ *
+ * @param converter the unicode converter
+ * @param action fillin: returns the callback function pointer
+ * @param context fillin: returns the callback's private void* context
+ * @see ucnv_setFromUCallBack
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getFromUCallBack (const UConverter * converter,
+                       UConverterFromUCallback *action,
+                       const void **context);
+
+/**
+ * Changes the callback function used by the converter when
+ * an illegal or invalid sequence is found.
+ * Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
+ * Predefined actions and contexts can be found in the ucnv_err.h header.
+ *
+ * @param converter the unicode converter
+ * @param newAction the new callback function
+ * @param newContext the new toUnicode callback context pointer. This can be NULL.
+ * @param oldAction fillin: returns the old callback function pointer. This can be NULL.
+ * @param oldContext fillin: returns the old callback's private void* context. This can be NULL.
+ * @param err The error code status
+ * @see ucnv_getToUCallBack
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_setToUCallBack (UConverter * converter,
+                     UConverterToUCallback newAction,
+                     const void* newContext,
+                     UConverterToUCallback *oldAction,
+                     const void** oldContext,
+                     UErrorCode * err);
+
+/**
+ * Changes the current callback function used by the converter when
+ * an illegal or invalid sequence is found.
+ * Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
+ * Predefined actions and contexts can be found in the ucnv_err.h header.
+ *
+ * @param converter the unicode converter
+ * @param newAction the new callback function
+ * @param newContext the new fromUnicode callback context pointer. This can be NULL.
+ * @param oldAction fillin: returns the old callback function pointer. This can be NULL.
+ * @param oldContext fillin: returns the old callback's private void* context. This can be NULL.
+ * @param err The error code status
+ * @see ucnv_getFromUCallBack
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_setFromUCallBack (UConverter * converter,
+                       UConverterFromUCallback newAction,
+                       const void *newContext,
+                       UConverterFromUCallback *oldAction,
+                       const void **oldContext,
+                       UErrorCode * err);
+
+/**
+ * Converts an array of unicode characters to an array of codepage
+ * characters. This function is optimized for converting a continuous
+ * stream of data in buffer-sized chunks, where the entire source and
+ * target does not fit in available buffers.
+ * 
+ * The source pointer is an in/out parameter. It starts out pointing where the 
+ * conversion is to begin, and ends up pointing after the last UChar consumed. 
+ * 
+ * Target similarly starts out pointer at the first available byte in the output
+ * buffer, and ends up pointing after the last byte written to the output.
+ * 
+ * The converter always attempts to consume the entire source buffer, unless 
+ * (1.) the target buffer is full, or (2.) a failing error is returned from the
+ * current callback function.  When a successful error status has been
+ * returned, it means that all of the source buffer has been
+ *  consumed. At that point, the caller should reset the source and
+ *  sourceLimit pointers to point to the next chunk.
+ * 
+ * At the end of the stream (flush==TRUE), the input is completely consumed
+ * when *source==sourceLimit and no error code is set.
+ * The converter object is then automatically reset by this function.
+ * (This means that a converter need not be reset explicitly between data
+ * streams if it finishes the previous stream without errors.)
+ * 
+ * This is a <I>stateful</I> conversion. Additionally, even when all source data has
+ * been consumed, some data may be in the converters' internal state.
+ * Call this function repeatedly, updating the target pointers with
+ * the next empty chunk of target in case of a
+ * <TT>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</TT>, and updating the source  pointers
+ *  with the next chunk of source when a successful error status is
+ * returned, until there are no more chunks of source data.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param target I/O parameter. Input : Points to the beginning of the buffer to copy
+ *  codepage characters to. Output : points to after the last codepage character copied
+ *  to <TT>target</TT>.
+ * @param targetLimit the pointer just after last of the <TT>target</TT> buffer
+ * @param source I/O parameter, pointer to pointer to the source Unicode character buffer. 
+ * @param sourceLimit the pointer just after the last of the source buffer
+ * @param offsets if NULL is passed, nothing will happen to it, otherwise it needs to have the same number
+ * of allocated cells as <TT>target</TT>. Will fill in offsets from target to source pointer
+ * e.g: <TT>offsets[3]</TT> is equal to 6, it means that the <TT>target[3]</TT> was a result of transcoding <TT>source[6]</TT>
+ * For output data carried across calls, and other data without a specific source character
+ * (such as from escape sequences or callbacks)  -1 will be placed for offsets. 
+ * @param flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> if the current source buffer is the last available
+ * chunk of the source, <TT>FALSE</TT> otherwise. Note that if a failing status is returned,
+ * this function may have to be called multiple times with flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> until
+ * the source buffer is consumed.
+ * @param err the error status.  <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> will be set if the
+ * converter is <TT>NULL</TT>.
+ * <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> will be set if the target is full and there is 
+ * still data to be written to the target.
+ * @see ucnv_fromUChars
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @see ucnv_getMinCharSize
+ * @see ucnv_setToUCallBack
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_fromUnicode (UConverter * converter,
+                  char **target,
+                  const char *targetLimit,
+                  const UChar ** source,
+                  const UChar * sourceLimit,
+                  int32_t* offsets,
+                  UBool flush,
+                  UErrorCode * err);
+
+/**
+ * Converts a buffer of codepage bytes into an array of unicode UChars
+ * characters. This function is optimized for converting a continuous
+ * stream of data in buffer-sized chunks, where the entire source and
+ * target does not fit in available buffers.
+ * 
+ * The source pointer is an in/out parameter. It starts out pointing where the 
+ * conversion is to begin, and ends up pointing after the last byte of source consumed. 
+ * 
+ * Target similarly starts out pointer at the first available UChar in the output
+ * buffer, and ends up pointing after the last UChar written to the output. 
+ * It does NOT necessarily keep UChar sequences together.
+ * 
+ * The converter always attempts to consume the entire source buffer, unless 
+ * (1.) the target buffer is full, or (2.) a failing error is returned from the
+ * current callback function.  When a successful error status has been
+ * returned, it means that all of the source buffer has been
+ *  consumed. At that point, the caller should reset the source and
+ *  sourceLimit pointers to point to the next chunk.
+ *
+ * At the end of the stream (flush==TRUE), the input is completely consumed
+ * when *source==sourceLimit and no error code is set
+ * The converter object is then automatically reset by this function.
+ * (This means that a converter need not be reset explicitly between data
+ * streams if it finishes the previous stream without errors.)
+ * 
+ * This is a <I>stateful</I> conversion. Additionally, even when all source data has
+ * been consumed, some data may be in the converters' internal state.
+ * Call this function repeatedly, updating the target pointers with
+ * the next empty chunk of target in case of a
+ * <TT>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</TT>, and updating the source  pointers
+ *  with the next chunk of source when a successful error status is
+ * returned, until there are no more chunks of source data.
+ * @param converter the Unicode converter
+ * @param target I/O parameter. Input : Points to the beginning of the buffer to copy
+ *  UChars into. Output : points to after the last UChar copied.
+ * @param targetLimit the pointer just after the end of the <TT>target</TT> buffer
+ * @param source I/O parameter, pointer to pointer to the source codepage buffer. 
+ * @param sourceLimit the pointer to the byte after the end of the source buffer
+ * @param offsets if NULL is passed, nothing will happen to it, otherwise it needs to have the same number
+ * of allocated cells as <TT>target</TT>. Will fill in offsets from target to source pointer
+ * e.g: <TT>offsets[3]</TT> is equal to 6, it means that the <TT>target[3]</TT> was a result of transcoding <TT>source[6]</TT>
+ * For output data carried across calls, and other data without a specific source character
+ * (such as from escape sequences or callbacks)  -1 will be placed for offsets. 
+ * @param flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> if the current source buffer is the last available
+ * chunk of the source, <TT>FALSE</TT> otherwise. Note that if a failing status is returned,
+ * this function may have to be called multiple times with flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> until
+ * the source buffer is consumed.
+ * @param err the error status.  <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> will be set if the
+ * converter is <TT>NULL</TT>.
+ * <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> will be set if the target is full and there is 
+ * still data to be written to the target. 
+ * @see ucnv_fromUChars
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @see ucnv_getMinCharSize
+ * @see ucnv_setFromUCallBack
+ * @see ucnv_getNextUChar
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_toUnicode(UConverter *converter,
+               UChar **target,
+               const UChar *targetLimit,
+               const char **source,
+               const char *sourceLimit,
+               int32_t *offsets,
+               UBool flush,
+               UErrorCode *err);
+
+/**
+ * Convert the Unicode string into a codepage string using an existing UConverter.
+ * The output string is NUL-terminated if possible.
+ *
+ * This function is a more convenient but less powerful version of ucnv_fromUnicode().
+ * It is only useful for whole strings, not for streaming conversion.
+ *
+ * The maximum output buffer capacity required (barring output from callbacks) will be
+ * UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING(srcLength, ucnv_getMaxCharSize(cnv)).
+ *
+ * @param cnv the converter object to be used (ucnv_resetFromUnicode() will be called)
+ * @param src the input Unicode string
+ * @param srcLength the input string length, or -1 if NUL-terminated
+ * @param dest destination string buffer, can be NULL if destCapacity==0
+ * @param destCapacity the number of chars available at dest
+ * @param pErrorCode normal ICU error code;
+ *                  common error codes that may be set by this function include
+ *                  U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR, U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING,
+ *                  U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR, and conversion errors
+ * @return the length of the output string, not counting the terminating NUL;
+ *         if the length is greater than destCapacity, then the string will not fit
+ *         and a buffer of the indicated length would need to be passed in
+ * @see ucnv_fromUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @see UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_fromUChars(UConverter *cnv,
+                char *dest, int32_t destCapacity,
+                const UChar *src, int32_t srcLength,
+                UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Convert the codepage string into a Unicode string using an existing UConverter.
+ * The output string is NUL-terminated if possible.
+ *
+ * This function is a more convenient but less powerful version of ucnv_toUnicode().
+ * It is only useful for whole strings, not for streaming conversion.
+ *
+ * The maximum output buffer capacity required (barring output from callbacks) will be
+ * 2*srcLength (each char may be converted into a surrogate pair).
+ *
+ * @param cnv the converter object to be used (ucnv_resetToUnicode() will be called)
+ * @param src the input codepage string
+ * @param srcLength the input string length, or -1 if NUL-terminated
+ * @param dest destination string buffer, can be NULL if destCapacity==0
+ * @param destCapacity the number of UChars available at dest
+ * @param pErrorCode normal ICU error code;
+ *                  common error codes that may be set by this function include
+ *                  U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR, U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING,
+ *                  U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR, and conversion errors
+ * @return the length of the output string, not counting the terminating NUL;
+ *         if the length is greater than destCapacity, then the string will not fit
+ *         and a buffer of the indicated length would need to be passed in
+ * @see ucnv_toUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_toUChars(UConverter *cnv,
+              UChar *dest, int32_t destCapacity,
+              const char *src, int32_t srcLength,
+              UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Convert a codepage buffer into Unicode one character at a time.
+ * The input is completely consumed when the U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR is set.
+ *
+ * Advantage compared to ucnv_toUnicode() or ucnv_toUChars():
+ * - Faster for small amounts of data, for most converters, e.g.,
+ *   US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1, UTF-8/16/32, and most "normal" charsets.
+ *   (For complex converters, e.g., SCSU, UTF-7 and ISO 2022 variants,
+ *    it uses ucnv_toUnicode() internally.)
+ * - Convenient.
+ *
+ * Limitations compared to ucnv_toUnicode():
+ * - Always assumes flush=TRUE.
+ *   This makes ucnv_getNextUChar() unsuitable for "streaming" conversion,
+ *   that is, for where the input is supplied in multiple buffers,
+ *   because ucnv_getNextUChar() will assume the end of the input at the end
+ *   of the first buffer.
+ * - Does not provide offset output.
+ *
+ * It is possible to "mix" ucnv_getNextUChar() and ucnv_toUnicode() because
+ * ucnv_getNextUChar() uses the current state of the converter
+ * (unlike ucnv_toUChars() which always resets first).
+ * However, if ucnv_getNextUChar() is called after ucnv_toUnicode()
+ * stopped in the middle of a character sequence (with flush=FALSE),
+ * then ucnv_getNextUChar() will always use the slower ucnv_toUnicode()
+ * internally until the next character boundary.
+ * (This is new in ICU 2.6. In earlier releases, ucnv_getNextUChar() had to
+ * start at a character boundary.)
+ *
+ * Instead of using ucnv_getNextUChar(), it is recommended
+ * to convert using ucnv_toUnicode() or ucnv_toUChars()
+ * and then iterate over the text using U16_NEXT() or a UCharIterator (uiter.h)
+ * or a C++ CharacterIterator or similar.
+ * This allows streaming conversion and offset output, for example.
+ *
+ * <p>Handling of surrogate pairs and supplementary-plane code points:<br>
+ * There are two different kinds of codepages that provide mappings for surrogate characters:
+ * <ul>
+ *   <li>Codepages like UTF-8, UTF-32, and GB 18030 provide direct representations for Unicode
+ *       code points U+10000-U+10ffff as well as for single surrogates U+d800-U+dfff.
+ *       Each valid sequence will result in exactly one returned code point.
+ *       If a sequence results in a single surrogate, then that will be returned
+ *       by itself, even if a neighboring sequence encodes the matching surrogate.</li>
+ *   <li>Codepages like SCSU and LMBCS (and UTF-16) provide direct representations only for BMP code points
+ *       including surrogates. Code points in supplementary planes are represented with
+ *       two sequences, each encoding a surrogate.
+ *       For these codepages, matching pairs of surrogates will be combined into single
+ *       code points for returning from this function.
+ *       (Note that SCSU is actually a mix of these codepage types.)</li>
+ * </ul></p>
+ *
+ * @param converter an open UConverter
+ * @param source the address of a pointer to the codepage buffer, will be
+ *  updated to point after the bytes consumed in the conversion call.
+ * @param sourceLimit points to the end of the input buffer
+ * @param err fills in error status (see ucnv_toUnicode)
+ * <code>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</code> will be set if the input 
+ * is empty or does not convert to any output (e.g.: pure state-change 
+ * codes SI/SO, escape sequences for ISO 2022,
+ * or if the callback did not output anything, ...).
+ * This function will not set a <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> because
+ *  the "buffer" is the return code. However, there might be subsequent output
+ *  stored in the converter object
+ * that will be returned in following calls to this function.
+ * @return a UChar32 resulting from the partial conversion of source
+ * @see ucnv_toUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_toUChars
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UChar32 U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getNextUChar(UConverter * converter,
+                  const char **source,
+                  const char * sourceLimit,
+                  UErrorCode * err);
+
+/**
+ * Convert from one external charset to another using two existing UConverters.
+ * Internally, two conversions - ucnv_toUnicode() and ucnv_fromUnicode() -
+ * are used, "pivoting" through 16-bit Unicode.
+ *
+ * Important: For streaming conversion (multiple function calls for successive
+ * parts of a text stream), the caller must provide a pivot buffer explicitly,
+ * and must preserve the pivot buffer and associated pointers from one
+ * call to another. (The buffer may be moved if its contents and the relative
+ * pointer positions are preserved.)
+ *
+ * There is a similar function, ucnv_convert(),
+ * which has the following limitations:
+ * - it takes charset names, not converter objects, so that
+ *   - two converters are opened for each call
+ *   - only single-string conversion is possible, not streaming operation
+ * - it does not provide enough information to find out,
+ *   in case of failure, whether the toUnicode or
+ *   the fromUnicode conversion failed
+ *
+ * By contrast, ucnv_convertEx()
+ * - takes UConverter parameters instead of charset names
+ * - fully exposes the pivot buffer for streaming conversion and complete error handling
+ *
+ * ucnv_convertEx() also provides further convenience:
+ * - an option to reset the converters at the beginning
+ *   (if reset==TRUE, see parameters;
+ *    also sets *pivotTarget=*pivotSource=pivotStart)
+ * - allow NUL-terminated input
+ *   (only a single NUL byte, will not work for charsets with multi-byte NULs)
+ *   (if sourceLimit==NULL, see parameters)
+ * - terminate with a NUL on output
+ *   (only a single NUL byte, not useful for charsets with multi-byte NULs),
+ *   or set U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING if the output exactly fills
+ *   the target buffer
+ * - the pivot buffer can be provided internally;
+ *   possible only for whole-string conversion, not streaming conversion;
+ *   in this case, the caller will not be able to get details about where an
+ *   error occurred
+ *   (if pivotStart==NULL, see below)
+ *
+ * The function returns when one of the following is true:
+ * - the entire source text has been converted successfully to the target buffer
+ * - a target buffer overflow occurred (U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR)
+ * - a conversion error occurred
+ *   (other U_FAILURE(), see description of pErrorCode)
+ *
+ * Limitation compared to the direct use of
+ * ucnv_fromUnicode() and ucnv_toUnicode():
+ * ucnv_convertEx() does not provide offset information.
+ *
+ * Limitation compared to ucnv_fromUChars() and ucnv_toUChars():
+ * ucnv_convertEx() does not support preflighting directly.
+ *
+ * Sample code for converting a single string from
+ * one external charset to UTF-8, ignoring the location of errors:
+ *
+ * \code
+ * int32_t
+ * myToUTF8(UConverter *cnv,
+ *          const char *s, int32_t length,
+ *          char *u8, int32_t capacity,
+ *          UErrorCode *pErrorCode) {
+ *     UConverter *utf8Cnv;
+ *     char *target;
+ *
+ *     if(U_FAILURE(*pErrorCode)) {
+ *         return 0;
+ *     }
+ *
+ *     utf8Cnv=myGetCachedUTF8Converter(pErrorCode);
+ *     if(U_FAILURE(*pErrorCode)) {
+ *         return 0;
+ *     }
+ *
+ *     if(length<0) {
+ *         length=strlen(s);
+ *     }
+ *     target=u8;
+ *     ucnv_convertEx(cnv, utf8Cnv,
+ *                    &target, u8+capacity,
+ *                    &s, s+length,
+ *                    NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
+ *                    TRUE, TRUE,
+ *                    pErrorCode);
+ * 
+ *     myReleaseCachedUTF8Converter(utf8Cnv);
+ *
+ *     // return the output string length, but without preflighting
+ *     return (int32_t)(target-u8);
+ * }
+ * \endcode
+ *
+ * @param targetCnv     Output converter, used to convert from the UTF-16 pivot
+ *                      to the target using ucnv_fromUnicode().
+ * @param sourceCnv     Input converter, used to convert from the source to
+ *                      the UTF-16 pivot using ucnv_toUnicode().
+ * @param target        I/O parameter, same as for ucnv_fromUChars().
+ *                      Input: *target points to the beginning of the target buffer.
+ *                      Output: *target points to the first unit after the last char written.
+ * @param targetLimit   Pointer to the first unit after the target buffer.
+ * @param source        I/O parameter, same as for ucnv_toUChars().
+ *                      Input: *source points to the beginning of the source buffer.
+ *                      Output: *source points to the first unit after the last char read.
+ * @param sourceLimit   Pointer to the first unit after the source buffer.
+ * @param pivotStart    Pointer to the UTF-16 pivot buffer. If pivotStart==NULL,
+ *                      then an internal buffer is used and the other pivot
+ *                      arguments are ignored and can be NULL as well.
+ * @param pivotSource   I/O parameter, same as source in ucnv_fromUChars() for
+ *                      conversion from the pivot buffer to the target buffer.
+ * @param pivotTarget   I/O parameter, same as target in ucnv_toUChars() for
+ *                      conversion from the source buffer to the pivot buffer.
+ *                      It must be pivotStart<=*pivotSource<=*pivotTarget<=pivotLimit
+ *                      and pivotStart<pivotLimit (unless pivotStart==NULL).
+ * @param pivotLimit    Pointer to the first unit after the pivot buffer.
+ * @param reset         If TRUE, then ucnv_resetToUnicode(sourceCnv) and
+ *                      ucnv_resetFromUnicode(targetCnv) are called, and the
+ *                      pivot pointers are reset (*pivotTarget=*pivotSource=pivotStart).
+ * @param flush         If true, indicates the end of the input.
+ *                      Passed directly to ucnv_toUnicode(), and carried over to
+ *                      ucnv_fromUnicode() when the source is empty as well.
+ * @param pErrorCode    ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                      Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ *                      U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR always refers to the target buffer
+ *                      because overflows into the pivot buffer are handled internally.
+ *                      Other conversion errors are from the source-to-pivot
+ *                      conversion if *pivotSource==pivotStart, otherwise from
+ *                      the pivot-to-target conversion.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
+ * @see ucnv_toAlgorithmic
+ * @see ucnv_fromUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_toUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_fromUChars
+ * @see ucnv_toUChars
+ * @stable ICU 2.6
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_convertEx(UConverter *targetCnv, UConverter *sourceCnv,
+               char **target, const char *targetLimit,
+               const char **source, const char *sourceLimit,
+               UChar *pivotStart, UChar **pivotSource,
+               UChar **pivotTarget, const UChar *pivotLimit,
+               UBool reset, UBool flush,
+               UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Convert from one external charset to another.
+ * Internally, two converters are opened according to the name arguments,
+ * then the text is converted to and from the 16-bit Unicode "pivot"
+ * using ucnv_convertEx(), then the converters are closed again.
+ *
+ * This is a convenience function, not an efficient way to convert a lot of text:
+ * ucnv_convert()
+ * - takes charset names, not converter objects, so that
+ *   - two converters are opened for each call
+ *   - only single-string conversion is possible, not streaming operation
+ * - does not provide enough information to find out,
+ *   in case of failure, whether the toUnicode or
+ *   the fromUnicode conversion failed
+ * - allows NUL-terminated input
+ *   (only a single NUL byte, will not work for charsets with multi-byte NULs)
+ *   (if sourceLength==-1, see parameters)
+ * - terminate with a NUL on output
+ *   (only a single NUL byte, not useful for charsets with multi-byte NULs),
+ *   or set U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING if the output exactly fills
+ *   the target buffer
+ * - a pivot buffer is provided internally
+ *
+ * The function returns when one of the following is true:
+ * - the entire source text has been converted successfully to the target buffer
+ *   and either the target buffer is terminated with a single NUL byte
+ *   or the error code is set to U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING
+ * - a target buffer overflow occurred (U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR)
+ *   and the full output string length is returned ("preflighting")
+ * - a conversion error occurred
+ *   (other U_FAILURE(), see description of pErrorCode)
+ *
+ * @param toConverterName   The name of the converter that is used to convert
+ *                          from the UTF-16 pivot buffer to the target.
+ * @param fromConverterName The name of the converter that is used to convert
+ *                          from the source to the UTF-16 pivot buffer.
+ * @param target            Pointer to the output buffer.
+ * @param targetCapacity    Capacity of the target, in bytes.
+ * @param source            Pointer to the input buffer.
+ * @param sourceLength      Length of the input text, in bytes, or -1 for NUL-terminated input.
+ * @param pErrorCode        ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                          Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ * @return Length of the complete output text in bytes, even if it exceeds the targetCapacity
+ *         and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR is set.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_convertEx
+ * @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
+ * @see ucnv_toAlgorithmic
+ * @see ucnv_fromUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_toUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_fromUChars
+ * @see ucnv_toUChars
+ * @see ucnv_getNextUChar
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_convert(const char *toConverterName,
+             const char *fromConverterName,
+             char *target,
+             int32_t targetCapacity,
+             const char *source,
+             int32_t sourceLength,
+             UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Convert from one external charset to another.
+ * Internally, the text is converted to and from the 16-bit Unicode "pivot"
+ * using ucnv_convertEx(). ucnv_toAlgorithmic() works exactly like ucnv_convert()
+ * except that the two converters need not be looked up and opened completely.
+ *
+ * The source-to-pivot conversion uses the cnv converter parameter.
+ * The pivot-to-target conversion uses a purely algorithmic converter
+ * according to the specified type, e.g., UCNV_UTF8 for a UTF-8 converter.
+ *
+ * Internally, the algorithmic converter is opened and closed for each
+ * function call, which is more efficient than using the public ucnv_open()
+ * but somewhat less efficient than only resetting an existing converter
+ * and using ucnv_convertEx().
+ *
+ * This function is more convenient than ucnv_convertEx() for single-string
+ * conversions, especially when "preflighting" is desired (returning the length
+ * of the complete output even if it does not fit into the target buffer;
+ * see the User Guide Strings chapter). See ucnv_convert() for details.
+ *
+ * @param algorithmicType   UConverterType constant identifying the desired target
+ *                          charset as a purely algorithmic converter.
+ *                          Those are converters for Unicode charsets like
+ *                          UTF-8, BOCU-1, SCSU, UTF-7, IMAP-mailbox-name, etc.,
+ *                          as well as US-ASCII and ISO-8859-1.
+ * @param cnv               The converter that is used to convert
+ *                          from the source to the UTF-16 pivot buffer.
+ * @param target            Pointer to the output buffer.
+ * @param targetCapacity    Capacity of the target, in bytes.
+ * @param source            Pointer to the input buffer.
+ * @param sourceLength      Length of the input text, in bytes
+ * @param pErrorCode        ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                          Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ * @return Length of the complete output text in bytes, even if it exceeds the targetCapacity
+ *         and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR is set.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @see ucnv_convertEx
+ * @see ucnv_fromUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_toUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_fromUChars
+ * @see ucnv_toUChars
+ * @stable ICU 2.6
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_toAlgorithmic(UConverterType algorithmicType,
+                   UConverter *cnv,
+                   char *target, int32_t targetCapacity,
+                   const char *source, int32_t sourceLength,
+                   UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Convert from one external charset to another.
+ * Internally, the text is converted to and from the 16-bit Unicode "pivot"
+ * using ucnv_convertEx(). ucnv_fromAlgorithmic() works exactly like ucnv_convert()
+ * except that the two converters need not be looked up and opened completely.
+ *
+ * The source-to-pivot conversion uses a purely algorithmic converter
+ * according to the specified type, e.g., UCNV_UTF8 for a UTF-8 converter.
+ * The pivot-to-target conversion uses the cnv converter parameter.
+ *
+ * Internally, the algorithmic converter is opened and closed for each
+ * function call, which is more efficient than using the public ucnv_open()
+ * but somewhat less efficient than only resetting an existing converter
+ * and using ucnv_convertEx().
+ *
+ * This function is more convenient than ucnv_convertEx() for single-string
+ * conversions, especially when "preflighting" is desired (returning the length
+ * of the complete output even if it does not fit into the target buffer;
+ * see the User Guide Strings chapter). See ucnv_convert() for details.
+ *
+ * @param cnv               The converter that is used to convert
+ *                          from the UTF-16 pivot buffer to the target.
+ * @param algorithmicType   UConverterType constant identifying the desired source
+ *                          charset as a purely algorithmic converter.
+ *                          Those are converters for Unicode charsets like
+ *                          UTF-8, BOCU-1, SCSU, UTF-7, IMAP-mailbox-name, etc.,
+ *                          as well as US-ASCII and ISO-8859-1.
+ * @param target            Pointer to the output buffer.
+ * @param targetCapacity    Capacity of the target, in bytes.
+ * @param source            Pointer to the input buffer.
+ * @param sourceLength      Length of the input text, in bytes
+ * @param pErrorCode        ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                          Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ * @return Length of the complete output text in bytes, even if it exceeds the targetCapacity
+ *         and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR is set.
+ *
+ * @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
+ * @see ucnv_convert
+ * @see ucnv_convertEx
+ * @see ucnv_fromUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_toUnicode
+ * @see ucnv_fromUChars
+ * @see ucnv_toUChars
+ * @stable ICU 2.6
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_fromAlgorithmic(UConverter *cnv,
+                     UConverterType algorithmicType,
+                     char *target, int32_t targetCapacity,
+                     const char *source, int32_t sourceLength,
+                     UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Frees up memory occupied by unused, cached converter shared data.
+ *
+ * @return the number of cached converters successfully deleted
+ * @see ucnv_close
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_flushCache(void);
+
+/**
+ * Returns the number of available converters, as per the alias file.
+ *
+ * @return the number of available converters
+ * @see ucnv_getAvailableName
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_countAvailable(void);
+
+/**
+ * Gets the canonical converter name of the specified converter from a list of
+ * all available converters contaied in the alias file. All converters
+ * in this list can be opened.
+ *
+ * @param n the index to a converter available on the system (in the range <TT>[0..ucnv_countAvaiable()]</TT>)
+ * @return a pointer a string (library owned), or <TT>NULL</TT> if the index is out of bounds.
+ * @see ucnv_countAvailable
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE const char* U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getAvailableName(int32_t n);
+
+/**
+ * Returns a UEnumeration to enumerate all of the canonical converter
+ * names, as per the alias file, regardless of the ability to open each
+ * converter.
+ *
+ * @return A UEnumeration object for getting all the recognized canonical
+ *   converter names.
+ * @see ucnv_getAvailableName
+ * @see uenum_close
+ * @see uenum_next
+ * @stable ICU 2.4
+ */
+U_STABLE UEnumeration * U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_openAllNames(UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Gives the number of aliases for a given converter or alias name.
+ * If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
+ * and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
+ * This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
+ * @param alias alias name
+ * @param pErrorCode error status
+ * @return number of names on alias list for given alias
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE uint16_t U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_countAliases(const char *alias, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Gives the name of the alias at given index of alias list.
+ * This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
+ * If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
+ * and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
+ * @param alias alias name
+ * @param n index in alias list
+ * @param pErrorCode result of operation
+ * @return returns the name of the alias at given index
+ * @see ucnv_countAliases
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_getAlias(const char *alias, uint16_t n, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Fill-up the list of alias names for the given alias.
+ * This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
+ * If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
+ * and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
+ * @param alias alias name
+ * @param aliases fill-in list, aliases is a pointer to an array of
+ *        <code>ucnv_countAliases()</code> string-pointers
+ *        (<code>const char *</code>) that will be filled in.
+ *        The strings themselves are owned by the library.
+ * @param pErrorCode result of operation
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_getAliases(const char *alias, const char **aliases, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Return a new UEnumeration object for enumerating all the
+ * alias names for a given converter that are recognized by a standard.
+ * This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
+ * The convrtrs.txt file can be modified to change the results of
+ * this function.
+ * The first result in this list is the same result given by
+ * <code>ucnv_getStandardName</code>, which is the default alias for
+ * the specified standard name. The returned object must be closed with
+ * <code>uenum_close</code> when you are done with the object.
+ *
+ * @param convName original converter name
+ * @param standard name of the standard governing the names; MIME and IANA
+ *      are such standards
+ * @param pErrorCode The error code
+ * @return A UEnumeration object for getting all aliases that are recognized
+ *      by a standard. If any of the parameters are invalid, NULL
+ *      is returned.
+ * @see ucnv_getStandardName
+ * @see uenum_close
+ * @see uenum_next
+ * @stable ICU 2.2
+ */
+U_STABLE UEnumeration * U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_openStandardNames(const char *convName,
+                       const char *standard,
+                       UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Gives the number of standards associated to converter names.
+ * @return number of standards
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE uint16_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_countStandards(void);
+
+/**
+ * Gives the name of the standard at given index of standard list.
+ * @param n index in standard list
+ * @param pErrorCode result of operation
+ * @return returns the name of the standard at given index. Owned by the library.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getStandard(uint16_t n, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Returns a standard name for a given converter name.
+ * <p>
+ * Example alias table:<br>
+ * conv alias1 { STANDARD1 } alias2 { STANDARD1* }
+ * <p>
+ * Result of ucnv_getStandardName("conv", "STANDARD1") from example
+ * alias table:<br>
+ * <b>"alias2"</b>
+ *
+ * @param name original converter name
+ * @param standard name of the standard governing the names; MIME and IANA
+ *        are such standards
+ * @param pErrorCode result of operation
+ * @return returns the standard converter name;
+ *         if a standard converter name cannot be determined,
+ *         then <code>NULL</code> is returned. Owned by the library.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getStandardName(const char *name, const char *standard, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * This function will return the internal canonical converter name of the
+ * tagged alias. This is the opposite of ucnv_openStandardNames, which
+ * returns the tagged alias given the canonical name.
+ * <p>
+ * Example alias table:<br>
+ * conv alias1 { STANDARD1 } alias2 { STANDARD1* }
+ * <p>
+ * Result of ucnv_getStandardName("alias1", "STANDARD1") from example
+ * alias table:<br>
+ * <b>"conv"</b>
+ *
+ * @return returns the canonical converter name;
+ *         if a standard or alias name cannot be determined,
+ *         then <code>NULL</code> is returned. The returned string is
+ *         owned by the library.
+ * @see ucnv_getStandardName
+ * @stable ICU 2.4
+ */
+U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getCanonicalName(const char *alias, const char *standard, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Returns the current default converter name. If you want to open
+ * a default converter, you do not need to use this function.
+ * It is faster if you pass a NULL argument to ucnv_open the
+ * default converter.
+ *
+ * @return returns the current default converter name.
+ *         Storage owned by the library
+ * @see ucnv_setDefaultName
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_getDefaultName(void);
+
+/**
+ * This function is not thread safe. DO NOT call this function when ANY ICU
+ * function is being used from more than one thread! This function sets the
+ * current default converter name. If this function needs to be called, it
+ * should be called during application initialization. Most of the time, the
+ * results from ucnv_getDefaultName() or ucnv_open with a NULL string argument
+ * is sufficient for your application.
+ * @param name the converter name to be the default (must be known by ICU).
+ * @see ucnv_getDefaultName
+ * @system
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_setDefaultName(const char *name);
+
+/**
+ * Fixes the backslash character mismapping.  For example, in SJIS, the backslash 
+ * character in the ASCII portion is also used to represent the yen currency sign.  
+ * When mapping from Unicode character 0x005C, it's unclear whether to map the 
+ * character back to yen or backslash in SJIS.  This function will take the input
+ * buffer and replace all the yen sign characters with backslash.  This is necessary
+ * when the user tries to open a file with the input buffer on Windows.
+ * This function will test the converter to see whether such mapping is
+ * required.  You can sometimes avoid using this function by using the correct version
+ * of Shift-JIS.
+ *
+ * @param cnv The converter representing the target codepage.
+ * @param source the input buffer to be fixed
+ * @param sourceLen the length of the input buffer
+ * @see ucnv_isAmbiguous
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_fixFileSeparator(const UConverter *cnv, UChar *source, int32_t sourceLen);
+
+/**
+ * Determines if the converter contains ambiguous mappings of the same
+ * character or not.
+ * @param cnv the converter to be tested
+ * @return TRUE if the converter contains ambiguous mapping of the same 
+ * character, FALSE otherwise.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ */
+U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_isAmbiguous(const UConverter *cnv);
+
+/**
+ * Sets the converter to use fallback mappings or not.
+ * Regardless of this flag, the converter will always use
+ * fallbacks from Unicode Private Use code points, as well as
+ * reverse fallbacks (to Unicode).
+ * For details see ".ucm File Format"
+ * in the Conversion Data chapter of the ICU User Guide:
+ * http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/conversion-data.html#ucmformat
+ *
+ * @param cnv The converter to set the fallback mapping usage on.
+ * @param usesFallback TRUE if the user wants the converter to take advantage of the fallback 
+ * mapping, FALSE otherwise.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ * @see ucnv_usesFallback
+ */
+U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_setFallback(UConverter *cnv, UBool usesFallback);
+
+/**
+ * Determines if the converter uses fallback mappings or not.
+ * This flag has restrictions, see ucnv_setFallback().
+ *
+ * @param cnv The converter to be tested
+ * @return TRUE if the converter uses fallback, FALSE otherwise.
+ * @stable ICU 2.0
+ * @see ucnv_setFallback
+ */
+U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2 
+ucnv_usesFallback(const UConverter *cnv);
+
+/**
+ * Detects Unicode signature byte sequences at the start of the byte stream
+ * and returns the charset name of the indicated Unicode charset.
+ * NULL is returned when no Unicode signature is recognized.
+ * The number of bytes in the signature is output as well.
+ *
+ * The caller can ucnv_open() a converter using the charset name.
+ * The first code unit (UChar) from the start of the stream will be U+FEFF
+ * (the Unicode BOM/signature character) and can usually be ignored.
+ *
+ * For most Unicode charsets it is also possible to ignore the indicated
+ * number of initial stream bytes and start converting after them.
+ * However, there are stateful Unicode charsets (UTF-7 and BOCU-1) for which
+ * this will not work. Therefore, it is best to ignore the first output UChar
+ * instead of the input signature bytes.
+ * <p>
+ * Usage:
+ * @code     
+ *      UErrorCode err = U_ZERO_ERROR;
+ *      char input[] = { '\xEF','\xBB', '\xBF','\x41','\x42','\x43' };
+ *      int32_t signatureLength = 0;
+ *      char *encoding = ucnv_detectUnicodeSignature(input,sizeof(input),&signatureLength,&err);
+ *      UConverter *conv = NULL;
+ *      UChar output[100];
+ *      UChar *target = output, *out;
+ *      char *source = input;
+ *      if(encoding!=NULL && U_SUCCESS(err)){
+ *          // should signature be discarded ?
+ *          conv = ucnv_open(encoding, &err);
+ *          // do the conversion
+ *          ucnv_toUnicode(conv,
+ *                         target, output + sizeof(output)/U_SIZEOF_UCHAR,
+ *                         source, input + sizeof(input),
+ *                         NULL, TRUE, &err);
+ *          out = output;
+ *          if (discardSignature){
+ *              ++out; // ignore initial U+FEFF
+ *          }
+ *          while(out != target) {
+ *              printf("%04x ", *out++);
+ *          }
+ *          puts("");
+ *      }
+ *     
+ * @endcode
+ *
+ * @param source            The source string in which the signature should be detected.
+ * @param sourceLength      Length of the input string, or -1 if terminated with a NUL byte.
+ * @param signatureLength   A pointer to int32_t to receive the number of bytes that make up the signature 
+ *                          of the detected UTF. 0 if not detected.
+ *                          Can be a NULL pointer.
+ * @param pErrorCode        ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                          Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ * @return The name of the encoding detected. NULL if encoding is not detected. 
+ * @stable ICU 2.4
+ */
+U_STABLE const char* U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_detectUnicodeSignature(const char* source,
+                            int32_t sourceLength,
+                            int32_t *signatureLength,
+                            UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
+
+/**
+ * Returns the number of UChars held in the converter's internal state 
+ * because more input is needed for completing the conversion. This function is 
+ * useful for mapping semantics of ICU's converter interface to those of iconv,
+ * and this information is not needed for normal conversion.
+ * @param cnv       The converter in which the input is held
+ * @param status    ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                  Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ * @return The number of UChars in the state. -1 if an error is encountered.
+ * @stable ICU 3.4
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_fromUCountPending(const UConverter* cnv, UErrorCode* status);
+
+/**
+ * Returns the number of chars held in the converter's internal state
+ * because more input is needed for completing the conversion. This function is 
+ * useful for mapping semantics of ICU's converter interface to those of iconv,
+ * and this information is not needed for normal conversion.
+ * @param cnv       The converter in which the input is held as internal state
+ * @param status    ICU error code in/out parameter.
+ *                  Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
+ * @return The number of chars in the state. -1 if an error is encountered.
+ * @stable ICU 3.4
+ */
+U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
+ucnv_toUCountPending(const UConverter* cnv, UErrorCode* status);
+
+#endif
+
+#endif
+/*_UCNV*/


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