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From d..@apache.org
Subject [6/49] Align sphinx & autotools
Date Fri, 14 Sep 2012 10:16:59 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/couchdb/blob/838cf30b/share/docs/rst/manual.rst
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-====================================
-CouchDB \_\_meta\_version\_\_ Manual
-====================================
-
-CouchDB API Server Authentication Methods
-=========================================
-
-The CouchDB Authentication methods provide an interface for obtaining
-session and authorization data.
-
-A list of the available methods and URL paths are provided below:
-
-Authentication API Calls
-
-CouchDB API Server Configuration Methods
-========================================
-
-The CouchDB API Server Configuration Methods provide an interface to
-query and update the various configuration values within a running
-CouchDB instance.
-
-A list of the available methods and URL paths are provided below:
-
-Configuration API Calls
-
-``GET /_config``
-================
-
-Returns the entire CouchDB server configuration as a JSON structure. The
-structure is organized by different configuration sections, with
-individual values.
-
-For example, to get the configuration for a server:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/_config
-    Accept: application/json
-
-The response is the JSON structure:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "query_server_config" : {
-          "reduce_limit" : "true"
-       },
-       "couchdb" : {
-          "os_process_timeout" : "5000",
-          "max_attachment_chunk_size" : "4294967296",
-          "max_document_size" : "4294967296",
-          "uri_file" : "/var/lib/couchdb/couch.uri",
-          "max_dbs_open" : "100",
-          "view_index_dir" : "/var/lib/couchdb",
-          "util_driver_dir" : "/usr/lib64/couchdb/erlang/lib/couch-1.0.1/priv/lib",
-          "database_dir" : "/var/lib/couchdb",
-          "delayed_commits" : "true"
-       },
-       "attachments" : {
-          "compressible_types" : "text/*, application/javascript, application/json,  application/xml",
-          "compression_level" : "8"
-       },
-       "uuids" : {
-          "algorithm" : "utc_random"
-       },
-       "daemons" : {
-          "view_manager" : "{couch_view, start_link, []}",
-          "auth_cache" : "{couch_auth_cache, start_link, []}",
-          "uuids" : "{couch_uuids, start, []}",
-          "stats_aggregator" : "{couch_stats_aggregator, start, []}",
-          "query_servers" : "{couch_query_servers, start_link, []}",
-          "httpd" : "{couch_httpd, start_link, []}",
-          "stats_collector" : "{couch_stats_collector, start, []}",
-          "db_update_notifier" : "{couch_db_update_notifier_sup, start_link, []}",
-          "external_manager" : "{couch_external_manager, start_link, []}"
-       },
-       "stats" : {
-          "samples" : "[0, 60, 300, 900]",
-          "rate" : "1000"
-       },
-       "httpd" : {
-          "vhost_global_handlers" : "_utils, _uuids, _session, _oauth, _users",
-          "secure_rewrites" : "true",
-          "authentication_handlers" : "{couch_httpd_oauth, oauth_authentication_handler},
-                                       {couch_httpd_auth, cookie_authentication_handler},
-                                       {couch_httpd_auth, default_authentication_handler}",
-          "port" : "5984",
-          "default_handler" : "{couch_httpd_db, handle_request}",
-          "allow_jsonp" : "false",
-          "bind_address" : "192.168.0.2",
-          "max_connections" : "2048"
-       },
-       "query_servers" : {
-          "javascript" : "/usr/bin/couchjs /usr/share/couchdb/server/main.js"
-       },
-       "couch_httpd_auth" : {
-          "authentication_db" : "_users",
-          "require_valid_user" : "false",
-          "authentication_redirect" : "/_utils/session.html",
-          "timeout" : "600",
-          "auth_cache_size" : "50"
-       },
-       "httpd_db_handlers" : {
-          "_design" : "{couch_httpd_db, handle_design_req}",
-          "_compact" : "{couch_httpd_db, handle_compact_req}",
-          "_view_cleanup" : "{couch_httpd_db, handle_view_cleanup_req}",
-          "_temp_view" : "{couch_httpd_view, handle_temp_view_req}",
-          "_changes" : "{couch_httpd_db, handle_changes_req}"
-       },
-       "replicator" : {
-          "max_http_sessions" : "10",
-          "max_http_pipeline_size" : "10"
-       },
-       "log" : {
-          "include_sasl" : "true",
-          "level" : "info",
-          "file" : "/var/log/couchdb/couch.log"
-       },
-       "httpd_design_handlers" : {
-          "_update" : "{couch_httpd_show, handle_doc_update_req}",
-          "_show" : "{couch_httpd_show, handle_doc_show_req}",
-          "_info" : "{couch_httpd_db,   handle_design_info_req}",
-          "_list" : "{couch_httpd_show, handle_view_list_req}",
-          "_view" : "{couch_httpd_view, handle_view_req}",
-          "_rewrite" : "{couch_httpd_rewrite, handle_rewrite_req}"
-       },
-       "httpd_global_handlers" : {
-          "_replicate" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_replicate_req}",
-          "/" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_welcome_req, <<\"Welcome\">>}",
-          "_config" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_config_req}",
-          "_utils" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_utils_dir_req, \"/usr/share/couchdb/www\"}",
-          "_active_tasks" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_task_status_req}",
-          "_session" : "{couch_httpd_auth, handle_session_req}",
-          "_log" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_log_req}",
-          "favicon.ico" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_favicon_req, \"/usr/share/couchdb/www\"}",
-          "_all_dbs" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_all_dbs_req}",
-          "_oauth" : "{couch_httpd_oauth, handle_oauth_req}",
-          "_restart" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_restart_req}",
-          "_uuids" : "{couch_httpd_misc_handlers, handle_uuids_req}",
-          "_stats" : "{couch_httpd_stats_handlers, handle_stats_req}"
-       }
-    }
-        
-
-``GET /_config/section``
-========================
-
-Gets the configuration structure for a single section. For example, to
-retrieve the CouchDB configuration section values:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/_config/couchdb
-    Accept: application/json
-
-The returned JSON contains just the configuration values for this
-section:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "os_process_timeout" : "5000",
-       "max_attachment_chunk_size" : "4294967296",
-       "max_document_size" : "4294967296",
-       "uri_file" : "/var/lib/couchdb/couch.uri",
-       "max_dbs_open" : "100",
-       "view_index_dir" : "/var/lib/couchdb",
-       "util_driver_dir" : "/usr/lib64/couchdb/erlang/lib/couch-1.0.1/priv/lib",
-       "database_dir" : "/var/lib/couchdb",
-       "delayed_commits" : "true"
-    }
-
-``GET /_config/section/key``
-============================
-
-Gets a single configuration value from within a specific configuration
-section. For example, to obtain the current log level:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/_config/log/level
-    Accept: application/json
-
-Returns the string of the log level:
-
-::
-
-    "info"
-
-    **Note**
-
-    The returned value will be the JSON of the value, which may be a
-    string or numeric value, or an array or object. Some client
-    environments may not parse simple strings or numeric values as valid
-    JSON.
-
-``PUT /_config/section/key``
-============================
-
-Updates a configuration value. The new value should be supplied in the
-request body in the corresponding JSON format. For example, if you are
-setting a string value, you must supply a valid JSON string.
-
-For example, to set the function used to generate UUIDs by the
-``GET /_uuids`` API call to use the ``utc_random`` generator:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/_config/uuids/algorithm
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    "utc_random"
-
-The return value will be empty, with the response code indicating the
-success or failure of the configuration setting.
-
-``DELETE /_config/section/key``
-===============================
-
-Deletes a configuration value. The returned JSON will be the value of
-the configuration parameter before it was deleted. For example, to
-delete the UUID parameter:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/_config/uuids/algorithm
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-The returned value is the last configured UUID function:
-
-::
-
-    "random"
-
-CouchDB API Server Database Methods
-===================================
-
-The Database methods provide an interface to an entire database withing
-CouchDB. These are database, rather than document, level requests.
-
-A list of the available methods and URL paths are provided below:
-
-Database API Calls
-
-For all the database methods, the database name within the URL path
-should be the database name that you wish to perform the operation on.
-For example, to obtain the meta information for the database
-``recipes``, you would use the HTTP request:
-
-::
-
-    GET /recipes
-
-For clarity, the form below is used in the URL paths:
-
-::
-
-    GET /db
-
-Where ``db`` is the name of any database.
-
-``GET /db``
-===========
-
-Gets information about the specified database. For example, to retrieve
-the information for the database ``recipe``:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes
-    Accept: application/json
-
-The JSON response contains meta information about the database. A sample
-of the JSON returned for an empty database is provided below:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "compact_running" : false,
-       "committed_update_seq" : 375048,
-       "disk_format_version" : 5,
-       "disk_size" : 33153123,
-       "doc_count" : 18386,
-       "doc_del_count" : 0,
-       "db_name" : "recipes",
-       "instance_start_time" : "1290700340925570",
-       "purge_seq" : 10,
-       "update_seq" : 375048
-    }
-        
-
-The elements of the returned structure are shown in the table below:
-
-``PUT /db``
-===========
-
-Creates a new database. The database name must be composed of one or
-more of the following characters:
-
--  Lowercase characters (``a-z``)
-
--  Name must begin with a lowercase letter
-
--  Digits (``0-9``)
-
--  Any of the characters ``_``, ``$``, ``(``, ``)``, ``+``, ``-``, and
-   ``/``.
-
-Trying to create a database that does not meet these requirements will
-return an error quoting these restrictions.
-
-To create the database ``recipes``:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-The returned content contains the JSON status:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "ok" : true
-    }
-
-Anything should be treated as an error, and the problem should be taken
-form the HTTP response code.
-
-``DELETE /db``
-==============
-
-Deletes the specified database, and all the documents and attachments
-contained within it.
-
-To delete the database ``recipes`` you would send the request:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-If successful, the returned JSON will indicate success
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "ok" : true
-    }
-
-``GET /db/_changes``
-====================
-
-Obtains a list of the changes made to the database. This can be used to
-monitor for update and modifications to the database for post processing
-or synchronization. There are three different types of supported changes
-feeds, poll, longpoll, and continuous. All requests are poll requests by
-default. You can select any feed type explicitly using the ``feed``
-query argument.
-
--  **Poll**
-
-   With polling you can request the changes that have occured since a
-   specific sequence number. This returns the JSON structure containing
-   the changed document information. When you perform a poll change
-   request, only the changes since the specific sequence number are
-   returned. For example, the query
-
-   ::
-
-       DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_changes
-       Content-Type: application/json
-
-   Will get all of the changes in the database. You can request a
-   starting point using the ``since`` query argument and specifying the
-   sequence number. You will need to record the latest sequence number
-   in your client and then use this when making another request as the
-   new value to the ``since`` parameter.
-
--  **Longpoll**
-
-   With long polling the request to the server will remain open until a
-   change is made on the database, when the changes will be reported,
-   and then the connection will close. The long poll is useful when you
-   want to monitor for changes for a specific purpose without wanting to
-   monitoring continuously for changes.
-
-   Because the wait for a change can be significant you can set a
-   timeout before the connection is automatically closed (the
-   ``timeout`` argument). You can also set a heartbeat interval (using
-   the ``heartbeat`` query argument), which sends a newline to keep the
-   connection open.
-
--  **Continuous**
-
-   Continuous sends all new changes back to the client immediately,
-   without closing the connection. In continuous mode the format of the
-   changes is slightly different to accommodate the continuous nature
-   while ensuring that the JSON output is still valid for each change
-   notification.
-
-   As with the longpoll feed type you can set both the timeout and
-   heartbeat intervals to ensure that the connection is kept open for
-   new changesand updates.
-
-The return structure for ``normal`` and ``longpoll`` modes is a JSON
-array of changes objects, and the last update sequence number. The
-structure is described in the following table.
-
-The return format for ``continuous`` mode the server sends a CRLF
-(carriage-return, linefeed) delimited line for each change. Each line
-contains the `JSON object`_.
-
-You can also request the full contents of each document change (instead
-of just the change notification) by using the ``include_docs``
-parameter.
-
-Filtering
----------
-
-You can filter the contents of the changes feed in a number of ways. The
-most basic way is to specify one or more document IDs to the query. This
-causes the returned structure value to only contain changes for the
-specified IDs. Note that the value of this query argument should be a
-JSON formatted array.
-
-You can also filter the ``_changes`` feed by defining a filter function
-within a design document. The specification for the filter is the same
-as for replication filters. You specify the name of the filter function
-to the ``filter`` parameter, specifying the design document name and
-filter name. For example:
-
-::
-
-    GET /db/_changes?filter=design_doc/filtername
-
-The ``_changes`` feed can be used to watch changes to specific document
-ID's or the list of ``_design`` documents in a database. If the
-``filters`` parameter is set to ``_doc_ids`` a list of doc IDs can be
-passed in the ``doc_ids`` parameter as a JSON array.
-
-For more information, see ?.
-
-``POST /db/_compact``
-=====================
-
-Request compaction of the specified database. Compaction compresses the
-disk database file by performing the following operations:
-
--  Writes a new version of the database file, removing any unused
-   sections from the new version during write. Because a new file is
-   temporary created for this purpose, you will need twice the current
-   storage space of the specified database in order for the compaction
-   routine to complete.
-
--  Removes old revisions of documents from the database, up to the
-   per-database limit specified by the ``_revs_limit`` database
-   parameter. See ? .
-
-Compaction can only be requested on an individual database; you cannot
-compact all the databases for a CouchDB instance. The compaction process
-runs as a background process.
-
-You can determine if the compaction process is operating on a database
-by obtaining the database meta information, the ``compact_running``
-value of the returned database structure will be set to true. See ? .
-
-You can also obtain a list of running processes to determine whether
-compaction is currently running. See ?.
-
-``POST /db/_compact/design-doc``
-================================
-
-Compacts the view indexes associated with the specified design document.
-You can use this in place of the full database compaction if you know a
-specific set of view indexes have been affected by a recent database
-change.
-
-For example, to compact the views associated with the ``recipes`` design
-document:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_compact/recipes
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-CouchDB will immediately return with a status indicating that the
-compaction request has been received (HTTP status code 202):
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "ok" : true
-    }
-        
-
-``POST /db/_view_cleanup``
-==========================
-
-Cleans up the cached view output on disk for a given view. For example:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_view_cleanup
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-If the request is successful, a basic status message us returned:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "ok" : true
-    }
-        
-
-``POST /db/_ensure_full_commit``
-================================
-
-Commits any recent changes to the specified database to disk. You should
-call this if you want to ensure that recent changes have been written.
-For example, to commit all the changes to disk for the database
-``recipes`` you would use:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_ensure_full_commit
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-This returns a status message, containing the success message and the
-timestamp for when the CouchDB instance was started:
-
-::
-
-    {
-      "ok" : true,
-      "instance_start_time" : "1288186189373361"
-    }
-
-``POST /db/_bulk_docs``
-=======================
-
-The bulk document API allows you to create and update multiple documents
-at the same time within a single request. The basic operation is similar
-to creating or updating a single document, except that you batch the
-document structure and information and . When creating new documents the
-document ID is optional. For updating existing documents, you must
-provide the document ID, revision information, and new document values.
-
-For both inserts and updates the basic structure of the JSON is the
-same:
-
-Inserting Documents in Bulk
----------------------------
-
-To insert documents in bulk into a database you need to supply a JSON
-structure with the array of documents that you want to add to the
-database. Using this method you can either include a document ID, or
-allow the document ID to be automatically generated.
-
-For example, the following inserts three new documents, two with the
-supplied document IDs, and one which will have a document ID generated:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "docs" : [
-          {
-             "_id" : "FishStew",
-             "servings" : 4,
-             "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh bread",
-             "title" : "Fish Stew"
-          },
-          {
-             "_id" : "LambStew",
-             "servings" : 6,
-             "subtitle" : "Delicious with scone topping",
-             "title" : "Lamb Stew"
-          },
-          {
-             "servings" : 8,
-             "subtitle" : "Delicious with suet dumplings",
-             "title" : "Beef Stew"
-          },
-       ]
-    }
-          
-
-The return type from a bulk insertion will be 201, with the content of
-the returned structure indicating specific success or otherwise messages
-on a per-document basis.
-
-The return structure from the example above contains a list of the
-documents created, here with the combination and their revision IDs:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_bulk_docs
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    [
-       {
-          "id" : "FishStew",
-          "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee",
-       },
-       {
-          "id" : "LambStew",
-          "rev" : "1-34c318924a8f327223eed702ddfdc66d",
-       },
-       {
-          "id" : "7f7638c86173eb440b8890839ff35433",
-          "rev" : "1-857c7cbeb6c8dd1dd34a0c73e8da3c44",
-       }
-    ]
-              
-
-The content and structure of the returned JSON will depend on the
-transaction semantics being used for the bulk update; see ? for more
-information. Conflicts and validation errors when updating documents in
-bulk must be handled separately; see ?.
-
-Updating Documents in Bulk
---------------------------
-
-The bulk document update procedure is similar to the insertion
-procedure, except that you must specify the document ID and current
-revision for every document in the bulk update JSON string.
-
-For example, you could send the following request:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_bulk_docs
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "docs" : [
-          {
-             "_id" : "FishStew",
-             "_rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee",
-             "servings" : 4,
-             "subtitle" : "Delicious with freshly baked bread",
-             "title" : "Fish Stew"
-          },
-          {
-             "_id" : "LambStew",
-             "_rev" : "1-34c318924a8f327223eed702ddfdc66d",
-             "servings" : 6,
-             "subtitle" : "Serve with a wholemeal scone topping",
-             "title" : "Lamb Stew"
-          },
-          {
-             "_id" : "7f7638c86173eb440b8890839ff35433"
-             "_rev" : "1-857c7cbeb6c8dd1dd34a0c73e8da3c44",
-             "servings" : 8,
-             "subtitle" : "Hand-made dumplings make a great accompaniment",
-             "title" : "Beef Stew"
-          }
-       ]
-    }
-
-The return structure is the JSON of the updated documents, with the new
-revision and ID information:
-
-::
-
-    [
-       {
-          "id" : "FishStew",
-          "rev" : "2-e7af4c4e9981d960ecf78605d79b06d1"
-       },
-       {
-          "id" : "LambStew",
-          "rev" : "2-0786321986194c92dd3b57dfbfc741ce"
-       },
-       {
-          "id" : "7f7638c86173eb440b8890839ff35433",
-          "rev" : "2-bdd3bf3563bee516b96885a66c743f8e"
-       }
-    ]
-
-You can optionally delete documents during a bulk update by adding the
-``_deleted`` field with a value of ``true`` to each docment ID/revision
-combination within the submitted JSON structure.
-
-The return type from a bulk insertion will be 201, with the content of
-the returned structure indicating specific success or otherwise messages
-on a per-document basis.
-
-The content and structure of the returned JSON will depend on the
-transaction semantics being used for the bulk update; see ? for more
-information. Conflicts and validation errors when updating documents in
-bulk must be handled separately; see ?.
-
-Bulk Documents Transaction Semantics
-------------------------------------
-
-CouchDB supports two different modes for updating (or inserting)
-documents using the bulk documentation system. Each mode affects both
-the state of the documents in the event of system failure, and the level
-of conflict checking performed on each document. The two modes are:
-
--  ``non-atomic``
-
-   The default mode is non-atomic, that is, CouchDB will only guarantee
-   that some of the documents will be saved when you send the request.
-   The response will contain the list of documents successfully inserted
-   or updated during the process. In the event of a crash, some of the
-   documents may have been successfully saved, and some will have been
-   lost.
-
-   In this mode, the response structure will indicate whether the
-   document was updated by supplying the new ``_rev`` parameter
-   indicating a new document revision was created. If the update failed,
-   then you will get an ``error`` of type ``conflict``. For example:
-
-   ::
-
-       [
-          {
-             "id" : "FishStew",
-             "error" : "conflict",
-             "reason" : "Document update conflict."
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "LambStew",
-             "error" : "conflict",
-             "reason" : "Document update conflict."
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "7f7638c86173eb440b8890839ff35433",
-             "error" : "conflict",
-             "reason" : "Document update conflict."
-          }
-       ]
-           
-
-   In this case no new revision has been created and you will need to
-   submit the document update, with the correct revision tag, to update
-   the document.
-
--  ``all-or-nothing``
-
-   In all-or-nothing mode, either all documents are written to the
-   database, or no documents are written to the database, in the event
-   of a system failure during commit.
-
-   In addition, the per-document conflict checking is not performed.
-   Instead a new revision of the document is created, even if the new
-   revision is in conflict with the current revision in the database.
-   The returned structure contains the list of documents with new
-   revisions:
-
-   ::
-
-       [
-          {
-             "id" : "FishStew",
-             "rev" : "2-e7af4c4e9981d960ecf78605d79b06d1"
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "LambStew",
-             "rev" : "2-0786321986194c92dd3b57dfbfc741ce"
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "7f7638c86173eb440b8890839ff35433",
-             "rev" : "2-bdd3bf3563bee516b96885a66c743f8e"
-          }
-       ]
-
-   When updating documents using this mode the revision of a document
-   included in views will be arbitrary. You can check the conflict
-   status for a document by using the ``conflicts=true`` query argument
-   when accessing the view. Conflicts should be handled individually to
-   ensure the consistency of your database.
-
-   To use this mode, you must include the ``all_or_nothing`` field (set
-   to true) within the main body of the JSON of the request.
-
-The effects of different database operations on the different modes are
-summarized in the table below:
-
-+--------------------+---------------+----------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
-| Transaction Mode   | Transaction   | Cause                                  | Resolution                                                             |
-+====================+===============+========================================+========================================================================+
-| Non-atomic         | Insert        | Requested document ID already exists   | Resubmit with different document ID, or update the existing document   |
-+--------------------+---------------+----------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
-| Non-atomic         | Update        | Revision missing or incorrect          | Resubmit with correct revision                                         |
-+--------------------+---------------+----------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
-| All-or-nothing     | Insert        | Additional revision inserted           | Resolve conflicted revisions                                           |
-+--------------------+---------------+----------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
-| All-or-nothing     | Update        | Additional revision inserted           | Resolve conflicted revisions                                           |
-+--------------------+---------------+----------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
-
-Table: Conflicts on Bulk Inserts
-
-Replication of documents is independent of the type of insert or update.
-The documents and revisions created during a bulk insert or update are
-replicated in the same way as any other document. This can mean that if
-you make use of the all-or-nothing mode the exact list of documents,
-revisions (and their conflict state) may or may not be replicated to
-other databases correctly.
-
-Bulk Document Validation and Conflict Errors
---------------------------------------------
-
-The JSON returned by the ``_bulk_docs`` operation consists of an array
-of JSON structures, one for each document in the original submission.
-The returned JSON structure should be examined to ensure that all of the
-documents submitted in the original request were successfully added to
-the database.
-
-The exact structure of the returned information is shown in ?.
-
-When a document (or document revision) is not correctly comitted to the
-database because of an error, you should check the ``error`` field to
-determine error type and course of action. Errors will be one of the
-following type:
-
--  ``conflict``
-
-   The document as submitted is in conflict. If you used the default
-   bulk transaction mode then the new revision will not have been
-   created and you will need to re-submit the document to the database.
-   If you used ``all-or-nothing`` mode then you will need to manually
-   resolve the conflicted revisions of the document.
-
-   Conflict resolution of documents added using the bulk docs interface
-   is identical to the resolution procedures used when resolving
-   conflict errors during replication.
-
--  ``forbidden``
-
-   Entries with this error type indicate that the validation routine
-   applied to the document during submission has returned an error.
-
-   For example, if your validation routine includes the following:
-
-   ::
-
-        throw({forbidden: 'invalid recipe ingredient'});
-
-   The error returned will be:
-
-   ::
-
-       {
-          "id" : "7f7638c86173eb440b8890839ff35433",
-          "error" : "forbidden",
-          "reason" : "invalid recipe ingredient"
-       }
-             
-
-   For more information, see ?.
-
-``POST /db/_temp_view``
-=======================
-
-Creates (and executes) a temporary view based on the view function
-supplied in the JSON request. For example:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_temp_view
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "map" : "function(doc) { if (doc.value > 9995) { emit(null, doc.value); } }"
-    }
-
-The resulting JSON response is the result from the execution of the
-temporary view:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "total_rows" : 3,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "value" : 9998.41913029012,
-             "id" : "05361cc6aa42033878acc1bacb1f39c2",
-             "key" : null
-          },
-          {
-             "value" : 9998.94149934853,
-             "id" : "1f443f471e5929dd7b252417625ed170",
-             "key" : null
-          },
-          {
-             "value" : 9998.01511339154,
-             "id" : "1f443f471e5929dd7b252417629c102b",
-             "key" : null
-          }
-       ],
-       "offset" : 0
-    }
-
-The arguments also available to standard view requests also apply to
-temporary views, but the execution of the view may take some time as it
-relies on being executed at the time of the request. In addition to the
-time taken, they are also computationally very expensive to produce. You
-should use a defined view if you want to achieve the best performance.
-
-For more information, see ?.
-
-``POST /db/_purge``
-===================
-
-A database purge permanently removes the references to deleted documents
-from the database. Deleting a document within CouchDB does not actually
-remove the documen from the database, instead, the document is marked as
-a deleted (and a new revision is created). This is to ensure that
-deleted documents are replicated to other databases as having been
-deleted. This also means that you can check the status of a document and
-identify that the document has been deleted.
-
-The purge operation removes the refernces to the deleted documents from
-the database. The purging of old documents is not replicated to other
-databases. If you are replicating between databases and have deleted a
-large number of documents you should run purge on each database.
-
-    **Note**
-
-    Purging documents does not remove the space used by them on disk. To
-    reclaim disk space, you should run a database compact (see ?, and
-    compact views (see ?).
-
-To perform a purge operation you must send a request including the JSON
-of the document IDs that you want to purge. For example:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_purge
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-      "FishStew" : [
-        "17-b3eb5ac6fbaef4428d712e66483dcb79"
-        ]
-    }
-
-The format of the request must include the document ID and one or more
-revisions that must be purged.
-
-The response will contain the purge sequence number, and a list of the
-document IDs and revisions successfully purged.
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "purged" : {
-          "FishStew" : [
-             "17-b3eb5ac6fbaef4428d712e66483dcb79"
-          ]
-       },
-       "purge_seq" : 11
-    }
-
-Updating Indexes
-----------------
-
-The number of purges on a database is tracked using a purge sequence.
-This is used by the view indexer to optimize the updating of views that
-contain the purged documents.
-
-When the indexer identifies that the purge sequence on a database has
-changed, it compares the purge sequence of the database with that stored
-in the view index. If the difference between the stored sequence and
-database is sequence is only 1, then the indexer uses a cached list of
-the most recently purged documents, and then removes these documents
-from the index individually. This prevents completely rebuilding the
-index from scratch.
-
-If the difference between the stored sequence number and current
-database sequence is greater than 1, then the view index is entirely
-rebuilt. This is an expensive operation as every document in the
-database must be examined.
-
-``GET /db/_all_docs``
-=====================
-
-Returns a JSON structure of all of the documents in a given database.
-The information is returned as a JSON structure containing meta
-information about the return structure, and the list documents and basic
-contents, consisting the ID, revision and key. The key is generated from
-the document ID.
-
-By default the information returned contains only the document ID and
-revision. For example, the request:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_all_docs
-    Accept: application/json
-
-Returns the following structure:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "total_rows" : 18386,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "value" : {
-                "rev" : "1-bc0d5aed1e339b1cc1f29578f3220a45"
-             },
-             "id" : "Aberffrawcake",
-             "key" : "Aberffrawcake"
-          },
-          {
-             "value" : {
-                "rev" : "3-68a20c89a5e70357c20148f8e82ca331"
-             },
-             "id" : "Adukiandorangecasserole-microwave",
-             "key" : "Adukiandorangecasserole-microwave"
-          },
-          {
-             "value" : {
-                "rev" : "3-9b2851ed9b6f655cc4eb087808406c60"
-             },
-             "id" : "Aioli-garlicmayonnaise",
-             "key" : "Aioli-garlicmayonnaise"
-          },
-          ...
-             ],
-       "offset" : 0
-    }
-
-The information is returned in the form of a temporary view of all the
-database documents, with the returned key consisting of the ID of the
-document. The remainder of the interface is therefore identical to the
-View query arguments and their behavior.
-
-``POST /db/_all_docs``
-======================
-
-The ``POST`` to ``_all_docs`` allows to specify multiple keys to be
-selected from the database. This enables you to request multiple
-documents in a single request, in place of multiple ? requests.
-
-The request body should contain a list of the keys to be returned as an
-array to a ``keys`` object. For example:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_all_docs
-    User-Agent: MyApp/0.1 libwww-perl/5.837
-
-    {
-       "keys" : [
-          "Zingylemontart",
-          "Yogurtraita"
-       ]
-    }
-
-The return JSON is the all documents structure, but with only the
-selected keys in the output:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "total_rows" : 2666,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "value" : {
-                "rev" : "1-a3544d296de19e6f5b932ea77d886942"
-             },
-             "id" : "Zingylemontart",
-             "key" : "Zingylemontart"
-          },
-          {
-             "value" : {
-                "rev" : "1-91635098bfe7d40197a1b98d7ee085fc"
-             },
-             "id" : "Yogurtraita",
-             "key" : "Yogurtraita"
-          }
-       ],
-       "offset" : 0
-    }
-
-``POST /db/_missing_revs``
-==========================
-
-``POST /db/_revs_diff``
-=======================
-
-``GET /db/_security``
-=====================
-
-Gets the current secrity object from the specified database. The
-security object consists of two compulsory elements, ``admins`` and
-``readers``, which are used to specify the list of users and/or roles
-that have admin and reader rights to the database respectively. Any
-additional fields in the security object are optional. The entire
-security object is made available to validation and other internal
-functions so that the database can control and limit functionality.
-
-To get the existing security object you would send the following
-request:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "admins" : {
-          "roles" : [],
-          "names" : [
-             "mc",
-             "slp"
-          ]
-       },
-       "readers" : {
-          "roles" : [],
-          "names" : [
-             "tim",
-             "brian"
-          ]
-       }
-    }
-
-    **Note**
-
-    If the security object for a database has never beent set, then the
-    value returned will be empty.
-
-``PUT /db/_security``
-=====================
-
-Sets the security object for the given database.For example, to set the
-security object for the ``recipes`` database:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_security
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "admins" : {
-          "roles" : [],
-          "names" : [
-             "mc",
-             "slp"
-          ]
-       },
-       "readers" : {
-          "roles" : [],
-          "names" : [
-             "tim",
-             "brian"
-          ]
-       }
-    }
-
-If the setting was successful, a JSON status object will be returned:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "ok" : true
-    }
-
-``GET /db/_revs_limit``
-=======================
-
-Gets the current ``revs_limit`` (revision limit) setting.
-
-For example to get the current limit:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_revs_limit
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-The returned information is the current setting as a numerical scalar:
-
-::
-
-    1000
-
-``PUT /db/_revs_limit``
-=======================
-
-Sets the maximum number of document revisions that will be tracked by
-CouchDB, even after compaction has occurred. You can set the revision
-limit on a database by using ``PUT`` with a scalar integer of the limit
-that you want to set as the request body.
-
-For example to set the revs limit to 100 for the ``recipes`` database:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_revs_limit
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    100
-
-If the setting was successful, a JSON status object will be returned:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "ok" : true
-    }
-
-CouchDB API Server Document Methods
-===================================
-
-The CouchDB API Server Document methods detail how to create, read,
-update and delete documents within a database.
-
-A list of the available methods and URL paths are provided below:
-
-Document API Calls
-
-``POST /db``
-============
-
-Create a new document in the specified database, using the supplied JSON
-document structure. If the JSON structure includes the ``_id`` field,
-then the document will be created with the specified document ID. If the
-``_id`` field is not specified, a new unique ID will be generated.
-
-For example, you can generate a new document with a generated UUID using
-the following request:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh bread",
-       "title" : "Fish Stew"
-    }
-
-The return JSON will specify the automatically enerated ID and revision
-information:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "64575eef70ab90a2b8d55fc09e00440d",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee"
-    }
-
-Specifying the Document ID
---------------------------
-
-The document ID can be specified by including the ``_id`` field in the
-JSON of the submitted record. The following request will create the same
-document with the ID ``FishStew``:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh bread",
-       "title" : "Fish Stew"
-    }
-
-The structure of the submitted document is as shown in the table below:
-
-In either case, the returned JSON will specify the document ID, revision
-ID, and status message:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "FishStew",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee"
-    }
-        
-
-Batch Mode Writes
------------------
-
-You can write documents to the database at a higher rate by using the
-batch option. This collects document writes together in memory (on a
-user-by-user basis) before they are committed to disk. This increases
-the risk of the documents not being stored in the event of a failure,
-since the documents are not written to disk immediately.
-
-To use the batched mode, append the ``batch=ok`` query argument to the
-URL of the ``PUT`` or ``POST`` request. The CouchDB server will respond
-with a 202 HTTP response code immediately.
-
-Including Attachments
----------------------
-
-You can include one or more attachments with a given document by
-incorporating the attachment information within the JSON of the
-document. This provides a simpler alternative to loading documents with
-attachments than making a separate call (see ?).
-
-The ``filename`` will be the attachment name. For example, when sending
-the JSON structure below:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh bread",
-       "title" : "Fish Stew"
-       "_attachments" : {
-          "styling.css" : {
-             "content-type" : "text/css",
-             "data" : "cCB7IGZvbnQtc2l6ZTogMTJwdDsgfQo=",
-             },
-       },
-    }
-        
-
-The attachment ``styling.css`` can be accessed using
-``/recipes/FishStew/styling.css``. For more information on attachments,
-see ?.
-
-The document data embedded in to the structure must be encoded using
-base64.
-
-``GET /db/doc``
-===============
-
-Returns the specified ``doc`` from the specified ``db``. For example, to
-retrieve the document with the id ``FishStew`` you would send the
-following request:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Accept: application/json
-
-The returned JSON is the JSON of the document, including the document ID
-and revision number:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "_rev" : "3-a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c",
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with a green salad",
-       "title" : "Irish Fish Stew"
-    }
-        
-
-Unless you request a specific revision, the latest revision of the
-document will always be returned.
-
-Attachments
------------
-
-If the document includes attachments, then the returned structure will
-contain a summary of the attachments associatd with the document, but
-not the attachment data itself.
-
-The JSON for the returned document will include the ``_attachments``
-field, with one or more attachment definitions. For example:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh bread",
-       "title" : "Fish Stew"
-       "_attachments" : {
-          "styling.css" : {
-             "stub" : true,
-             "content-type" : "text/css",
-             "length" : 783426,
-             },
-       },
-    }
-
-The format of the returned JSON is shown in the table below:
-
-Getting a List of Revisions
----------------------------
-
-You can obtain a list of the revisions for a given document by adding
-the ``revs=true`` parameter to the request URL. For example:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew?revs=true
-    Accept: application/json
-
-The returned JSON structure includes the original document, including a
-``_revisions`` structure that includes the revision information:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with a green salad",
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "title" : "Irish Fish Stew",
-       "_revisions" : {
-          "ids" : [
-             "a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c",
-             "7c4740b4dcf26683e941d6641c00c39d",
-             "9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee"
-          ],
-          "start" : 3
-       },
-       "_rev" : "3-a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c"
-    }
-
-Obtaining an Extended Revision History
---------------------------------------
-
-You can get additional information about the revisions for a given
-document by supplying the ``revs_info`` argument to the query:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew?revs_info=true
-    Accept: application/json
-
-This returns extended revision information, including the availability
-and status of each revision:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with a green salad",
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "_revs_info" : [
-          {
-             "status" : "available",
-             "rev" : "3-a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c"
-          },
-          {
-             "status" : "available",
-             "rev" : "2-7c4740b4dcf26683e941d6641c00c39d"
-          },
-          {
-             "status" : "available",
-             "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee"
-          }
-       ],
-       "title" : "Irish Fish Stew",
-       "_rev" : "3-a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c"
-    }
-
-Obtaining a Specific Revision
------------------------------
-
-To get a specific revision, use the ``rev`` argument to the request, and
-specify the full revision number:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew?rev=2-7c4740b4dcf26683e941d6641c00c39d
-    Accept: application/json
-
-The specified revision of the document will be returned, including a
-``_rev`` field specifying the revision that was requested:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "_id" : "FishStew",
-       "_rev" : "2-7c4740b4dcf26683e941d6641c00c39d",
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with a green salad",
-       "title" : "Fish Stew"
-    }
-
-``HEAD /db/doc``
-================
-
-Returns the HTTP Headers containing a minimal amount of information
-about the specified document. The method supports the same query
-arguments as the ``GET`` method, but only the header information
-(including document size, and the revision as an ETag), is returned. For
-example, a simple ``HEAD`` request:
-
-::
-
-    HEAD http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    Content-Type: application/json
-        
-
-Returns the following HTTP Headers:
-
-::
-
-    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
-    Server: CouchDB/1.0.1 (Erlang OTP/R13B)
-    Etag: "7-a19a1a5ecd946dad70e85233ba039ab2"
-    Date: Fri, 05 Nov 2010 14:54:43 GMT
-    Content-Type: text/plain;charset=utf-8
-    Content-Length: 136
-    Cache-Control: must-revalidate
-
-The ``Etag`` header shows the current revision for the requested
-document, and the ``Content-Length`` specifies the length of the data,
-if the document were requested in full.
-
-Adding any of the query arguments (as supported by ```GET```_ method),
-then the resulting HTTP Headers will correspond to what would be
-returned. Note that the current revision is not returned when the
-``refs_info`` argument is used. For example:
-
-::
-
-    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
-    Server: CouchDB/1.0.1 (Erlang OTP/R13B)
-    Date: Fri, 05 Nov 2010 14:57:16 GMT
-    Content-Type: text/plain;charset=utf-8
-    Content-Length: 609
-    Cache-Control: must-revalidate
-
-``PUT /db/doc``
-===============
-
-The ``PUT`` method creates a new named document, or creates a new
-revision of the existing document. Unlike the ```POST```_ method, you
-must specify the document ID in the request URL.
-
-For example, to create the docment ``FishStew``, you would send the
-following request:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-      "servings" : 4,
-      "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh bread",
-      "title" : "Fish Stew"
-    }
-
-The return type is JSON of the status, document ID,and revision number:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "FishStew",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee"
-    }
-
-Updating an Existing Document
------------------------------
-
-To update an existing document you must specify the current revision
-number within the ``_rev`` parameter. For example:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-      "_rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee",
-      "servings" : 4,
-      "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh salad",
-      "title" : "Fish Stew"
-    }
-
-Alternatively, you can supply the current revision number in the
-``If-Match`` HTTP header of the request. For example:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    If-Match: 2-d953b18035b76f2a5b1d1d93f25d3aea
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "servings" : 4,
-       "subtitle" : "Delicious with fresh salad",
-       "title" : "Fish Stew"
-    }
-
-The JSON returned will include the updated revision number:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "FishStew99",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "2-d953b18035b76f2a5b1d1d93f25d3aea"
-    }
-
-For information on batched writes, which can provide improved
-performance, see ?.
-
-``DELETE /db/doc``
-==================
-
-Deletes the specified document from the database. You must supply the
-current (latest) revision, either by using the ``rev`` parameter to
-specify the revision:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew?rev=3-a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-Alternatively, you can use ETags with the ``If-Match`` field:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    If-Match: 3-a1a9b39ee3cc39181b796a69cb48521c
-    Content-Type: application/json
-        
-
-The returned JSON contains the document ID, revision and status:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "FishStew",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "4-2719fd41187c60762ff584761b714cfb"
-    }
-
-    **Note**
-
-    Note that deletion of a record increments the revision number. The
-    use of a revision for deletion of the record allows replication of
-    the database to correctly track the deletion in synchronized copies.
-
-``COPY /db/doc``
-================
-
-The ``COPY`` command (which is non-standard HTTP) copies an existing
-document to a new or existing document.
-
-The source document is specified on the request line, with the
-``Destination`` HTTP Header of the request specifying the target
-document.
-
-Copying a Document
-------------------
-
-You can copy the latest version of a document to a new document by
-specifying the current document and target document:
-
-::
-
-    COPY http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Destination: IrishFishStew
-
-The above request copies the document ``FishStew`` to the new document
-``IrishFishStew``. The response is the ID and revision of the new
-document.
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "IrishFishStew",
-       "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee"
-    }
-
-Copying from a Specific Revision
---------------------------------
-
-To copy *from* a specific version, use the ``rev`` argument to the query
-string:
-
-::
-
-    COPY http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew?rev=5-acfd32d233f07cea4b4f37daaacc0082
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Destination: IrishFishStew
-
-The new document will be created using the information in the specified
-revision of the source document.
-
-Copying to an Existing Document
--------------------------------
-
-To copy to an existing document, you must specify the current revision
-string for the target document, using the ``rev`` parameter to the
-``Destination`` HTTP Header string. For example:
-
-::
-
-    COPY http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Destination: IrishFishStew?rev=1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee
-
-The return value will be the new revision of the copied document:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "IrishFishStew",
-       "rev" : "2-55b6a1b251902a2c249b667dab1c6692"
-    }
-
-``GET /db/doc/attachment``
-==========================
-
-Returns the file attachment ``attachment`` associated with the document
-``doc``. The raw data of the associated attachment is returned (just as
-if you were accessing a static file. The returned HTTP ``Content-type``
-will be the same as the content type set when the document attachment
-was submitted into the database.
-
-``PUT /db/doc/attachment``
-==========================
-
-Upload the supplied content as an attachment to the specified document
-(``doc``). The ``attachment`` name provided must be a URL encoded
-string. You must also supply either the ``rev`` query argument or the
-``If-Match`` HTTP header for validation, and the HTTP headers (to set
-the attacment content type). The content type is used when the
-attachment is requested as the corresponding content-type in the
-returned document header.
-
-For example, you could upload a simple text document using the following
-request:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew/basic?rev=8-a94cb7e50ded1e06f943be5bfbddf8ca
-    Content-Length: 10
-    Content-Type: text/plain
-
-    Roast it
-
-Or by using the ``If-Match`` HTTP header:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew/basic
-    If-Match: 8-a94cb7e50ded1e06f943be5bfbddf8ca
-    Content-Length: 10
-    Content-Type: text/plain
-
-    Roast it
-
-The returned JSON contains the new document information:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "FishStew",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "9-247bb19a41bfd9bfdaf5ee6e2e05be74"
-    }
-
-    **Note**
-
-    Uploading an attachment updates the corresponding document revision.
-    Revisions are tracked for the parent document, not individual
-    attachments.
-
-Updating an Existing Attachment
--------------------------------
-
-Uploading an attachment using an existing attachment name will update
-the corresponding stored content of the database. Since you must supply
-the revision information to add an attachment to a document, this serves
-as validation to update the existing attachment.
-
-``DELETE /db/doc/attachment``
-=============================
-
-Deletes the attachment ``attachment`` to the specified ``doc``. You must
-supply the ``rev`` argument with the current revision to delete the
-attachment.
-
-For example to delete the attachment ``basic`` from the recipe
-``FishStew``:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew/basic?rev=9-247bb19a41bfd9bfdaf5ee6e2e05be74
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-        
-
-The returned JSON contains the updated revision information:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "FishStew",
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "10-561bf6b1e27615cee83d1f48fa65dd3e"
-    }
-
-CouchDB API Server Design Document Methods
-==========================================
-
-In CouchDB, design documents provide the main interface for building a
-CouchDB application. The design document defines the views used to
-extract information from CouchDB through one or more views. Design
-documents are created within your CouchDB instance in the same way as
-you create database documents, but the content and definition of the
-documents is different. Design Documents are named using an ID defined
-with the design document URL path, and this URL can then be used to
-access the database contents.
-
-Views and lists operate together to provide automated (and formatted)
-output from your database.
-
-A list of the available methods and URL paths are provided below:
-
-Design Document API Calls
-
-``GET /db/_design/design-doc``
-==============================
-
-Returns the specified design document, ``design-doc`` from the specified
-``db``. For example, to retrieve the design document ``recipes`` you
-would send the following request:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-The returned string will be the JSON of the design document:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "_id" : "_design/recipes",
-       "_rev" : "5-39f56a392b86bbee57e2138921346406"
-       "language" : "javascript",
-       "views" : {
-          "by_recipe" : {
-             "map" : "function(doc) { if (doc.title != null) emit(doc.title, doc) }"
-          },
-       },
-    }
-
-A list of the revisions can be obtained by using the ``revs`` query
-argument, or an extended list of revisions using the ``revs_info`` query
-argument. This operates in the same way as for other documents. Fur
-further examples, see ?.
-
-``PUT /db/_design/design-doc``
-==============================
-
-Upload the specified design document, ``design-doc``, to the specified
-database. The design document should follow the definition of a design
-document, as summarised in the following table.
-
-For more information on writing views, see ?.
-
-``DELETE /db/_design/design-doc``
-=================================
-
-Delete an existing design document. Deleting a design document also
-deletes all of the associated view indexes, and recovers the
-corresponding space on disk for the indexes in question.
-
-To delete, you must specify the current revision of the design document
-using the ``rev`` query argument.
-
-For example:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes?rev=2-ac58d589b37d01c00f45a4418c5a15a8
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-The response contains the delete document ID and revision:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "recipe/_design/recipes"
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "3-7a05370bff53186cb5d403f861aca154",
-    }
-
-``COPY /db/_design/design-doc``
-===============================
-
-The ``COPY`` command (non-standard HTTP) copies an existing design
-document to a new or existing document.
-
-The source design document is specified on the request line, with the
-``Destination`` HTTP Header of the request specifying the target
-document.
-
-Copying a Design Document
--------------------------
-
-To copy the latest version of a design document to a new document you
-specify the base document and target document:
-
-::
-
-    COPY http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Destination: /recipes/_design/recipelist
-
-The above request copies the design document ``recipes`` to the new
-design document ``recipelist``. The response is the ID and revision of
-the new document.
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "recipes/_design/recipelist"
-       "rev" : "1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee",
-    }
-
-    **Note**
-
-    Copying a design document does automatically reconstruct the view
-    indexes. These will be recreated, as with other views, the first
-    time the new view is accessed.
-
-Copying from a Specific Revision
---------------------------------
-
-To copy *from* a specific version, use the ``rev`` argument to the query
-string:
-
-::
-
-    COPY http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes?rev=1-e23b9e942c19e9fb10ff1fde2e50e0f5
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Destination: recipes/_design/recipelist
-
-The new design document will be created using the specified revision of
-the source document.
-
-Copying to an Existing Design Document
---------------------------------------
-
-To copy to an existing document, you must specify the current revision
-string for the target document, using the ``rev`` parameter to the
-``Destination`` HTTP Header string. For example:
-
-::
-
-    COPY http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes
-    Content-Type: application/json
-    Destination: recipes/_design/recipelist?rev=1-9c65296036141e575d32ba9c034dd3ee
-
-The return value will be the new revision of the copied document:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "recipes/_design/recipes"
-       "rev" : "2-55b6a1b251902a2c249b667dab1c6692",
-    }
-
-``GET /db/_design/design-doc/attachment``
-=========================================
-
-Returns the file attachment ``attachment`` associated with the design
-document ``/_design_/design-doc``. The raw data of the associated
-attachment is returned (just as if you were accessing a static file. The
-returned HTTP ``Content-type`` will be the same as the content type set
-when the document attachment was submitted into the database.
-
-``PUT /db/_design/design-doc/attachment``
-=========================================
-
-Upload the supplied content as an attachment to the specified design
-document (``/_design/design-doc``). The ``attachment`` name provided
-must be a URL encoded string. You must also supply either the ``rev``
-query argument or the ``If-Match`` HTTP header for validation, and the
-HTTP headers (to set the attacment content type). The content type is
-used when the attachment is requested as the corresponding content-type
-in the returned document header.
-
-For example, you could upload a simple text document using the following
-request:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/view.css?rev=7-f7114d4d81124b223283f3e89eee043e
-    Content-Length: 39
-    Content-Type: text/plain
-
-    div.recipetitle {
-    font-weight: bold;
-    }
-
-Or by using the ``If-Match`` HTTP header:
-
-::
-
-    PUT http://couchdb:5984/recipes/FishStew/basic
-    If-Match: 7-f7114d4d81124b223283f3e89eee043e
-    Content-Length: 39
-    Content-Type: text/plain
-
-    div.recipetitle {
-    font-weight: bold;
-    }
-
-The returned JSON contains the new document information:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "_design/recipes"
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "8-cb2b7d94eeac76782a02396ba70dfbf5",
-    }
-
-    **Note**
-
-    Uploading an attachment updates the corresponding document revision.
-    Revisions are tracked for the parent document, not individual
-    attachments.
-
-``DELETE /db/_design/design-doc/attachment``
-============================================
-
-Deletes the attachment ``attachment`` to the specified
-``_design/design-doc``. You must supply the ``rev`` argument with the
-current revision to delete the attachment.
-
-For example to delete the attachment ``view.css`` from the design
-document ``recipes``:
-
-::
-
-    DELETE http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/view.css?rev=9-3db559f13a845c7751d407404cdeaa4a
-        
-
-The returned JSON contains the updated revision information for the
-parent document:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "id" : "_design/recipes"
-       "ok" : true,
-       "rev" : "10-f3b15bb408961f8dcc3d86c7d3b54c4c",
-    }
-
-``GET /db/_design/design-doc/_info``
-====================================
-
-Obtains information about a given design document, including the index,
-index size and current status of the design document and associated
-index information.
-
-For example, to get the information for the ``recipes`` design document:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_info
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-This returns the following JSON structure:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "name" : "recipes"
-       "view_index" : {
-          "compact_running" : false,
-          "updater_running" : false,
-          "language" : "javascript",
-          "purge_seq" : 10,
-          "waiting_commit" : false,
-          "waiting_clients" : 0,
-          "signature" : "fc65594ee76087a3b8c726caf5b40687",
-          "update_seq" : 375031,
-          "disk_size" : 16491
-       },
-    }
-
-The individual fields in the returned JSON structure are detailed in ?.
-
-Design Document Info JSON Contents
-
-``GET /db/_design/design-doc/_view/view-name``
-==============================================
-
-Executes the specified ``view-name`` from the specified ``design-doc``
-design document.
-
-Querying Views and Indexes
---------------------------
-
-The definition of a view within a design document also creates an index
-based on the key information defined within each view. The production
-and use of the index significantly increases the speed of access and
-searching or selecting documents from the view.
-
-However, the index is not updated when new documents are added or
-modified in the database. Instead, the index is generated or updated,
-either when the view is first accessed, or when the view is accessed
-after a document has been updated. In each case, the index is updated
-before the view query is executed against the database.
-
-View indexes are updated incrementally in the following situations:
-
--  A new document has been added to the database.
-
--  A document has been deleted from the database.
-
--  A document in the database has been updated.
-
-View indexes are rebuilt entirely when the view definition changes. To
-achieve this, a 'fingerprint' of the view definition is created when the
-design document is updated. If the fingerprint changes, then the view
-indexes are entirely rebuilt. This ensures that changes to the view
-definitions are reflected in the view indexes.
-
-    **Note**
-
-    View index rebuilds occur when one view from the same the view group
-    (i.e. all the views defined within a single a design document) has
-    been determined as needing a rebuild. For example, if if you have a
-    design document with different views, and you update the database,
-    all three view indexes within the design document will be updated.
-
-Because the view is updated when it has been queried, it can result in a
-delay in returned information when the view is accessed, especially if
-there are a large number of documents in the database and the view index
-does not exist. There are a number of ways to mitigate, but not
-completely eliminate, these issues. These include:
-
--  Create the view definition (and associated design documents) on your
-   database before allowing insertion or updates to the documents. If
-   this is allowed while the view is being accessed, the index can be
-   updated incrementally.
-
--  Manually force a view request from the database. You can do this
-   either before users are allowed to use the view, or you can access
-   the view manually after documents are added or updated.
-
--  Use the ``/db/_changes`` method to monitor for changes to the
-   database and then access the view to force the corresponding view
-   index to be updated. See ? for more information.
-
--  Use a monitor with the ``update_notification`` section of the CouchDB
-   configuration file to monitor for changes to your database, and
-   trigger a view query to force the view to be updated. For more
-   information, see ?.
-
-None of these can completely eliminate the need for the indexes to be
-rebuilt or updated when the view is accessed, but they may lessen the
-effects on end-users of the index update affecting the user experience.
-
-Another alternative is to allow users to access a 'stale' version of the
-view index, rather than forcing the index to be updated and displaying
-the updated results. Using a stale view may not return the latest
-information, but will return the results of the view query using an
-existing version of the index.
-
-For example, to access the existing stale view ``by_recipe`` in the
-``recipes`` design document:
-
-::
-
-    http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_recipe?stale=ok
-
-Accessing a stale view:
-
--  Does not trigger a rebuild of the view indexes, even if there have
-   been changes since the last access.
-
--  Returns the current version of the view index, if a current version
-   exists.
-
--  Returns an empty result set if the given view index does exist.
-
-As an alternative, you use the ``update_after`` value to the ``stale``
-paramater. This causes the view to be returned as a stale view, but for
-the update process to be triggered after the view information has been
-returned to the client.
-
-In addition to using stale views, you can also make use of the
-``update_seq`` query argument. Using this query argument generates the
-view information including the update sequence of the database from
-which the view was generated. The returned value can be compared this to
-the current update sequence exposed in the database information
-(returned by ?).
-
-Sorting Returned Rows
----------------------
-
-Each element within the returned array is sorted using native UTF-8
-sorting according to the contents of the key portion of the emitted
-content. The basic order of output is as follows:
-
--  ``null``
-
--  ``false``
-
--  ``true``
-
--  Numbers
-
--  Text (case sensitive, lowercase first)
-
--  Arrays (according to the values of each element, in order)
-
--  Objects (according to the values of keys, in key order)
-
-You can reverse the order of the returned view information by using the
-``descending`` query value set to true. For example, Retrieving the list
-of recipes using the ``by_title`` (limited to 5 records) view:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "offset" : 0,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "id" : "3-tiersalmonspinachandavocadoterrine",
-             "key" : "3-tier salmon, spinach and avocado terrine",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "3-tier salmon, spinach and avocado terrine"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Aberffrawcake",
-             "key" : "Aberffraw cake",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Aberffraw cake"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Adukiandorangecasserole-microwave",
-             "key" : "Aduki and orange casserole - microwave",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Aduki and orange casserole - microwave"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Aioli-garlicmayonnaise",
-             "key" : "Aioli - garlic mayonnaise",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Aioli - garlic mayonnaise"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Alabamapeanutchicken",
-             "key" : "Alabama peanut chicken",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Alabama peanut chicken"
-             ]
-          }
-       ],
-       "total_rows" : 2667
-    }
-
-Requesting the same in descending order will reverse the entire view
-content. For example the request
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_title?limit=5&descending=true
-    Accept: application/json
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-Returns the last 5 records from the view:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "offset" : 0,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "id" : "Zucchiniinagrodolcesweet-sourcourgettes",
-             "key" : "Zucchini in agrodolce (sweet-sour courgettes)",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Zucchini in agrodolce (sweet-sour courgettes)"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Zingylemontart",
-             "key" : "Zingy lemon tart",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Zingy lemon tart"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Zestyseafoodavocado",
-             "key" : "Zesty seafood avocado",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Zesty seafood avocado"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Zabaglione",
-             "key" : "Zabaglione",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Zabaglione"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "id" : "Yogurtraita",
-             "key" : "Yogurt raita",
-             "value" : [
-                null,
-                "Yogurt raita"
-             ]
-          }
-       ],
-       "total_rows" : 2667
-    }
-
-The sorting direction is applied before the filtering applied using the
-``startkey`` and ``endkey`` query arguments. For example the following
-query:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_ingredient?startkey=%22carrots%22&endkey=%22egg%22
-    Accept: application/json
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-Will operate correctly when listing all the matching entries between
-“carrots” and ``egg``. If the order of output is reversed with the
-``descending`` query argument, the view request will return no entries:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_ingredient?descending=true&startkey=%22carrots%22&endkey=%22egg%22
-    Accept: application/json
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-The returned result is empty:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "total_rows" : 26453,
-       "rows" : [],
-       "offset" : 21882
-    }
-
-The results will be empty because the entries in the view are reversed
-before the key filter is applied, and therefore the ``endkey`` of “egg”
-will be seen before the ``startkey`` of “carrots”, resulting in an empty
-list.
-
-Instead, you should reverse the values supplied to the ``startkey`` and
-``endkey`` parameters to match the descending sorting applied to the
-keys. Changing the previous example to:
-
-::
-
-    GET http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_ingredient?descending=true&startkey=%22egg%22&endkey=%22carrots%22
-    Accept: application/json
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-Specifying Start and End Values
--------------------------------
-
-The ``startkey`` and ``endkey`` query arguments can be used to specify
-the range of values to be displayed when querying the view.
-
-    **Note**
-
-    The values
-
-Using Limits and Skipping Rows
-------------------------------
-
-TBC
-
-View Reduction and Grouping
----------------------------
-
-TBC
-
-``POST /db/_design/design-doc/_view/view-name``
-===============================================
-
-Executes the specified ``view-name`` from the specified ``design-doc``
-design document. Unlike the ``GET`` method for accessing views, the
-``POST`` method supports the specification of explicit keys to be
-retrieved from the view results. The remainder of the ``POST`` view
-functionality is identical to the ? fun
-
-For example, the request below will return all the recipes where the key
-for the view matches either “claret” or “clear apple cider” :
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_ingredient
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "keys" : [
-          "claret",
-          "clear apple juice"
-       ]
-    }
-          
-
-The returned view data contains the standard view information, but only
-where the keys match.
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "total_rows" : 26484,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "value" : [
-                "Scotch collops"
-             ],
-             "id" : "Scotchcollops",
-             "key" : "claret"
-          },
-          {
-             "value" : [
-                "Stand pie"
-             ],
-             "id" : "Standpie",
-             "key" : "clear apple juice"
-          }
-       ],
-       "offset" : 6324
-    }
-
-Multi-document Fetching
------------------------
-
-By combining the ``POST`` method to a given view with the
-``include_docs=true`` query argument you can obtain multiple documents
-from a database. The result is more efficient than using multiple ?
-requests.
-
-For example, sending the following request for ingredients matching
-“claret” and “clear apple juice”:
-
-::
-
-    POST http://couchdb:5984/recipes/_design/recipes/_view/by_ingredient?include_docs=true
-    Content-Type: application/json
-
-    {
-       "keys" : [
-          "claret",
-          "clear apple juice"
-       ]
-    }
-
-Returns the full document for each recipe:
-
-::
-
-    {
-       "offset" : 6324,
-       "rows" : [
-          {
-             "doc" : {
-                "_id" : "Scotchcollops",
-                "_rev" : "1-bcbdf724f8544c89697a1cbc4b9f0178",
-                "cooktime" : "8",
-                "ingredients" : [
-                   {
-                      "ingredient" : "onion",
-                      "ingredtext" : "onion, peeled and chopped",
-                      "meastext" : "1"
-                   },
-                ...
-                ],
-                "keywords" : [
-                   "cook method.hob, oven, grill@hob",
-                   "diet@wheat-free",
-                   "diet@peanut-free",
-                   "special collections@classic recipe",
-                   "cuisine@british traditional",
-                   "diet@corn-free",
-                   "diet@citrus-free",
-                   "special collections@very easy",
-                   "diet@shellfish-free",
-                   "main ingredient@meat",
-                   "occasion@christmas",
-                   "meal type@main",
-                   "diet@egg-free",
-                   "diet@gluten-free"
-                ],
-                "preptime" : "10",
-                "servings" : "4",
-                "subtitle" : "This recipe comes from an old recipe book of 1683 called 'The Gentlewoman's Kitchen'. This is an excellent way of making a rich and full-flavoured meat dish in a very short time.",
-                "title" : "Scotch collops",
-                "totaltime" : "18"
-             },
-             "id" : "Scotchcollops",
-             "key" : "claret",
-             "value" : [
-                "Scotch collops"
-             ]
-          },
-          {
-             "doc" : {
-                "_id" : "Standpie",
-                "_rev" : "1-bff6edf3ca2474a243023f2dad432a5a",
-                "cooktime" : "92",
-                "ingredients" : [
-    ...            ],
-                "keywords" : [
-                   "diet@dairy-free",
-                   "diet@peanut-free",
-                   "special collections@classic recipe",
-                   "cuisine@british traditional",
-                   "diet@corn-free",
-                   "diet@citrus-free",
-                   "occasion@buffet party",
-                   "diet@shellfish-free",
-                   "occasion@picnic",
-                   "special collections@lunchbox",
-                   "main ingredient@meat",
-                   "convenience@serve with salad for complete meal",
-                   "meal type@main",
-                   "cook method.hob, oven, grill@hob / oven",
-                   "diet@cow dairy-free"
-                ],
-                "preptime" : "30",
-                "servings" : "6",
-                "subtitle" : "Serve this pie with pickled vegetables and potato salad.",
-                "title" : "Stand pie",
-                "totaltime" : "437"
-             },
-             "id" : "Standpie",
-             "key" : "clear apple juice",
-             "value" : [
-                "Stand pie"
-             ]
-          }
-       ],
-       "total_rows" : 26484
-    }
-
-``POST /db/_design/design-doc/_show/show-name``
-===============================================
-
-``POST /db/_design/design-doc/_show/show-name/doc``
-===================================================
-
-``GET
-      /db/_design/design-doc/_list/list-name/other-design-doc/view-name``
-=========================================================================
-
-``POST
-      /db/_design/design-doc/_list/list-name/other-design-doc/view-name``
-=========================================================================
-
-``GET /db/_design/design-doc/_list/list-name/view-name``
-========================================================
-
-``POST /db/_design/design-doc/_list/list-name/view-name``
-=========================================================
-
-``PUT /db/_design/design-doc/_update/updatename/doc``
-=====================================================
-
-``POST /db/_design/design-doc/_update/updatename``
-==================================================
-
-``ALL
-      /db/_design/design-doc/_rewrite/rewrite-name/anything``
-=============================================================
-
-CouchDB API
-===========
-
-The CouchDB API is the primary method of interfacing to a CouchDB
-instance. Requests are made using HTTP and requests are used to request
-information from the database, store new data, and perform views and
-formatting of the information stored within the documents.
-
-Requests to the API can be categorised by the different areas of the
-CouchDB system that you are accessing, and the HTTP method used to send
-the request. Different methods imply different operations, for example
-retrieval of information from the database is typically handled by the
-``GET`` operation, while updates are handled by either a ``POST`` or
-``PUT`` request. There are some differences between the information that
-must be supplied for the different methods. For a guide to the basic
-HTTP methods and request structure, see ?.
-
-For nearly all operations, the submitted data, and the returned data
-structure, is defined within a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) object.
-Basic information on the content and data types for JSON are provided in
-?.
-
-Errors when accessing the CouchDB API are reported using standard HTTP
-Status Codes. A guide to the generic codes returned by CouchDB are
-provided in ?.
-
-When accessing specific areas of the CouchDB API, specific information
-and examples on the HTTP methods and request, JSON structures, and error
-codes are provided. For a guide to the different areas of the API, see
-?.
-
-Request Format and Responses
-============================
-
-CouchDB supports the following HTTP request methods:
-
--  ``GET``
-
-   Request the specified item. As with normal HTTP requests, the format
-   of the URL defines what is returned. With CouchDB this can include
-   static items, database documents, and configuration and statistical
-   information. In most cases the information is returned in the form of
-   a JSON document.
-
--  ``HEAD``
-
-   The ``HEAD`` method is used to get the HTTP header of a ``GET``
-   request without the body of the response.
-
--  ``POST``
-
-   Upload data. Within CouchDB ``POST`` is used to set values, including
-   uploading documents, setting document values, and starting certain
-   administration commands.
-
--  ``PUT``
-
-   Used to put a specified resource. In CouchDB ``PUT`` is used to
-   create new objects, including databases, documents, views and design
-   documents.
-
--  ``DELETE``
-
-   Deletes the specified resource, including documents, views, and
-   design documents.
-
--  ``COPY``
-
-   A special method that can be used to copy documents and objects.
-
-If you use the an unsupported HTTP request type with a URL that does not
-support the specified type, a 405 error will be returned, listing the
-supported HTTP methods. For example:
-
-::
-
-    {
-        "error":"method_not_allowed",
-        "reason":"Only GET,HEAD allowed"
-    }
-          
-
-The CouchDB design document API and the functions when returning HTML
-(for example as part of a show or list) enables you to include custom
-HTTP headers through the ``headers`` block of the return object. For
-more information, see ?.
-
-HTTP Headers
-============
-
-Because CouchDB uses HTTP for all communication, you need to ensure that
-the correct HTTP headers are supplied (and processed on retrieval) so
-that you get the right format and encoding. Different environments and
-clients will be more or less strict on the effect of these HTTP headers
-(especially when not present). Where possible you should be as specific
-as possible.
-
-Request Headers
----------------
-
--  ``Content-type``
-
-   Specifies the content type of the information being supplied within
-   the request. The specification uses MIME type specifications. For the
-   majority of requests this will be JSON (``application/json``). For
-   some settings the MIME type will be plain text. When uploading
-   attachments it should be the corresponding MIME type for the
-   attachment or binary (``application/octet-stream``).
-
-   The use of the ``Content-type`` on a request is highly recommended.
-
--  ``Accept``
-
-   Specifies the list of accepted data types to be returned by the
-   server (i.e. that are accepted/understandable by the client). The
-   format should be a list of one or more MIME types, separated by
-   colons.
-
-   For the majority of requests the definition should be for JSON data
-   (``application/json``). For attachments you can either specify the
-   MIME type explicitly, or use ``*/*`` to specify that all file types
-   are supported. If the ``Accept`` header is not supplied, then the
-   ``*/*`` MIME type is assumed (i.e. client accepts all formats).
-
-   The use of ``Accept`` in queries for CouchDB is not required, but is
-   highly recommended as it helps to ensure that the data returned can
-   be processed by the client.
-
-   If you specify a data type using the ``Accept`` header, CouchDB will
-   honor the specified type in the ``Content-type`` header field
-   returned. For example, if you explicitly request ``application/json``
-   in the ``Accept`` of a request, the returned HTTP headers will use
-   the value in the returned ``Content-type`` field.
-
-   For example, when sending a request without an explicit ``Accept``
-   header, or when specifying ``*/*``:
-
-   ::
-
-       GET /recipes HTTP/1.1
-       Host: couchdb:5984
-       Accept: */*
-
-   The returned headers are:
-
-   ::
-
-       Server: CouchDB/1.0.1 (Erlang OTP/R13B)
-       Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2011 13:39:34 GMT
-       Content-Type: text/plain;charset=utf-8
-       Content-Length: 227
-       Cache-Control: must-revalidate
-
-   Note that the returned content type is ``text/plain`` even though the
-   information returned by the request is in JSON format.
-
-   Explicitly specifying the ``Accept`` header:
-
-   ::
-
-       GET /recipes HTTP/1.1
-       Host: couchdb:5984
-       Accept: application/json
-
-   The headers returned include the ``application/json`` content type:
-
-   ::
-
-       Server: CouchDB/1.0.1 (Erlang OTP/R13B)
-       Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2011 13:40:11 GMT
-       Content-Type: application/json
-       Content-Length: 227
-       Cache-Control: must-revalidate
-
-Response Headers
-----------------
-
-Response headers are returned by the server when sending back content
-and include a number of different header fields, many of which are
-standard HTTP response header and have no significance to CouchDB
-operation. The list of response headers important to CouchDB are listed
-below.
-
--  ``Content-type``
-
-   Specifies the MIME type of the returned data. For most request, the
-   returned MIME type is ``text/plain``. All text is encoded in Unicode
-   (UTF-8), and this is explicitly stated in the returned
-   ``Content-type``, as ``text/plain;charset=utf-8``.
-
--  ``Cache-control``
-
-   The cache control HTTP response header provides a suggestion for
-   client caching mechanisms on how to treat the returned information.
-   CouchDB typically returns the ``must-revalidate``, which indicates
-   that the information should be revalidated if possible. This is used
-   to ensure that the dynamic nature of the content is correctly
-   updated.
-
--  ``Content-length``
-
-   The length (in bytes) of the returned content.
-
--  ``Etag``
-
-   The ``Etag`` HTTP header field is used to show the revision for a
-   document.
-
-JSON Basics
-===========
-
-The majority of requests and responses to CouchDB use the JavaScript
-Object Notation (JSON) for formatting the content and structure of the
-data and responses.
-
-JSON is used because it is the simplest and easiest to use solution for
-working with data within a web browser, as JSON structures can be
-evaluated and used as JavaScript objects within the web browser
-environment. JSON also integrates with the server-side JavaScript used
-within CouchDB.
-
-JSON supports the same basic types as supported by JavaScript, these
-are:
-
--  Number (either integer or floating-point).
-
--  String; this should be enclosed by double-quotes and supports Unicode
-   characters and backslash escaping. For example:
-
-   ::
-
-       "A String"
-
--  Boolean - a ``true`` or ``false`` value. You can use these strings
-   directly. For example:
-
-   ::
-
-       { "value": true}
-
--  Array - a list of values enclosed in square brackets. For example:
-
-   ::
-
-       ["one", "two", "three"]
-
--  Object - a set of key/value pairs (i.e. an associative array, or
-   hash). The key must be a string, but the value can be any of the
-   supp

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