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From beno...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r986183 - /couchdb/trunk/src/couchdb/couch_httpd_vhost.erl
Date Tue, 17 Aug 2010 04:12:00 GMT
Author: benoitc
Date: Tue Aug 17 04:11:59 2010
New Revision: 986183

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=986183&view=rev
Log:
add missing file (#COUCHDB-855)

Added:
    couchdb/trunk/src/couchdb/couch_httpd_vhost.erl

Added: couchdb/trunk/src/couchdb/couch_httpd_vhost.erl
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/couchdb/trunk/src/couchdb/couch_httpd_vhost.erl?rev=986183&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- couchdb/trunk/src/couchdb/couch_httpd_vhost.erl (added)
+++ couchdb/trunk/src/couchdb/couch_httpd_vhost.erl Tue Aug 17 04:11:59 2010
@@ -0,0 +1,349 @@
+% Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
+% use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
+% the License at
+%
+%   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+%
+% Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+% distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
+% WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
+% License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
+% the License.
+
+
+
+-module(couch_httpd_vhost).
+-behaviour(gen_server).
+
+-export([start_link/0, init/1, handle_call/3, handle_info/2, handle_cast/2]).
+-export([code_change/3, terminate/2]).
+-export([match_vhost/1]).
+-export([redirect_to_vhost/2]).
+
+-include("couch_db.hrl").
+
+-define(SEPARATOR, $\/).
+-define(MATCH_ALL, {bind, '*'}).
+
+-record(vhosts, {
+    vhost_globals,
+    vhosts = [],
+    vhost_fun
+}).
+
+
+%% doc the vhost manager.
+%% This gen_server keep state of vhosts added to the ini and try to
+%% match the Host header (or forwarded) against rules built against
+%% vhost list. 
+%%
+%% Declaration of vhosts take place in the configuration file :
+%%
+%% [vhosts]
+%% example.com = /example
+%% *.example.com = /example
+%%
+%% The first line will rewrite the rquest to display the content of the
+%% example database. This rule works only if the Host header is
+%% 'example.com' and won't work for CNAMEs. Second rule on the other hand
+%% match all CNAMES to example db. So www.example.com or db.example.com
+%% will work.
+%%
+%% The wildcard ('*') should always be the last in the cnames:
+%%
+%%      "*.db.example.com = /"  will match all cname on top of db
+%% examples to the root of the machine.
+%%
+%% 
+%% Rewriting Hosts to path
+%% -----------------------
+%%
+%% Like in the _rewrite handler you could match some variable and use
+%them to create the target path. Some examples:
+%%
+%%    [vhosts]
+%%    *.example.com = /*
+%%    $dbname.example.com = /$dbname
+%%    $ddocname.$dbname.example.com = /$dbname/_design/$ddocname/_rewrite
+%%
+%% First rule pass wildcard as dbname, second do the same but use a
+%% variable name and the third one allows you to use any app with
+%% @ddocname in any db with @dbname .
+%%
+%% You could also change the default function to handle request by
+%% changing the setting `redirect_vhost_handler` in `httpd` section of
+%% the Ini:
+%%
+%%    [httpd]
+%%    redirect_vhost_handler = {Module, Fun}
+%%
+%% The function take 2 args : the mochiweb request object and the target
+%%% path. 
+
+start_link() -> 
+    gen_server:start_link({local, ?MODULE}, ?MODULE, [], []).
+
+%% @doc Try to find a rule matching current Host heade. some rule is
+%% found it rewrite the Mochiweb Request else it return current Request.
+match_vhost(MochiReq) ->
+    {ok, MochiReq1} = gen_server:call(couch_httpd_vhost, {match_vhost,
+            MochiReq}),
+
+    MochiReq1.
+
+
+%% --------------------
+%% gen_server functions
+%% --------------------
+
+init(_) ->
+    process_flag(trap_exit, true),
+
+    % init state
+    VHosts = make_vhosts(),
+    VHostGlobals = re:split(
+        couch_config:get("httpd", "vhost_global_handlers", ""),
+        ", ?",
+        [{return, list}]
+    ),
+    
+    % Set vhost fun
+    DefaultVHostFun = "{couch_httpd_vhost, redirect_to_vhost}",
+    VHostFun = couch_httpd:make_arity_2_fun(
+        couch_config:get("httpd", "redirect_vhost_handler", DefaultVHostFun)
+    ),
+    
+
+    Self = self(),
+    % register for changes in vhosts section
+    ok = couch_config:register(
+        fun("vhosts") ->
+            ok = gen_server:call(Self, vhosts_changed, infinity)
+        end
+    ),
+    
+    % register for changes in vhost_global_handlers key
+    ok = couch_config:register(
+        fun("httpd", "vhost_global_handlers") ->
+            ok = gen_server:call(Self, vhosts_global_changed, infinity)
+        end
+    ),
+
+    ok = couch_config:register(
+        fun("httpd", "redirect_vhost_handler") ->
+            ok = gen_server:call(Self, fun_changed, infinity)
+        end
+    ),
+
+    {ok, #vhosts{
+        vhost_globals = VHostGlobals,
+        vhosts = VHosts,
+        vhost_fun = VHostFun}
+    }.
+
+
+handle_call({match_vhost, MochiReq}, _From, State) ->
+    #vhosts{
+        vhost_globals = VHostGlobals,
+        vhosts = VHosts,
+        vhost_fun = Fun
+    } = State,
+
+
+    XHost = couch_config:get("httpd", "x_forwarded_host", "X-Forwarded-Host"),
+    VHost = case MochiReq:get_header_value(XHost) of
+        undefined ->
+            case MochiReq:get_header_value("Host") of
+                undefined -> [];
+                Value1 -> Value1
+            end;
+        Value -> Value
+    end,
+    {VHostParts, VhostPort} = split_host_port(VHost),
+    MochiReq1 = case try_bind_vhost(VHosts, lists:reverse(VHostParts),
+            VhostPort) of
+        no_vhost_matched -> MochiReq;
+        VhostTarget ->
+            case vhost_global(VHostGlobals, MochiReq) of
+                true ->
+                    MochiReq;
+                _Else ->
+                    Fun(MochiReq, VhostTarget)
+            end
+    end,
+    {reply, {ok, MochiReq1}, State}; 
+        
+% update vhosts
+handle_call(vhosts_changed, _From, State) ->
+    {reply, ok, State#vhosts{vhosts= make_vhosts()}};
+
+
+% update vhosts_globals
+handle_call(vhosts_global_changed, _From, State) ->
+    VHostGlobals = re:split(
+        couch_config:get("httpd", "vhost_global_handlers", ""),
+        ", ?",
+        [{return, list}]
+    ),
+    {reply, ok, State#vhosts{vhost_globals=VHostGlobals}};
+% change fun
+handle_call(fun_changed, _From, State) ->
+    DefaultVHostFun = "{couch_httpd_vhosts, redirect_to_vhost}",
+    VHostFun = couch_httpd:make_arity_2_fun(
+        couch_config:get("httpd", "redirect_vhost_handler", DefaultVHostFun)
+    ),
+    {reply, ok, State#vhosts{vhost_fun=VHostFun}}.
+
+handle_cast(_Msg, State) ->
+    {noreply, State}.
+
+handle_info(_Msg, State) ->
+    {noreply, State}.
+
+terminate(_Reason, _State) ->
+    ok.
+
+code_change(_OldVsn, State, _Extra) ->
+    {ok, State}.
+
+
+
+% default redirect vhost handler 
+
+redirect_to_vhost(MochiReq, VhostTarget) ->
+    Path = MochiReq:get(raw_path),
+    Target = VhostTarget ++ Path,
+
+    ?LOG_DEBUG("Vhost Target: '~p'~n", [Target]),
+    
+    Headers = mochiweb_headers:enter("x-couchdb-vhost-path", Path, 
+        MochiReq:get(headers)),
+
+    % build a new mochiweb request
+    MochiReq1 = mochiweb_request:new(MochiReq:get(socket),
+                                      MochiReq:get(method),
+                                      Target,
+                                      MochiReq:get(version),
+                                      Headers),
+    % cleanup, It force mochiweb to reparse raw uri.
+    MochiReq1:cleanup(),
+
+    MochiReq1.
+
+%% if so, then it will not be rewritten, but will run as a normal couchdb request.
+%* normally you'd use this for _uuids _utils and a few of the others you want to 
+%% keep available on vhosts. You can also use it to make databases 'global'.
+vhost_global( VhostGlobals, MochiReq) ->
+    RawUri = MochiReq:get(raw_path),
+    {"/" ++ Path, _, _} = mochiweb_util:urlsplit_path(RawUri),
+
+    Front = case couch_httpd:partition(Path) of
+    {"", "", ""} ->
+        "/"; % Special case the root url handler
+    {FirstPart, _, _} ->
+        FirstPart
+    end,
+    [true] == [true||V <- VhostGlobals, V == Front].
+
+%% bind host
+%% first it try to bind the port then the hostname.
+try_bind_vhost([], _HostParts, _Port) ->
+    no_vhost_matched;
+try_bind_vhost([VhostSpec|Rest], HostParts, Port) ->
+    {{VHostParts, VPort}, Path} = VhostSpec,
+    case bind_port(VPort, Port) of
+        ok -> 
+            case bind_vhost(lists:reverse(VHostParts), HostParts, []) of
+                {ok, Bindings, Remainings} -> 
+                    Path1 = make_target(Path, Bindings, Remainings, []),
+                    "/" ++ string:join(Path1,[?SEPARATOR]);
+                fail -> try_bind_vhost(Rest, HostParts, Port)
+            end;
+        fail ->  try_bind_vhost(Rest, HostParts, Port)
+    end.
+
+%% doc: build new patch from bindings. bindings are query args
+%% (+ dynamic query rewritten if needed) and bindings found in
+%% bind_path step. 
+%% TODO: merge code wit rewrite. But we need to make sure we are
+%% in string here.
+make_target([], _Bindings, _Remaining, Acc) ->
+    lists:reverse(Acc);
+make_target([?MATCH_ALL], _Bindings, Remaining, Acc) ->
+    Acc1 = lists:reverse(Acc) ++ Remaining,
+    Acc1;
+make_target([?MATCH_ALL|_Rest], _Bindings, Remaining, Acc) ->
+    Acc1 = lists:reverse(Acc) ++ Remaining,
+    Acc1;
+make_target([{bind, P}|Rest], Bindings, Remaining, Acc) ->
+    P2 = case couch_util:get_value({bind, P}, Bindings) of
+        undefined ->  "undefined";
+        P1 -> P1
+    end,
+    make_target(Rest, Bindings, Remaining, [P2|Acc]);
+make_target([P|Rest], Bindings, Remaining, Acc) ->
+    make_target(Rest, Bindings, Remaining, [P|Acc]).
+
+%% bind port
+bind_port(Port, Port) -> ok;
+bind_port(_,_) -> fail.
+
+% bind bhost
+bind_vhost([],[], Bindings) -> {ok, Bindings, []};
+bind_vhost([?MATCH_ALL], [], _Bindings) -> fail;
+bind_vhost([?MATCH_ALL], Rest, Bindings) -> {ok, Bindings, Rest};
+bind_vhost([], _HostParts, _Bindings) -> fail;
+bind_vhost([{bind, Token}|Rest], [Match|RestHost], Bindings) -> 
+    bind_vhost(Rest, RestHost, [{{bind, Token}, Match}|Bindings]);
+bind_vhost([Cname|Rest], [Cname|RestHost], Bindings) ->
+    bind_vhost(Rest, RestHost, Bindings);
+bind_vhost(_, _, _) -> fail.
+
+% utilities
+
+
+%% create vhost list from ini
+make_vhosts() ->
+    lists:foldl(fun({Vhost, Path}, Acc) ->
+        {H, P} = split_host_port(Vhost),
+        H1 = make_spec(H, []),
+        [{{H1,P}, split_path(Path)}|Acc]
+    end, [], couch_config:get("vhosts")).
+
+
+split_host_port(HostAsString) ->
+    case string:tokens(HostAsString, ":") of
+        [HostPart, PortPart] ->
+            {split_host(HostPart), list_to_integer(PortPart)};
+        [HostPart] ->
+            {split_host(HostPart), 80};
+        [] ->
+            %% no host header
+            {[], 80}
+    end.
+
+split_host(HostAsString) ->
+    string:tokens(HostAsString, "\.").
+
+split_path(Path) ->
+    make_spec(string:tokens(Path, "/"), []).
+
+
+make_spec([], Acc) ->
+    lists:reverse(Acc);
+make_spec([""|R], Acc) ->
+    make_spec(R, Acc);
+make_spec(["*"|R], Acc) ->
+    make_spec(R, [?MATCH_ALL|Acc]);
+make_spec([P|R], Acc) ->
+    P1 = parse_var(P),
+    make_spec(R, [P1|Acc]).
+
+
+parse_var(P) ->
+    case P of 
+        "$" ++ Var ->
+            {bind, Var};
+        _ -> P
+    end.
+



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