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From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Couchdb Wiki] Update of "Installing on FreeBSD" by MarcVanWoerkom
Date Wed, 13 May 2009 00:30:39 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

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The following page has been changed by MarcVanWoerkom:
http://wiki.apache.org/couchdb/Installing_on_FreeBSD

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ = Installation on FreeBSD 7.2 =
+ 
+ {{{
+ cd /usr/ports/databases/couchdb
+ make install clean
+ }}}
+ 
+ This installed CouchDB 0.9a from the ports collection.
+ 
+ We then need a couchdb user:
+ 
+ I used the "adduser" command to add a user "couchdb" in group "couchdb".
+ However this is a bit too much, as we want a daemon user with no login shell etc.
+ I finally used "vipw" to change the line added by adduser to
+ {{{
+ couchdb:*:1002:1002::0:0:CouchDB Daemon User:/nonexistent:/usr/local/bin/bash
+ }}}
+ 
+ Please consult
+ {{{
+ man 5 passwd
+ }}}
+ on the format of this file and the security implications. 
+ 
+ Under FreeBSD one uses the 
+ {{{
+ /usr/local/etc/rc.d/couchdb
+ }}}
+ script to start and stop CouchDB. Try it with no argument or "status" and of course "start"
and "stop".
+ 
+ It will use settings from the config file
+ {{{
+ /usr/local/etc/couchdb/couch.ini
+ }}}
+ 
+ Upon the "start" command that script will issue a command like 
+ {{{
+ su login /usr/local/bin/couchdb -b -c /usr/local/etc/couchdb/couch.ini -p /var/run/couchdb.pid
-o /dev/null -e /dev/null -r 5,
+ }}}
+ This "su login .." is the reason why I kept the shell entry (last field) in the passwd config
file otherwise it won't work. This is obviously not the FreeBSD way for daemon processes,
which should end up with a "/usr/sbin/nologin" there.
+ 
+ The logfile is configured to be written to 
+ {{{
+ /var/log/couchdb/couch.log
+ }}}
+ For this to work I used a 
+ {{{
+ chown couchdb:couchdb /var/log/couchdb
+ }}}
+ command to have the couchdb process own the directory which allows it to write couch.log
there. Again I am not happy with this solution. The other directories are "root:wheel" or
"root:network". And I expected "/usr/local/var.." as location.
+ 
+ Starting CouchDB with
+ {{{
+ /usr/local/etc/rc.d/couchdb start
+ }}} 
+ should allow you to look at "http://localhost:5984" and see this JSON doc:
+ {{{
+ {"couchdb":"Welcome","version":"0.9.0a-incubating"}
+ }}}
+ Then you should try "http://localhost:5984/_utils/" to see the "futon" web inteface,
+ 
+ I tried creating a database "db1" there and got an error. The solution was to
+ {{{
+ chown couchdb:couchdb /var/lib/couchdb
+ }}}
+ and yes, this does not really feel FreeBSD style. And indeed "/usr/local/var/couchdb" might
be more appropriate too. :-)
+ 
+ Anyway, after this futon did report OK and I found a /var/lib/couchdb/db1.couch data file.
+ 
+ This should be enough to start hacking couchdb. 
+ 
+ To improve the port I would start having a look at the Apache Tomcat port, as far as I remember
it honored the FreeBSD conventions and might give some hints on how to change the "/usr/local/etc/rc.d/couchdb"
script to make it a compliant daemon user.
+ 
+ -- MarcVanWoerkom [[DateTime(2009-05-13T00:30:19Z)]]
+ 
+ = Old instructions =
+ 
  If your are installed ports subsystem:
  {{{
  cd /usr/ports/databases/couchdb

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