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From pplaque...@apache.org
Subject [18/52] [abbrv] [cordova-tizen] tizen SDK 2.2 support
Date Mon, 26 Aug 2013 15:33:52 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/cordova-tizen/blob/e21e0780/templates/CordovaTizenWebUIFrameworkTemplate/project/tizen-web-ui-fw/latest/js/modules/libs/gl-matrix.js
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diff --git a/templates/CordovaTizenWebUIFrameworkTemplate/project/tizen-web-ui-fw/latest/js/modules/libs/gl-matrix.js b/templates/CordovaTizenWebUIFrameworkTemplate/project/tizen-web-ui-fw/latest/js/modules/libs/gl-matrix.js
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c7f1006
--- /dev/null
+++ b/templates/CordovaTizenWebUIFrameworkTemplate/project/tizen-web-ui-fw/latest/js/modules/libs/gl-matrix.js
@@ -0,0 +1,3458 @@
+/**
+ * @fileoverview gl-matrix - High performance matrix and vector operations for WebGL
+ * @author Brandon Jones
+ * @author Colin MacKenzie IV
+ * @version 1.3.7
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2012 Brandon Jones, Colin MacKenzie IV
+ *
+ * This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
+ * warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
+ * arising from the use of this software.
+ *
+ * Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
+ * including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
+ * freely, subject to the following restrictions:
+ *
+ *    1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
+ *    claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
+ *    in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
+ *    appreciated but is not required.
+ *
+ *    2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not
+ *    be misrepresented as being the original software.
+ *
+ *    3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source
+ *    distribution.
+ */
+
+// Updated to use a modification of the "returnExportsGlobal" pattern from https://github.com/umdjs/umd
+
+(function (root, factory) {
+    if (typeof exports === 'object') {
+        // Node. Does not work with strict CommonJS, but
+        // only CommonJS-like enviroments that support module.exports,
+        // like Node.
+        module.exports = factory(global);
+    } else if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) {
+        // AMD. Register as an anonymous module.
+        define([], function () {
+            return factory(root);
+        });
+    } else {
+        // Specific initialization for TIZEN Web UI Framework
+        root.initGlMatrix = function ( targetRoot ) {
+            factory( targetRoot || root );
+        };
+    }
+}(this, function (root) {
+    "use strict";
+
+    // Tweak to your liking
+    var FLOAT_EPSILON = 0.000001;
+
+    var glMath = {};
+    (function() {
+        if (typeof(Float32Array) != 'undefined') {
+            var y = new Float32Array(1);
+            var i = new Int32Array(y.buffer);
+
+            /**
+             * Fast way to calculate the inverse square root,
+             * see http://jsperf.com/inverse-square-root/5
+             *
+             * If typed arrays are not available, a slower
+             * implementation will be used.
+             *
+             * @param {Number} number the number
+             * @returns {Number} Inverse square root
+             */
+            glMath.invsqrt = function(number) {
+              var x2 = number * 0.5;
+              y[0] = number;
+              var threehalfs = 1.5;
+
+              i[0] = 0x5f3759df - (i[0] >> 1);
+
+              var number2 = y[0];
+
+              return number2 * (threehalfs - (x2 * number2 * number2));
+            };
+        } else {
+            glMath.invsqrt = function(number) { return 1.0 / Math.sqrt(number); };
+        }
+    })();
+
+    /**
+     * @class System-specific optimal array type
+     * @name MatrixArray
+     */
+    var MatrixArray = null;
+    
+    // explicitly sets and returns the type of array to use within glMatrix
+    function setMatrixArrayType(type) {
+        MatrixArray = type;
+        return MatrixArray;
+    }
+
+    // auto-detects and returns the best type of array to use within glMatrix, falling
+    // back to Array if typed arrays are unsupported
+    function determineMatrixArrayType() {
+        MatrixArray = (typeof Float32Array !== 'undefined') ? Float32Array : Array;
+        return MatrixArray;
+    }
+    
+    determineMatrixArrayType();
+
+    /**
+     * @class 3 Dimensional Vector
+     * @name vec3
+     */
+    var vec3 = {};
+     
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a vec3 using the default array type
+     * Any javascript array-like objects containing at least 3 numeric elements can serve as a vec3
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} [vec] vec3 containing values to initialize with
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} New vec3
+     */
+    vec3.create = function (vec) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(3);
+
+        if (vec) {
+            dest[0] = vec[0];
+            dest[1] = vec[1];
+            dest[2] = vec[2];
+        } else {
+            dest[0] = dest[1] = dest[2] = 0;
+        }
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a vec3, initializing it with the given arguments
+     *
+     * @param {number} x X value
+     * @param {number} y Y value
+     * @param {number} z Z value
+
+     * @returns {vec3} New vec3
+     */
+    vec3.createFrom = function (x, y, z) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(3);
+
+        dest[0] = x;
+        dest[1] = y;
+        dest[2] = z;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the values of one vec3 to another
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 containing values to copy
+     * @param {vec3} dest vec3 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest
+     */
+    vec3.set = function (vec, dest) {
+        dest[0] = vec[0];
+        dest[1] = vec[1];
+        dest[2] = vec[2];
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Compares two vectors for equality within a certain margin of error
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} a First vector
+     * @param {vec3} b Second vector
+     *
+     * @returns {Boolean} True if a is equivalent to b
+     */
+    vec3.equal = function (a, b) {
+        return a === b || (
+            Math.abs(a[0] - b[0]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[1] - b[1]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[2] - b[2]) < FLOAT_EPSILON
+        );
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a vector addition
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec First operand
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second operand
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.add = function (vec, vec2, dest) {
+        if (!dest || vec === dest) {
+            vec[0] += vec2[0];
+            vec[1] += vec2[1];
+            vec[2] += vec2[2];
+            return vec;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = vec[0] + vec2[0];
+        dest[1] = vec[1] + vec2[1];
+        dest[2] = vec[2] + vec2[2];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a vector subtraction
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec First operand
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second operand
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.subtract = function (vec, vec2, dest) {
+        if (!dest || vec === dest) {
+            vec[0] -= vec2[0];
+            vec[1] -= vec2[1];
+            vec[2] -= vec2[2];
+            return vec;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = vec[0] - vec2[0];
+        dest[1] = vec[1] - vec2[1];
+        dest[2] = vec[2] - vec2[2];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a vector multiplication
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec First operand
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second operand
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.multiply = function (vec, vec2, dest) {
+        if (!dest || vec === dest) {
+            vec[0] *= vec2[0];
+            vec[1] *= vec2[1];
+            vec[2] *= vec2[2];
+            return vec;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = vec[0] * vec2[0];
+        dest[1] = vec[1] * vec2[1];
+        dest[2] = vec[2] * vec2[2];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Negates the components of a vec3
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to negate
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.negate = function (vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        dest[0] = -vec[0];
+        dest[1] = -vec[1];
+        dest[2] = -vec[2];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Multiplies the components of a vec3 by a scalar value
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to scale
+     * @param {number} val Value to scale by
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.scale = function (vec, val, dest) {
+        if (!dest || vec === dest) {
+            vec[0] *= val;
+            vec[1] *= val;
+            vec[2] *= val;
+            return vec;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = vec[0] * val;
+        dest[1] = vec[1] * val;
+        dest[2] = vec[2] * val;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a unit vector of the same direction as the provided vec3
+     * If vector length is 0, returns [0, 0, 0]
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to normalize
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.normalize = function (vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2],
+            len = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y + z * z);
+
+        if (!len) {
+            dest[0] = 0;
+            dest[1] = 0;
+            dest[2] = 0;
+            return dest;
+        } else if (len === 1) {
+            dest[0] = x;
+            dest[1] = y;
+            dest[2] = z;
+            return dest;
+        }
+
+        len = 1 / len;
+        dest[0] = x * len;
+        dest[1] = y * len;
+        dest[2] = z * len;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates the cross product of two vec3s
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec First operand
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second operand
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.cross = function (vec, vec2, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2],
+            x2 = vec2[0], y2 = vec2[1], z2 = vec2[2];
+
+        dest[0] = y * z2 - z * y2;
+        dest[1] = z * x2 - x * z2;
+        dest[2] = x * y2 - y * x2;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Caclulates the length of a vec3
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to calculate length of
+     *
+     * @returns {number} Length of vec
+     */
+    vec3.length = function (vec) {
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2];
+        return Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y + z * z);
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Caclulates the squared length of a vec3
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to calculate squared length of
+     *
+     * @returns {number} Squared Length of vec
+     */
+    vec3.squaredLength = function (vec) {
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2];
+        return x * x + y * y + z * z;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Caclulates the dot product of two vec3s
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec First operand
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second operand
+     *
+     * @returns {number} Dot product of vec and vec2
+     */
+    vec3.dot = function (vec, vec2) {
+        return vec[0] * vec2[0] + vec[1] * vec2[1] + vec[2] * vec2[2];
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a unit vector pointing from one vector to another
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec Origin vec3
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 vec3 to point to
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.direction = function (vec, vec2, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        var x = vec[0] - vec2[0],
+            y = vec[1] - vec2[1],
+            z = vec[2] - vec2[2],
+            len = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y + z * z);
+
+        if (!len) {
+            dest[0] = 0;
+            dest[1] = 0;
+            dest[2] = 0;
+            return dest;
+        }
+
+        len = 1 / len;
+        dest[0] = x * len;
+        dest[1] = y * len;
+        dest[2] = z * len;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a linear interpolation between two vec3
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec First vector
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second vector
+     * @param {number} lerp Interpolation amount between the two inputs
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.lerp = function (vec, vec2, lerp, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        dest[0] = vec[0] + lerp * (vec2[0] - vec[0]);
+        dest[1] = vec[1] + lerp * (vec2[1] - vec[1]);
+        dest[2] = vec[2] + lerp * (vec2[2] - vec[2]);
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the euclidian distance between two vec3
+     *
+     * Params:
+     * @param {vec3} vec First vector
+     * @param {vec3} vec2 Second vector
+     *
+     * @returns {number} Distance between vec and vec2
+     */
+    vec3.dist = function (vec, vec2) {
+        var x = vec2[0] - vec[0],
+            y = vec2[1] - vec[1],
+            z = vec2[2] - vec[2];
+            
+        return Math.sqrt(x*x + y*y + z*z);
+    };
+
+    // Pre-allocated to prevent unecessary garbage collection
+    var unprojectMat = null;
+    var unprojectVec = new MatrixArray(4);
+    /**
+     * Projects the specified vec3 from screen space into object space
+     * Based on the <a href="http://webcvs.freedesktop.org/mesa/Mesa/src/glu/mesa/project.c?revision=1.4&view=markup">Mesa gluUnProject implementation</a>
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec Screen-space vector to project
+     * @param {mat4} view View matrix
+     * @param {mat4} proj Projection matrix
+     * @param {vec4} viewport Viewport as given to gl.viewport [x, y, width, height]
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving unprojected result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.unproject = function (vec, view, proj, viewport, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        if(!unprojectMat) {
+            unprojectMat = mat4.create();
+        }
+
+        var m = unprojectMat;
+        var v = unprojectVec;
+        
+        v[0] = (vec[0] - viewport[0]) * 2.0 / viewport[2] - 1.0;
+        v[1] = (vec[1] - viewport[1]) * 2.0 / viewport[3] - 1.0;
+        v[2] = 2.0 * vec[2] - 1.0;
+        v[3] = 1.0;
+        
+        mat4.multiply(proj, view, m);
+        if(!mat4.inverse(m)) { return null; }
+        
+        mat4.multiplyVec4(m, v);
+        if(v[3] === 0.0) { return null; }
+
+        dest[0] = v[0] / v[3];
+        dest[1] = v[1] / v[3];
+        dest[2] = v[2] / v[3];
+        
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    var xUnitVec3 = vec3.createFrom(1,0,0);
+    var yUnitVec3 = vec3.createFrom(0,1,0);
+    var zUnitVec3 = vec3.createFrom(0,0,1);
+
+    var tmpvec3 = vec3.create();
+    /**
+     * Generates a quaternion of rotation between two given normalized vectors
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} a Normalized source vector
+     * @param {vec3} b Normalized target vector
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving operation result.
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, a new quat4 otherwise
+     */
+    vec3.rotationTo = function (a, b, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = quat4.create(); }
+        
+        var d = vec3.dot(a, b);
+        var axis = tmpvec3;
+        if (d >= 1.0) {
+            quat4.set(identityQuat4, dest);
+        } else if (d < (0.000001 - 1.0)) {
+            vec3.cross(xUnitVec3, a, axis);
+            if (vec3.length(axis) < 0.000001)
+                vec3.cross(yUnitVec3, a, axis);
+            if (vec3.length(axis) < 0.000001)
+                vec3.cross(zUnitVec3, a, axis);
+            vec3.normalize(axis);
+            quat4.fromAngleAxis(Math.PI, axis, dest);
+        } else {
+            var s = Math.sqrt((1.0 + d) * 2.0);
+            var sInv = 1.0 / s;
+            vec3.cross(a, b, axis);
+            dest[0] = axis[0] * sInv;
+            dest[1] = axis[1] * sInv;
+            dest[2] = axis[2] * sInv;
+            dest[3] = s * 0.5;
+            quat4.normalize(dest);
+        }
+        if (dest[3] > 1.0) dest[3] = 1.0;
+        else if (dest[3] < -1.0) dest[3] = -1.0;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a string representation of a vector
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} vec Vector to represent as a string
+     *
+     * @returns {string} String representation of vec
+     */
+    vec3.str = function (vec) {
+        return '[' + vec[0] + ', ' + vec[1] + ', ' + vec[2] + ']';
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * @class 3x3 Matrix
+     * @name mat3
+     */
+    var mat3 = {};
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a mat3 using the default array type
+     * Any javascript array-like object containing at least 9 numeric elements can serve as a mat3
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} [mat] mat3 containing values to initialize with
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} New mat3
+     */
+    mat3.create = function (mat) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(9);
+
+        if (mat) {
+            dest[0] = mat[0];
+            dest[1] = mat[1];
+            dest[2] = mat[2];
+            dest[3] = mat[3];
+            dest[4] = mat[4];
+            dest[5] = mat[5];
+            dest[6] = mat[6];
+            dest[7] = mat[7];
+            dest[8] = mat[8];
+        } else {
+            dest[0] = dest[1] =
+            dest[2] = dest[3] =
+            dest[4] = dest[5] =
+            dest[6] = dest[7] =
+            dest[8] = 0;
+        }
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a mat3, initializing it with the given arguments
+     *
+     * @param {number} m00
+     * @param {number} m01
+     * @param {number} m02
+     * @param {number} m10
+     * @param {number} m11
+     * @param {number} m12
+     * @param {number} m20
+     * @param {number} m21
+     * @param {number} m22
+
+     * @returns {mat3} New mat3
+     */
+    mat3.createFrom = function (m00, m01, m02, m10, m11, m12, m20, m21, m22) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(9);
+
+        dest[0] = m00;
+        dest[1] = m01;
+        dest[2] = m02;
+        dest[3] = m10;
+        dest[4] = m11;
+        dest[5] = m12;
+        dest[6] = m20;
+        dest[7] = m21;
+        dest[8] = m22;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the determinant of a mat3
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} mat mat3 to calculate determinant of
+     *
+     * @returns {Number} determinant of mat
+     */
+    mat3.determinant = function (mat) {
+        var a00 = mat[0], a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2],
+            a10 = mat[3], a11 = mat[4], a12 = mat[5],
+            a20 = mat[6], a21 = mat[7], a22 = mat[8];
+
+        return a00 * (a22 * a11 - a12 * a21) + a01 * (-a22 * a10 + a12 * a20) + a02 * (a21 * a10 - a11 * a20);
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the inverse matrix of a mat3
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} mat mat3 to calculate inverse of
+     * @param {mat3} [dest] mat3 receiving inverse matrix. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} dest is specified, mat otherwise, null if matrix cannot be inverted
+     */
+    mat3.inverse = function (mat, dest) {
+        var a00 = mat[0], a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2],
+            a10 = mat[3], a11 = mat[4], a12 = mat[5],
+            a20 = mat[6], a21 = mat[7], a22 = mat[8],
+
+            b01 = a22 * a11 - a12 * a21,
+            b11 = -a22 * a10 + a12 * a20,
+            b21 = a21 * a10 - a11 * a20,
+
+            d = a00 * b01 + a01 * b11 + a02 * b21,
+            id;
+
+        if (!d) { return null; }
+        id = 1 / d;
+
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat3.create(); }
+
+        dest[0] = b01 * id;
+        dest[1] = (-a22 * a01 + a02 * a21) * id;
+        dest[2] = (a12 * a01 - a02 * a11) * id;
+        dest[3] = b11 * id;
+        dest[4] = (a22 * a00 - a02 * a20) * id;
+        dest[5] = (-a12 * a00 + a02 * a10) * id;
+        dest[6] = b21 * id;
+        dest[7] = (-a21 * a00 + a01 * a20) * id;
+        dest[8] = (a11 * a00 - a01 * a10) * id;
+        return dest;
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * Performs a matrix multiplication
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} mat First operand
+     * @param {mat3} mat2 Second operand
+     * @param {mat3} [dest] mat3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat3.multiply = function (mat, mat2, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat; }
+        
+
+        // Cache the matrix values (makes for huge speed increases!)
+        var a00 = mat[0], a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2],
+            a10 = mat[3], a11 = mat[4], a12 = mat[5],
+            a20 = mat[6], a21 = mat[7], a22 = mat[8],
+
+            b00 = mat2[0], b01 = mat2[1], b02 = mat2[2],
+            b10 = mat2[3], b11 = mat2[4], b12 = mat2[5],
+            b20 = mat2[6], b21 = mat2[7], b22 = mat2[8];
+
+        dest[0] = b00 * a00 + b01 * a10 + b02 * a20;
+        dest[1] = b00 * a01 + b01 * a11 + b02 * a21;
+        dest[2] = b00 * a02 + b01 * a12 + b02 * a22;
+
+        dest[3] = b10 * a00 + b11 * a10 + b12 * a20;
+        dest[4] = b10 * a01 + b11 * a11 + b12 * a21;
+        dest[5] = b10 * a02 + b11 * a12 + b12 * a22;
+
+        dest[6] = b20 * a00 + b21 * a10 + b22 * a20;
+        dest[7] = b20 * a01 + b21 * a11 + b22 * a21;
+        dest[8] = b20 * a02 + b21 * a12 + b22 * a22;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transforms the vec2 according to the given mat3.
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} matrix mat3 to multiply against
+     * @param {vec2} vec    the vector to multiply
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] an optional receiving vector. If not given, vec is used.
+     *
+     * @returns {vec2} The multiplication result
+     **/
+    mat3.multiplyVec2 = function(matrix, vec, dest) {
+      if (!dest) dest = vec;
+      var x = vec[0], y = vec[1];
+      dest[0] = x * matrix[0] + y * matrix[3] + matrix[6];
+      dest[1] = x * matrix[1] + y * matrix[4] + matrix[7];
+      return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transforms the vec3 according to the given mat3
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} matrix mat3 to multiply against
+     * @param {vec3} vec    the vector to multiply
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] an optional receiving vector. If not given, vec is used.
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} The multiplication result
+     **/
+    mat3.multiplyVec3 = function(matrix, vec, dest) {
+      if (!dest) dest = vec;
+      var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2];
+      dest[0] = x * matrix[0] + y * matrix[3] + z * matrix[6];
+      dest[1] = x * matrix[1] + y * matrix[4] + z * matrix[7];
+      dest[2] = x * matrix[2] + y * matrix[5] + z * matrix[8];
+      
+      return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the values of one mat3 to another
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} mat mat3 containing values to copy
+     * @param {mat3} dest mat3 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} dest
+     */
+    mat3.set = function (mat, dest) {
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+        dest[1] = mat[1];
+        dest[2] = mat[2];
+        dest[3] = mat[3];
+        dest[4] = mat[4];
+        dest[5] = mat[5];
+        dest[6] = mat[6];
+        dest[7] = mat[7];
+        dest[8] = mat[8];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Compares two matrices for equality within a certain margin of error
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} a First matrix
+     * @param {mat3} b Second matrix
+     *
+     * @returns {Boolean} True if a is equivalent to b
+     */
+    mat3.equal = function (a, b) {
+        return a === b || (
+            Math.abs(a[0] - b[0]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[1] - b[1]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[2] - b[2]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[3] - b[3]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[4] - b[4]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[5] - b[5]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[6] - b[6]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[7] - b[7]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[8] - b[8]) < FLOAT_EPSILON
+        );
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Sets a mat3 to an identity matrix
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} dest mat3 to set
+     *
+     * @returns dest if specified, otherwise a new mat3
+     */
+    mat3.identity = function (dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat3.create(); }
+        dest[0] = 1;
+        dest[1] = 0;
+        dest[2] = 0;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[4] = 1;
+        dest[5] = 0;
+        dest[6] = 0;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[8] = 1;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transposes a mat3 (flips the values over the diagonal)
+     *
+     * Params:
+     * @param {mat3} mat mat3 to transpose
+     * @param {mat3} [dest] mat3 receiving transposed values. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} dest is specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat3.transpose = function (mat, dest) {
+        // If we are transposing ourselves we can skip a few steps but have to cache some values
+        if (!dest || mat === dest) {
+            var a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2],
+                a12 = mat[5];
+
+            mat[1] = mat[3];
+            mat[2] = mat[6];
+            mat[3] = a01;
+            mat[5] = mat[7];
+            mat[6] = a02;
+            mat[7] = a12;
+            return mat;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+        dest[1] = mat[3];
+        dest[2] = mat[6];
+        dest[3] = mat[1];
+        dest[4] = mat[4];
+        dest[5] = mat[7];
+        dest[6] = mat[2];
+        dest[7] = mat[5];
+        dest[8] = mat[8];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the elements of a mat3 into the upper 3x3 elements of a mat4
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} mat mat3 containing values to copy
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat3.toMat4 = function (mat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+
+        dest[15] = 1;
+        dest[14] = 0;
+        dest[13] = 0;
+        dest[12] = 0;
+
+        dest[11] = 0;
+        dest[10] = mat[8];
+        dest[9] = mat[7];
+        dest[8] = mat[6];
+
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[6] = mat[5];
+        dest[5] = mat[4];
+        dest[4] = mat[3];
+
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[2] = mat[2];
+        dest[1] = mat[1];
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a string representation of a mat3
+     *
+     * @param {mat3} mat mat3 to represent as a string
+     *
+     * @param {string} String representation of mat
+     */
+    mat3.str = function (mat) {
+        return '[' + mat[0] + ', ' + mat[1] + ', ' + mat[2] +
+            ', ' + mat[3] + ', ' + mat[4] + ', ' + mat[5] +
+            ', ' + mat[6] + ', ' + mat[7] + ', ' + mat[8] + ']';
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * @class 4x4 Matrix
+     * @name mat4
+     */
+    var mat4 = {};
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a mat4 using the default array type
+     * Any javascript array-like object containing at least 16 numeric elements can serve as a mat4
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} [mat] mat4 containing values to initialize with
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} New mat4
+     */
+    mat4.create = function (mat) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(16);
+
+        if (mat) {
+            dest[0] = mat[0];
+            dest[1] = mat[1];
+            dest[2] = mat[2];
+            dest[3] = mat[3];
+            dest[4] = mat[4];
+            dest[5] = mat[5];
+            dest[6] = mat[6];
+            dest[7] = mat[7];
+            dest[8] = mat[8];
+            dest[9] = mat[9];
+            dest[10] = mat[10];
+            dest[11] = mat[11];
+            dest[12] = mat[12];
+            dest[13] = mat[13];
+            dest[14] = mat[14];
+            dest[15] = mat[15];
+        }
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a mat4, initializing it with the given arguments
+     *
+     * @param {number} m00
+     * @param {number} m01
+     * @param {number} m02
+     * @param {number} m03
+     * @param {number} m10
+     * @param {number} m11
+     * @param {number} m12
+     * @param {number} m13
+     * @param {number} m20
+     * @param {number} m21
+     * @param {number} m22
+     * @param {number} m23
+     * @param {number} m30
+     * @param {number} m31
+     * @param {number} m32
+     * @param {number} m33
+
+     * @returns {mat4} New mat4
+     */
+    mat4.createFrom = function (m00, m01, m02, m03, m10, m11, m12, m13, m20, m21, m22, m23, m30, m31, m32, m33) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(16);
+
+        dest[0] = m00;
+        dest[1] = m01;
+        dest[2] = m02;
+        dest[3] = m03;
+        dest[4] = m10;
+        dest[5] = m11;
+        dest[6] = m12;
+        dest[7] = m13;
+        dest[8] = m20;
+        dest[9] = m21;
+        dest[10] = m22;
+        dest[11] = m23;
+        dest[12] = m30;
+        dest[13] = m31;
+        dest[14] = m32;
+        dest[15] = m33;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the values of one mat4 to another
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 containing values to copy
+     * @param {mat4} dest mat4 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest
+     */
+    mat4.set = function (mat, dest) {
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+        dest[1] = mat[1];
+        dest[2] = mat[2];
+        dest[3] = mat[3];
+        dest[4] = mat[4];
+        dest[5] = mat[5];
+        dest[6] = mat[6];
+        dest[7] = mat[7];
+        dest[8] = mat[8];
+        dest[9] = mat[9];
+        dest[10] = mat[10];
+        dest[11] = mat[11];
+        dest[12] = mat[12];
+        dest[13] = mat[13];
+        dest[14] = mat[14];
+        dest[15] = mat[15];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Compares two matrices for equality within a certain margin of error
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} a First matrix
+     * @param {mat4} b Second matrix
+     *
+     * @returns {Boolean} True if a is equivalent to b
+     */
+    mat4.equal = function (a, b) {
+        return a === b || (
+            Math.abs(a[0] - b[0]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[1] - b[1]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[2] - b[2]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[3] - b[3]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[4] - b[4]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[5] - b[5]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[6] - b[6]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[7] - b[7]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[8] - b[8]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[9] - b[9]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[10] - b[10]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[11] - b[11]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[12] - b[12]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[13] - b[13]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[14] - b[14]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[15] - b[15]) < FLOAT_EPSILON
+        );
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Sets a mat4 to an identity matrix
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} dest mat4 to set
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest
+     */
+    mat4.identity = function (dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+        dest[0] = 1;
+        dest[1] = 0;
+        dest[2] = 0;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[4] = 0;
+        dest[5] = 1;
+        dest[6] = 0;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[8] = 0;
+        dest[9] = 0;
+        dest[10] = 1;
+        dest[11] = 0;
+        dest[12] = 0;
+        dest[13] = 0;
+        dest[14] = 0;
+        dest[15] = 1;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transposes a mat4 (flips the values over the diagonal)
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to transpose
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving transposed values. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} dest is specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.transpose = function (mat, dest) {
+        // If we are transposing ourselves we can skip a few steps but have to cache some values
+        if (!dest || mat === dest) {
+            var a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2], a03 = mat[3],
+                a12 = mat[6], a13 = mat[7],
+                a23 = mat[11];
+
+            mat[1] = mat[4];
+            mat[2] = mat[8];
+            mat[3] = mat[12];
+            mat[4] = a01;
+            mat[6] = mat[9];
+            mat[7] = mat[13];
+            mat[8] = a02;
+            mat[9] = a12;
+            mat[11] = mat[14];
+            mat[12] = a03;
+            mat[13] = a13;
+            mat[14] = a23;
+            return mat;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+        dest[1] = mat[4];
+        dest[2] = mat[8];
+        dest[3] = mat[12];
+        dest[4] = mat[1];
+        dest[5] = mat[5];
+        dest[6] = mat[9];
+        dest[7] = mat[13];
+        dest[8] = mat[2];
+        dest[9] = mat[6];
+        dest[10] = mat[10];
+        dest[11] = mat[14];
+        dest[12] = mat[3];
+        dest[13] = mat[7];
+        dest[14] = mat[11];
+        dest[15] = mat[15];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the determinant of a mat4
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to calculate determinant of
+     *
+     * @returns {number} determinant of mat
+     */
+    mat4.determinant = function (mat) {
+        // Cache the matrix values (makes for huge speed increases!)
+        var a00 = mat[0], a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2], a03 = mat[3],
+            a10 = mat[4], a11 = mat[5], a12 = mat[6], a13 = mat[7],
+            a20 = mat[8], a21 = mat[9], a22 = mat[10], a23 = mat[11],
+            a30 = mat[12], a31 = mat[13], a32 = mat[14], a33 = mat[15];
+
+        return (a30 * a21 * a12 * a03 - a20 * a31 * a12 * a03 - a30 * a11 * a22 * a03 + a10 * a31 * a22 * a03 +
+                a20 * a11 * a32 * a03 - a10 * a21 * a32 * a03 - a30 * a21 * a02 * a13 + a20 * a31 * a02 * a13 +
+                a30 * a01 * a22 * a13 - a00 * a31 * a22 * a13 - a20 * a01 * a32 * a13 + a00 * a21 * a32 * a13 +
+                a30 * a11 * a02 * a23 - a10 * a31 * a02 * a23 - a30 * a01 * a12 * a23 + a00 * a31 * a12 * a23 +
+                a10 * a01 * a32 * a23 - a00 * a11 * a32 * a23 - a20 * a11 * a02 * a33 + a10 * a21 * a02 * a33 +
+                a20 * a01 * a12 * a33 - a00 * a21 * a12 * a33 - a10 * a01 * a22 * a33 + a00 * a11 * a22 * a33);
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the inverse matrix of a mat4
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to calculate inverse of
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving inverse matrix. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} dest is specified, mat otherwise, null if matrix cannot be inverted
+     */
+    mat4.inverse = function (mat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat; }
+
+        // Cache the matrix values (makes for huge speed increases!)
+        var a00 = mat[0], a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2], a03 = mat[3],
+            a10 = mat[4], a11 = mat[5], a12 = mat[6], a13 = mat[7],
+            a20 = mat[8], a21 = mat[9], a22 = mat[10], a23 = mat[11],
+            a30 = mat[12], a31 = mat[13], a32 = mat[14], a33 = mat[15],
+
+            b00 = a00 * a11 - a01 * a10,
+            b01 = a00 * a12 - a02 * a10,
+            b02 = a00 * a13 - a03 * a10,
+            b03 = a01 * a12 - a02 * a11,
+            b04 = a01 * a13 - a03 * a11,
+            b05 = a02 * a13 - a03 * a12,
+            b06 = a20 * a31 - a21 * a30,
+            b07 = a20 * a32 - a22 * a30,
+            b08 = a20 * a33 - a23 * a30,
+            b09 = a21 * a32 - a22 * a31,
+            b10 = a21 * a33 - a23 * a31,
+            b11 = a22 * a33 - a23 * a32,
+
+            d = (b00 * b11 - b01 * b10 + b02 * b09 + b03 * b08 - b04 * b07 + b05 * b06),
+            invDet;
+
+            // Calculate the determinant
+            if (!d) { return null; }
+            invDet = 1 / d;
+
+        dest[0] = (a11 * b11 - a12 * b10 + a13 * b09) * invDet;
+        dest[1] = (-a01 * b11 + a02 * b10 - a03 * b09) * invDet;
+        dest[2] = (a31 * b05 - a32 * b04 + a33 * b03) * invDet;
+        dest[3] = (-a21 * b05 + a22 * b04 - a23 * b03) * invDet;
+        dest[4] = (-a10 * b11 + a12 * b08 - a13 * b07) * invDet;
+        dest[5] = (a00 * b11 - a02 * b08 + a03 * b07) * invDet;
+        dest[6] = (-a30 * b05 + a32 * b02 - a33 * b01) * invDet;
+        dest[7] = (a20 * b05 - a22 * b02 + a23 * b01) * invDet;
+        dest[8] = (a10 * b10 - a11 * b08 + a13 * b06) * invDet;
+        dest[9] = (-a00 * b10 + a01 * b08 - a03 * b06) * invDet;
+        dest[10] = (a30 * b04 - a31 * b02 + a33 * b00) * invDet;
+        dest[11] = (-a20 * b04 + a21 * b02 - a23 * b00) * invDet;
+        dest[12] = (-a10 * b09 + a11 * b07 - a12 * b06) * invDet;
+        dest[13] = (a00 * b09 - a01 * b07 + a02 * b06) * invDet;
+        dest[14] = (-a30 * b03 + a31 * b01 - a32 * b00) * invDet;
+        dest[15] = (a20 * b03 - a21 * b01 + a22 * b00) * invDet;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the upper 3x3 elements of a mat4 into another mat4
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 containing values to copy
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest is specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.toRotationMat = function (mat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+        dest[1] = mat[1];
+        dest[2] = mat[2];
+        dest[3] = mat[3];
+        dest[4] = mat[4];
+        dest[5] = mat[5];
+        dest[6] = mat[6];
+        dest[7] = mat[7];
+        dest[8] = mat[8];
+        dest[9] = mat[9];
+        dest[10] = mat[10];
+        dest[11] = mat[11];
+        dest[12] = 0;
+        dest[13] = 0;
+        dest[14] = 0;
+        dest[15] = 1;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the upper 3x3 elements of a mat4 into a mat3
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 containing values to copy
+     * @param {mat3} [dest] mat3 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} dest is specified, a new mat3 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.toMat3 = function (mat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat3.create(); }
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0];
+        dest[1] = mat[1];
+        dest[2] = mat[2];
+        dest[3] = mat[4];
+        dest[4] = mat[5];
+        dest[5] = mat[6];
+        dest[6] = mat[8];
+        dest[7] = mat[9];
+        dest[8] = mat[10];
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the inverse of the upper 3x3 elements of a mat4 and copies the result into a mat3
+     * The resulting matrix is useful for calculating transformed normals
+     *
+     * Params:
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 containing values to invert and copy
+     * @param {mat3} [dest] mat3 receiving values
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} dest is specified, a new mat3 otherwise, null if the matrix cannot be inverted
+     */
+    mat4.toInverseMat3 = function (mat, dest) {
+        // Cache the matrix values (makes for huge speed increases!)
+        var a00 = mat[0], a01 = mat[1], a02 = mat[2],
+            a10 = mat[4], a11 = mat[5], a12 = mat[6],
+            a20 = mat[8], a21 = mat[9], a22 = mat[10],
+
+            b01 = a22 * a11 - a12 * a21,
+            b11 = -a22 * a10 + a12 * a20,
+            b21 = a21 * a10 - a11 * a20,
+
+            d = a00 * b01 + a01 * b11 + a02 * b21,
+            id;
+
+        if (!d) { return null; }
+        id = 1 / d;
+
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat3.create(); }
+
+        dest[0] = b01 * id;
+        dest[1] = (-a22 * a01 + a02 * a21) * id;
+        dest[2] = (a12 * a01 - a02 * a11) * id;
+        dest[3] = b11 * id;
+        dest[4] = (a22 * a00 - a02 * a20) * id;
+        dest[5] = (-a12 * a00 + a02 * a10) * id;
+        dest[6] = b21 * id;
+        dest[7] = (-a21 * a00 + a01 * a20) * id;
+        dest[8] = (a11 * a00 - a01 * a10) * id;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a matrix multiplication
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat First operand
+     * @param {mat4} mat2 Second operand
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.multiply = function (mat, mat2, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat; }
+
+        // Cache the matrix values (makes for huge speed increases!)
+        var a00 = mat[ 0], a01 = mat[ 1], a02 = mat[ 2], a03 = mat[3];
+        var a10 = mat[ 4], a11 = mat[ 5], a12 = mat[ 6], a13 = mat[7];
+        var a20 = mat[ 8], a21 = mat[ 9], a22 = mat[10], a23 = mat[11];
+        var a30 = mat[12], a31 = mat[13], a32 = mat[14], a33 = mat[15];
+
+        // Cache only the current line of the second matrix
+        var b0  = mat2[0], b1 = mat2[1], b2 = mat2[2], b3 = mat2[3];  
+        dest[0] = b0*a00 + b1*a10 + b2*a20 + b3*a30;
+        dest[1] = b0*a01 + b1*a11 + b2*a21 + b3*a31;
+        dest[2] = b0*a02 + b1*a12 + b2*a22 + b3*a32;
+        dest[3] = b0*a03 + b1*a13 + b2*a23 + b3*a33;
+
+        b0 = mat2[4];
+        b1 = mat2[5];
+        b2 = mat2[6];
+        b3 = mat2[7];
+        dest[4] = b0*a00 + b1*a10 + b2*a20 + b3*a30;
+        dest[5] = b0*a01 + b1*a11 + b2*a21 + b3*a31;
+        dest[6] = b0*a02 + b1*a12 + b2*a22 + b3*a32;
+        dest[7] = b0*a03 + b1*a13 + b2*a23 + b3*a33;
+
+        b0 = mat2[8];
+        b1 = mat2[9];
+        b2 = mat2[10];
+        b3 = mat2[11];
+        dest[8] = b0*a00 + b1*a10 + b2*a20 + b3*a30;
+        dest[9] = b0*a01 + b1*a11 + b2*a21 + b3*a31;
+        dest[10] = b0*a02 + b1*a12 + b2*a22 + b3*a32;
+        dest[11] = b0*a03 + b1*a13 + b2*a23 + b3*a33;
+
+        b0 = mat2[12];
+        b1 = mat2[13];
+        b2 = mat2[14];
+        b3 = mat2[15];
+        dest[12] = b0*a00 + b1*a10 + b2*a20 + b3*a30;
+        dest[13] = b0*a01 + b1*a11 + b2*a21 + b3*a31;
+        dest[14] = b0*a02 + b1*a12 + b2*a22 + b3*a32;
+        dest[15] = b0*a03 + b1*a13 + b2*a23 + b3*a33;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transforms a vec3 with the given matrix
+     * 4th vector component is implicitly '1'
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to transform the vector with
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to transform
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec3} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.multiplyVec3 = function (mat, vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2];
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0] * x + mat[4] * y + mat[8] * z + mat[12];
+        dest[1] = mat[1] * x + mat[5] * y + mat[9] * z + mat[13];
+        dest[2] = mat[2] * x + mat[6] * y + mat[10] * z + mat[14];
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transforms a vec4 with the given matrix
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to transform the vector with
+     * @param {vec4} vec vec4 to transform
+     * @param {vec4} [dest] vec4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec4} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.multiplyVec4 = function (mat, vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2], w = vec[3];
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0] * x + mat[4] * y + mat[8] * z + mat[12] * w;
+        dest[1] = mat[1] * x + mat[5] * y + mat[9] * z + mat[13] * w;
+        dest[2] = mat[2] * x + mat[6] * y + mat[10] * z + mat[14] * w;
+        dest[3] = mat[3] * x + mat[7] * y + mat[11] * z + mat[15] * w;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Translates a matrix by the given vector
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to translate
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 specifying the translation
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.translate = function (mat, vec, dest) {
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2],
+            a00, a01, a02, a03,
+            a10, a11, a12, a13,
+            a20, a21, a22, a23;
+
+        if (!dest || mat === dest) {
+            mat[12] = mat[0] * x + mat[4] * y + mat[8] * z + mat[12];
+            mat[13] = mat[1] * x + mat[5] * y + mat[9] * z + mat[13];
+            mat[14] = mat[2] * x + mat[6] * y + mat[10] * z + mat[14];
+            mat[15] = mat[3] * x + mat[7] * y + mat[11] * z + mat[15];
+            return mat;
+        }
+
+        a00 = mat[0]; a01 = mat[1]; a02 = mat[2]; a03 = mat[3];
+        a10 = mat[4]; a11 = mat[5]; a12 = mat[6]; a13 = mat[7];
+        a20 = mat[8]; a21 = mat[9]; a22 = mat[10]; a23 = mat[11];
+
+        dest[0] = a00; dest[1] = a01; dest[2] = a02; dest[3] = a03;
+        dest[4] = a10; dest[5] = a11; dest[6] = a12; dest[7] = a13;
+        dest[8] = a20; dest[9] = a21; dest[10] = a22; dest[11] = a23;
+
+        dest[12] = a00 * x + a10 * y + a20 * z + mat[12];
+        dest[13] = a01 * x + a11 * y + a21 * z + mat[13];
+        dest[14] = a02 * x + a12 * y + a22 * z + mat[14];
+        dest[15] = a03 * x + a13 * y + a23 * z + mat[15];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Scales a matrix by the given vector
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to scale
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 specifying the scale for each axis
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.scale = function (mat, vec, dest) {
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2];
+
+        if (!dest || mat === dest) {
+            mat[0] *= x;
+            mat[1] *= x;
+            mat[2] *= x;
+            mat[3] *= x;
+            mat[4] *= y;
+            mat[5] *= y;
+            mat[6] *= y;
+            mat[7] *= y;
+            mat[8] *= z;
+            mat[9] *= z;
+            mat[10] *= z;
+            mat[11] *= z;
+            return mat;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = mat[0] * x;
+        dest[1] = mat[1] * x;
+        dest[2] = mat[2] * x;
+        dest[3] = mat[3] * x;
+        dest[4] = mat[4] * y;
+        dest[5] = mat[5] * y;
+        dest[6] = mat[6] * y;
+        dest[7] = mat[7] * y;
+        dest[8] = mat[8] * z;
+        dest[9] = mat[9] * z;
+        dest[10] = mat[10] * z;
+        dest[11] = mat[11] * z;
+        dest[12] = mat[12];
+        dest[13] = mat[13];
+        dest[14] = mat[14];
+        dest[15] = mat[15];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Rotates a matrix by the given angle around the specified axis
+     * If rotating around a primary axis (X,Y,Z) one of the specialized rotation functions should be used instead for performance
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to rotate
+     * @param {number} angle Angle (in radians) to rotate
+     * @param {vec3} axis vec3 representing the axis to rotate around
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.rotate = function (mat, angle, axis, dest) {
+        var x = axis[0], y = axis[1], z = axis[2],
+            len = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y + z * z),
+            s, c, t,
+            a00, a01, a02, a03,
+            a10, a11, a12, a13,
+            a20, a21, a22, a23,
+            b00, b01, b02,
+            b10, b11, b12,
+            b20, b21, b22;
+
+        if (!len) { return null; }
+        if (len !== 1) {
+            len = 1 / len;
+            x *= len;
+            y *= len;
+            z *= len;
+        }
+
+        s = Math.sin(angle);
+        c = Math.cos(angle);
+        t = 1 - c;
+
+        a00 = mat[0]; a01 = mat[1]; a02 = mat[2]; a03 = mat[3];
+        a10 = mat[4]; a11 = mat[5]; a12 = mat[6]; a13 = mat[7];
+        a20 = mat[8]; a21 = mat[9]; a22 = mat[10]; a23 = mat[11];
+
+        // Construct the elements of the rotation matrix
+        b00 = x * x * t + c; b01 = y * x * t + z * s; b02 = z * x * t - y * s;
+        b10 = x * y * t - z * s; b11 = y * y * t + c; b12 = z * y * t + x * s;
+        b20 = x * z * t + y * s; b21 = y * z * t - x * s; b22 = z * z * t + c;
+
+        if (!dest) {
+            dest = mat;
+        } else if (mat !== dest) { // If the source and destination differ, copy the unchanged last row
+            dest[12] = mat[12];
+            dest[13] = mat[13];
+            dest[14] = mat[14];
+            dest[15] = mat[15];
+        }
+
+        // Perform rotation-specific matrix multiplication
+        dest[0] = a00 * b00 + a10 * b01 + a20 * b02;
+        dest[1] = a01 * b00 + a11 * b01 + a21 * b02;
+        dest[2] = a02 * b00 + a12 * b01 + a22 * b02;
+        dest[3] = a03 * b00 + a13 * b01 + a23 * b02;
+
+        dest[4] = a00 * b10 + a10 * b11 + a20 * b12;
+        dest[5] = a01 * b10 + a11 * b11 + a21 * b12;
+        dest[6] = a02 * b10 + a12 * b11 + a22 * b12;
+        dest[7] = a03 * b10 + a13 * b11 + a23 * b12;
+
+        dest[8] = a00 * b20 + a10 * b21 + a20 * b22;
+        dest[9] = a01 * b20 + a11 * b21 + a21 * b22;
+        dest[10] = a02 * b20 + a12 * b21 + a22 * b22;
+        dest[11] = a03 * b20 + a13 * b21 + a23 * b22;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Rotates a matrix by the given angle around the X axis
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to rotate
+     * @param {number} angle Angle (in radians) to rotate
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.rotateX = function (mat, angle, dest) {
+        var s = Math.sin(angle),
+            c = Math.cos(angle),
+            a10 = mat[4],
+            a11 = mat[5],
+            a12 = mat[6],
+            a13 = mat[7],
+            a20 = mat[8],
+            a21 = mat[9],
+            a22 = mat[10],
+            a23 = mat[11];
+
+        if (!dest) {
+            dest = mat;
+        } else if (mat !== dest) { // If the source and destination differ, copy the unchanged rows
+            dest[0] = mat[0];
+            dest[1] = mat[1];
+            dest[2] = mat[2];
+            dest[3] = mat[3];
+
+            dest[12] = mat[12];
+            dest[13] = mat[13];
+            dest[14] = mat[14];
+            dest[15] = mat[15];
+        }
+
+        // Perform axis-specific matrix multiplication
+        dest[4] = a10 * c + a20 * s;
+        dest[5] = a11 * c + a21 * s;
+        dest[6] = a12 * c + a22 * s;
+        dest[7] = a13 * c + a23 * s;
+
+        dest[8] = a10 * -s + a20 * c;
+        dest[9] = a11 * -s + a21 * c;
+        dest[10] = a12 * -s + a22 * c;
+        dest[11] = a13 * -s + a23 * c;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Rotates a matrix by the given angle around the Y axis
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to rotate
+     * @param {number} angle Angle (in radians) to rotate
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.rotateY = function (mat, angle, dest) {
+        var s = Math.sin(angle),
+            c = Math.cos(angle),
+            a00 = mat[0],
+            a01 = mat[1],
+            a02 = mat[2],
+            a03 = mat[3],
+            a20 = mat[8],
+            a21 = mat[9],
+            a22 = mat[10],
+            a23 = mat[11];
+
+        if (!dest) {
+            dest = mat;
+        } else if (mat !== dest) { // If the source and destination differ, copy the unchanged rows
+            dest[4] = mat[4];
+            dest[5] = mat[5];
+            dest[6] = mat[6];
+            dest[7] = mat[7];
+
+            dest[12] = mat[12];
+            dest[13] = mat[13];
+            dest[14] = mat[14];
+            dest[15] = mat[15];
+        }
+
+        // Perform axis-specific matrix multiplication
+        dest[0] = a00 * c + a20 * -s;
+        dest[1] = a01 * c + a21 * -s;
+        dest[2] = a02 * c + a22 * -s;
+        dest[3] = a03 * c + a23 * -s;
+
+        dest[8] = a00 * s + a20 * c;
+        dest[9] = a01 * s + a21 * c;
+        dest[10] = a02 * s + a22 * c;
+        dest[11] = a03 * s + a23 * c;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Rotates a matrix by the given angle around the Z axis
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to rotate
+     * @param {number} angle Angle (in radians) to rotate
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to mat
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, mat otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.rotateZ = function (mat, angle, dest) {
+        var s = Math.sin(angle),
+            c = Math.cos(angle),
+            a00 = mat[0],
+            a01 = mat[1],
+            a02 = mat[2],
+            a03 = mat[3],
+            a10 = mat[4],
+            a11 = mat[5],
+            a12 = mat[6],
+            a13 = mat[7];
+
+        if (!dest) {
+            dest = mat;
+        } else if (mat !== dest) { // If the source and destination differ, copy the unchanged last row
+            dest[8] = mat[8];
+            dest[9] = mat[9];
+            dest[10] = mat[10];
+            dest[11] = mat[11];
+
+            dest[12] = mat[12];
+            dest[13] = mat[13];
+            dest[14] = mat[14];
+            dest[15] = mat[15];
+        }
+
+        // Perform axis-specific matrix multiplication
+        dest[0] = a00 * c + a10 * s;
+        dest[1] = a01 * c + a11 * s;
+        dest[2] = a02 * c + a12 * s;
+        dest[3] = a03 * c + a13 * s;
+
+        dest[4] = a00 * -s + a10 * c;
+        dest[5] = a01 * -s + a11 * c;
+        dest[6] = a02 * -s + a12 * c;
+        dest[7] = a03 * -s + a13 * c;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a frustum matrix with the given bounds
+     *
+     * @param {number} left Left bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} right Right bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} bottom Bottom bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} top Top bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} near Near bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} far Far bound of the frustum
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 frustum matrix will be written into
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.frustum = function (left, right, bottom, top, near, far, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+        var rl = (right - left),
+            tb = (top - bottom),
+            fn = (far - near);
+        dest[0] = (near * 2) / rl;
+        dest[1] = 0;
+        dest[2] = 0;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[4] = 0;
+        dest[5] = (near * 2) / tb;
+        dest[6] = 0;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[8] = (right + left) / rl;
+        dest[9] = (top + bottom) / tb;
+        dest[10] = -(far + near) / fn;
+        dest[11] = -1;
+        dest[12] = 0;
+        dest[13] = 0;
+        dest[14] = -(far * near * 2) / fn;
+        dest[15] = 0;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a perspective projection matrix with the given bounds
+     *
+     * @param {number} fovy Vertical field of view
+     * @param {number} aspect Aspect ratio. typically viewport width/height
+     * @param {number} near Near bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} far Far bound of the frustum
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 frustum matrix will be written into
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.perspective = function (fovy, aspect, near, far, dest) {
+        var top = near * Math.tan(fovy * Math.PI / 360.0),
+            right = top * aspect;
+        return mat4.frustum(-right, right, -top, top, near, far, dest);
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a orthogonal projection matrix with the given bounds
+     *
+     * @param {number} left Left bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} right Right bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} bottom Bottom bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} top Top bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} near Near bound of the frustum
+     * @param {number} far Far bound of the frustum
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 frustum matrix will be written into
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.ortho = function (left, right, bottom, top, near, far, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+        var rl = (right - left),
+            tb = (top - bottom),
+            fn = (far - near);
+        dest[0] = 2 / rl;
+        dest[1] = 0;
+        dest[2] = 0;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[4] = 0;
+        dest[5] = 2 / tb;
+        dest[6] = 0;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[8] = 0;
+        dest[9] = 0;
+        dest[10] = -2 / fn;
+        dest[11] = 0;
+        dest[12] = -(left + right) / rl;
+        dest[13] = -(top + bottom) / tb;
+        dest[14] = -(far + near) / fn;
+        dest[15] = 1;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a look-at matrix with the given eye position, focal point, and up axis
+     *
+     * @param {vec3} eye Position of the viewer
+     * @param {vec3} center Point the viewer is looking at
+     * @param {vec3} up vec3 pointing "up"
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 frustum matrix will be written into
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.lookAt = function (eye, center, up, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+
+        var x0, x1, x2, y0, y1, y2, z0, z1, z2, len,
+            eyex = eye[0],
+            eyey = eye[1],
+            eyez = eye[2],
+            upx = up[0],
+            upy = up[1],
+            upz = up[2],
+            centerx = center[0],
+            centery = center[1],
+            centerz = center[2];
+
+        if (eyex === centerx && eyey === centery && eyez === centerz) {
+            return mat4.identity(dest);
+        }
+
+        //vec3.direction(eye, center, z);
+        z0 = eyex - centerx;
+        z1 = eyey - centery;
+        z2 = eyez - centerz;
+
+        // normalize (no check needed for 0 because of early return)
+        len = 1 / Math.sqrt(z0 * z0 + z1 * z1 + z2 * z2);
+        z0 *= len;
+        z1 *= len;
+        z2 *= len;
+
+        //vec3.normalize(vec3.cross(up, z, x));
+        x0 = upy * z2 - upz * z1;
+        x1 = upz * z0 - upx * z2;
+        x2 = upx * z1 - upy * z0;
+        len = Math.sqrt(x0 * x0 + x1 * x1 + x2 * x2);
+        if (!len) {
+            x0 = 0;
+            x1 = 0;
+            x2 = 0;
+        } else {
+            len = 1 / len;
+            x0 *= len;
+            x1 *= len;
+            x2 *= len;
+        }
+
+        //vec3.normalize(vec3.cross(z, x, y));
+        y0 = z1 * x2 - z2 * x1;
+        y1 = z2 * x0 - z0 * x2;
+        y2 = z0 * x1 - z1 * x0;
+
+        len = Math.sqrt(y0 * y0 + y1 * y1 + y2 * y2);
+        if (!len) {
+            y0 = 0;
+            y1 = 0;
+            y2 = 0;
+        } else {
+            len = 1 / len;
+            y0 *= len;
+            y1 *= len;
+            y2 *= len;
+        }
+
+        dest[0] = x0;
+        dest[1] = y0;
+        dest[2] = z0;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[4] = x1;
+        dest[5] = y1;
+        dest[6] = z1;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[8] = x2;
+        dest[9] = y2;
+        dest[10] = z2;
+        dest[11] = 0;
+        dest[12] = -(x0 * eyex + x1 * eyey + x2 * eyez);
+        dest[13] = -(y0 * eyex + y1 * eyey + y2 * eyez);
+        dest[14] = -(z0 * eyex + z1 * eyey + z2 * eyez);
+        dest[15] = 1;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a matrix from a quaternion rotation and vector translation
+     * This is equivalent to (but much faster than):
+     *
+     *     mat4.identity(dest);
+     *     mat4.translate(dest, vec);
+     *     var quatMat = mat4.create();
+     *     quat4.toMat4(quat, quatMat);
+     *     mat4.multiply(dest, quatMat);
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat Rotation quaternion
+     * @param {vec3} vec Translation vector
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to a new mat4
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    mat4.fromRotationTranslation = function (quat, vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+
+        // Quaternion math
+        var x = quat[0], y = quat[1], z = quat[2], w = quat[3],
+            x2 = x + x,
+            y2 = y + y,
+            z2 = z + z,
+
+            xx = x * x2,
+            xy = x * y2,
+            xz = x * z2,
+            yy = y * y2,
+            yz = y * z2,
+            zz = z * z2,
+            wx = w * x2,
+            wy = w * y2,
+            wz = w * z2;
+
+        dest[0] = 1 - (yy + zz);
+        dest[1] = xy + wz;
+        dest[2] = xz - wy;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+        dest[4] = xy - wz;
+        dest[5] = 1 - (xx + zz);
+        dest[6] = yz + wx;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+        dest[8] = xz + wy;
+        dest[9] = yz - wx;
+        dest[10] = 1 - (xx + yy);
+        dest[11] = 0;
+        dest[12] = vec[0];
+        dest[13] = vec[1];
+        dest[14] = vec[2];
+        dest[15] = 1;
+        
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a string representation of a mat4
+     *
+     * @param {mat4} mat mat4 to represent as a string
+     *
+     * @returns {string} String representation of mat
+     */
+    mat4.str = function (mat) {
+        return '[' + mat[0] + ', ' + mat[1] + ', ' + mat[2] + ', ' + mat[3] +
+            ', ' + mat[4] + ', ' + mat[5] + ', ' + mat[6] + ', ' + mat[7] +
+            ', ' + mat[8] + ', ' + mat[9] + ', ' + mat[10] + ', ' + mat[11] +
+            ', ' + mat[12] + ', ' + mat[13] + ', ' + mat[14] + ', ' + mat[15] + ']';
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * @class Quaternion
+     * @name quat4
+     */
+    var quat4 = {};
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a quat4 using the default array type
+     * Any javascript array containing at least 4 numeric elements can serve as a quat4
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} [quat] quat4 containing values to initialize with
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} New quat4
+     */
+    quat4.create = function (quat) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(4);
+
+        if (quat) {
+            dest[0] = quat[0];
+            dest[1] = quat[1];
+            dest[2] = quat[2];
+            dest[3] = quat[3];
+        } else {
+            dest[0] = dest[1] = dest[2] = dest[3] = 0;
+        }
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a quat4, initializing it with the given arguments
+     *
+     * @param {number} x X value
+     * @param {number} y Y value
+     * @param {number} z Z value
+     * @param {number} w W value
+
+     * @returns {quat4} New quat4
+     */
+    quat4.createFrom = function (x, y, z, w) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(4);
+
+        dest[0] = x;
+        dest[1] = y;
+        dest[2] = z;
+        dest[3] = w;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the values of one quat4 to another
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 containing values to copy
+     * @param {quat4} dest quat4 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest
+     */
+    quat4.set = function (quat, dest) {
+        dest[0] = quat[0];
+        dest[1] = quat[1];
+        dest[2] = quat[2];
+        dest[3] = quat[3];
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Compares two quaternions for equality within a certain margin of error
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} a First vector
+     * @param {quat4} b Second vector
+     *
+     * @returns {Boolean} True if a is equivalent to b
+     */
+    quat4.equal = function (a, b) {
+        return a === b || (
+            Math.abs(a[0] - b[0]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[1] - b[1]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[2] - b[2]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[3] - b[3]) < FLOAT_EPSILON
+        );
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new identity Quat4
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest is specified, new quat4 otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.identity = function (dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = quat4.create(); }
+        dest[0] = 0;
+        dest[1] = 0;
+        dest[2] = 0;
+        dest[3] = 1;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    var identityQuat4 = quat4.identity();
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the W component of a quat4 from the X, Y, and Z components.
+     * Assumes that quaternion is 1 unit in length.
+     * Any existing W component will be ignored.
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to calculate W component of
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving calculated values. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.calculateW = function (quat, dest) {
+        var x = quat[0], y = quat[1], z = quat[2];
+
+        if (!dest || quat === dest) {
+            quat[3] = -Math.sqrt(Math.abs(1.0 - x * x - y * y - z * z));
+            return quat;
+        }
+        dest[0] = x;
+        dest[1] = y;
+        dest[2] = z;
+        dest[3] = -Math.sqrt(Math.abs(1.0 - x * x - y * y - z * z));
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the dot product of two quaternions
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat First operand
+     * @param {quat4} quat2 Second operand
+     *
+     * @return {number} Dot product of quat and quat2
+     */
+    quat4.dot = function(quat, quat2){
+        return quat[0]*quat2[0] + quat[1]*quat2[1] + quat[2]*quat2[2] + quat[3]*quat2[3];
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the inverse of a quat4
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to calculate inverse of
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving inverse values. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.inverse = function(quat, dest) {
+        var q0 = quat[0], q1 = quat[1], q2 = quat[2], q3 = quat[3],
+            dot = q0*q0 + q1*q1 + q2*q2 + q3*q3,
+            invDot = dot ? 1.0/dot : 0;
+        
+        // TODO: Would be faster to return [0,0,0,0] immediately if dot == 0
+        
+        if(!dest || quat === dest) {
+            quat[0] *= -invDot;
+            quat[1] *= -invDot;
+            quat[2] *= -invDot;
+            quat[3] *= invDot;
+            return quat;
+        }
+        dest[0] = -quat[0]*invDot;
+        dest[1] = -quat[1]*invDot;
+        dest[2] = -quat[2]*invDot;
+        dest[3] = quat[3]*invDot;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the conjugate of a quat4
+     * If the quaternion is normalized, this function is faster than quat4.inverse and produces the same result.
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to calculate conjugate of
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving conjugate values. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.conjugate = function (quat, dest) {
+        if (!dest || quat === dest) {
+            quat[0] *= -1;
+            quat[1] *= -1;
+            quat[2] *= -1;
+            return quat;
+        }
+        dest[0] = -quat[0];
+        dest[1] = -quat[1];
+        dest[2] = -quat[2];
+        dest[3] = quat[3];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the length of a quat4
+     *
+     * Params:
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to calculate length of
+     *
+     * @returns Length of quat
+     */
+    quat4.length = function (quat) {
+        var x = quat[0], y = quat[1], z = quat[2], w = quat[3];
+        return Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y + z * z + w * w);
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Generates a unit quaternion of the same direction as the provided quat4
+     * If quaternion length is 0, returns [0, 0, 0, 0]
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to normalize
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.normalize = function (quat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = quat; }
+
+        var x = quat[0], y = quat[1], z = quat[2], w = quat[3],
+            len = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y + z * z + w * w);
+        if (len === 0) {
+            dest[0] = 0;
+            dest[1] = 0;
+            dest[2] = 0;
+            dest[3] = 0;
+            return dest;
+        }
+        len = 1 / len;
+        dest[0] = x * len;
+        dest[1] = y * len;
+        dest[2] = z * len;
+        dest[3] = w * len;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs quaternion addition
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat First operand
+     * @param {quat4} quat2 Second operand
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.add = function (quat, quat2, dest) {
+        if(!dest || quat === dest) {
+            quat[0] += quat2[0];
+            quat[1] += quat2[1];
+            quat[2] += quat2[2];
+            quat[3] += quat2[3];
+            return quat;
+        }
+        dest[0] = quat[0]+quat2[0];
+        dest[1] = quat[1]+quat2[1];
+        dest[2] = quat[2]+quat2[2];
+        dest[3] = quat[3]+quat2[3];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a quaternion multiplication
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat First operand
+     * @param {quat4} quat2 Second operand
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.multiply = function (quat, quat2, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = quat; }
+
+        var qax = quat[0], qay = quat[1], qaz = quat[2], qaw = quat[3],
+            qbx = quat2[0], qby = quat2[1], qbz = quat2[2], qbw = quat2[3];
+
+        dest[0] = qax * qbw + qaw * qbx + qay * qbz - qaz * qby;
+        dest[1] = qay * qbw + qaw * qby + qaz * qbx - qax * qbz;
+        dest[2] = qaz * qbw + qaw * qbz + qax * qby - qay * qbx;
+        dest[3] = qaw * qbw - qax * qbx - qay * qby - qaz * qbz;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Transforms a vec3 with the given quaternion
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to transform the vector with
+     * @param {vec3} vec vec3 to transform
+     * @param {vec3} [dest] vec3 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.multiplyVec3 = function (quat, vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+
+        var x = vec[0], y = vec[1], z = vec[2],
+            qx = quat[0], qy = quat[1], qz = quat[2], qw = quat[3],
+
+            // calculate quat * vec
+            ix = qw * x + qy * z - qz * y,
+            iy = qw * y + qz * x - qx * z,
+            iz = qw * z + qx * y - qy * x,
+            iw = -qx * x - qy * y - qz * z;
+
+        // calculate result * inverse quat
+        dest[0] = ix * qw + iw * -qx + iy * -qz - iz * -qy;
+        dest[1] = iy * qw + iw * -qy + iz * -qx - ix * -qz;
+        dest[2] = iz * qw + iw * -qz + ix * -qy - iy * -qx;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Multiplies the components of a quaternion by a scalar value
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat to scale
+     * @param {number} val Value to scale by
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.scale = function (quat, val, dest) {
+        if(!dest || quat === dest) {
+            quat[0] *= val;
+            quat[1] *= val;
+            quat[2] *= val;
+            quat[3] *= val;
+            return quat;
+        }
+        dest[0] = quat[0]*val;
+        dest[1] = quat[1]*val;
+        dest[2] = quat[2]*val;
+        dest[3] = quat[3]*val;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates a 3x3 matrix from the given quat4
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to create matrix from
+     * @param {mat3} [dest] mat3 receiving operation result
+     *
+     * @returns {mat3} dest if specified, a new mat3 otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.toMat3 = function (quat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat3.create(); }
+
+        var x = quat[0], y = quat[1], z = quat[2], w = quat[3],
+            x2 = x + x,
+            y2 = y + y,
+            z2 = z + z,
+
+            xx = x * x2,
+            xy = x * y2,
+            xz = x * z2,
+            yy = y * y2,
+            yz = y * z2,
+            zz = z * z2,
+            wx = w * x2,
+            wy = w * y2,
+            wz = w * z2;
+
+        dest[0] = 1 - (yy + zz);
+        dest[1] = xy + wz;
+        dest[2] = xz - wy;
+
+        dest[3] = xy - wz;
+        dest[4] = 1 - (xx + zz);
+        dest[5] = yz + wx;
+
+        dest[6] = xz + wy;
+        dest[7] = yz - wx;
+        dest[8] = 1 - (xx + yy);
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates a 4x4 matrix from the given quat4
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to create matrix from
+     * @param {mat4} [dest] mat4 receiving operation result
+     *
+     * @returns {mat4} dest if specified, a new mat4 otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.toMat4 = function (quat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = mat4.create(); }
+
+        var x = quat[0], y = quat[1], z = quat[2], w = quat[3],
+            x2 = x + x,
+            y2 = y + y,
+            z2 = z + z,
+
+            xx = x * x2,
+            xy = x * y2,
+            xz = x * z2,
+            yy = y * y2,
+            yz = y * z2,
+            zz = z * z2,
+            wx = w * x2,
+            wy = w * y2,
+            wz = w * z2;
+
+        dest[0] = 1 - (yy + zz);
+        dest[1] = xy + wz;
+        dest[2] = xz - wy;
+        dest[3] = 0;
+
+        dest[4] = xy - wz;
+        dest[5] = 1 - (xx + zz);
+        dest[6] = yz + wx;
+        dest[7] = 0;
+
+        dest[8] = xz + wy;
+        dest[9] = yz - wx;
+        dest[10] = 1 - (xx + yy);
+        dest[11] = 0;
+
+        dest[12] = 0;
+        dest[13] = 0;
+        dest[14] = 0;
+        dest[15] = 1;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Performs a spherical linear interpolation between two quat4
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat First quaternion
+     * @param {quat4} quat2 Second quaternion
+     * @param {number} slerp Interpolation amount between the two inputs
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to quat
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest if specified, quat otherwise
+     */
+    quat4.slerp = function (quat, quat2, slerp, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = quat; }
+
+        var cosHalfTheta = quat[0] * quat2[0] + quat[1] * quat2[1] + quat[2] * quat2[2] + quat[3] * quat2[3],
+            halfTheta,
+            sinHalfTheta,
+            ratioA,
+            ratioB;
+
+        if (Math.abs(cosHalfTheta) >= 1.0) {
+            if (dest !== quat) {
+                dest[0] = quat[0];
+                dest[1] = quat[1];
+                dest[2] = quat[2];
+                dest[3] = quat[3];
+            }
+            return dest;
+        }
+
+        halfTheta = Math.acos(cosHalfTheta);
+        sinHalfTheta = Math.sqrt(1.0 - cosHalfTheta * cosHalfTheta);
+
+        if (Math.abs(sinHalfTheta) < 0.001) {
+            dest[0] = (quat[0] * 0.5 + quat2[0] * 0.5);
+            dest[1] = (quat[1] * 0.5 + quat2[1] * 0.5);
+            dest[2] = (quat[2] * 0.5 + quat2[2] * 0.5);
+            dest[3] = (quat[3] * 0.5 + quat2[3] * 0.5);
+            return dest;
+        }
+
+        ratioA = Math.sin((1 - slerp) * halfTheta) / sinHalfTheta;
+        ratioB = Math.sin(slerp * halfTheta) / sinHalfTheta;
+
+        dest[0] = (quat[0] * ratioA + quat2[0] * ratioB);
+        dest[1] = (quat[1] * ratioA + quat2[1] * ratioB);
+        dest[2] = (quat[2] * ratioA + quat2[2] * ratioB);
+        dest[3] = (quat[3] * ratioA + quat2[3] * ratioB);
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a quaternion from the given 3x3 rotation matrix.
+     * If dest is omitted, a new quaternion will be created.
+     *
+     * @param {mat3}  mat    the rotation matrix
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] an optional receiving quaternion
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} the quaternion constructed from the rotation matrix
+     *
+     */
+    quat4.fromRotationMatrix = function(mat, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = quat4.create();
+        
+        // Algorithm in Ken Shoemake's article in 1987 SIGGRAPH course notes
+        // article "Quaternion Calculus and Fast Animation".
+
+        var fTrace = mat[0] + mat[4] + mat[8];
+        var fRoot;
+
+        if ( fTrace > 0.0 ) {
+            // |w| > 1/2, may as well choose w > 1/2
+            fRoot = Math.sqrt(fTrace + 1.0);  // 2w
+            dest[3] = 0.5 * fRoot;
+            fRoot = 0.5/fRoot;  // 1/(4w)
+            dest[0] = (mat[7]-mat[5])*fRoot;
+            dest[1] = (mat[2]-mat[6])*fRoot;
+            dest[2] = (mat[3]-mat[1])*fRoot;
+        } else {
+            // |w| <= 1/2
+            var s_iNext = quat4.fromRotationMatrix.s_iNext = quat4.fromRotationMatrix.s_iNext || [1,2,0];
+            var i = 0;
+            if ( mat[4] > mat[0] )
+              i = 1;
+            if ( mat[8] > mat[i*3+i] )
+              i = 2;
+            var j = s_iNext[i];
+            var k = s_iNext[j];
+            
+            fRoot = Math.sqrt(mat[i*3+i]-mat[j*3+j]-mat[k*3+k] + 1.0);
+            dest[i] = 0.5 * fRoot;
+            fRoot = 0.5 / fRoot;
+            dest[3] = (mat[k*3+j] - mat[j*3+k]) * fRoot;
+            dest[j] = (mat[j*3+i] + mat[i*3+j]) * fRoot;
+            dest[k] = (mat[k*3+i] + mat[i*3+k]) * fRoot;
+        }
+        
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Alias. See the description for quat4.fromRotationMatrix().
+     */
+    mat3.toQuat4 = quat4.fromRotationMatrix;
+
+    (function() {
+        var mat = mat3.create();
+        
+        /**
+         * Creates a quaternion from the 3 given vectors. They must be perpendicular
+         * to one another and represent the X, Y and Z axes.
+         *
+         * If dest is omitted, a new quat4 will be created.
+         *
+         * Example: The default OpenGL orientation has a view vector [0, 0, -1],
+         * right vector [1, 0, 0], and up vector [0, 1, 0]. A quaternion representing
+         * this orientation could be constructed with:
+         *
+         *   quat = quat4.fromAxes([0, 0, -1], [1, 0, 0], [0, 1, 0], quat4.create());
+         *
+         * @param {vec3}  view   the view vector, or direction the object is pointing in
+         * @param {vec3}  right  the right vector, or direction to the "right" of the object
+         * @param {vec3}  up     the up vector, or direction towards the object's "up"
+         * @param {quat4} [dest] an optional receiving quat4
+         *
+         * @returns {quat4} dest
+         **/
+        quat4.fromAxes = function(view, right, up, dest) {
+            mat[0] = right[0];
+            mat[3] = right[1];
+            mat[6] = right[2];
+
+            mat[1] = up[0];
+            mat[4] = up[1];
+            mat[7] = up[2];
+
+            mat[2] = view[0];
+            mat[5] = view[1];
+            mat[8] = view[2];
+
+            return quat4.fromRotationMatrix(mat, dest);
+        };
+    })();
+
+    /**
+     * Sets a quat4 to the Identity and returns it.
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} [dest] quat4 to set. If omitted, a
+     * new quat4 will be created.
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest
+     */
+    quat4.identity = function(dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = quat4.create();
+        dest[0] = 0;
+        dest[1] = 0;
+        dest[2] = 0;
+        dest[3] = 1;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Sets a quat4 from the given angle and rotation axis,
+     * then returns it. If dest is not given, a new quat4 is created.
+     *
+     * @param {Number} angle  the angle in radians
+     * @param {vec3}   axis   the axis around which to rotate
+     * @param {quat4}  [dest] the optional quat4 to store the result
+     *
+     * @returns {quat4} dest
+     **/
+    quat4.fromAngleAxis = function(angle, axis, dest) {
+        // The quaternion representing the rotation is
+        //   q = cos(A/2)+sin(A/2)*(x*i+y*j+z*k)
+        if (!dest) dest = quat4.create();
+        
+        var half = angle * 0.5;
+        var s = Math.sin(half);
+        dest[3] = Math.cos(half);
+        dest[0] = s * axis[0];
+        dest[1] = s * axis[1];
+        dest[2] = s * axis[2];
+        
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Stores the angle and axis in a vec4, where the XYZ components represent
+     * the axis and the W (4th) component is the angle in radians.
+     *
+     * If dest is not given, src will be modified in place and returned, after
+     * which it should not be considered not a quaternion (just an axis and angle).
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat   the quaternion whose angle and axis to store
+     * @param {vec4}  [dest] the optional vec4 to receive the data
+     *
+     * @returns {vec4} dest
+     */
+    quat4.toAngleAxis = function(src, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = src;
+        // The quaternion representing the rotation is
+        //   q = cos(A/2)+sin(A/2)*(x*i+y*j+z*k)
+
+        var sqrlen = src[0]*src[0]+src[1]*src[1]+src[2]*src[2];
+        if (sqrlen > 0)
+        {
+            dest[3] = 2 * Math.acos(src[3]);
+            var invlen = glMath.invsqrt(sqrlen);
+            dest[0] = src[0]*invlen;
+            dest[1] = src[1]*invlen;
+            dest[2] = src[2]*invlen;
+        } else {
+            // angle is 0 (mod 2*pi), so any axis will do
+            dest[3] = 0;
+            dest[0] = 1;
+            dest[1] = 0;
+            dest[2] = 0;
+        }
+        
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Returns a string representation of a quaternion
+     *
+     * @param {quat4} quat quat4 to represent as a string
+     *
+     * @returns {string} String representation of quat
+     */
+    quat4.str = function (quat) {
+        return '[' + quat[0] + ', ' + quat[1] + ', ' + quat[2] + ', ' + quat[3] + ']';
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * @class 2 Dimensional Vector
+     * @name vec2
+     */
+    var vec2 = {};
+     
+    /**
+     * Creates a new vec2, initializing it from vec if vec
+     * is given.
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} [vec] the vector's initial contents
+     * @returns {vec2} a new 2D vector
+     */
+    vec2.create = function(vec) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(2);
+
+        if (vec) {
+            dest[0] = vec[0];
+            dest[1] = vec[1];
+        } else {
+            dest[0] = 0;
+            dest[1] = 0;
+        }
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Creates a new instance of a vec2, initializing it with the given arguments
+     *
+     * @param {number} x X value
+     * @param {number} y Y value
+
+     * @returns {vec2} New vec2
+     */
+    vec2.createFrom = function (x, y) {
+        var dest = new MatrixArray(2);
+
+        dest[0] = x;
+        dest[1] = y;
+
+        return dest;
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * Adds the vec2's together. If dest is given, the result
+     * is stored there. Otherwise, the result is stored in vecB.
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vecA the first operand
+     * @param {vec2} vecB the second operand
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] the optional receiving vector
+     * @returns {vec2} dest
+     */
+    vec2.add = function(vecA, vecB, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = vecB;
+        dest[0] = vecA[0] + vecB[0];
+        dest[1] = vecA[1] + vecB[1];
+        return dest;
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * Subtracts vecB from vecA. If dest is given, the result
+     * is stored there. Otherwise, the result is stored in vecB.
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vecA the first operand
+     * @param {vec2} vecB the second operand
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] the optional receiving vector
+     * @returns {vec2} dest
+     */
+    vec2.subtract = function(vecA, vecB, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = vecB;
+        dest[0] = vecA[0] - vecB[0];
+        dest[1] = vecA[1] - vecB[1];
+        return dest;
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * Multiplies vecA with vecB. If dest is given, the result
+     * is stored there. Otherwise, the result is stored in vecB.
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vecA the first operand
+     * @param {vec2} vecB the second operand
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] the optional receiving vector
+     * @returns {vec2} dest
+     */
+    vec2.multiply = function(vecA, vecB, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = vecB;
+        dest[0] = vecA[0] * vecB[0];
+        dest[1] = vecA[1] * vecB[1];
+        return dest;
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * Divides vecA by vecB. If dest is given, the result
+     * is stored there. Otherwise, the result is stored in vecB.
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vecA the first operand
+     * @param {vec2} vecB the second operand
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] the optional receiving vector
+     * @returns {vec2} dest
+     */
+    vec2.divide = function(vecA, vecB, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = vecB;
+        dest[0] = vecA[0] / vecB[0];
+        dest[1] = vecA[1] / vecB[1];
+        return dest;
+    };
+    
+    /**
+     * Scales vecA by some scalar number. If dest is given, the result
+     * is stored there. Otherwise, the result is stored in vecA.
+     *
+     * This is the same as multiplying each component of vecA
+     * by the given scalar.
+     *
+     * @param {vec2}   vecA the vector to be scaled
+     * @param {Number} scalar the amount to scale the vector by
+     * @param {vec2}   [dest] the optional receiving vector
+     * @returns {vec2} dest
+     */
+    vec2.scale = function(vecA, scalar, dest) {
+        if (!dest) dest = vecA;
+        dest[0] = vecA[0] * scalar;
+        dest[1] = vecA[1] * scalar;
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Calculates the euclidian distance between two vec2
+     *
+     * Params:
+     * @param {vec2} vecA First vector
+     * @param {vec2} vecB Second vector
+     *
+     * @returns {number} Distance between vecA and vecB
+     */
+    vec2.dist = function (vecA, vecB) {
+        var x = vecB[0] - vecA[0],
+            y = vecB[1] - vecA[1];
+        return Math.sqrt(x*x + y*y);
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the values of one vec2 to another
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vec vec2 containing values to copy
+     * @param {vec2} dest vec2 receiving copied values
+     *
+     * @returns {vec2} dest
+     */
+    vec2.set = function (vec, dest) {
+        dest[0] = vec[0];
+        dest[1] = vec[1];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Compares two vectors for equality within a certain margin of error
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} a First vector
+     * @param {vec2} b Second vector
+     *
+     * @returns {Boolean} True if a is equivalent to b
+     */
+    vec2.equal = function (a, b) {
+        return a === b || (
+            Math.abs(a[0] - b[0]) < FLOAT_EPSILON &&
+            Math.abs(a[1] - b[1]) < FLOAT_EPSILON
+        );
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Negates the components of a vec2
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vec vec2 to negate
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] vec2 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec2} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec2.negate = function (vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+        dest[0] = -vec[0];
+        dest[1] = -vec[1];
+        return dest;
+    };
+
+    /**
+     * Normlize a vec2
+     *
+     * @param {vec2} vec vec2 to normalize
+     * @param {vec2} [dest] vec2 receiving operation result. If not specified result is written to vec
+     *
+     * @returns {vec2} dest if specified, vec otherwise
+     */
+    vec2.normalize = function (vec, dest) {
+        if (!dest) { dest = vec; }
+        var mag = vec[0] * vec[0] + vec[1] * vec[1];
+        if (mag > 0) {
+            mag = Math.sqrt(mag);
+       

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