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From Chris Hane <>
Subject Re: [CODEC] Base64 vs. sun.misc.BASE64Decode
Date Sat, 19 Aug 2006 15:17:19 GMT
Ok - I agree that this is strange.  However, when I tried just bytes, 
the output file was even worse.  So that tells me I don't know much 
about how to correctly do IO (which I don't).  Can you suggest an 
alternative so that the bytes are outputted correctly.

I have tried a method like the following; but the output file isn't 
correct either.  The straight bytes out produces even more incorrectly 
translated characters when looking at the raw file using wordpad.  I 
have lot more ? characters than using the one that converted to a String 
first.  Could I be reading the input file incorrectly in the 
getBytesFromFile method.

   private static void test3() throws IOException{
      byte[] inBytes = getBytesFromFile(new File("c:\\var\\pdfif.txt"));
      Base64 decoder = new Base64();
      byte[] decodedBytes= decoder.decode(inBytes);
      BufferedWriter out = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter(new 
      for(int x=0; x<decodedBytes.length; x++){

   // Returns the contents of the file in a byte array.
   public static byte[] getBytesFromFile(File file) throws IOException {
      InputStream is = new FileInputStream(file);
      // Get the size of the file
      long length = file.length();
      // You cannot create an array using a long type.
      // It needs to be an int type.
      // Before converting to an int type, check
      // to ensure that file is not larger than Integer.MAX_VALUE.
      if (length > Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
          // File is too large
      // Create the byte array to hold the data
      byte[] bytes = new byte[(int)length];
      // Read in the bytes
      int offset = 0;
      int numRead = 0;
      while (offset < bytes.length
             && (, offset, bytes.length-offset)) >= 
0) {
          offset += numRead;
      // Ensure all the bytes have been read in
      if (offset < bytes.length) {
          throw new IOException("Could not completely read file 
      // Close the input stream and return bytes
      return bytes;

Thanks for looking at this.

Chris.... wrote:
> Selon Chris Hane <>:
>>       char[] msgChars = new String(decoder.decode(b)).toCharArray();
> This looks rather strange to me. When you decode something from Base64, you
> expect the output to be (or contain in your case) pure binary data, you cannot
> put it into a character array. When you do this, the JVM uses its default
> character encoding setting and may well mangle your data. You should really
> stick to bytes, not characters.
> I'm not sure the problem is really here, though. It just looks strange to me.
> Luc
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