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From "Gary Lucas (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Updated] (IMAGING-170) TIFF image gains significant size using TiffImageWriterLossless
Date Mon, 21 Sep 2015 13:52:04 GMT


Gary Lucas updated IMAGING-170:
    Attachment: Imaging_170_2015_09_21.patch

Attached is a patch that will enable the TIFF Image Writer to apply the differencing predictor
when using LZW compression. Doing so often results in output file size reductions of 30 percent
or more. I also added code on the file-reading size to improve the speed of reading files
that are written using the predictor.   I was fortunate in this effort in that some of the
original test files in the old Sanselan release included differencing predictors so I was
able to independently verify my changes (see Oregon Scientific DS6639 LZW files in the test
data folder).

At present, the differencing predictor is only applied when storing data in the 3-bytes per
sample.  I did not implement writing logic for 1-byte samples.  The reading logic, of course,
continues to process 1-byte samples correctly, just as it always has.

I have tested this change using my own personal  test programs and also added code to apply
the test during the project round-trip test when running the Maven package target.

To set your writer to apply the predictor, use the following options when preparing the parameters
for the write operation:


                // for additional compression (but more expensive processing), you may
                // also try increasing the block size as shown below
                //        TiffConstants.PARAM_KEY_LZW_COMPRESSION_BLOCK_SIZE,
                //        new Integer(TiffConstants.TIFF_LZW_COMPRESSION_BLOCK_SIZE_LARGE));

> TIFF image gains significant size using TiffImageWriterLossless
> ---------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: IMAGING-170
>                 URL:
>             Project: Commons Imaging
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Format: TIFF
>    Affects Versions: 1.0
>         Environment: System: Fedora release 21, kernel version: 3.18.7-200.fc21.x86_64,
JAVA: openjdk version "1.8.0_31", IDE: Eclipse Kepler 2, Build id: 20140224-0627
>            Reporter: Remigiusz Malessa
>            Priority: Minor
>         Attachments: Imaging_170_2015_09_21.patch, kwf00346.tif
> Good afternoon, 
> I am posting an issue report as suggested by mr Benedikt Ritter. It's my first issue
report and I've just recently started using the Commons Imaging,  so please go easy on me.

> ------------------------------------------------
> Using Commons Imaging I am reading a Tiff image (will attempt to attach it to this ticket),
then I remove a tag (Focal Plane Resolution Unit) and then I save the new TiffOutputSet to
the system using TiffImageWriterLossless.
> The original image is 15MB, the new image (with the Tag removed) is 28MB.
> Here's how I do it:
> {|borderStyle=solid}
> import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
> import;
> import;
> import;
> import;
> import java.util.HashMap;
> import java.util.List;
> import java.util.Map;
> import org.apache.camel.Exchange;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.ImageFormats;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.ImageReadException;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.ImageWriteException;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.Imaging;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.common.ImageMetadata;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.formats.tiff.TiffField;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.formats.tiff.TiffImageMetadata;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.formats.tiff.write.TiffImageWriterLossless;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.formats.tiff.write.TiffOutputDirectory;
> import org.apache.commons.imaging.formats.tiff.write.TiffOutputSet;
> File tInputFile = new File("/home/rem/TEMP/tags.original.tif");
> File toutputFile = new File("/home/rem/TEMP/");
> final BufferedImage image = Imaging.getBufferedImage(tInputFile);
> ImageMetadata tMetadata = Imaging.getMetadata(tInputFile);
> TiffImageMetadata imageMetadata = (TiffImageMetadata) tMetadata;
> outputSet = imageMetadata.getOutputSet();
> TiffOutputDirectory exifDirectory = outputSet.getExifDirectory(); 
> exifDirectory.removeField(41488);
> ImageFormats format = ImageFormats.TIFF;
> Map<String, Object> params = new HashMap<String, Object>();
> BufferedImage image = Imaging.getBufferedImage(tInputFile);
> byte[] bytes = Imaging.writeImageToBytes(image, format, params);
> TiffImageWriterLossless writerLossLess = new TiffImageWriterLossless(bytes);
> writerLossLess.write(os, outputSet);
> {code}

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