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From "Joerg Schaible (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (IO-468) Avoid allocating memory for method internal buffers, use threadlocal memory instead
Date Mon, 09 Feb 2015 13:32:34 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/IO-468?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=14312219#comment-14312219
] 

Joerg Schaible commented on IO-468:
-----------------------------------

Sorry, but Sebb is not alone here. We're very defensive with preliminary optimization. If
you really spot this method as a major bottle-neck for your application, then why don't you
use the version whree you can define the buffers yourself (as Thomas suggested)? I am quite
sure, that static buffers are even faster. See, you already have to make compromises to the
usage scenario with the WeakReference.

Your results are interesting, but I'd rather put them into the docs also.

> Avoid allocating memory for method internal buffers, use threadlocal memory instead
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: IO-468
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/IO-468
>             Project: Commons IO
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Utilities
>    Affects Versions: 2.4
>         Environment: all environments
>            Reporter: Bernd Hopp
>            Priority: Minor
>              Labels: newbie, performance
>             Fix For: 2.5
>
>         Attachments: PerfTest.java, monitoring_with_threadlocals.png, monitoring_without_threadlocals.png,
performancetest.ods, performancetest_weakreference.ods
>
>   Original Estimate: 12h
>  Remaining Estimate: 12h
>
> In a lot of places, we allocate new buffers dynamically via new byte[]. This is a performance
drawback since many of these allocations could be avoided if we would use threadlocal buffers
that can be reused. For example, consider the following code from IOUtils.java, ln 2177:
> return copyLarge(input, output, inputOffset, length, new byte[DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE]);
> This code allocates new memory for every copy-process, that is not used outside of the
method and could easily and safely reused, as long as is is thread-local. So instead of allocating
new memory, a new utility-class could provide a thread-local bytearray like this:
> byte[] buffer = ThreadLocalByteArray.ofSize(DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE);
> return copyLarge(input, output, inputOffset, length, buffer);
> I have not measured the performance-benefits yet, but I would expect them to be significant,
especially when the streams itself are not the performance bottleneck. 
> Git PR is at https://github.com/apache/commons-io/pull/6/files



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