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From "Thomas Neidhart (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (COLLECTIONS-416) ListUtils.removeAll() is very slow
Date Tue, 03 Jul 2012 21:50:35 GMT


Thomas Neidhart commented on COLLECTIONS-416:

Hi Adrian,

in this case (similar to the other issues like COLLECTIONS-415, 417, 418) I am not sure if
the proposed patch is the right way to go. I would actually prefer to document the behavior
of the method and to make it clear that removeAll will call contains() on the collection to
be removed, so that users have to use a collection that supports this operation fast, e.g.
by wrapping it themselves in the same way as outlined in the patch.
> ListUtils.removeAll() is very slow
> ----------------------------------
>                 Key: COLLECTIONS-416
>                 URL:
>             Project: Commons Collections
>          Issue Type: Bug
>    Affects Versions: 3.2.1
>         Environment: java 1.6.0_24
> Ubuntu 11.10
>            Reporter: Adrian Nistor
>         Attachments:, patch.diff
> Hi,
> I am encountering a performance problem in ListUtils.removeAll().  It
> appears in version 3.2.1 and also in revision 1355448.  I attached a
> test that exposes this problem and a one-line patch that fixes it.  On
> my machine, for this test, the patch provides a 217X speedup.
> To run the test, just do:
> $ java Test
> The output for the un-patched version is:
> Time is 5430
> The output for the patched version is:
> Time is 25
> As the patch shows, the problem is that
> "ListUtils.removeAll(Collection<E> collection, Collection<?> remove)"
> performs "remove.contains(obj)" for each element in "collection",
> which can be very expensive if "remove.contains(obj)" is expensive,
> e.g., when "remove" is a list.
> The one-line patch I attached puts the elements of "remove" in a
> HashSet (which has very fast "contains()"), if "remove" is not already
> a set:
> "if (!(remove instanceof java.util.Set<?>)) remove = new HashSet<Object>(remove);"
> Is this a bug, or am I misunderstanding the intended behavior? If so,
> can you please confirm that the patch is correct?
> Thanks,
> Adrian

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