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From bugzi...@apache.org
Subject DO NOT REPLY [Bug 15297] New: - [HttpClient] Authenticator() - ability to perform alternate authentication
Date Thu, 12 Dec 2002 00:13:38 GMT
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http://nagoya.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=15297

[HttpClient] Authenticator() - ability to perform alternate authentication 

           Summary: [HttpClient] Authenticator() - ability to perform
                    alternate authentication
           Product: Commons
           Version: Nightly Builds
          Platform: Other
        OS/Version: Other
            Status: NEW
          Severity: Enhancement
          Priority: Other
         Component: HttpClient
        AssignedTo: commons-dev@jakarta.apache.org
        ReportedBy: vgustafson@proxicom.com


My post to the user group.  The developer replied suggesting I enter an 
enhancement request.

-----Original Message-----
From: Gustafson, Vicki [mailto:vicki.gustafson@us.didata.com]
Sent: Thursday, 12 December 2002 5:03 AM
To: Jakarta Commons Users List
Subject: [HttpClient] Authentication using Basic

Is there a way to specify which authentication scheme you would like the client 
to use if several schemes are returned in the www-auth header?

I'm performing a simple post using the httpClient.  The server returns a 401 at 
which point the httpClient tries to authenticate with the server.  The 
following header is received:

Attempting to parse authenticate header: 'WWW-Authenticate: Negotiate, NTLM, 
Basic realm="XXXwhateverXXX"

I need to authenticate using Basic, but the Authenticator class will only try 
the most secure scheme:  NTLM.  Is there a setting or parameter I can set to 
force the httpClient to use Basic?

thanks,
Vicki

// determine the most secure request header to add
Header requestHeader = null;
if (challengeMap.containsKey("ntlm")) {
    String challenge = (String) challengeMap.get("ntlm");
    requestHeader = Authenticator.ntlm(challenge, method, state,
    responseHeader);
} else if (challengeMap.containsKey("digest")) {
    String challenge = (String) challengeMap.get("digest");
    String realm = parseRealmFromChallenge(challenge);
    requestHeader = Authenticator.digest(realm, method, state,
    responseHeader);
} else if (challengeMap.containsKey("basic")) {
    String challenge = (String) challengeMap.get("basic");
    String realm = parseRealmFromChallenge(challenge);
    requestHeader = Authenticator.basic(realm, state, responseHeader);
} else if (challengeMap.size() == 0) {
    throw new HttpException("No authentication scheme found in '"
    + authenticateHeader + "'");
} else {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException(
    "Requested authentication scheme " + challengeMap.keySet()
    + " is unsupported");
}

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**********developer response**********************************



Currently there isn't, however we probably should be more intelligent about 
falling back to other authentication schemes based on the type of credentials 
provided.  Having said this I'm not sure it conforms to the HTTP spec strictly 
(which states that the client must use the strongest authentication scheme it 
supports, there's a grey area here because if your application doesn't provide 
a dialog or similar for the user to enter NTLM credentials it can only support 
basic or digest authentication, despite HTTPClient supporting NTLM).

What I'd like to see happen is:

When NTLM authentication is requested as top priority but only 
UsernamePasswordCredentials are available instead of NTLMCredentials we fall 
back to one of the other schemes.  In general this would mean that:

if an authentication scheme is requested and a credentials object of the wrong 
type is provided, HTTPClient should assume (probably optionally or only in non-
strict mode) that the requested authentication scheme is not supported and fall 
through to other options.

Achieving this would require a reasonably amount of refactoring of the 
Authenticator class but shouldn't be impossible.  Unfortunately I don't have 
time to do it myself at the moment but I'd be happy to help out if you felt 
like doing it, otherwise logging an enhancement bug in Bugzilla would be a good 
way to record this request until someone has time to actually implement it.

Adrian Sutton, Software Engineer
Ephox Corporation
www.ephox.com

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