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From chtom...@apache.org
Subject [10/27] [text] TEXT-61 refactor packages to prep for beta release
Date Tue, 24 Jan 2017 12:30:51 GMT
http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/commons-text/blob/4d927351/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/text/beta/StrBuilder.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/text/beta/StrBuilder.java b/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/text/beta/StrBuilder.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..aa0b50a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/text/beta/StrBuilder.java
@@ -0,0 +1,3085 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ * 
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ * 
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+package org.apache.commons.text.beta;
+
+import java.io.IOException;
+import java.io.Reader;
+import java.io.Serializable;
+import java.io.Writer;
+import java.nio.CharBuffer;
+import java.util.Iterator;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Objects;
+
+/**
+ * Builds a string from constituent parts providing a more flexible and powerful API
+ * than StringBuffer.
+ * <p>
+ * The main differences from StringBuffer/StringBuilder are:
+ * </p>
+ * <ul>
+ * <li>Not synchronized</li>
+ * <li>Not final</li>
+ * <li>Subclasses have direct access to character array</li>
+ * <li>Additional methods
+ *  <ul>
+ *   <li>appendWithSeparators - adds an array of values, with a separator</li>
+ *   <li>appendPadding - adds a length padding characters</li>
+ *   <li>appendFixedLength - adds a fixed width field to the builder</li>
+ *   <li>toCharArray/getChars - simpler ways to get a range of the character array</li>
+ *   <li>delete - delete char or string</li>
+ *   <li>replace - search and replace for a char or string</li>
+ *   <li>leftString/rightString/midString - substring without exceptions</li>
+ *   <li>contains - whether the builder contains a char or string</li>
+ *   <li>size/clear/isEmpty - collections style API methods</li>
+ *  </ul>
+ * </li>
+ * <li>Views
+ *  <ul>
+ *   <li>asTokenizer - uses the internal buffer as the source of a StrTokenizer</li>
+ *   <li>asReader - uses the internal buffer as the source of a Reader</li>
+ *   <li>asWriter - allows a Writer to write directly to the internal buffer</li>
+ *  </ul>
+ * </li>
+ * </ul>
+ * <p>
+ * The aim has been to provide an API that mimics very closely what StringBuffer
+ * provides, but with additional methods. It should be noted that some edge cases,
+ * with invalid indices or null input, have been altered - see individual methods.
+ * The biggest of these changes is that by default, null will not output the text
+ * 'null'. This can be controlled by a property, {@link #setNullText(String)}.
+ * </p>
+ *
+ * @since 1.0
+ *
+ */
+public class StrBuilder implements CharSequence, Appendable, Serializable, Builder<String> {
+
+    /**
+     * The extra capacity for new builders.
+     */
+    static final int CAPACITY = 32;
+
+    /**
+     * Required for serialization support.
+     * 
+     * @see java.io.Serializable
+     */
+    private static final long serialVersionUID = 7628716375283629643L;
+
+    /** Internal data storage. */
+    protected char[] buffer; // TODO make private?
+    /** Current size of the buffer. */
+    protected int size; // TODO make private?
+    /** The new line. */
+    private String newLine;
+    /** The null text. */
+    private String nullText;
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Constructor that creates an empty builder initial capacity 32 characters.
+     */
+    public StrBuilder() {
+        this(CAPACITY);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Constructor that creates an empty builder the specified initial capacity.
+     *
+     * @param initialCapacity  the initial capacity, zero or less will be converted to 32
+     */
+    public StrBuilder(int initialCapacity) {
+        super();
+        if (initialCapacity <= 0) {
+            initialCapacity = CAPACITY;
+        }
+        buffer = new char[initialCapacity];
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Constructor that creates a builder from the string, allocating
+     * 32 extra characters for growth.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to copy, null treated as blank string
+     */
+    public StrBuilder(final String str) {
+        super();
+        if (str == null) {
+            buffer = new char[CAPACITY];
+        } else {
+            buffer = new char[str.length() + CAPACITY];
+            append(str);
+        }
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Gets the text to be appended when a new line is added.
+     *
+     * @return the new line text, null means use system default
+     */
+    public String getNewLineText() {
+        return newLine;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Sets the text to be appended when a new line is added.
+     *
+     * @param newLine  the new line text, null means use system default
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder setNewLineText(final String newLine) {
+        this.newLine = newLine;
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Gets the text to be appended when null is added.
+     *
+     * @return the null text, null means no append
+     */
+    public String getNullText() {
+        return nullText;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Sets the text to be appended when null is added.
+     *
+     * @param nullText  the null text, null means no append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder setNullText(String nullText) {
+        if (nullText != null && nullText.isEmpty()) {
+            nullText = null;
+        }
+        this.nullText = nullText;
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Gets the length of the string builder.
+     *
+     * @return the length
+     */
+    @Override
+    public int length() {
+        return size;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Updates the length of the builder by either dropping the last characters
+     * or adding filler of Unicode zero.
+     *
+     * @param length  the length to set to, must be zero or positive
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the length is negative
+     */
+    public StrBuilder setLength(final int length) {
+        if (length < 0) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(length);
+        }
+        if (length < size) {
+            size = length;
+        } else if (length > size) {
+            ensureCapacity(length);
+            final int oldEnd = size;
+            final int newEnd = length;
+            size = length;
+            for (int i = oldEnd; i < newEnd; i++) {
+                buffer[i] = '\0';
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Gets the current size of the internal character array buffer.
+     *
+     * @return the capacity
+     */
+    public int capacity() {
+        return buffer.length;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Checks the capacity and ensures that it is at least the size specified.
+     *
+     * @param capacity  the capacity to ensure
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder ensureCapacity(final int capacity) {
+        if (capacity > buffer.length) {
+            final char[] old = buffer;
+            buffer = new char[capacity * 2];
+            System.arraycopy(old, 0, buffer, 0, size);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Minimizes the capacity to the actual length of the string.
+     *
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder minimizeCapacity() {
+        if (buffer.length > length()) {
+            final char[] old = buffer;
+            buffer = new char[length()];
+            System.arraycopy(old, 0, buffer, 0, size);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Gets the length of the string builder.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is the same as {@link #length()} and is provided to match the
+     * API of Collections.
+     *
+     * @return the length
+     */
+    public int size() {
+        return size;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Checks is the string builder is empty (convenience Collections API style method).
+     * <p>
+     * This method is the same as checking {@link #length()} and is provided to match the
+     * API of Collections.
+     *
+     * @return <code>true</code> if the size is <code>0</code>.
+     */
+    public boolean isEmpty() {
+        return size == 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Clears the string builder (convenience Collections API style method).
+     * <p>
+     * This method does not reduce the size of the internal character buffer.
+     * To do that, call <code>clear()</code> followed by {@link #minimizeCapacity()}.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is the same as {@link #setLength(int)} called with zero
+     * and is provided to match the API of Collections.
+     *
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder clear() {
+        size = 0;
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Gets the character at the specified index.
+     *
+     * @see #setCharAt(int, char)
+     * @see #deleteCharAt(int)
+     * @param index  the index to retrieve, must be valid
+     * @return the character at the index
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    @Override
+    public char charAt(final int index) {
+        if (index < 0 || index >= length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
+        }
+        return buffer[index];
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Sets the character at the specified index.
+     *
+     * @see #charAt(int)
+     * @see #deleteCharAt(int)
+     * @param index  the index to set
+     * @param ch  the new character
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder setCharAt(final int index, final char ch) {
+        if (index < 0 || index >= length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
+        }
+        buffer[index] = ch;
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Deletes the character at the specified index.
+     *
+     * @see #charAt(int)
+     * @see #setCharAt(int, char)
+     * @param index  the index to delete
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteCharAt(final int index) {
+        if (index < 0 || index >= size) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
+        }
+        deleteImpl(index, index + 1, 1);
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Copies the builder's character array into a new character array.
+     *
+     * @return a new array that represents the contents of the builder
+     */
+    public char[] toCharArray() {
+        if (size == 0) {
+            return new char[0];
+        }
+        final char chars[] = new char[size];
+        System.arraycopy(buffer, 0, chars, 0, size);
+        return chars;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Copies part of the builder's character array into a new character array.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index, exclusive, must be valid except that
+     *  if too large it is treated as end of string
+     * @return a new array that holds part of the contents of the builder
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if startIndex is invalid,
+     *  or if endIndex is invalid (but endIndex greater than size is valid)
+     */
+    public char[] toCharArray(final int startIndex, int endIndex) {
+        endIndex = validateRange(startIndex, endIndex);
+        final int len = endIndex - startIndex;
+        if (len == 0) {
+            return new char[0];
+        }
+        final char chars[] = new char[len];
+        System.arraycopy(buffer, startIndex, chars, 0, len);
+        return chars;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the character array into the specified array.
+     *
+     * @param destination  the destination array, null will cause an array to be created
+     * @return the input array, unless that was null or too small
+     */
+    public char[] getChars(char[] destination) {
+        final int len = length();
+        if (destination == null || destination.length < len) {
+            destination = new char[len];
+        }
+        System.arraycopy(buffer, 0, destination, 0, len);
+        return destination;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Copies the character array into the specified array.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  first index to copy, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  last index, exclusive, must be valid
+     * @param destination  the destination array, must not be null or too small
+     * @param destinationIndex  the index to start copying in destination
+     * @throws NullPointerException if the array is null
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if any index is invalid
+     */
+    public void getChars(final int startIndex, final int endIndex, final char destination[], final int destinationIndex) {
+        if (startIndex < 0) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(startIndex);
+        }
+        if (endIndex < 0 || endIndex > length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(endIndex);
+        }
+        if (startIndex > endIndex) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("end < start");
+        }
+        System.arraycopy(buffer, startIndex, destination, destinationIndex, endIndex - startIndex);
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * If possible, reads chars from the provided {@link Readable} directly into underlying
+     * character buffer without making extra copies.
+     *
+     * @param readable  object to read from
+     * @return the number of characters read
+     * @throws IOException if an I/O error occurs
+     *
+     * @see #appendTo(Appendable)
+     */
+    public int readFrom(final Readable readable) throws IOException {
+        final int oldSize = size;
+        if (readable instanceof Reader) {
+            final Reader r = (Reader) readable;
+            ensureCapacity(size + 1);
+            int read;
+            while ((read = r.read(buffer, size, buffer.length - size)) != -1) {
+                size += read;
+                ensureCapacity(size + 1);
+            }
+        } else if (readable instanceof CharBuffer) {
+            final CharBuffer cb = (CharBuffer) readable;
+            final int remaining = cb.remaining();
+            ensureCapacity(size + remaining);
+            cb.get(buffer, size, remaining);
+            size += remaining;
+        } else {
+            while (true) {
+                ensureCapacity(size + 1);
+                final CharBuffer buf = CharBuffer.wrap(buffer, size, buffer.length - size);
+                final int read = readable.read(buf);
+                if (read == -1) {
+                    break;
+                }
+                size += read;
+            }
+        }
+        return size - oldSize;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends the new line string to this string builder.
+     * <p>
+     * The new line string can be altered using {@link #setNewLineText(String)}.
+     * This might be used to force the output to always use Unix line endings
+     * even when on Windows.
+     *
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendNewLine() {
+        if (newLine == null)  {
+            append(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
+            return this;
+        }
+        return append(newLine);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends the text representing <code>null</code> to this string builder.
+     *
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendNull() {
+        if (nullText == null)  {
+            return this;
+        }
+        return append(nullText);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an object to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param obj  the object to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final Object obj) {
+        if (obj == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (obj instanceof CharSequence) {
+            return append((CharSequence) obj);
+        }
+        return append(obj.toString());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a CharSequence to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param seq  the CharSequence to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    @Override
+    public StrBuilder append(final CharSequence seq) {
+        if (seq == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (seq instanceof StrBuilder) {
+            return append((StrBuilder) seq);
+        }
+        if (seq instanceof StringBuilder) {
+            return append((StringBuilder) seq);
+        }
+        if (seq instanceof StringBuffer) {
+            return append((StringBuffer) seq);
+        }
+        if (seq instanceof CharBuffer) {
+            return append((CharBuffer) seq);
+        }
+        return append(seq.toString());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a CharSequence to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param seq  the CharSequence to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    @Override
+    public StrBuilder append(final CharSequence seq, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (seq == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        return append(seq.toString(), startIndex, length);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a string to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final String str) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        final int strLen = str.length();
+        if (strLen > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + strLen);
+            str.getChars(0, strLen, buffer, len);
+            size += strLen;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final String str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (startIndex < 0 || startIndex > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("startIndex must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length < 0 || (startIndex + length) > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("length must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            str.getChars(startIndex, startIndex + length, buffer, len);
+            size += length;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Calls {@link String#format(String, Object...)} and appends the result.
+     *
+     * @param format the format string
+     * @param objs the objects to use in the format string
+     * @return {@code this} to enable chaining
+     * @see String#format(String, Object...)
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final String format, final Object... objs) {
+        return append(String.format(format, objs));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends the contents of a char buffer to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param buf  the char buffer to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final CharBuffer buf) {
+        if (buf == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (buf.hasArray()) {
+            final int length = buf.remaining();
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            System.arraycopy(buf.array(), buf.arrayOffset() + buf.position(), buffer, len, length);
+            size += length;
+        } else {
+            append(buf.toString());
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends the contents of a char buffer to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param buf  the char buffer to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final CharBuffer buf, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (buf == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (buf.hasArray()) {
+            final int totalLength = buf.remaining();
+            if (startIndex < 0 || startIndex > totalLength) {
+                throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("startIndex must be valid");
+            }
+            if (length < 0 || (startIndex + length) > totalLength) {
+                throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("length must be valid");
+            }
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            System.arraycopy(buf.array(), buf.arrayOffset() + buf.position() + startIndex, buffer, len, length);
+            size += length;
+        } else {
+            append(buf.toString(), startIndex, length);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a string buffer to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string buffer to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final StringBuffer str) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        final int strLen = str.length();
+        if (strLen > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + strLen);
+            str.getChars(0, strLen, buffer, len);
+            size += strLen;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string buffer to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final StringBuffer str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (startIndex < 0 || startIndex > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("startIndex must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length < 0 || (startIndex + length) > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("length must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            str.getChars(startIndex, startIndex + length, buffer, len);
+            size += length;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a StringBuilder to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str the StringBuilder to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final StringBuilder str) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        final int strLen = str.length();
+        if (strLen > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + strLen);
+            str.getChars(0, strLen, buffer, len);
+            size += strLen;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a StringBuilder to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str the StringBuilder to append
+     * @param startIndex the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final StringBuilder str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (startIndex < 0 || startIndex > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("startIndex must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length < 0 || (startIndex + length) > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("length must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            str.getChars(startIndex, startIndex + length, buffer, len);
+            size += length;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends another string builder to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string builder to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final StrBuilder str) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        final int strLen = str.length();
+        if (strLen > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + strLen);
+            System.arraycopy(str.buffer, 0, buffer, len, strLen);
+            size += strLen;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string builder to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final StrBuilder str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (startIndex < 0 || startIndex > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("startIndex must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length < 0 || (startIndex + length) > str.length()) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("length must be valid");
+        }
+        if (length > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            str.getChars(startIndex, startIndex + length, buffer, len);
+            size += length;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a char array to the string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param chars  the char array to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final char[] chars) {
+        if (chars == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        final int strLen = chars.length;
+        if (strLen > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + strLen);
+            System.arraycopy(chars, 0, buffer, len, strLen);
+            size += strLen;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a char array to the string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param chars  the char array to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final char[] chars, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        if (chars == null) {
+            return appendNull();
+        }
+        if (startIndex < 0 || startIndex > chars.length) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("Invalid startIndex: " + length);
+        }
+        if (length < 0 || (startIndex + length) > chars.length) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("Invalid length: " + length);
+        }
+        if (length > 0) {
+            final int len = length();
+            ensureCapacity(len + length);
+            System.arraycopy(chars, startIndex, buffer, len, length);
+            size += length;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a boolean value to the string builder.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final boolean value) {
+        if (value) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + 4);
+            buffer[size++] = 't';
+            buffer[size++] = 'r';
+            buffer[size++] = 'u';
+            buffer[size++] = 'e';
+        } else {
+            ensureCapacity(size + 5);
+            buffer[size++] = 'f';
+            buffer[size++] = 'a';
+            buffer[size++] = 'l';
+            buffer[size++] = 's';
+            buffer[size++] = 'e';
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a char value to the string builder.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    @Override
+    public StrBuilder append(final char ch) {
+        final int len = length();
+        ensureCapacity(len + 1);
+        buffer[size++] = ch;
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an int value to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final int value) {
+        return append(String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a long value to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final long value) {
+        return append(String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a float value to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final float value) {
+        return append(String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a double value to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder append(final double value) {
+        return append(String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends an object followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param obj  the object to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final Object obj) {
+        return append(obj).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a string followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final String str) {
+        return append(str).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final String str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        return append(str, startIndex, length).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Calls {@link String#format(String, Object...)} and appends the result.
+     *
+     * @param format the format string
+     * @param objs the objects to use in the format string
+     * @return {@code this} to enable chaining
+     * @see String#format(String, Object...)
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final String format, final Object... objs) {
+        return append(format, objs).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a string buffer followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string buffer to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final StringBuffer str) {
+        return append(str).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a string builder followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string builder to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final StringBuilder str) {
+        return append(str).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string builder followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string builder to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final StringBuilder str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        return append(str, startIndex, length).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string buffer followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final StringBuffer str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        return append(str, startIndex, length).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends another string builder followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string builder to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final StrBuilder str) {
+        return append(str).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends part of a string builder followed by a new line to this string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final StrBuilder str, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        return append(str, startIndex, length).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a char array followed by a new line to the string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param chars  the char array to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final char[] chars) {
+        return append(chars).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a char array followed by a new line to the string builder.
+     * Appending null will call {@link #appendNull()}.
+     *
+     * @param chars  the char array to append
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length to append, must be valid
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final char[] chars, final int startIndex, final int length) {
+        return append(chars, startIndex, length).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a boolean value followed by a new line to the string builder.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final boolean value) {
+        return append(value).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a char value followed by a new line to the string builder.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final char ch) {
+        return append(ch).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an int value followed by a new line to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final int value) {
+        return append(value).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a long value followed by a new line to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final long value) {
+        return append(value).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a float value followed by a new line to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final float value) {
+        return append(value).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a double value followed by a new line to the string builder using <code>String.valueOf</code>.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendln(final double value) {
+        return append(value).appendNewLine();
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends each item in an array to the builder without any separators.
+     * Appending a null array will have no effect.
+     * Each object is appended using {@link #append(Object)}.
+     *
+     * @param <T>  the element type
+     * @param array  the array to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public <T> StrBuilder appendAll(@SuppressWarnings("unchecked") final T... array) {
+        /*
+         * @SuppressWarnings used to hide warning about vararg usage. We cannot
+         * use @SafeVarargs, since this method is not final. Using @SupressWarnings
+         * is fine, because it isn't inherited by subclasses, so each subclass must
+         * vouch for itself whether its use of 'array' is safe.
+         */
+        if (array != null && array.length > 0) {
+            for (final Object element : array) {
+                append(element);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends each item in an iterable to the builder without any separators.
+     * Appending a null iterable will have no effect.
+     * Each object is appended using {@link #append(Object)}.
+     *
+     * @param iterable  the iterable to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendAll(final Iterable<?> iterable) {
+        if (iterable != null) {
+            for (final Object o : iterable) {
+                append(o);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends each item in an iterator to the builder without any separators.
+     * Appending a null iterator will have no effect.
+     * Each object is appended using {@link #append(Object)}.
+     *
+     * @param it  the iterator to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendAll(final Iterator<?> it) {
+        if (it != null) {
+            while (it.hasNext()) {
+                append(it.next());
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends an array placing separators between each value, but
+     * not before the first or after the last.
+     * Appending a null array will have no effect.
+     * Each object is appended using {@link #append(Object)}.
+     *
+     * @param array  the array to append
+     * @param separator  the separator to use, null means no separator
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendWithSeparators(final Object[] array, final String separator) {
+        if (array != null && array.length > 0) {
+            final String sep = Objects.toString(separator, "");
+            append(array[0]);
+            for (int i = 1; i < array.length; i++) {
+                append(sep);
+                append(array[i]);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an iterable placing separators between each value, but
+     * not before the first or after the last.
+     * Appending a null iterable will have no effect.
+     * Each object is appended using {@link #append(Object)}.
+     *
+     * @param iterable  the iterable to append
+     * @param separator  the separator to use, null means no separator
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendWithSeparators(final Iterable<?> iterable, final String separator) {
+        if (iterable != null) {
+            final String sep = Objects.toString(separator, "");
+            final Iterator<?> it = iterable.iterator();
+            while (it.hasNext()) {
+                append(it.next());
+                if (it.hasNext()) {
+                    append(sep);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an iterator placing separators between each value, but
+     * not before the first or after the last.
+     * Appending a null iterator will have no effect.
+     * Each object is appended using {@link #append(Object)}.
+     *
+     * @param it  the iterator to append
+     * @param separator  the separator to use, null means no separator
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendWithSeparators(final Iterator<?> it, final String separator) {
+        if (it != null) {
+            final String sep = Objects.toString(separator, "");
+            while (it.hasNext()) {
+                append(it.next());
+                if (it.hasNext()) {
+                    append(sep);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends a separator if the builder is currently non-empty.
+     * Appending a null separator will have no effect.
+     * The separator is appended using {@link #append(String)}.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is useful for adding a separator each time around the
+     * loop except the first.
+     * <pre>
+     * for (Iterator it = list.iterator(); it.hasNext(); ) {
+     *   appendSeparator(",");
+     *   append(it.next());
+     * }
+     * </pre>
+     * Note that for this simple example, you should use
+     * {@link #appendWithSeparators(Iterable, String)}.
+     *
+     * @param separator  the separator to use, null means no separator
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendSeparator(final String separator) {
+        return appendSeparator(separator, null);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends one of both separators to the StrBuilder.
+     * If the builder is currently empty it will append the defaultIfEmpty-separator
+     * Otherwise it will append the standard-separator
+     *
+     * Appending a null separator will have no effect.
+     * The separator is appended using {@link #append(String)}.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is for example useful for constructing queries
+     * <pre>
+     * StrBuilder whereClause = new StrBuilder();
+     * if(searchCommand.getPriority() != null) {
+     *  whereClause.appendSeparator(" and", " where");
+     *  whereClause.append(" priority = ?")
+     * }
+     * if(searchCommand.getComponent() != null) {
+     *  whereClause.appendSeparator(" and", " where");
+     *  whereClause.append(" component = ?")
+     * }
+     * selectClause.append(whereClause)
+     * </pre>
+     *
+     * @param standard the separator if builder is not empty, null means no separator
+     * @param defaultIfEmpty the separator if builder is empty, null means no separator
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendSeparator(final String standard, final String defaultIfEmpty) {
+        final String str = isEmpty() ? defaultIfEmpty : standard;
+        if (str != null) {
+            append(str);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a separator if the builder is currently non-empty.
+     * The separator is appended using {@link #append(char)}.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is useful for adding a separator each time around the
+     * loop except the first.
+     * <pre>
+     * for (Iterator it = list.iterator(); it.hasNext(); ) {
+     *   appendSeparator(',');
+     *   append(it.next());
+     * }
+     * </pre>
+     * Note that for this simple example, you should use
+     * {@link #appendWithSeparators(Iterable, String)}.
+     *
+     * @param separator  the separator to use
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendSeparator(final char separator) {
+        if (size() > 0) {
+            append(separator);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Append one of both separators to the builder
+     * If the builder is currently empty it will append the defaultIfEmpty-separator
+     * Otherwise it will append the standard-separator
+     *
+     * The separator is appended using {@link #append(char)}.
+     * @param standard the separator if builder is not empty
+     * @param defaultIfEmpty the separator if builder is empty
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendSeparator(final char standard, final char defaultIfEmpty) {
+        if (size() > 0) {
+            append(standard);
+        } else {
+            append(defaultIfEmpty);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+    /**
+     * Appends a separator to the builder if the loop index is greater than zero.
+     * Appending a null separator will have no effect.
+     * The separator is appended using {@link #append(String)}.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is useful for adding a separator each time around the
+     * loop except the first.
+     * </p>
+     * <pre>
+     * for (int i = 0; i &lt; list.size(); i++) {
+     *   appendSeparator(",", i);
+     *   append(list.get(i));
+     * }
+     * </pre>
+     * Note that for this simple example, you should use
+     * {@link #appendWithSeparators(Iterable, String)}.
+     *
+     * @param separator  the separator to use, null means no separator
+     * @param loopIndex  the loop index
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendSeparator(final String separator, final int loopIndex) {
+        if (separator != null && loopIndex > 0) {
+            append(separator);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends a separator to the builder if the loop index is greater than zero.
+     * The separator is appended using {@link #append(char)}.
+     * <p>
+     * This method is useful for adding a separator each time around the
+     * loop except the first.
+     * </p>
+     * <pre>
+     * for (int i = 0; i &lt; list.size(); i++) {
+     *   appendSeparator(",", i);
+     *   append(list.get(i));
+     * }
+     * </pre>
+     * Note that for this simple example, you should use
+     * {@link #appendWithSeparators(Iterable, String)}.
+     *
+     * @param separator  the separator to use
+     * @param loopIndex  the loop index
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendSeparator(final char separator, final int loopIndex) {
+        if (loopIndex > 0) {
+            append(separator);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends the pad character to the builder the specified number of times.
+     *
+     * @param length  the length to append, negative means no append
+     * @param padChar  the character to append
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendPadding(final int length, final char padChar) {
+        if (length >= 0) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + length);
+            for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
+                buffer[size++] = padChar;
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Appends an object to the builder padding on the left to a fixed width.
+     * The <code>toString</code> of the object is used.
+     * If the object is larger than the length, the left hand side is lost.
+     * If the object is null, the null text value is used.
+     *
+     * @param obj  the object to append, null uses null text
+     * @param width  the fixed field width, zero or negative has no effect
+     * @param padChar  the pad character to use
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendFixedWidthPadLeft(final Object obj, final int width, final char padChar) {
+        if (width > 0) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + width);
+            String str = (obj == null ? getNullText() : obj.toString());
+            if (str == null) {
+                str = "";
+            }
+            final int strLen = str.length();
+            if (strLen >= width) {
+                str.getChars(strLen - width, strLen, buffer, size);
+            } else {
+                final int padLen = width - strLen;
+                for (int i = 0; i < padLen; i++) {
+                    buffer[size + i] = padChar;
+                }
+                str.getChars(0, strLen, buffer, size + padLen);
+            }
+            size += width;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an object to the builder padding on the left to a fixed width.
+     * The <code>String.valueOf</code> of the <code>int</code> value is used.
+     * If the formatted value is larger than the length, the left hand side is lost.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @param width  the fixed field width, zero or negative has no effect
+     * @param padChar  the pad character to use
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendFixedWidthPadLeft(final int value, final int width, final char padChar) {
+        return appendFixedWidthPadLeft(String.valueOf(value), width, padChar);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an object to the builder padding on the right to a fixed length.
+     * The <code>toString</code> of the object is used.
+     * If the object is larger than the length, the right hand side is lost.
+     * If the object is null, null text value is used.
+     *
+     * @param obj  the object to append, null uses null text
+     * @param width  the fixed field width, zero or negative has no effect
+     * @param padChar  the pad character to use
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendFixedWidthPadRight(final Object obj, final int width, final char padChar) {
+        if (width > 0) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + width);
+            String str = (obj == null ? getNullText() : obj.toString());
+            if (str == null) {
+                str = "";
+            }
+            final int strLen = str.length();
+            if (strLen >= width) {
+                str.getChars(0, width, buffer, size);
+            } else {
+                final int padLen = width - strLen;
+                str.getChars(0, strLen, buffer, size);
+                for (int i = 0; i < padLen; i++) {
+                    buffer[size + strLen + i] = padChar;
+                }
+            }
+            size += width;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Appends an object to the builder padding on the right to a fixed length.
+     * The <code>String.valueOf</code> of the <code>int</code> value is used.
+     * If the object is larger than the length, the right hand side is lost.
+     *
+     * @param value  the value to append
+     * @param width  the fixed field width, zero or negative has no effect
+     * @param padChar  the pad character to use
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder appendFixedWidthPadRight(final int value, final int width, final char padChar) {
+        return appendFixedWidthPadRight(String.valueOf(value), width, padChar);
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Inserts the string representation of an object into this builder.
+     * Inserting null will use the stored null text value.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param obj  the object to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final Object obj) {
+        if (obj == null) {
+            return insert(index, nullText);
+        }
+        return insert(index, obj.toString());
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the string into this builder.
+     * Inserting null will use the stored null text value.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param str  the string to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, String str) {
+        validateIndex(index);
+        if (str == null) {
+            str = nullText;
+        }
+        if (str != null) {
+            final int strLen = str.length();
+            if (strLen > 0) {
+                final int newSize = size + strLen;
+                ensureCapacity(newSize);
+                System.arraycopy(buffer, index, buffer, index + strLen, size - index);
+                size = newSize;
+                str.getChars(0, strLen, buffer, index);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the character array into this builder.
+     * Inserting null will use the stored null text value.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param chars  the char array to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final char chars[]) {
+        validateIndex(index);
+        if (chars == null) {
+            return insert(index, nullText);
+        }
+        final int len = chars.length;
+        if (len > 0) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + len);
+            System.arraycopy(buffer, index, buffer, index + len, size - index);
+            System.arraycopy(chars, 0, buffer, index, len);
+            size += len;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts part of the character array into this builder.
+     * Inserting null will use the stored null text value.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param chars  the char array to insert
+     * @param offset  the offset into the character array to start at, must be valid
+     * @param length  the length of the character array part to copy, must be positive
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if any index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final char chars[], final int offset, final int length) {
+        validateIndex(index);
+        if (chars == null) {
+            return insert(index, nullText);
+        }
+        if (offset < 0 || offset > chars.length) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("Invalid offset: " + offset);
+        }
+        if (length < 0 || offset + length > chars.length) {
+            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException("Invalid length: " + length);
+        }
+        if (length > 0) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + length);
+            System.arraycopy(buffer, index, buffer, index + length, size - index);
+            System.arraycopy(chars, offset, buffer, index, length);
+            size += length;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the value into this builder.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param value  the value to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(int index, final boolean value) {
+        validateIndex(index);
+        if (value) {
+            ensureCapacity(size + 4);
+            System.arraycopy(buffer, index, buffer, index + 4, size - index);
+            buffer[index++] = 't';
+            buffer[index++] = 'r';
+            buffer[index++] = 'u';
+            buffer[index] = 'e';
+            size += 4;
+        } else {
+            ensureCapacity(size + 5);
+            System.arraycopy(buffer, index, buffer, index + 5, size - index);
+            buffer[index++] = 'f';
+            buffer[index++] = 'a';
+            buffer[index++] = 'l';
+            buffer[index++] = 's';
+            buffer[index] = 'e';
+            size += 5;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the value into this builder.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param value  the value to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final char value) {
+        validateIndex(index);
+        ensureCapacity(size + 1);
+        System.arraycopy(buffer, index, buffer, index + 1, size - index);
+        buffer[index] = value;
+        size++;
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the value into this builder.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param value  the value to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final int value) {
+        return insert(index, String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the value into this builder.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param value  the value to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final long value) {
+        return insert(index, String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the value into this builder.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param value  the value to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final float value) {
+        return insert(index, String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Inserts the value into this builder.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to add at, must be valid
+     * @param value  the value to insert
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder insert(final int index, final double value) {
+        return insert(index, String.valueOf(value));
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Internal method to delete a range without validation.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index (exclusive), must be valid
+     * @param len  the length, must be valid
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if any index is invalid
+     */
+    private void deleteImpl(final int startIndex, final int endIndex, final int len) {
+        System.arraycopy(buffer, endIndex, buffer, startIndex, size - endIndex);
+        size -= len;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Deletes the characters between the two specified indices.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index, exclusive, must be valid except
+     *  that if too large it is treated as end of string
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder delete(final int startIndex, int endIndex) {
+        endIndex = validateRange(startIndex, endIndex);
+        final int len = endIndex - startIndex;
+        if (len > 0) {
+            deleteImpl(startIndex, endIndex, len);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Deletes the character wherever it occurs in the builder.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the character to delete
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteAll(final char ch) {
+        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+            if (buffer[i] == ch) {
+                final int start = i;
+                while (++i < size) {
+                    if (buffer[i] != ch) {
+                        break;
+                    }
+                }
+                final int len = i - start;
+                deleteImpl(start, i, len);
+                i -= len;
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Deletes the character wherever it occurs in the builder.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the character to delete
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteFirst(final char ch) {
+        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+            if (buffer[i] == ch) {
+                deleteImpl(i, i + 1, 1);
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Deletes the string wherever it occurs in the builder.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to delete, null causes no action
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteAll(final String str) {
+        final int len = (str == null ? 0 : str.length());
+        if (len > 0) {
+            int index = indexOf(str, 0);
+            while (index >= 0) {
+                deleteImpl(index, index + len, len);
+                index = indexOf(str, index);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Deletes the string wherever it occurs in the builder.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to delete, null causes no action
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteFirst(final String str) {
+        final int len = (str == null ? 0 : str.length());
+        if (len > 0) {
+            final int index = indexOf(str, 0);
+            if (index >= 0) {
+                deleteImpl(index, index + len, len);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Deletes all parts of the builder that the matcher matches.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced deletion behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to delete all occurrences
+     * where the character 'a' is followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use to find the deletion, null causes no action
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteAll(final StrMatcher matcher) {
+        return replace(matcher, null, 0, size, -1);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Deletes the first match within the builder using the specified matcher.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced deletion behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to delete
+     * where the character 'a' is followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use to find the deletion, null causes no action
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder deleteFirst(final StrMatcher matcher) {
+        return replace(matcher, null, 0, size, 1);
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Internal method to delete a range without validation.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index (exclusive), must be valid
+     * @param removeLen  the length to remove (endIndex - startIndex), must be valid
+     * @param insertStr  the string to replace with, null means delete range
+     * @param insertLen  the length of the insert string, must be valid
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if any index is invalid
+     */
+    private void replaceImpl(final int startIndex, final int endIndex, final int removeLen, final String insertStr, final int insertLen) {
+        final int newSize = size - removeLen + insertLen;
+        if (insertLen != removeLen) {
+            ensureCapacity(newSize);
+            System.arraycopy(buffer, endIndex, buffer, startIndex + insertLen, size - endIndex);
+            size = newSize;
+        }
+        if (insertLen > 0) {
+            insertStr.getChars(0, insertLen, buffer, startIndex);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Replaces a portion of the string builder with another string.
+     * The length of the inserted string does not have to match the removed length.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index, exclusive, must be valid except
+     *  that if too large it is treated as end of string
+     * @param replaceStr  the string to replace with, null means delete range
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replace(final int startIndex, int endIndex, final String replaceStr) {
+        endIndex = validateRange(startIndex, endIndex);
+        final int insertLen = (replaceStr == null ? 0 : replaceStr.length());
+        replaceImpl(startIndex, endIndex, endIndex - startIndex, replaceStr, insertLen);
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Replaces the search character with the replace character
+     * throughout the builder.
+     *
+     * @param search  the search character
+     * @param replace  the replace character
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replaceAll(final char search, final char replace) {
+        if (search != replace) {
+            for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+                if (buffer[i] == search) {
+                    buffer[i] = replace;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Replaces the first instance of the search character with the
+     * replace character in the builder.
+     *
+     * @param search  the search character
+     * @param replace  the replace character
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replaceFirst(final char search, final char replace) {
+        if (search != replace) {
+            for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
+                if (buffer[i] == search) {
+                    buffer[i] = replace;
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Replaces the search string with the replace string throughout the builder.
+     *
+     * @param searchStr  the search string, null causes no action to occur
+     * @param replaceStr  the replace string, null is equivalent to an empty string
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replaceAll(final String searchStr, final String replaceStr) {
+        final int searchLen = (searchStr == null ? 0 : searchStr.length());
+        if (searchLen > 0) {
+            final int replaceLen = (replaceStr == null ? 0 : replaceStr.length());
+            int index = indexOf(searchStr, 0);
+            while (index >= 0) {
+                replaceImpl(index, index + searchLen, searchLen, replaceStr, replaceLen);
+                index = indexOf(searchStr, index + replaceLen);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Replaces the first instance of the search string with the replace string.
+     *
+     * @param searchStr  the search string, null causes no action to occur
+     * @param replaceStr  the replace string, null is equivalent to an empty string
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replaceFirst(final String searchStr, final String replaceStr) {
+        final int searchLen = (searchStr == null ? 0 : searchStr.length());
+        if (searchLen > 0) {
+            final int index = indexOf(searchStr, 0);
+            if (index >= 0) {
+                final int replaceLen = (replaceStr == null ? 0 : replaceStr.length());
+                replaceImpl(index, index + searchLen, searchLen, replaceStr, replaceLen);
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Replaces all matches within the builder with the replace string.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced replace behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to replace all occurrences
+     * where the character 'a' is followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use to find the deletion, null causes no action
+     * @param replaceStr  the replace string, null is equivalent to an empty string
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replaceAll(final StrMatcher matcher, final String replaceStr) {
+        return replace(matcher, replaceStr, 0, size, -1);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Replaces the first match within the builder with the replace string.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced replace behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to replace
+     * where the character 'a' is followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use to find the deletion, null causes no action
+     * @param replaceStr  the replace string, null is equivalent to an empty string
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replaceFirst(final StrMatcher matcher, final String replaceStr) {
+        return replace(matcher, replaceStr, 0, size, 1);
+    }
+
+    // -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Advanced search and replaces within the builder using a matcher.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to delete all occurrences
+     * where the character 'a' is followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use to find the deletion, null causes no action
+     * @param replaceStr  the string to replace the match with, null is a delete
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index, exclusive, must be valid except
+     *  that if too large it is treated as end of string
+     * @param replaceCount  the number of times to replace, -1 for replace all
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if start index is invalid
+     */
+    public StrBuilder replace(
+            final StrMatcher matcher, final String replaceStr,
+            final int startIndex, int endIndex, final int replaceCount) {
+        endIndex = validateRange(startIndex, endIndex);
+        return replaceImpl(matcher, replaceStr, startIndex, endIndex, replaceCount);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Replaces within the builder using a matcher.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to delete all occurrences
+     * where the character 'a' is followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use to find the deletion, null causes no action
+     * @param replaceStr  the string to replace the match with, null is a delete
+     * @param from  the start index, must be valid
+     * @param to  the end index (exclusive), must be valid
+     * @param replaceCount  the number of times to replace, -1 for replace all
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if any index is invalid
+     */
+    private StrBuilder replaceImpl(
+            final StrMatcher matcher, final String replaceStr,
+            final int from, int to, int replaceCount) {
+        if (matcher == null || size == 0) {
+            return this;
+        }
+        final int replaceLen = (replaceStr == null ? 0 : replaceStr.length());
+        for (int i = from; i < to && replaceCount != 0; i++) {
+            final char[] buf = buffer;
+            final int removeLen = matcher.isMatch(buf, i, from, to);
+            if (removeLen > 0) {
+                replaceImpl(i, i + removeLen, removeLen, replaceStr, replaceLen);
+                to = to - removeLen + replaceLen;
+                i = i + replaceLen - 1;
+                if (replaceCount > 0) {
+                    replaceCount--;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Reverses the string builder placing each character in the opposite index.
+     *
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder reverse() {
+        if (size == 0) {
+            return this;
+        }
+
+        final int half = size / 2;
+        final char[] buf = buffer;
+        for (int leftIdx = 0, rightIdx = size - 1; leftIdx < half; leftIdx++,rightIdx--) {
+            final char swap = buf[leftIdx];
+            buf[leftIdx] = buf[rightIdx];
+            buf[rightIdx] = swap;
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Trims the builder by removing characters less than or equal to a space
+     * from the beginning and end.
+     *
+     * @return this, to enable chaining
+     */
+    public StrBuilder trim() {
+        if (size == 0) {
+            return this;
+        }
+        int len = size;
+        final char[] buf = buffer;
+        int pos = 0;
+        while (pos < len && buf[pos] <= ' ') {
+            pos++;
+        }
+        while (pos < len && buf[len - 1] <= ' ') {
+            len--;
+        }
+        if (len < size) {
+            delete(len, size);
+        }
+        if (pos > 0) {
+            delete(0, pos);
+        }
+        return this;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Checks whether this builder starts with the specified string.
+     * <p>
+     * Note that this method handles null input quietly, unlike String.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to search for, null returns false
+     * @return true if the builder starts with the string
+     */
+    public boolean startsWith(final String str) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+        final int len = str.length();
+        if (len == 0) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        if (len > size) {
+            return false;
+        }
+        for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+            if (buffer[i] != str.charAt(i)) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Checks whether this builder ends with the specified string.
+     * <p>
+     * Note that this method handles null input quietly, unlike String.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to search for, null returns false
+     * @return true if the builder ends with the string
+     */
+    public boolean endsWith(final String str) {
+        if (str == null) {
+            return false;
+        }
+        final int len = str.length();
+        if (len == 0) {
+            return true;
+        }
+        if (len > size) {
+            return false;
+        }
+        int pos = size - len;
+        for (int i = 0; i < len; i++,pos++) {
+            if (buffer[pos] != str.charAt(i)) {
+                return false;
+            }
+        }
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * {@inheritDoc}
+     */
+    @Override
+    public CharSequence subSequence(final int startIndex, final int endIndex) {
+      if (startIndex < 0) {
+          throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(startIndex);
+      }
+      if (endIndex > size) {
+          throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(endIndex);
+      }
+      if (startIndex > endIndex) {
+          throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(endIndex - startIndex);
+      }
+      return substring(startIndex, endIndex);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Extracts a portion of this string builder as a string.
+     *
+     * @param start  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @return the new string
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public String substring(final int start) {
+        return substring(start, size);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Extracts a portion of this string builder as a string.
+     * <p>
+     * Note: This method treats an endIndex greater than the length of the
+     * builder as equal to the length of the builder, and continues
+     * without error, unlike StringBuffer or String.
+     *
+     * @param startIndex  the start index, inclusive, must be valid
+     * @param endIndex  the end index, exclusive, must be valid except
+     *  that if too large it is treated as end of string
+     * @return the new string
+     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
+     */
+    public String substring(final int startIndex, int endIndex) {
+        endIndex = validateRange(startIndex, endIndex);
+        return new String(buffer, startIndex, endIndex - startIndex);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Extracts the leftmost characters from the string builder without
+     * throwing an exception.
+     * <p>
+     * This method extracts the left <code>length</code> characters from
+     * the builder. If this many characters are not available, the whole
+     * builder is returned. Thus the returned string may be shorter than the
+     * length requested.
+     *
+     * @param length  the number of characters to extract, negative returns empty string
+     * @return the new string
+     */
+    public String leftString(final int length) {
+        if (length <= 0) {
+            return "";
+        } else if (length >= size) {
+            return new String(buffer, 0, size);
+        } else {
+            return new String(buffer, 0, length);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Extracts the rightmost characters from the string builder without
+     * throwing an exception.
+     * <p>
+     * This method extracts the right <code>length</code> characters from
+     * the builder. If this many characters are not available, the whole
+     * builder is returned. Thus the returned string may be shorter than the
+     * length requested.
+     *
+     * @param length  the number of characters to extract, negative returns empty string
+     * @return the new string
+     */
+    public String rightString(final int length) {
+        if (length <= 0) {
+            return "";
+        } else if (length >= size) {
+            return new String(buffer, 0, size);
+        } else {
+            return new String(buffer, size - length, length);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Extracts some characters from the middle of the string builder without
+     * throwing an exception.
+     * <p>
+     * This method extracts <code>length</code> characters from the builder
+     * at the specified index.
+     * If the index is negative it is treated as zero.
+     * If the index is greater than the builder size, it is treated as the builder size.
+     * If the length is negative, the empty string is returned.
+     * If insufficient characters are available in the builder, as much as possible is returned.
+     * Thus the returned string may be shorter than the length requested.
+     *
+     * @param index  the index to start at, negative means zero
+     * @param length  the number of characters to extract, negative returns empty string
+     * @return the new string
+     */
+    public String midString(int index, final int length) {
+        if (index < 0) {
+            index = 0;
+        }
+        if (length <= 0 || index >= size) {
+            return "";
+        }
+        if (size <= index + length) {
+            return new String(buffer, index, size - index);
+        }
+        return new String(buffer, index, length);
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Checks if the string builder contains the specified char.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the character to find
+     * @return true if the builder contains the character
+     */
+    public boolean contains(final char ch) {
+        final char[] thisBuf = buffer;
+        for (int i = 0; i < this.size; i++) {
+            if (thisBuf[i] == ch) {
+                return true;
+            }
+        }
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Checks if the string builder contains the specified string.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to find
+     * @return true if the builder contains the string
+     */
+    public boolean contains(final String str) {
+        return indexOf(str, 0) >= 0;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Checks if the string builder contains a string matched using the
+     * specified matcher.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced searching behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to search for the character
+     * 'a' followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use, null returns -1
+     * @return true if the matcher finds a match in the builder
+     */
+    public boolean contains(final StrMatcher matcher) {
+        return indexOf(matcher, 0) >= 0;
+    }
+
+    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+    /**
+     * Searches the string builder to find the first reference to the specified char.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the character to find
+     * @return the first index of the character, or -1 if not found
+     */
+    public int indexOf(final char ch) {
+        return indexOf(ch, 0);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Searches the string builder to find the first reference to the specified char.
+     *
+     * @param ch  the character to find
+     * @param startIndex  the index to start at, invalid index rounded to edge
+     * @return the first index of the character, or -1 if not found
+     */
+    public int indexOf(final char ch, int startIndex) {
+        startIndex = (startIndex < 0 ? 0 : startIndex);
+        if (startIndex >= size) {
+            return -1;
+        }
+        final char[] thisBuf = buffer;
+        for (int i = startIndex; i < size; i++) {
+            if (thisBuf[i] == ch) {
+                return i;
+            }
+        }
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Searches the string builder to find the first reference to the specified string.
+     * <p>
+     * Note that a null input string will return -1, whereas the JDK throws an exception.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to find, null returns -1
+     * @return the first index of the string, or -1 if not found
+     */
+    public int indexOf(final String str) {
+        return indexOf(str, 0);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Searches the string builder to find the first reference to the specified
+     * string starting searching from the given index.
+     * <p>
+     * Note that a null input string will return -1, whereas the JDK throws an exception.
+     *
+     * @param str  the string to find, null returns -1
+     * @param startIndex  the index to start at, invalid index rounded to edge
+     * @return the first index of the string, or -1 if not found
+     */
+    public int indexOf(final String str, int startIndex) {
+        startIndex = (startIndex < 0 ? 0 : startIndex);
+        if (str == null || startIndex >= size) {
+            return -1;
+        }
+        final int strLen = str.length();
+        if (strLen == 1) {
+            return indexOf(str.charAt(0), startIndex);
+        }
+        if (strLen == 0) {
+            return startIndex;
+        }
+        if (strLen > size) {
+            return -1;
+        }
+        final char[] thisBuf = buffer;
+        final int len = size - strLen + 1;
+        outer:
+        for (int i = startIndex; i < len; i++) {
+            for (int j = 0; j < strLen; j++) {
+                if (str.charAt(j) != thisBuf[i + j]) {
+                    continue outer;
+                }
+            }
+            return i;
+        }
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Searches the string builder using the matcher to find the first match.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced searching behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to find the character 'a'
+     * followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use, null returns -1
+     * @return the first index matched, or -1 if not found
+     */
+    public int indexOf(final StrMatcher matcher) {
+        return indexOf(matcher, 0);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Searches the string builder using the matcher to find the first
+     * match searching from the given index.
+     * <p>
+     * Matchers can be used to perform advanced searching behaviour.
+     * For example you could write a matcher to find the character 'a'
+     * followed by a number.
+     *
+     * @param matcher  the matcher to use, null returns -1
+     * @param startIndex  the index to start at, invalid index rounded to edge
+     * @return the first index matched, or -1 if not found
+     */
+    public int indexOf(final StrMatcher matcher, int startIndex) {
+        startIndex = (startIndex < 0 ? 0 : startIndex);
+        if (matcher == null || startIndex >= size) {
+            return -1;
+        }
+        final int len = size;
+        final char[] buf = buffer;
+        for (int i = startIndex; i < len; i++) {
+            if (matcher.isMatch(buf, i, startIndex, len) > 0) {
+                return i;
+            }
+        }
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    //--------------------------------------------------------------

<TRUNCATED>

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