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From l..@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1373779 - in /commons/proper/math/trunk/src: main/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructure.java test/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructureTest.java
Date Thu, 16 Aug 2012 10:07:26 GMT
Author: luc
Date: Thu Aug 16 10:07:26 2012
New Revision: 1373779

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1373779&view=rev
Log:
Added getExponent, scalb and hypot to DerivativeStructure.

Modified:
    commons/proper/math/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructure.java
    commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructureTest.java

Modified: commons/proper/math/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructure.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/commons/proper/math/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructure.java?rev=1373779&r1=1373778&r2=1373779&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- commons/proper/math/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructure.java
(original)
+++ commons/proper/math/trunk/src/main/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructure.java
Thu Aug 16 10:07:26 2012
@@ -402,6 +402,90 @@ public class DerivativeStructure impleme
         return negate(); // flip sign
     }
 
+    /**
+     * Return the exponent of the instance value, removing the bias.
+     * <p>
+     * For double numbers of the form 2<sup>x</sup>, the unbiased
+     * exponent is exactly x.
+     * </p>
+     * @return exponent for instance in IEEE754 representation, without bias
+     */
+    public int getExponent() {
+        return FastMath.getExponent(data[0]);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Multiply the instance by a power of 2.
+     * @param n power of 2
+     * @return this &times; 2<sup>n</sup>
+     */
+    public DerivativeStructure scalb(final int n) {
+        final DerivativeStructure ds = new DerivativeStructure(compiler);
+        for (int i = 0; i < ds.data.length; ++i) {
+            ds.data[i] = FastMath.scalb(data[i], n);
+        }
+        return ds;
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Returns the hypotenuse of a triangle with sides {@code x} and {@code y}
+     * - sqrt(<i>x</i><sup>2</sup>&nbsp;+<i>y</i><sup>2</sup>)<br/>
+     * avoiding intermediate overflow or underflow.
+     *
+     * <ul>
+     * <li> If either argument is infinite, then the result is positive infinity.</li>
+     * <li> else, if either argument is NaN then the result is NaN.</li>
+     * </ul>
+     *
+     * @param x a value
+     * @param y a value
+     * @return sqrt(<i>x</i><sup>2</sup>&nbsp;+<i>y</i><sup>2</sup>)
+     * @exception DimensionMismatchException if number of free parameters or orders are inconsistent
+     */
+    public static DerivativeStructure hypot(final DerivativeStructure x, final DerivativeStructure
y)
+        throws DimensionMismatchException {
+
+        x.compiler.checkCompatibility(y.compiler);
+
+        if (Double.isInfinite(x.data[0]) || Double.isInfinite(y.data[0])) {
+            return new DerivativeStructure(x.compiler.getFreeParameters(),
+                                           x.compiler.getFreeParameters(),
+                                           Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY);
+        } else if (Double.isNaN(x.data[0]) || Double.isNaN(y.data[0])) {
+            return new DerivativeStructure(x.compiler.getFreeParameters(),
+                                           x.compiler.getFreeParameters(),
+                                           Double.NaN);
+        } else {
+
+            final int expX = x.getExponent();
+            final int expY = y.getExponent();
+            if (expX > expY + 27) {
+                // y is neglectible with respect to x
+                return x.abs();
+            } else if (expY > expX + 27) {
+                // x is neglectible with respect to y
+                return y.abs();
+            } else {
+
+                // find an intermediate scale to avoid both overflow and underflow
+                final int middleExp = (expX + expY) / 2;
+
+                // scale parameters without losing precision
+                final DerivativeStructure scaledX = x.scalb(-middleExp);
+                final DerivativeStructure scaledY = y.scalb(-middleExp);
+
+                // compute scaled hypotenuse
+                final DerivativeStructure scaledH =
+                        scaledX.multiply(scaledX).add(scaledY.multiply(scaledY)).sqrt();
+
+                // remove scaling
+                return scaledH.scalb(middleExp);
+
+            }
+
+        }
+    }
+
     /** {@inheritDoc} */
     public DerivativeStructure reciprocal() {
         final DerivativeStructure result = new DerivativeStructure(compiler);

Modified: commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructureTest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructureTest.java?rev=1373779&r1=1373778&r2=1373779&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructureTest.java
(original)
+++ commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/java/org/apache/commons/math3/analysis/differentiation/DerivativeStructureTest.java
Thu Aug 16 10:07:26 2012
@@ -404,6 +404,44 @@ public class DerivativeStructureTest {
     }
 
     @Test
+    public void testHypotDefinition() {
+        double epsilon = 1.0e-20;
+        for (int maxOrder = 0; maxOrder < 5; ++maxOrder) {
+            for (double x = -1.7; x < 2; x += 0.2) {
+                DerivativeStructure dsX = new DerivativeStructure(2, maxOrder, 0, x);
+                for (double y = -1.7; y < 2; y += 0.2) {
+                    DerivativeStructure dsY = new DerivativeStructure(2, maxOrder, 1, y);
+                    DerivativeStructure hypot = DerivativeStructure.hypot(dsY, dsX);
+                    DerivativeStructure ref = dsX.multiply(dsX).add(dsY.multiply(dsY)).sqrt();
+                    DerivativeStructure zero = hypot.subtract(ref);
+                    for (int n = 0; n <= maxOrder; ++n) {
+                        for (int m = 0; m <= maxOrder; ++m) {
+                            if (n + m <= maxOrder) {
+                                Assert.assertEquals(0, zero.getPartialDerivative(n, m), epsilon);
+                            }
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testHypotNoOverflow() {
+
+        DerivativeStructure dsX = new DerivativeStructure(2, 5, 0, +3.0e250);
+        DerivativeStructure dsY = new DerivativeStructure(2, 5, 1, -4.0e250);
+        DerivativeStructure hypot = DerivativeStructure.hypot(dsX, dsY);
+        Assert.assertEquals(5.0e250, hypot.getValue(), 1.0e235);
+        Assert.assertEquals(dsX.getValue() / hypot.getValue(), hypot.getPartialDerivative(1,
0), 1.0e-10);
+        Assert.assertEquals(dsY.getValue() / hypot.getValue(), hypot.getPartialDerivative(0,
1), 1.0e-10);
+
+        DerivativeStructure sqrt  = dsX.multiply(dsX).add(dsY.multiply(dsY)).sqrt();
+        Assert.assertTrue(Double.isInfinite(sqrt.getValue()));
+
+    }
+
+    @Test
     public void testExp() {
         double[] epsilon = new double[] { 1.0e-16, 1.0e-16, 1.0e-16, 1.0e-16, 1.0e-16 };
         for (int maxOrder = 0; maxOrder < 5; ++maxOrder) {



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