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From pste...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r731166 - in /commons/proper/math/trunk/src: java/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegression.java test/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest.java
Date Sun, 04 Jan 2009 04:11:26 GMT
Author: psteitz
Date: Sat Jan  3 20:11:25 2009
New Revision: 731166

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=731166&view=rev
Log:
Added hat matrix computation.

Modified:
    commons/proper/math/trunk/src/java/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegression.java
    commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest.java

Modified: commons/proper/math/trunk/src/java/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegression.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/commons/proper/math/trunk/src/java/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegression.java?rev=731166&r1=731165&r2=731166&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- commons/proper/math/trunk/src/java/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegression.java
(original)
+++ commons/proper/math/trunk/src/java/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegression.java
Sat Jan  3 20:11:25 2009
@@ -17,7 +17,6 @@
 package org.apache.commons.math.stat.regression;
 
 import org.apache.commons.math.linear.LUDecompositionImpl;
-import org.apache.commons.math.linear.LUSolver;
 import org.apache.commons.math.linear.QRDecomposition;
 import org.apache.commons.math.linear.QRDecompositionImpl;
 import org.apache.commons.math.linear.RealMatrix;
@@ -81,6 +80,41 @@
     }
     
     /**
+     * <p>Compute the "hat" matrix.
+     * </p>
+     * <p>The hat matrix is defined in terms of the design matrix X
+     *  by X(X^TX)^-1X^T
+     * <p>
+     * <p>The implementation here uses the QR decomposition to compute the
+     * hat matrix as QIpQ^T where Ip is the p-dimensional identity matrix
+     * augmented by 0's.  This computational formula is from "The Hat Matrix
+     * in Regression and ANOVA", David C. Hoaglin and Roy E. Welsch, 
+     * The American Statistician, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb., 1978), pp. 17-22.
+     * 
+     * @return the hat matrix
+     */
+    public RealMatrix calculateHat() {
+        // Create augmented identity matrix
+        RealMatrix Q = qr.getQ();
+        final int p = qr.getR().getColumnDimension();
+        final int n = Q.getColumnDimension();
+        RealMatrixImpl augI = new RealMatrixImpl(n, n);
+        double[][] augIData = augI.getDataRef();
+        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+            for (int j =0; j < n; j++) {
+                if (i == j && i < p) {
+                    augIData[i][j] = 1d;
+                } else {
+                    augIData[i][j] = 0d;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        
+        // Compute and return Hat matrix
+        return Q.multiply(augI).multiply(Q.transpose());
+    }
+   
+    /**
      * Loads new x sample data, overriding any previous sample
      * 
      * @param x the [n,k] array representing the x sample

Modified: commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest.java?rev=731166&r1=731165&r2=731166&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest.java
(original)
+++ commons/proper/math/trunk/src/test/org/apache/commons/math/stat/regression/OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest.java
Sat Jan  3 20:11:25 2009
@@ -17,8 +17,12 @@
 package org.apache.commons.math.stat.regression;
 
 import org.apache.commons.math.TestUtils;
+import org.apache.commons.math.linear.MatrixUtils;
+import org.apache.commons.math.linear.RealMatrix;
+import org.apache.commons.math.linear.RealMatrixImpl;
 import org.junit.Before;
 import org.junit.Test;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
 
 public class OLSMultipleLinearRegressionTest extends MultipleLinearRegressionAbstractTest
{
 
@@ -243,4 +247,74 @@
                 -0.4515205619767598,-10.2916870903837587,-15.7812984571900063},
                 1E-12);  
     }
+    
+    /**
+     * Test hat matrix computation
+     * 
+     * @throws Exception
+     */
+    @Test
+    public void testHat() throws Exception {
+        
+        /*
+         * This example is from "The Hat Matrix in Regression and ANOVA", 
+         * David C. Hoaglin and Roy E. Welsch, 
+         * The American Statistician, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb., 1978), pp. 17-22.
+         * 
+         */
+        double[] design = new double[] {
+                11.14, .499, 11.1,
+                12.74, .558, 8.9,
+                13.13, .604, 8.8,
+                11.51, .441, 8.9,
+                12.38, .550, 8.8,
+                12.60, .528, 9.9,
+                11.13, .418, 10.7,
+                11.7, .480, 10.5,
+                11.02, .406, 10.5,
+                11.41, .467, 10.7
+        };
+        
+        int nobs = 10;
+        int nvars = 2;
+        
+        // Estimate the model
+        OLSMultipleLinearRegression model = new OLSMultipleLinearRegression();
+        model.newSampleData(design, nobs, nvars);
+        
+        RealMatrix hat = model.calculateHat();
+        
+        // Reference data is upper half of symmetric hat matrix
+        double[] referenceData = new double[] {
+                .418, -.002,  .079, -.274, -.046,  .181,  .128,  .222,  .050,  .242,
+                       .242,  .292,  .136,  .243,  .128, -.041,  .033, -.035,  .004,
+                              .417, -.019,  .273,  .187, -.126,  .044, -.153,  .004,
+                                     .604,  .197, -.038,  .168, -.022,  .275, -.028,
+                                            .252,  .111, -.030,  .019, -.010, -.010,
+                                                   .148,  .042,  .117,  .012,  .111,
+                                                          .262,  .145,  .277,  .174,
+                                                                 .154,  .120,  .168,
+                                                                        .315,  .148,
+                                                                               .187
+        };
+        
+        // Check against reference data and verify symmetry
+        int k = 0;
+        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
+            for (int j = i; j < 10; j++) {
+                assertEquals(referenceData[k], hat.getEntry(i, j), 10e-3);
+                assertEquals(hat.getEntry(i, j), hat.getEntry(j, i), 10e-12);
+                k++;  
+            }
+        }
+        
+        /* 
+         * Verify that residuals computed using the hat matrix are close to 
+         * what we get from direct computation, i.e. r = (I - H) y
+         */
+        double[] residuals = model.estimateResiduals();
+        RealMatrix I = MatrixUtils.createRealIdentityMatrix(10);
+        double[] hatResiduals = I.subtract(hat).multiply(model.Y).getColumn(0);
+        TestUtils.assertEquals(residuals, hatResiduals, 10e-12);    
+    }
 }



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