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From Apache Wiki <>
Subject [Cocoon Wiki] Update of "SetCharacterEncodingFilter" by AlexanderKlimetschek
Date Thu, 10 May 2007 09:37:17 GMT
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The following page has been changed by AlexanderKlimetschek:

New page:
* Copyright 2004 The Apache Software Foundation
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.

package org.apache.servlet;


import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;

 * <p>Example filter that sets the character encoding to be used in parsing the
 * incoming request, either unconditionally or only if the client did not
 * specify a character encoding.  Configuration of this filter is based on
 * the following initialization parameters:</p>
 * <ul>
 * <li><strong>encoding</strong> - The character encoding to be configured
 *     for this request, either conditionally or unconditionally based on
 *     the <code>ignore</code> initialization parameter.  This parameter
 *     is required, so there is no default.</li>
 * <li><strong>ignore</strong> - If set to "true", any character encoding
 *     specified by the client is ignored, and the value returned by the
 *     <code>selectEncoding()</code> method is set.  If set to "false,
 *     <code>selectEncoding()</code> is called <strong>only</strong>
if the
 *     client has not already specified an encoding.  By default, this
 *     parameter is set to "true".</li>
 * </ul>
 * <p>Although this filter can be used unchanged, it is also easy to
 * subclass it and make the <code>selectEncoding()</code> method more
 * intelligent about what encoding to choose, based on characteristics of
 * the incoming request (such as the values of the <code>Accept-Language</code>
 * and <code>User-Agent</code> headers, or a value stashed in the current
 * user's session.</p>
 * @author Craig McClanahan
 * @version $Revision: 267129 $ $Date: 2004-03-18 11:40:35 -0500 (Thu, 18 Mar 2004) $

public class SetCharacterEncodingFilter implements Filter {

    // ----------------------------------------------------- Instance Variables

     * The default character encoding to set for requests that pass through
     * this filter.
    protected String encoding = null;

     * The filter configuration object we are associated with.  If this value
     * is null, this filter instance is not currently configured.
    protected FilterConfig filterConfig = null;

     * Should a character encoding specified by the client be ignored?
    protected boolean ignore = true;

    // --------------------------------------------------------- Public Methods

     * Take this filter out of service.
    public void destroy() {

        this.encoding = null;
        this.filterConfig = null;


     * Select and set (if specified) the character encoding to be used to
     * interpret request parameters for this request.
     * @param request The servlet request we are processing
     * @param result The servlet response we are creating
     * @param chain The filter chain we are processing
     * @exception IOException if an input/output error occurs
     * @exception ServletException if a servlet error occurs
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
                         FilterChain chain)
    throws IOException, ServletException {

        // Conditionally select and set the character encoding to be used
        if (ignore || (request.getCharacterEncoding() == null)) {
            String encoding = selectEncoding(request);
            if (encoding != null)

        // Pass control on to the next filter
        chain.doFilter(request, response);


     * Place this filter into service.
     * @param filterConfig The filter configuration object
    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {

        this.filterConfig = filterConfig;
        this.encoding = filterConfig.getInitParameter("encoding");
        String value = filterConfig.getInitParameter("ignore");
        if (value == null)
            this.ignore = true;
        else if (value.equalsIgnoreCase("true"))
            this.ignore = true;
        else if (value.equalsIgnoreCase("yes"))
            this.ignore = true;
            this.ignore = false;


    // ------------------------------------------------------ Protected Methods

     * Select an appropriate character encoding to be used, based on the
     * characteristics of the current request and/or filter initialization
     * parameters.  If no character encoding should be set, return
     * <code>null</code>.
     * <p>
     * The default implementation unconditionally returns the value configured
     * by the <strong>encoding</strong> initialization parameter for this
     * filter.
     * @param request The servlet request we are processing
    protected String selectEncoding(ServletRequest request) {

        return (this.encoding);


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