cocoon-docs mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Cocoon Wiki] Update of "power cord" by wangdongqing
Date Fri, 17 Feb 2006 08:25:51 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

You have subscribed to a wiki page or wiki category on "Cocoon Wiki" for change notification.

The following page has been changed by wangdongqing:
http://wiki.apache.org/cocoon/power_cord

New page:
A '''mains cable''' ([[Commonwealth English]]) or '''power cord''' ([[American English]])
is 

cable that temporarily connects an [[Small appliance|electrical appliance]] to an electrical


power source.  The term is generally used for cables connecting to a single-phase 

[[alternating current]] power source at "[[mains]] [[voltage]]" (100 to 240 volts, depending


on the location).  The terms '''power cable''', '''mains lead''' or '''flex''' are also used.
 

The term '''cord set''' is also used to distinguish those cords that include connectors molded


to the cord at each end.

[[United States|American]], [[Canada|Canadian]] or [[Japan]]ese power cords tend to be bulkier


than the mains cables used in the rest of the world, because of the higher currents required


to deliver the same power ([[watt]]s) at 110 V compared with 230&nbsp;V.  

Power cables may be either fixed or detachable from the appliance.  In the case of detachable


leads, the appliance end of the power cord has a socket (female connector) rather than a plug


(male connector) to link it to the appliance, to avoid the dangers from having a live 

protruding pin.  Cords may also have twist-locking features, or other attachments to prevent


accidental disconnection at one or both ends.

Common types of detachable power cable have appliance-side connectors such as the ''[[IEC


60320 C13]]'' sometimes colloquially known as an "IEC connector" or "IBM plug"  (commonly
used 

for higher current appliances where an earth or ground connection is required) and ''[[IEC


60320 C7]]'' commonly used for low-current applications such as an [[electronic power 

supply|power supply]] inlet for use with a [[laptop computer]]. The IEC C7 is also known as
a 

"figure-of-eight lead" (connecting by two small round pins, with round insulating bushings;


the connector has a figure-of-eight cross section).

IEC power cables come in high-temperature and low-temperature variants, as well as various


current capacities.  The connectors have slightly different shapes to ensure that it is not


possible to substitute a cable with a lower temperature or current rating, but that it ''is''


possible to use an over-rated cable.  Cords also have different types of exterior jackets


available to accommodate environmental variables such as moisture, temperature, oils, 

sunlight, flexibility, and heavy wear.  For example, a heating appliance may come with a cord


designed to withstand accidental contact with heated surfaces.

Note that the same types of connectors are used with both 110&nbsp;V and 230&nbsp;V
power 

cables, so care must be used when moving appliances between countries with different voltage


standards &mdash; substituting a power cord that matches local power outlets will result
in an 

incorrect voltage being applied to the appliance or equipment. Unless explicitly labelled
as 

capable of handling local voltages, this is very likely to damage or destroy the appliance.

[[Image:PC flex with CEE 7-7 plug.png]]

==See also==
* [[Alternating current]] (AC)
* [[Domestic AC power plugs and sockets]]
* [[List of countries with mains power plugs, voltages & frequencies|Chart of plugs for
each 

country]]
* [[Extension cable|Extension cord, extension lead]]
* [[Power cable]]
* [[Power strip]]
* [[Power supply]]

== External links ==

* [https://domino.iec.ch/webstore/webstore.nsf/artnum/027220 IEC.ch] &mdash; link to buy
the 

actual IEC 60320 specification
* [http://www.accesscomms.com.au/iec320.htm Access Communications] &mdash; a commercial
site 

with nice diagrams of IEC 60320 connectors
* [http://www.otto-heil.de/pdf/references.pdf Technical details and explanation (PDF) -

bilingual (German/English)]
* [http://www.zj-yunhuan.com/ zj-yunhuan.com] - One of The China Manufacturer Of Power Cord

[[Category:Power cables|Cord]]
[[Category:Consumer electronics]]


[[de:Gerätestecker]]
[[zh-cn:电线]]

Mime
View raw message