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From ive...@apache.org
Subject cvs commit: xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/userdocs/generators wsproxy-generator.xml book.xml
Date Sun, 01 Sep 2002 05:06:17 GMT
ivelin      2002/08/31 22:06:17

  Modified:    src/documentation/xdocs/howto book.xml
               src/documentation/xdocs/plan changes-doc.xml
               src/documentation/xdocs/userdocs/generators book.xml
  Added:       src/documentation/images wsproxy_CompositePage.png
                        wsproxy_Proxies.png wsproxy_Screenshot1.png
                        wsproxy_Screenshot2.png wsproxy_Sequence.png
               src/documentation/xdocs/userdocs/generators
                        wsproxy-generator.xml
  Log:
  added documentation for WebServicePorxyGenerator
  
  Revision  Changes    Path
  1.1                  xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/images/wsproxy_CompositePage.png
  
  	<<Binary file>>
  
  
  1.1                  xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/images/wsproxy_Proxies.png
  
  	<<Binary file>>
  
  
  1.1                  xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/images/wsproxy_Screenshot1.png
  
  	<<Binary file>>
  
  
  1.1                  xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/images/wsproxy_Screenshot2.png
  
  	<<Binary file>>
  
  
  1.1                  xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/images/wsproxy_Sequence.png
  
  	<<Binary file>>
  
  
  1.10      +2 -11     xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/howto/book.xml
  
  Index: book.xml
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /home/cvs/xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/howto/book.xml,v
  retrieving revision 1.9
  retrieving revision 1.10
  diff -u -r1.9 -r1.10
  --- book.xml	15 Aug 2002 13:43:18 -0000	1.9
  +++ book.xml	1 Sep 2002 05:06:17 -0000	1.10
  @@ -1,36 +1,27 @@
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//APACHE//DTD Cocoon Documentation Book V1.0//EN" "../dtd/book-cocoon-v10.dtd">
  -
  -<book software="Apache Cocoon" 
  -      title="Apache Cocoon HOWTO Documentation" 
  -      copyright="@year@ The Apache Software Foundation">
  -
  +<book software="Apache Cocoon" title="Apache Cocoon HOWTO Documentation" copyright="@year@
The Apache Software Foundation">
     <menu label="Navigation">
       <menu-item label="Main" href="../index.html"/>
     </menu>
  -
     <menu label="How-Tos">
       <menu-item label="Index" href="index.html"/>
     </menu>
  -
     <menu label="Using Cocoon">
       <menu-item label="XMLForm" href="xmlform-wizard/howto-xmlform-wizard.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Paginator" href="howto-paginator-transformer.html"/>
       <menu-item label="HTML-PDF" href="howto-html-pdf-publishing.html"/>
  +    <menu-item label="Web Syndication" href="../userdocs/generators/wsproxy-generator.html"/>
   
       <menu-item label="Chaperon" href="chaperon/howto-chaperon-intro.html"/>
     </menu>
  -
     <menu label="Documentation">
       <menu-item label="Author How-To" href="howto-author-howto.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Author FAQ" href="howto-author-faq.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Author Snippet" href="howto-author-snippet.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Author Docs" href="howto-author-core-docs.html"/>
     </menu>
  -
     <menu label="Contribution">
       <menu-item label="Prepare patch" href="howto-patch.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Bugzilla" href="howto-bugzilla.html"/>
     </menu>
  -  
  -  
   </book>
  
  
  
  1.20      +6 -1      xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/plan/changes-doc.xml
  
  Index: changes-doc.xml
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /home/cvs/xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/plan/changes-doc.xml,v
  retrieving revision 1.19
  retrieving revision 1.20
  diff -u -r1.19 -r1.20
  --- changes-doc.xml	13 Aug 2002 05:02:37 -0000	1.19
  +++ changes-doc.xml	1 Sep 2002 05:06:17 -0000	1.20
  @@ -43,6 +43,11 @@
       Established the new <code>cocoon-docs</code> mailing list.
     </action>
   
  +  <action dev="II" type="add" due-to="Ivelin Ivanov" due-to-email="ivelin@apache.org">
  +   Added WSDL descriptor and a REST style resource version
  +   of the XMLForm demo.
  +  </action>
  +
     <action dev="DS" type="update">
       Updated and refactored some planning docs.
     </action>
  
  
  
  1.4       +2 -9      xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/userdocs/generators/book.xml
  
  Index: book.xml
  ===================================================================
  RCS file: /home/cvs/xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/userdocs/generators/book.xml,v
  retrieving revision 1.3
  retrieving revision 1.4
  diff -u -r1.3 -r1.4
  --- book.xml	15 Aug 2002 13:43:18 -0000	1.3
  +++ book.xml	1 Sep 2002 05:06:17 -0000	1.4
  @@ -1,15 +1,10 @@
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//APACHE//DTD Cocoon Documentation Book V1.0//EN" "../../dtd/book-cocoon-v10.dtd">
  -
  -<book software="Apache Cocoon" 
  -      title="Apache Cocoon Generators" 
  -      copyright="@year@ The Apache Software Foundation">
  -
  +<book software="Apache Cocoon" title="Apache Cocoon Generators" copyright="@year@ The
Apache Software Foundation">
     <menu label="Navigation">
       <menu-item label="Main" href="../../index.html"/>
       <menu-item label="User Documentation" href="../index.html"/>
     </menu>
  -
     <menu label="Generators">
       <menu-item label="Overview" href="generators.html"/>
     </menu>
  @@ -32,6 +27,7 @@
       <menu-item label="Error Generator" href="error-generator.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Search Generator" href="search-generator.html"/>
       <menu-item label="LinkStatus Generator" href="linkstatus-generator.html"/>
  +    <menu-item label="Web Service Proxy Generator" href="wsproxy-generator.html"/>
       <menu-item label="Text Parser Generator" href="textparser-generator.html"/>
     </menu>
     <menu label="Optional">
  @@ -39,7 +35,4 @@
       <menu-item label="XML:DB Generator" href="xmldb-generator.html"/>
       <menu-item label="XML:DB Collection Generator" href="xmldbcollection-generator.html"/>
     </menu>
  -
   </book>
  -
  -
  
  
  
  1.1                  xml-cocoon2/src/documentation/xdocs/userdocs/generators/wsproxy-generator.xml
  
  Index: wsproxy-generator.xml
  ===================================================================
  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  <!DOCTYPE document PUBLIC "-//APACHE//DTD Documentation V1.0//EN" "../../dtd/document-v10.dtd">
  <document>
    <header>
      <title>Portal Syndication with Web Services and Cocoon</title>
      <authors>
        <person name="Ivelin Ivanov" email="ivelin@apache.org"/>
      </authors>
    </header>
    <body>
      <s1 title="What Is Web Syndication?">
        <p>
  Web Site Syndication has gained popularity as more and more web sites cross reference each
other, not only by a single hyperlink, but also by embedding parts of their content. The idea
was pioneered by Netscape with their Rich Site Summary (RSS) (<link href="http://www.oasis-open.org/cover/rss.html">http://www.oasis-open.org/cover/rss.html</link>)
XML format. RSS was developed in early 1999 to populate Netscape's My Netscape portal with
external newsfeeds ("channels"). Since then RSS has taken on a life of its own and now thousands
of Web sites use RSS as a "what's new" mechanism to drive traffic their way.      
        </p>
  
        <p>
  The current RSS 1.0 standard is an application of Resource Description Framework (RDF) (<link
href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/</link>).
RDF is a framework for describing and interchanging metadata. The RDF framework is extensible
and allows adding new types of entities. It also gives meaning to resources to enable automated
processing of Web resources.
  </p>
  
        <p>
  RSS is unarguably an example of an organically grown and widely accepted standard. For long
it was not endorsed by any of the popular standards committees. Even so it quickly became
popular and found a large number of creative uses. Lately though it has reached its limits.
There is a demand for more advanced portal syndication which RSS cannot satisfy.
  </p>
  
      </s1>
  
  
      <s1 title="Going beyond RSS with Web services ">
        <p>
  Latest generation web portals demand more than simply posting cross linked news stories
from RSS. Embedding and personalizing rich content and behavior from remote portals is becoming
necessity. Limited success has been achieved through complex and sophisticated backend integration
via proprietary or Web Services compliant protocols. Recognizing the growing demand, influential
organizations have attempted to develop new languages such as:
  </p>
  
  <s2 title="Web Services Experience Language (WSXL)">
        <p>
        (<link href="http://www.webservices.org/index.php/article/articleview/345/">http://www.webservices.org/index.php/article/articleview/345/</link>)
        </p>
        <p>
          <em>
          "WSXL is a Web services centric component model for interactive Web applications.
WSXL   is designed to achieve two main goals: enable businesses to distribute Web applications
  through       multiple revenue channels, and enable new services or applications to be created
by   leveraging       existing applications across the Web."       
          </em>
        </p>
  </s2>
  
  <s2 title="Web Services Inspection Language (WSIL)">
        <p>
        (<link href="http://www.webservices.org/index.php/article/articleview/85/">http://www.webservices.org/index.php/article/articleview/85/</link>)
        </p>
        <p>
          <em>
         "The specification allows a Web services provider to publish a WS-Inspection (WSIL)
document which lists the services on offer and their corresponding WSDL (Web services description
language) files. The convention is that the WSIL document should be called "inspection.wsil"
and be located at a common entry point to the web site. This paves the way for future Web
services "crawlers" to locate and parse WSIL documents for Web service search engines."  
     
          </em>
        </p>
  </s2>
  
  
  <s2 title="Web Services for Remote Portals (WSRP)">
        <p>
        (<link href="http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/wsrp/">http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/wsrp/</link>)
        </p>
        <p>
          <em>
        "Defining an XML and Web services standard that will allow the plug-n-play of visual,
user-facing Web services with portals or other intermediary Web applications"         
          </em>
        </p>
  </s2>
  
  
  <s2 title="Web Services for Interactive Applications ">
        <p>
        (<link href="http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/wsia/">http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/wsia/</link>)
        </p>
        <p>
          <em>
        "Create an XML and web services centric framework for interactive web applications.
The designs must achieve two main goals: enable businesses to distribute web applications
through multiple revenue channels, and enable new services or applications to be created by
leveraging existing applications across the Web. "       
          </em>
        </p>
  </s2>
  
  
        <p>
  While these efforts are certainly worthwhile and promising, it will most likely take years
before they pass the filters of real life use before they can claim widespread adoption. All
of them ask for a thick infrastructure layer to support implementations. While possible, it
is unlikely that mainstream deployment will be achieved instantly.
  </p>
  
        <p>
  Not all is lost though. Fortunately, there is way to satisfy a large portion of the syndication
requirements by applying already established technologies and tools. We will illustrate the
architecture of a possible solution using an open source framework for XML Publishing - Apache
Cocoon.
  </p>
  
  </s1>
  
  
  <s1 title="Apache Cocoon">
  
  
        <p>
        (<link href="http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/index.html">http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/index.html</link>)
        </p>
        <p>
          <em>
        "Apache Cocoon is an XML publishing framework that raises the usage of XML and XSLT
technologies for server applications to a new level. Designed for performance and scalability
around pipelined SAX processing, Cocoon offers a flexible environment based on a separation
of concerns between content, logic, and style. To top this all off, Cocoon's centralized configuration
system and sophisticated caching help you to create, deploy, and maintain rock-solid XML server
applications"    
          </em>
        </p>
  
        <p>
  First, let's describe a typical use case scenario: User logs in to a familiar portal and
happily surfs about. At some point the user clicks on a link which leads to a strange page.
It has the portal logo, even shows the same login id but still looks very different and unfriendly...
After some time and frustration the user gets used to switching back and forth between the
two faces of the portal... while looking for another provider which offers both services in
a coherent graphical interface.
        </p>
        
        <p>
  For those who have never had similar experience, we will give a popular example. Yahoo!
Autos (<link href="http://autos.yahoo.com/finance.html?refsrc=autos/insurance">http://autos.yahoo.com/finance.html?refsrc=autos/insurance</link>)

  offers an easy to use interactive catalog of cars. However when it comes to insuring an
automobile, applying for a loan or buying a car, the web site hyperlinks to a co-branded page
of another company. For example Lending Tree 
  (<link href="https://www.lendingtree.com/newauto/secure/ctl_borrower.asp?page=loan_selection&amp;verb=continue&amp;O_loan_type=LOAN_TYPE_AUTO&amp;bp=yahooautos&amp;source=40050&amp;alliance=true&amp;SITEID=&amp;templxlname=&amp;templxssn1=&amp;templxssn2=&amp;templxssn3=">https://www.lendingtree.com/newauto/.....</link>
)
   will show Yahoo! Autos logo at the top of the screen, however the rest of the page looks
very different than any other Yahoo! page. All the personalization spoils that a Yahoo! user
enjoys are lost as soon as the application for a loan begins. Not only the colors and layout
are different. A login session with Yahoo! does not carry over to Lending Tree. On top of
that a pop-up window appears when switching between the two sites, which reads "You are about
to view pages over a secure connection...". When added up these "negligible" inadequacies,
lead to an overall poor experience, which is certainly not the original intent of the Yahoo!
content producers.
  </p>
  
        <p>
  Now as we have an idea of how things are not supposed to work, we will show that outsourcing
interactive components to a third party site, while preserving the look &amp; feel of
the original portal is still possible when done right. As we mentioned Cocoon offers a solution.
Since Cocoon is a very sophisticated framework, an indepth analysis of its features is beyond
the scope of this text to cover. 
  </p>
      </s1>
      
      
      <s1 title="Web Services Proxy to the rescue">
        <p>
  The latest version of Cocoon is 2.1, and it has a new Web Service Proxy component. It is
this component which we shall focus on for the reminder of the text. To follow the rest of
the article, it will be useful (but not essential) to have a basic knowledge of Cocoon 2.
  </p>
        <p>
  Combined with the <link href="../../howto/xmlform-wizard/howto-xmlform-wizard.html">XMLForm</link>
component of Cocoon 2 and XSLT, the Web Service Proxy component allows vendors to share interactive
content with little effort. The Web Service Proxy takes advantage of the fact that a Cocoon
web application produces XML content which is later translated into multiple presentation
formats, like HTML or WML. Once the proxy is plugged in the Cocoon sitemap, it transparently
pipes browser requests to a remote web application and returns the response back to the sitemap
for local styling. Receiving a client independent XML format, allows the local site to pull
content and style it with XSLT with the desired Look &amp; Feel.
  </p>
  
        <p>
          <strong>
            Q. Ok, styling presentation is easy to understand, but how is a form submitted
to the original site? 
          </strong>
        </p>
        
        <p>
        The XMLForm component is the answer. It uses W3C XForms included in the XML content
which allows the end user to directly interact with the remote server through the embedding
site. The form markup in the XML content of an embedded page uses relative URL address for
the target action, when the end user submits, the form data is sent to the containing site,
which captures the form data and the relative URL. The Web Service Proxy then takes this information
and re-submits it to the original site. It then reads the XML response and makes it available
to the sitemap for styling again.
        </p>
  
  
        <p>
          <strong>
            Q. Hmm... a typical web application maintains a user session while navigating.
How is the containing site propagating the end user session to the embedded site? 
          </strong>
        </p>
        
        <p>
  The answer is simple. The Web Service Proxy simply hooks to the end user session, and automatically
starts its own session with the remote site. If the remote site requires authentication, then
the developer of the local web site has to pass the user credentials as parameters to the
WebServiceProxyGenerator.
        </p>
  
        <p>
          <strong>
            Q. What transport protocols are supported? 
          </strong>
        </p>
        
        <p>
  HTTP 1.0, HTTP 1.1, HTTPS.
        </p>
  
        <p>
  Below we will illustrate the architecture of the solution with some example code and figures.
        </p>
  
        <figure src="images/wsproxy_Proxies.png" alt="Figure 1 - Traditional Http Proxy
vs Cocoon Web Service Proxy"/>
        <p>
          <em>
  Figure 1 - Architecture of the Web Service Proxy Solution. As opposed to a traditional proxy
server, the Web Services Proxy captures user input and allows the web site to remain coherent
even when the functionality for some of its components is delivered remotely.       
          </em>
        </p>
  
  
        
        <figure src="images/wsproxy_CompositePage.png" alt="Figure 2 - Illustration of
the data flow for a composite page"/>
        <p>
          <em>
  Figure 2 - Illustration of the data flow for a composite page. Some of the content is locally
constructed, the rest is obtained remotely. Finally the same styling is applied and the user
facing page appears consistent.       
          </em>
        </p>
        
        
        <p>
        Now we will show a snippet of the sitemap which employs the Web Service Proxy. Notice
its brevity! The Web Service Proxy completely handles the content and navigation logic between
the two portals. Only stylesheets are additionally required to translate the remotely retrieved
documents into a user friendly format.
        </p>
  
  
        <source><![CDATA[
    <?xml version="1.0"?>
    <map:sitemap xmlns:map="http://apache.org/cocoon/sitemap/1.0">
  
      <!-- =========================== Components ==================   -->
      <map:components>
        <map:generators default="file">
          <map:generator name="wsproxy"
            src="org.apache.cocoon.generation.WebServiceProxyGenerator"
            logger="webapp.wsproxy"/>
        </map:generators>
      </map:components>
  
    ....
  
      <!-- =========================== Pipelines ======================       -->
      <map:pipelines>
        <map:pipeline>
  
          <!-- Interactive Web Application Syndication  -->
          <map:match pattern="*">
            <map:generate type="wsproxy"
              src="http://{header:host}/cocoon/samples/xmlform/wizard?cocoon-view=xml"
              label="xml"/>
            <map:transform src="stylesheets/newWizard2html.xsl" />
            <map:transform src="context://samples/stylesheets/xmlform/xmlform2html.xsl"/>
            <map:serialize type="html"/>
          </map:match>
        </map:pipeline>
      </map:pipelines>
    </map:sitemap>
    <!-- end of file -->
   
  ]]></source>
  
  
        
        <figure src="images/wsproxy_Sequence.png" alt="Figure 3 - sequence diagram "/>
        <p>
          <em>
  Figure 3 - Above is a sequence diagram outlining the interaction between the key participants
in a syndication session.     
          </em>
        </p>
        
        
        <figure src="images/wsproxy_Screenshot1.png" alt="screen shot 1"/>
        <p>
          <em>
  Figure 4 - Sample screenshot from a remotely enabled application as it appears standalone.
    
          </em>
        </p>
        
        
        <figure src="images/wsproxy_Screenshot2.png" alt="screen shot 2" />
        <p>
          <em>
  Figure 5 - Sample screenshot from the same application, embedded in another web application.
  
          </em>
        </p>
        
  
        <p>
  The content of the original XML page behind these two screenshot follows:
        </p>
        
        
        <source><![CDATA[
  
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
    <document xmlns:xf="http://xml.apache.org/cocoon/xmlform/2002">
      <xf:form id="form-feedback" view="userIdentity" action="wizard" method="GET">
        <xf:caption>Personal Information</xf:caption>
        <error>
          <xf:violations class="error"/>
        </error>
        <xf:textbox ref="firstName">
          <xf:caption>First Name</xf:caption>
          <xf:violations class="error"/>
        </xf:textbox>
  
        ....
  
        <xf:selectMany ref="role" selectUIType="listbox">
          <xf:caption>Professional roles</xf:caption>
          <xf:item>
            <xf:caption>Geek</xf:caption>
            <xf:value>Geek</xf:value>
          </xf:item>
          <xf:item>
            <xf:caption>Hacker</xf:caption>
            <xf:value>Hacker</xf:value>
          </xf:item>
          ....
        </xf:selectMany>
        ...
        <!-- hidden model attribute -->
        <xf:hidden ref="hidden">
          <xf:value>true</xf:value>
        </xf:hidden>
        ...
        <xf:submit id="next" class="button">
          <xf:caption>Next</xf:caption>
        </xf:submit>
      </xf:form>
  
      <xf:output ref="count" id="show_count" form="form-feedback" class="info">
        <xf:caption>Visits Count</xf:caption>
      </xf:output>
  
    </document>
  
   
  ]]></source>
        
  
        <p>
  The listing above contains markup in the XMLForm namespace. It is a presentation independent
way to specify input controls. Being XForms compliant it is easy to learn and use. The XSLT
stylesheets used to convert the XML above are very simple and will not be listed here. They
can found in the Cocoon 2.1 distribution.
  </p>
  
      </s1>
      <s1 title="Conclusion">
        <p>
  The Web Service Proxy component is tightly integrated with the Cocoon framework and is particularly
convenient to use in combination with XMLForm to enable syndication of Web site functionality.
With the presented sample, we only scratched the service of the possible applications. It
is easy to see though for a creative mind how it can be extended in multiple directions. Although
the solution we offered is conveniently applied with Cocoon, the concepts are generally applicable
outside the framework as well. Exposing a Web Application functionality via XML is not just
a "neat" feature any more. It opens the gates to a constellation of opportunities, not possible
with the classical Model-2 approach where the business logic is directly tied to a graphical
output like HTML.
      </p>
      <s2 title="Have more questions? ">
        <p>
          Look at the online demo available here: 
          <link href="/cocoon/samples/webserviceproxy/">/cocoon/samples/webserviceproxy/</link>.
        </p>
        <p>
          Then study the source code and if you still have questions, join the cocoon users
email list and ask. If you have ideas for improvement then you are more than welcome to discuss
it on the cocoon development email list and eventually submit a patch through the Apache bug
tracking system.
        </p>
      </s2>
    </s1>
    </body>
  </document>
  
  
  

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