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From Wido den Hollander <w...@widodh.nl>
Subject Re: HTTPS LB and x-forwarded-for
Date Mon, 13 Nov 2017 14:18:42 GMT

> Op 13 november 2017 om 15:14 schreef Pierre-Luc Dion <pdion@cloudops.com>:
> 
> 
> Hi,
> 
> This is looking quite promising, I have a colleague that tested that last
> Friday, look like the proxy proto v1 work out of the box with Nginx, but
> would need an extra package for Apache 2.4 ?

It depends. You need HTTPd 2.4.28, see: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/trunk/mod/mod_remoteip.html#remoteipproxyprotocol

It's there upstream, but not in all packages. 

It can from this module:

- https://github.com/roadrunner2/mod-proxy-protocol
- https://roadrunner2.github.io/mod-proxy-protocol/mod_proxy_protocol.html

They donated the code to go upstream and went into mod_remoteip but landed in 2.4.28

It will probably make it into Ubuntu 18.04 and CentOS 7.4.

Wido

> Otherwise, it seems to be a good way to do  https LB without complicated
> configuration and huge changes in CloudStack.
> 
> 
> 
> On Fri, Nov 10, 2017 at 10:36 AM, Nux! <nux@li.nux.ro> wrote:
> 
> > Pierre-Luc,
> >
> > Haproxy docs say it should work for any kind of traffic as long as both
> > ends are PROXY-aware and it look like a majority of software is.
> > So, in short, yes.
> >
> > --
> > Sent from the Delta quadrant using Borg technology!
> >
> > Nux!
> > www.nux.ro
> >
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > > From: "Pierre-Luc Dion" <pdion@cloudops.com>
> > > To: "Wido den Hollander" <wido@widodh.nl>
> > > Cc: "dev" <dev@cloudstack.apache.org>, "Khosrow Moossavi" <
> > kmoossavi@cloudops.com>, "Will Stevens"
> > > <wstevens@cloudops.com>, "Nux!" <nux@li.nux.ro>, "users" <
> > users@cloudstack.apache.org>
> > > Sent: Friday, 10 November, 2017 15:32:38
> > > Subject: Re: HTTPS LB and x-forwarded-for
> >
> > > Hi Wido, do you know if this would work for https traffic too?
> > >
> > > Le 10 nov. 2017 09 h 35, "Wido den Hollander" <wido@widodh.nl> a écrit
:
> > >
> > >>
> > >> > Op 10 november 2017 om 14:27 schreef Pierre-Luc Dion <
> > pdion@cloudops.com
> > >> >:
> > >> >
> > >> >
> > >> > I kind of like the proxy backend type, ill check on our end if that
> > would
> > >> > work but definitely a simple and efficient approach!
> > >> >
> > >>
> > >> See: https://www.haproxy.com/blog/haproxy/proxy-protocol/
> > >>
> > >> Apache HTTPd supports PROXY since 2.4.28:
> > https://httpd.apache.org/docs/
> > >> trunk/mod/mod_remoteip.html#remoteipproxyprotocol
> > >>
> > >> "RemoteIPProxyProtocol is only available in httpd 2.4.28 and newer"
> > >>
> > >> Wido
> > >>
> > >> >
> > >> >
> > >> > Le 10 nov. 2017 01 h 44, "Wido den Hollander" <wido@widodh.nl>
a
> > écrit :
> > >> >
> > >> > >
> > >> > > > Op 9 november 2017 om 19:59 schreef Nux! <nux@li.nux.ro>:
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > Wido,
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > Excellent suggestion with the "transparent proxy", I was
not
> > aware of
> > >> > > that.
> > >> > > > I think that would be a great idea and wouldn't require
too many
> > >> > > modifications, especially as Haproxy comes already with the VR.
> > >> > > >
> > >> > >
> > >> > > It's indeed just a matter of a HAProxy config setting. We could
> > make it
> > >> > > configurable per backend in HAProxy. Regular HTTP, TCP or PROXY
for
> > >> example.
> > >> > >
> > >> > > That way your problem would be solved.
> > >> > >
> > >> > > Wido
> > >> > >
> > >> > > > To Paul:
> > >> > > > - imho the LB solution ACS ships now is a bit handicaped
since
> > you do
> > >> > > not know the remote host ip. You're flying blind unless you use
> > google
> > >> > > analytics (and these things have gotten more and more aggressively
> > >> filtered
> > >> > > by adblocks).
> > >> > > > Enhancing Haproxy as Wido suggested would go a long way,
it
> > wouldn't
> > >> > > break existing functionality and would also keep SSL processing
off
> > >> the VR.
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > --
> > >> > > > Sent from the Delta quadrant using Borg technology!
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > Nux!
> > >> > > > www.nux.ro
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > ----- Original Message -----
> > >> > > > > From: "Andrija Panic" <andrija.panic@gmail.com>
> > >> > > > > To: "users" <users@cloudstack.apache.org>
> > >> > > > > Cc: "Khosrow Moossavi" <kmoossavi@cloudops.com>,
"Will
> > Stevens" <
> > >> > > wstevens@cloudops.com>, "dev"
> > >> > > > > <dev@cloudstack.apache.org>, "Pierre-Luc Dion"
<
> > pdion@cloudops.com
> > >> >
> > >> > > > > Sent: Thursday, 9 November, 2017 13:10:58
> > >> > > > > Subject: Re: HTTPS LB and x-forwarded-for
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > > Wido,
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > backend servers are not Linux only, for example we
have a ton of
> > >> > > Windows
> > >> > > > > customers, some WEB solutions / IIS etc...
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > @all - If we try to please/solve everyone's proxying
> > >> > > solution/requirement -
> > >> > > > > this is impossible IMHO - I'm thinking more about some
"do it as
> > >> you
> > >> > > like"
> > >> > > > > solution, to let customer write his own haproxy config
and
> > upoad it
> > >> > > (for
> > >> > > > > example, or something better?).
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > We can support newer version of haproxy (1.5+) which
also
> > implement
> > >> > > > > "transarent proxy" (integrate with kernel so to speak)
 to allow
> > >> > > TCP-level
> > >> > > > > connections to backend (TCP mode, not HTTP mode) but
to still
> > >> > > "preserve"
> > >> > > > > remote IP by faking it (fake soruce IP = transarent
proxy).
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > For the rest of configuration options,  I would leave
it to the
> > >> > > customer
> > >> > > > > how he/she wants to configure rest of haproxy configuration,
> > >> inlcuding
> > >> > > > > custom checks, etc. Haproxy configuration is never-ending
story,
> > >> and we
> > >> > > > > probably should allow custom sripts/configuration instead
of
> > >> trying to
> > >> > > > > provide GUI/API way to configure everything (which
is
> > >> impossible...)
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > Just my 2 cents...
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > On 9 November 2017 at 08:13, Wido den Hollander <wido@widodh.nl
> > >
> > >> > > wrote:
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > Op 8 november 2017 om 14:59 schreef Pierre-Luc
Dion <
> > >> > > pdion@cloudops.com
> > >> > > > >> >:
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > Same challenge here too!
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > Let's look at improving Load-balancing offering
from
> > >> cloudstack, I
> > >> > > guest
> > >> > > > >> we
> > >> > > > >> > should do a feature spec draft soon..,  from
my perspective,
> > >> doing
> > >> > > SSL
> > >> > > > >> > offload on the VR could be problematic if
the VR spec if too
> > >> small,
> > >> > > and
> > >> > > > >> the
> > >> > > > >> > default spec of the VR being 1vcpu@256MB,
considering it can
> > >> be the
> > >> > > > >> router
> > >> > > > >> > of a VPC, doing VPN termination, adding HTTPS
 is a bit
> > ish...
> > >> What
> > >> > > would
> > >> > > > >> > be your thought about this ?
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > I'd be curious to have a LB offering in ACS
where it would
> > >> deploy a
> > >> > > > >> > redundant traefik[1] beside the VR for doing
http and https
> > >> > > > >> Load-balancing.
> > >> > > > >> > I think it would also be useful if the API
of that traefik
> > >> instance
> > >> > > would
> > >> > > > >> > be available from within the VPC or LBnetwork
so is API
> > would be
> > >> > > > >> accessible
> > >> > > > >> > to other apps orchestration tools such as
 kubernetes or
> > >> rancher.
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > traefik or not, here is what I think is needed
by cloudstack
> > in
> > >> the
> > >> > > LB
> > >> > > > >> > improvement:
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > - support http, https (X-Forwarded-For)
> > >> > > > >>
> > >> > > > >> HAProxy also supports the PROXY protocol towards
the backends.
> > >> Apache
> > >> > > > >> 2.4.22 supports this natively and Varnish for example
can also
> > >> talk
> > >> > > PROXY.
> > >> > > > >>
> > >> > > > >> It adds a littlebit of metadata to the connection
so that the
> > >> backend
> > >> > > > >> knows the original IP the connection came from
for example:
> > >> > > > >> https://www.haproxy.org/download/1.8/doc/proxy-protocol.txt
> > >> > > > >>
> > >> > > > >> Wido
> > >> > > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > - basic persistence tuning (API already exist)
> > >> > > > >> > - better backend monitoring, currently only
a tcp connect
> > >> validate
> > >> > > if the
> > >> > > > >> > webserver is up.
> > >> > > > >> > - ssl offload
> > >> > > > >> > - metric collection, more stats, maybe just
export the tool
> > >> status
> > >> > > page
> > >> > > > >> to
> > >> > > > >> > the private network.
> > >> > > > >> > - Container world support, right now if you
have Rancher or
> > >> > > kubernetes
> > >> > > > >> > cluster, you need to deploy your own LB solution
behing
> > >> mostlikely a
> > >> > > > >> static
> > >> > > > >> > nat., If cloudstack would deploy a traefik
instance, Kub or
> > >> Rancher
> > >> > > could
> > >> > > > >> > reuse this instance and managed it to properly
do LB between
> > >> > > containers.
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > What would be your prefered LB tool:
> > >> > > > >> > haproxy, traefik or nginx?
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > CloudStack already have to code to handle
SSL certs per
> > >> projects and
> > >> > > > >> > accounts if not mistaking because that code
was added to
> > support
> > >> > > > >> NetScaler
> > >> > > > >> > as Load-balancer in the past. so one less
thing to think
> > about
> > >> :-)
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > [1] https://traefik.io/
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > PL,
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > On Mon, Nov 6, 2017 at 7:10 AM, Nux! <nux@li.nux.ro>
wrote:
> > >> > > > >> >
> > >> > > > >> > > Thanks Andrija,
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >> > > LB outside of the VR sounds like a good
idea. An appliance
> > >> based
> > >> > > on,
> > >> > > > >> say
> > >> > > > >> > > cloud-init + ansible and so on could
do the trick; alas
> > it'd
> > >> need
> > >> > > to be
> > >> > > > >> > > outside ACS.
> > >> > > > >> > > I guess as users we could maybe come
up with a spec for an
> > >> > > > >> improvement, at
> > >> > > > >> > > least we'd have something the devs could
look at whenever
> > it
> > >> is
> > >> > > > >> possible.
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >> > > Regards,
> > >> > > > >> > > Lucian
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >> > > --
> > >> > > > >> > > Sent from the Delta quadrant using Borg
technology!
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >> > > Nux!
> > >> > > > >> > > www.nux.ro
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >> > > ----- Original Message -----
> > >> > > > >> > > > From: "Andrija Panic" <andrija.panic@gmail.com>
> > >> > > > >> > > > To: "dev" <dev@cloudstack.apache.org>
> > >> > > > >> > > > Cc: "users" <users@cloudstack.apache.org>
> > >> > > > >> > > > Sent: Thursday, 2 November, 2017
23:21:37
> > >> > > > >> > > > Subject: Re: HTTPS LB and x-forwarded-for
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >> > > > We used to make some special stuff
for one of the
> > clients,
> > >> > > where all
> > >> > > > >> LB
> > >> > > > >> > > > configuration work is done from
outside of the ACS, i.e.
> > >> python
> > >> > > > >> script to
> > >> > > > >> > > > feed/configure VR - install latest
haproxy 1.5.x for
> > >> transparent
> > >> > > > >> proxy,
> > >> > > > >> > > > since client insisted on SSL termination
done on backend
> > >> web SSL
> > >> > > > >> > > servers....
> > >> > > > >> > > > Not good idea, that is all I can
say (custom
> > configuration
> > >> > > thing) -
> > >> > > > >> but
> > >> > > > >> > > the
> > >> > > > >> > > > LB setup is actually good - transparent
mode haproxy,
> > works
> > >> on
> > >> > > TCP
> > >> > > > >> level,
> > >> > > > >> > > > so you can see "real client IP"
on the backend servers
> > >> (which
> > >> > > must
> > >> > > > >> use VR
> > >> > > > >> > > > as the default gtw, as per default,
so the whole setup
> > works
> > >> > > > >> properly).
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > > I'm still looking forward to see
some special support of
> > LB
> > >> > > inside
> > >> > > > >> VR via
> > >> > > > >> > > > ACS - proper LB setup inside VR
via GUI/API -  i.e. to
> > >> enable LB
> > >> > > > >> > > > provisioning SCRIPT (bash, or whatever),
 where all
> > needed
> > >> > > > >> > > > install+configure can be done from
client side  -
> > otherwise
> > >> > > covering
> > >> > > > >> all
> > >> > > > >> > > > user cases, with proper HTTP checks
and similar....is
> > >> > > impossible to
> > >> > > > >> do
> > >> > > > >> > > > IMHO.
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > > Some other clients, actually have
internal FW appliance
> > >> (i.e.
> > >> > > > >> multihomed
> > >> > > > >> > > > VM, acting as gtw for all VMs in
all networks), and
> > haproxy
> > >> > > instaled
> > >> > > > >> on
> > >> > > > >> > > > this device (with NAT configured
from VR to this internal
> > >> > > FW/VM, so
> > >> > > > >> > > remote
> > >> > > > >> > > > IP can be seen properly) - this
setup is fully under
> > >> customer
> > >> > > > >> control,
> > >> > > > >> > > and
> > >> > > > >> > > > can provide any kind of special
haproxy config...
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > > On 31 October 2017 at 19:54, Nux!
<nux@li.nux.ro> wrote:
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >> Hello,
> > >> > > > >> > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > > >> Of the people running an LB
(VR) with https backends,
> > how
> > >> do
> > >> > > you
> > >> > > > >> deal
> > >> > > > >> > > with
> > >> > > > >> > > >> the lack of x-forwarded-for
since for port 443 there's
> > just
> > >> > > simple
> > >> > > > >> TCP
> > >> > > > >> > > >> balancing?
> > >> > > > >> > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > > >> Has anyone thought of terminating
SSL in the VR instead?
> > >> Ideas?
> > >> > > > >> > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > > >> Cheers
> > >> > > > >> > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > > >> --
> > >> > > > >> > > >> Sent from the Delta quadrant
using Borg technology!
> > >> > > > >> > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > > >> Nux!
> > >> > > > >> > > >> www.nux.ro
> > >> > > > >> > > >>
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > > --
> > >> > > > >> > > >
> > >> > > > >> > > > Andrija Panić
> > >> > > > >> > >
> > >> > > > >>
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > --
> > >> > > > >
> > >> > > > > Andrija Panić
> > >> > >
> >

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