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Subject [12/63] [abbrv] cloudstack-docs-admin git commit: 50% des chaines sont traduites en FR
Date Wed, 08 Feb 2017 01:18:25 GMT
diff --git a/source/locale/pot/virtual_machines.pot b/source/locale/pot/virtual_machines.pot
index 32a1751..8e3fc9d 100644
--- a/source/locale/pot/virtual_machines.pot
+++ b/source/locale/pot/virtual_machines.pot
@@ -1,14 +1,14 @@
-# Copyright (C) 
+# Copyright (C) 2016, Apache Software Foundation
 # This file is distributed under the same license as the Apache CloudStack Administration Documentation package.
 #, fuzzy
 msgid ""
 msgstr ""
-"Project-Id-Version: Apache CloudStack Administration Documentation 4\n"
+"Project-Id-Version: Apache CloudStack Administration Documentation 4.8\n"
 "Report-Msgid-Bugs-To: \n"
-"POT-Creation-Date: 2014-06-30 12:52+0200\n"
+"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-22 13:55+0200\n"
 "PO-Revision-Date: YEAR-MO-DA HO:MI+ZONE\n"
 "Last-Translator: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>\n"
 "Language-Team: LANGUAGE <>\n"
@@ -17,197 +17,158 @@ msgstr ""
 "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:18
-# 825181279d9643c3ae9e1a485765f79a
 msgid "Working with Virtual Machines"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:21
-# 8ef9955cc01742fb833f6f4cb20ddc40
 msgid "About Working with Virtual Machines"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:23
-# 5dfc79c076ae4bcf9b78cbc7e7998fb1
 msgid "CloudStack provides administrators with complete control over the lifecycle of all guest VMs executing in the cloud. CloudStack provides several guest management operations for end users and administrators. VMs may be stopped, started, rebooted, and destroyed."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:28
-# a74753cd5a1e4e87b2b25bb214d76583
 msgid "Guest VMs have a name and group. VM names and groups are opaque to CloudStack and are available for end users to organize their VMs. Each VM can have three names for use in different contexts. Only two of these names can be controlled by the user:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:33
-# 33b7dd1035fe468788852c131410d355
 msgid "Instance name – a unique, immutable ID that is generated by CloudStack and can not be modified by the user. This name conforms to the requirements in IETF RFC 1123."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:37
-# f1b72ed931524f89a7d072ed361a635e
 msgid "Display name – the name displayed in the CloudStack web UI. Can be set by the user. Defaults to instance name."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:40
-# adc0efb3ff154603a38bf9294009ac65
 msgid "Name – host name that the DHCP server assigns to the VM. Can be set by the user. Defaults to instance name"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:44
-# 14d2256532ea4ba9ab19bed35890856a
 msgid "You can append the display name of a guest VM to its internal name. For more information, see `“Appending a Display Name to the Guest VM’s Internal Name” <#appending-a-display-name-to-the-guest-vms-internal-name>`_."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:48
-# a8d661456c4f45b28ad427c44e9b6325
 msgid "Guest VMs can be configured to be Highly Available (HA). An HA-enabled VM is monitored by the system. If the system detects that the VM is down, it will attempt to restart the VM, possibly on a different host. For more information, see HA-Enabled Virtual Machines on"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:53
-# 5305c3fec9d94b62aa5980618331557e
 msgid "Each new VM is allocated one public IP address. When the VM is started, CloudStack automatically creates a static NAT between this public IP address and the private IP address of the VM."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:57
-# 587dd3d141fc46bca48b617989e96f59
 msgid "If elastic IP is in use (with the NetScaler load balancer), the IP address initially allocated to the new VM is not marked as elastic. The user must replace the automatically configured IP with a specifically acquired elastic IP, and set up the static NAT mapping between this new IP and the guest VM’s private IP. The VM’s original IP address is then released and returned to the pool of available public IPs. Optionally, you can also decide not to allocate a public IP to a VM in an EIP-enabled Basic zone. For more information on Elastic IP, see `“About Elastic IP” <networking2.html#about-elastic-ip>`_."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:67
-# 6fbeb0da9ef448f98d0a7a11b1032be6
 msgid "CloudStack cannot distinguish a guest VM that was shut down by the user (such as with the “shutdown” command in Linux) from a VM that shut down unexpectedly. If an HA-enabled VM is shut down from inside the VM, CloudStack will restart it. To shut down an HA-enabled VM, you must go through the CloudStack UI or API."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:75
-# 9787aabb3dc94e8db7a5de0c51ea7443
 msgid "Best Practices for Virtual Machines"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:77
-# 6372fe37d9ed4beeb1424ae97b03ad24
 msgid "For VMs to work as expected and provide excellent service, follow these guidelines."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:82
-# d2a792bb33c2418bba1e90839b5208d4
 msgid "Monitor VMs for Max Capacity"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:84
-# aaa155f7b055496592fb19179ed93f73
 msgid "The CloudStack administrator should monitor the total number of VM instances in each cluster, and disable allocation to the cluster if the total is approaching the maximum that the hypervisor can handle. Be sure to leave a safety margin to allow for the possibility of one or more hosts failing, which would increase the VM load on the other hosts as the VMs are automatically redeployed. Consult the documentation for your chosen hypervisor to find the maximum permitted number of VMs per host, then use CloudStack global configuration settings to set this as the default limit. Monitor the VM activity in each cluster at all times. Keep the total number of VMs below a safe level that allows for the occasional host failure. For example, if there are N hosts in the cluster, and you want to allow for one host in the cluster to be down at any given time, the total number of VM instances you can permit in the cluster is at most (N-1) \\* (per-host-limit). Once a cluster reaches this num
 ber of VMs, use the CloudStack UI to disable allocation of more VMs to the cluster."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:103
-# e6554027f7f9466a8a5ab12bbbf30fb9
 msgid "Install Required Tools and Drivers"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:105
-# 6b07dcd845a944ea872a6ace009f7f24
 msgid "Be sure the following are installed on each VM:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:107
-# 31fe2e3e61ec4b15865970eafecc35df
 msgid "For XenServer, install PV drivers and Xen tools on each VM. This will enable live migration and clean guest shutdown. Xen tools are required in order for dynamic CPU and RAM scaling to work."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:111
-# 59c6618b482a4e8590293c7da8aaf7ef
 msgid "For vSphere, install VMware Tools on each VM. This will enable console view to work properly. VMware Tools are required in order for dynamic CPU and RAM scaling to work."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:115
-# 0054a653c9ee4d008cb5fff30bcb3de8
 msgid "To be sure that Xen tools or VMware Tools is installed, use one of the following techniques:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:118
-# 183593c0142745a49f4f2a3791981e31
 msgid "Create each VM from a template that already has the tools installed; or,"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:121
-# 4ad9dec1226046d48a5dba3598abbf0a
 msgid "When registering a new template, the administrator or user can indicate whether tools are installed on the template. This can be done through the UI or using the updateTemplate API; or,"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:125
-# 3a12a213c40345018c066a0ec37e65a9
 msgid "If a user deploys a virtual machine with a template that does not have Xen tools or VMware Tools, and later installs the tools on the VM, then the user can inform CloudStack using the updateVirtualMachine API. After installing the tools and updating the virtual machine, stop and start the VM."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:133
-# b7a0169d017a496787e38b9e50311a88
 msgid "VM Lifecycle"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:135
-# 0af797cf30df4ac984c7b8d11ede977e
 msgid "Virtual machines can be in the following states:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:137
-# f5d2991885b4440f8c7062a60633f065
 msgid "|basic-deployment.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:139
-# 4c2d3ebcce3744b481035492578b6e3c
 msgid "Once a virtual machine is destroyed, it cannot be recovered. All the resources used by the virtual machine will be reclaimed by the system. This includes the virtual machine’s IP address."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:143
-# 08c95a701e5348e789bd295aa7819d86
 msgid "A stop will attempt to gracefully shut down the operating system, which typically involves terminating all the running applications. If the operation system cannot be stopped, it will be forcefully terminated. This has the same effect as pulling the power cord to a physical machine."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:149
-# 6d5fb2afbc1e44ad842f052187cc201f
 msgid "A reboot is a stop followed by a start."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:151
-# eb78f755807e4fe59ff45bc534fa6dc5
 msgid "CloudStack preserves the state of the virtual machine hard disk until the machine is destroyed."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:154
-# e18941c1f49b40d4ae53034763c41e57
 msgid "A running virtual machine may fail because of hardware or network issues. A failed virtual machine is in the down state."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:157
-# 73bd5337e5854464a320f36cca3d4964
 msgid "The system places the virtual machine into the down state if it does not receive the heartbeat from the hypervisor for three minutes."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:160
-# a45ff69a534b47189b4457ff2d058d8c
 msgid "The user can manually restart the virtual machine from the down state."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:162
-# 42d0a445aab2404abad8ce54e6ff5947
 msgid "The system will start the virtual machine from the down state automatically if the virtual machine is marked as HA-enabled."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:167
-# fdeb58579e7749fe88bdf405f79049e5
 msgid "Creating VMs"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:169
-# 7453d7d0a14e4a9dab16d5580766c5d5
 msgid "Virtual machines are usually created from a template. Users can also create blank virtual machines. A blank virtual machine is a virtual machine without an OS template. Users can attach an ISO file and install the OS from the CD/DVD-ROM."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:175
-# 3edf15d4b2054f90ae481e9bde143346
 msgid "You can create a VM without starting it. You can determine whether the VM needs to be started as part of the VM deployment. A request parameter, startVM, in the deployVm API provides this feature. For more information, see the Developer's Guide."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:180
-# e3cf740a72c247ea8cdb5ff298a2e7b3
 msgid "To create a VM from a template:"
 msgstr ""
@@ -215,1397 +176,1438 @@ msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:212
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:330
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:366
-# 6b4fb12f7826449389052e48b175bf9a
-# 1c346e18dafd4ac7977a7dc98d85926c
-# 4d63920f853642a68b92f2632d3a1ba1
-# d667b7df24994fc4ac857e47436efd5d
 msgid "Log in to the CloudStack UI as an administrator or user."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:184
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:214
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:368
-# 243b4d8b914d49d19dd68312aae2042a
-# fbbc9105a1f14883918e0460b902a681
-# 74fc4567c9104ff0ae51ec0d88dc5006
 msgid "In the left navigation bar, click Instances."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:186
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:216
-# be1be45993694cb6ab943a5c229ac71e
-# 7d1b7b4f15c349c68567df62e225bc34
 msgid "Click Add Instance."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:188
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:218
-# 64202b2c542d459596118bf9dd4ad508
-# 7f1cbee620c946a88f43e9b6c8f1e9bf
 msgid "Select a zone."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:190
-# a0aa0f810b974edcb1d8f305c1b24a5d
 msgid "Select a template, then follow the steps in the wizard. For more information about how the templates came to be in this list, see `*Working with Templates* <templates.html>`_."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:194
-# 33bbf5e131484a929c10053278adddde
 msgid "Be sure that the hardware you have allows starting the selected service offering."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:197
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:222
-# 9a01eecf26a748e198056df4f7e9b825
-# 82109b204e5841308ff5e74b12cf24a4
 msgid "Click Submit and your VM will be created and started."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:200
-# 7a2965e6d5004b7088a5e5bc18da649c
 msgid "For security reason, the internal name of the VM is visible only to the root admin."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:203
-# c19e66233eaa4d00b5b615550ebc0c11
 msgid "To create a VM from an ISO:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:206
-# ff3d83c8dc1b40baab04b8c1bcfe3619
 msgid "(XenServer) Windows VMs running on XenServer require PV drivers, which may be provided in the template or added after the VM is created. The PV drivers are necessary for essential management functions such as mounting additional volumes and ISO images, live migration, and graceful shutdown."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:220
-# aceacbbcfec4422e939ff1ed89aa25c5
 msgid "Select ISO Boot, and follow the steps in the wizard."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:226
-# a843dc7f749c44d89ba116d3c6af89f8
 msgid "Accessing VMs"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:228
-# 0bf035db01dd401abc60fc76e71330ba
 msgid "Any user can access their own virtual machines. The administrator can access all VMs running in the cloud."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:231
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:555
-# ff40a54bdc2e4f3f8b310d37998c096b
-# b719e6aa6218441b864dbd9dbb664b20
 msgid "To access a VM through the CloudStack UI:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:233
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:557
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:618
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:792
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:820
-# 72fdf34366e84d53a902f30170e96826
-# 3b5b89a3e29346439a79e6c9625ab11a
-# 5d3ec5e17ef1449a85064c70381209dc
-# 151cdfe9cd414184908d5b1c15cc7de9
-# 995bd5571b2446418ec4a6f27a17fe5f
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:620
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:794
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:822
 msgid "Log in to the CloudStack UI as a user or admin."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:235
-# c09833ddb4424c4e82d2b49397dbf82e
 msgid "Click Instances, then click the name of a running VM."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:237
-# 7276130f1e014d969cbd9246b1310121
 msgid "Click the View Console button |console-icon.png|."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:239
-# c06df9b367c1493a908523e863cade69
 msgid "To access a VM directly over the network:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:241
-# 3a9997d1c0444c66b00f908de1b14f74
 msgid "The VM must have some port open to incoming traffic. For example, in a basic zone, a new VM might be assigned to a security group which allows incoming traffic. This depends on what security group you picked when creating the VM. In other cases, you can open a port by setting up a port forwarding policy. See `“IP Forwarding and Firewalling” <networking2.html#ip-forwarding-and-firewalling>`_."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:248
-# aa1d9ea00c0f47d58155e9aa67793a80
 msgid "If a port is open but you can not access the VM using ssh, it’s possible that ssh is not already enabled on the VM. This will depend on whether ssh is enabled in the template you picked when creating the VM. Access the VM through the CloudStack UI and enable ssh on the machine using the commands for the VM’s operating system."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:254
-# af42226ae2f845c4ae39472cd44d62cf
 msgid "If the network has an external firewall device, you will need to create a firewall rule to allow access. See `“IP Forwarding and Firewalling” <networking2.html#ip-forwarding-and-firewalling>`_."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:260
-# 334cb66ea0fd46fab55d62d6c94401cc
 msgid "Stopping and Starting VMs"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:262
-# 194b6682b53b4c028e9387e57f318392
 msgid "Once a VM instance is created, you can stop, restart, or delete it as needed. In the CloudStack UI, click Instances, select the VM, and use the Stop, Start, Reboot, and Destroy buttons."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:268
-# 3475020a222a4190b9e4e184a4be143c
 msgid "Assigning VMs to Hosts"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:270
-# ab04e4134ad1499abbfb64970cd8d83b
 msgid "At any point in time, each virtual machine instance is running on a single host. How does CloudStack determine which host to place a VM on? There are several ways:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:274
-# c9fcda8e47454c1b9ccdd115dc618ffb
 msgid "Automatic default host allocation. CloudStack can automatically pick the most appropriate host to run each virtual machine."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:277
-# 13722d82fe934c8fbe47baadf772e4b3
 msgid "Instance type preferences. CloudStack administrators can specify that certain hosts should have a preference for particular types of guest instances. For example, an administrator could state that a host should have a preference to run Windows guests. The default host allocator will attempt to place guests of that OS type on such hosts first. If no such host is available, the allocator will place the instance wherever there is sufficient physical capacity."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:285
-# a32cedb1c3d54276bafa87b47914776e
 msgid "Vertical and horizontal allocation. Vertical allocation consumes all the resources of a given host before allocating any guests on a second host. This reduces power consumption in the cloud. Horizontal allocation places a guest on each host in a round-robin fashion. This may yield better performance to the guests in some cases."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:291
-# cc5699db1af34f3a9b499307c558a058
 msgid "End user preferences. Users can not control exactly which host will run a given VM instance, but they can specify a zone for the VM. CloudStack is then restricted to allocating the VM only to one of the hosts in that zone."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:296
-# 0411284295194622b05a0cb1879eeb76
 msgid "Host tags. The administrator can assign tags to hosts. These tags can be used to specify which host a VM should use. The CloudStack administrator decides whether to define host tags, then create a service offering using those tags and offer it to the user."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:301
-# ead4cb40fadd4eefa3f8eeddf36bea8e
 msgid "Affinity groups. By defining affinity groups and assigning VMs to them, the user or administrator can influence (but not dictate) which VMs should run on separate hosts. This feature is to let users specify that certain VMs won't be on the same host."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:306
-# 475f207be88542b496285e35e6edb937
 msgid "CloudStack also provides a pluggable interface for adding new allocators. These custom allocators can provide any policy the administrator desires."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:312
-# 838c2813c99f4ea89cb67e8b2ff25abd
 msgid "Affinity Groups"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:314
-# d72b6ebfff7246118fbc4df220e6f966
 msgid "By defining affinity groups and assigning VMs to them, the user or administrator can influence (but not dictate) which VMs should run on separate hosts. This feature is to let users specify that VMs with the same “host anti-affinity” type won’t be on the same host. This serves to increase fault tolerance. If a host fails, another VM offering the same service (for example, hosting the user's website) is still up and running on another host."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:322
-# 7dad3924b6fe49e9b9e6ed13a6316bbf
 msgid "The scope of an affinity group is per user account."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:326
-# 537f3770162d4c7db20724e2cd3a6d25
 msgid "Creating a New Affinity Group"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:328
-# 89ec84e3b1004702a136fe33ae40a620
 msgid "To add an affinity group:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:332
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:382
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:397
-# 2e4c181542d24eceadbedafacef6a048
-# 129e5d65a94748d49cc72d49901d7982
-# bfe6c54e9b1d4b95b230d06a783465c2
 msgid "In the left navigation bar, click Affinity Groups."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:334
-# 2d49709c41b24dcfa6cbec72f9655ecb
 msgid "Click Add affinity group. In the dialog box, fill in the following fields:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:337
-# 8f2541aa578d480ab600f234860b710f
 msgid "Name. Give the group a name."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:339
-# 283fc43838584136ada4a8670741a62f
 msgid "Description. Any desired text to tell more about the purpose of the group."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:342
-# 6ad15d35202c4aa3829229be0b4dc5a3
 msgid "Type. The only supported type shipped with CloudStack is Host Anti-Affinity. This indicates that the VMs in this group should avoid being placed on the same host with each other. If you see other types in this list, it means that your installation of CloudStack has been extended with customized affinity group plugins."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:351
-# 9dd18a72cf94423295b7f4e16ebdd474
 msgid "Assign a New VM to an Affinity Group"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:353
-# f986290eacc04fcd88cddb44e54dd110
 msgid "To assign a new VM to an affinity group:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:355
-# b7ecd6311df24770b2f5ff16290be095
 msgid "Create the VM as usual, as described in `“Creating VMs” <virtual_machines.html#creating-vms>`_. In the Add Instance wizard, there is a new Affinity tab where you can select the affinity group."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:362
-# d887ac9c84494254beaf5d7c2d1d8b17
 msgid "Change Affinity Group for an Existing VM"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:364
-# ac05d8cab3d84c0fb5fecc7ff5be7a41
 msgid "To assign an existing VM to an affinity group:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:370
-# 406004d08a994c7e83f19eb8d3d5ccb4
 msgid "Click the name of the VM you want to work with."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:372
-# 5198d04fabab4aba81bb176cafd9cd5f
 msgid "Stop the VM by clicking the Stop button."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:374
-# d7c213c32fa64651beb6d71b29a2f881
 msgid "Click the Change Affinity button. |change-affinity-button.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:378
-# 7964ffac44554385887c85ac33410324
 msgid "View Members of an Affinity Group"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:380
-# 60958f4621bd45d68c4c4e5ff8e6166b
 msgid "To see which VMs are currently assigned to a particular affinity group:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:384
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:399
-# 44277c6e70cc49f5a0262172b42602cd
-# 84c34fd8f1024bc3b3b89c6074d25602
 msgid "Click the name of the group you are interested in."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:386
-# d621ae0b24c54f108a31c5dc8cf05476
 msgid "Click View Instances. The members of the group are listed."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:388
-# 43f372265bc14aa89389bbc7b9584816
 msgid "From here, you can click the name of any VM in the list to access all its details and controls."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:393
-# c126741a86364834b153814dff481a58
 msgid "Delete an Affinity Group"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:395
-# 41b2a9676116417a9cc26ddecd8e35c0
 msgid "To delete an affinity group:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:401
-# 97c32e0a3b4d4a039f0167b916626e38
 msgid "Click Delete."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:403
-# 2f1e052c0a0441988e9ccb2459b64996
 msgid "Any VM that is a member of the affinity group will be disassociated from the group. The former group members will continue to run normally on the current hosts, but if the VM is restarted, it will no longer follow the host allocation rules from its former affinity group."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:411
-# 1500b2cdf2f8433f9dc55740099c7554
 msgid "Virtual Machine Snapshots"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:413
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:643
-# 352168175d0f45c7944fb134e5e1ccb0
-# f1ff6b7e77974160b7eb0e268b6c8adf
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:645
 msgid "(Supported on VMware and XenServer)"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:415
-# 4b76741f3c964e48b09015a19ac9ffe6
 msgid "In addition to the existing CloudStack ability to snapshot individual VM volumes, you can take a VM snapshot to preserve all the VM's data volumes as well as (optionally) its CPU/memory state. This is useful for quick restore of a VM. For example, you can snapshot a VM, then make changes such as software upgrades. If anything goes wrong, simply restore the VM to its previous state using the previously saved VM snapshot."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:423
-# 9ea94fa6d9804e22af343c5c65a0362d
 msgid "The snapshot is created using the hypervisor's native snapshot facility. The VM snapshot includes not only the data volumes, but optionally also whether the VM is running or turned off (CPU state) and the memory contents. The snapshot is stored in CloudStack's primary storage."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:428
-# b710a2e6c248420bb55ebfa8f0f376dc
 msgid "VM snapshots can have a parent/child relationship. Each successive snapshot of the same VM is the child of the snapshot that came before it. Each time you take an additional snapshot of the same VM, it saves only the differences between the current state of the VM and the state stored in the most recent previous snapshot. The previous snapshot becomes a parent, and the new snapshot is its child. It is possible to create a long chain of these parent/child snapshots, which amount to a \"redo\" record leading from the current state of the VM back to the original."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:438
-# efe6658a42c34ba1badb3bb03008f9f0
 msgid "If you need more information about VM snapshots on VMware, check out the VMware documentation and the VMware Knowledge Base, especially `Understanding virtual machine snapshots <>`_."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:445
-# 8fb9c61d831b4840801c19c568c3e2f7
 msgid "Limitations on VM Snapshots"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:447
-# b40a26e614ff482b83dd6fe7ca66a097
 msgid "If a VM has some stored snapshots, you can't attach new volume to the VM or delete any existing volumes. If you change the volumes on the VM, it would become impossible to restore the VM snapshot which was created with the previous volume structure. If you want to attach a volume to such a VM, first delete its snapshots."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:453
-# 137adaa8ad304bad8e6a62a539a5b277
 msgid "VM snapshots which include both data volumes and memory can't be kept if you change the VM's service offering. Any existing VM snapshots of this type will be discarded."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:457
-# 9890e43dc8174a959a93587c2843f753
 msgid "You can't make a VM snapshot at the same time as you are taking a volume snapshot."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:460
-# 0ffbf8b4539648a4884ee457c3ab1cb1
 msgid "You should use only CloudStack to create VM snapshots on hosts managed by CloudStack. Any snapshots that you make directly on the hypervisor will not be tracked in CloudStack."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:466
-# 77f6cb8f4c0f41fcb04fe4aa2c2f5268
 msgid "Configuring VM Snapshots"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:468
-# 8582f7496ba340e7b18f0ec535fc74c1
 msgid "The cloud administrator can use global configuration variables to control the behavior of VM snapshots. To set these variables, go through the Global Settings area of the CloudStack UI."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:472
-# f9f9fa5a5bf040cf942989a479a5e690
 msgid "Configuration Setting Name"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:474
-# 68ee9c1c4d5a4d0b85ee63309d7b1db0
 msgid "Description"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:476
-# 85763ceb28de4f0eaca494db0a967117
 msgid "vmsnapshots.max"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:478
-# 7466c6685f504780a8c5d77c5d580374
 msgid "The maximum number of VM snapshots that can be saved for any given virtual machine in the cloud. The total possible number of VM snapshots in the cloud is (number of VMs) \\* vmsnapshots.max. If the number of snapshots for any VM ever hits the maximum, the older ones are removed by the snapshot expunge job."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:484
-# 2fd939410c2b4b3aa8b3003ab8a3b968
 msgid "vmsnapshot.create.wait"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:486
-# 375a0959e9c94eb1a423b278ae046b5b
 msgid "Number of seconds to wait for a snapshot job to succeed before declaring failure and issuing an error."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:491
-# 2b92af396f6c475a81e3dd289b5b2058
 msgid "Using VM Snapshots"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:493
-# 936e0bc234f649d98911b973d2a89f24
 msgid "To create a VM snapshot using the CloudStack UI:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:495
-# 7cd076f83efb4c1bbf3fd895f87582e8
 msgid "Log in to the CloudStack UI as a user or administrator."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:497
-# 79e76d457cf54a80bf3e15e93c930b60
 msgid "Click Instances."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:499
-# 271888c8e7844949b68a79c940659c7b
 msgid "Click the name of the VM you want to snapshot."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:501
-# e60b0597ab2c4b37b9c1b6e585208f39
 msgid "Click the Take VM Snapshot button. |VMSnapshotButton.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:504
-# 516b8188c37544fe9289100fa8fd6f81
 msgid "If a snapshot is already in progress, then clicking this button will have no effect."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:507
-# 3af8f23237d44f6a82ff3805d8748f9b
 msgid "Provide a name and description. These will be displayed in the VM Snapshots list."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:510
-# 213a0335d6b44dc3a98d11a064dc6168
 msgid "(For running VMs only) If you want to include the VM's memory in the snapshot, click the Memory checkbox. This saves the CPU and memory state of the virtual machine. If you don't check this box, then only the current state of the VM disk is saved. Checking this box makes the snapshot take longer."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:516
-# d45f3edd0bc741a7a60bc61f1687caae
 msgid "Quiesce VM: check this box if you want to quiesce the file system on the VM before taking the snapshot. Not supported on XenServer when used with CloudStack-provided primary storage."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:520
-# fe21f13b62b746c7a13b2f7f85a6eaa9
 msgid "When this option is used with CloudStack-provided primary storage, the quiesce operation is performed by the underlying hypervisor (VMware is supported). When used with another primary storage vendor's plugin, the quiesce operation is provided according to the vendor's implementation."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:526
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:635
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:808
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:951
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:975
-# 2a6c32cefec74407bd7fbe5e305ad9fc
-# a8e7b2f2b1c94ee9ab5aacd3929d2b84
-# cd457f5e102e42109f716c58cae05fee
-# 2226bef2616a496e93a295e437d134ec
-# 48260fa4b2a8429582628ee0a4834f18
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:637
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:810
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:953
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:977
 msgid "Click OK."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:528
-# f4d9b9197aca4868ab4d46cfeaeeeb8d
 msgid "To delete a snapshot or restore a VM to the state saved in a particular snapshot:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:531
-# 36f6cf98d55c41459202b6750b7eb7f4
 msgid "Navigate to the VM as described in the earlier steps."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:533
-# bf91c94f8979476a930e9dbf513be4d4
 msgid "Click View VM Snapshots."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:535
-# e7ccaab839314560b552b6071fc14e64
 msgid "In the list of snapshots, click the name of the snapshot you want to work with."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:538
-# 8e39335e75044ff99ab9e0def4fdc7d3
 msgid "Depending on what you want to do:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:540
-# 1992a3d840bc470fabd250937c4de81e
 msgid "To delete the snapshot, click the Delete button. |delete-button.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:542
-# 00f5fcea682d428c9a9e195edb1178e9
 msgid "To revert to the snapshot, click the Revert button. |revert-vm.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:545
-# d31395bcdf554ce6a1057725cfec443b
 msgid "VM snapshots are deleted automatically when a VM is destroyed. You don't have to manually delete the snapshots in this case."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:550
-# b68606a2ccc14896810536c55cfc1b43
 msgid "Changing the VM Name, OS, or Group"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:552
-# c3a4b62362fc4863a6506f6a5e3187de
 msgid "After a VM is created, you can modify the display name, operating system, and the group it belongs to."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:559
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:620
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:794
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:822
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:967
-# 72447d94968d48569debc5b7e37e4e80
-# 635b0652817c46e8929098fb5425c79b
-# edcc32c2db4948f7b0702e1fec2c46dd
-# af3dab76cece4fbfa032b786f5efe55f
-# 19861b8d6dbc4928b12763a78bf07383
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:622
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:796
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:824
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:969
 msgid "In the left navigation, click Instances."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:561
-# b339e4730d0445bebdcb106a5c75c2f4
 msgid "Select the VM that you want to modify."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:563
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:627
-# 304e46f42670493198568fd5f0ff4ee9
-# 7fdd96b1f7e0497fb108cb28b45a1d3c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:629
 msgid "Click the Stop button to stop the VM. |StopButton.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:565
-# 8b84a60389bf4387933672f32d30340e
 msgid "Click Edit. |EditButton.png|"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:567
-# f5ce6fcba1ca478e9bd1598907c1a601
 msgid "Make the desired changes to the following:"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:569
-# 96da85f1c1db4d90b6131a4e7bbe1267
 msgid "**Display name**: Enter a new display name if you want to change the name of the VM."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:572
-# b2eb919b8d15426a86942e811b6b785a
 msgid "**OS Type**: Select the desired operating system."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:574
-# 963531001c6f471fae769294df407de4
 msgid "**Group**: Enter the group name for the VM."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:576
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:691
-# 1f8f9ed119ca43b291afa2ae2b572532
-# acdd7ec88c4b4a27a7b9ade935e17aad
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:693
 msgid "Click Apply."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:580
-# 35efc08bc7314a2a83b202b6bfd078c6
 msgid "Appending a Display Name to the Guest VM’s Internal Name"
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:582
-# 090483f924564a9d8180f7df880f4066
 msgid "Every guest VM has an internal name. The host uses the internal name to identify the guest VMs. CloudStack gives you an option to provide a guest VM with a display name. You can set this display name as the internal name so that the vCenter can use it to identify the guest VM. A new global parameter, vm.instancename.flag, has now been added to achieve this functionality."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:589
-# f1544ed6d7c34d8ebadbc2726fd7edb9
 msgid "The default format of the internal name is i-<user\\_id>-<vm\\_id>-<>, where is a global parameter. However, If vm.instancename.flag is set to true, and if a display name is provided during the creation of a guest VM, the display name is appended to the internal name of the guest VM on the host. This makes the internal name format as i-<user\\_id>-<vm\\_id>-<displayName>. The default value of vm.instancename.flag is set to false. This feature is intended to make the correlation between instance names and internal names easier in large data center deployments."
 msgstr ""
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:599
-# fa48ed23ffd24df4a02ee5f2167670e9
 msgid "The following table explains how a VM name is displayed in different scenarios."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:603
-# 76ff8c667a8c480fb21958db7dd65d12
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 msgid "User-Provided Display Name"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:603
-# 77b3d04a25244f7b88843f76b0269874
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 msgid "vm.instancename.flag"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:603
-# eb539380b01a4ba7abe6fab6cbef8d37
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 msgid "Hostname on the VM"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:603
-# 44a68176f9334f3d893063ea88a1880e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 msgid "Name on vCenter"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:603
-# 09d5fe54336843e99505c1bd9d7c24c9
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 msgid "Internal Name"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
-# 8a2a30cd89b8470ab636c82eea18e3a4
-# 8c02dc549daa4804be4ee3b3bf8216a7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:609
 msgid "Yes"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:606
-# 854c972116cd4ffea1dd8e5be0d72b55
-# 2d6b531677a8463b806c81b61c640ad8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:608
 msgid "True"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
-# e24020ac7abe425a8fc5ae02e4464a87
-# 1eaa0ac4785f44bf90d042a044d9500f
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:609
 msgid "Display name"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:605
-# da8b1b08fbf24753a7ad71dc4c6e910a
-# b909f46baf824afb95db14b2c7a3628a
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
 msgid "i-<user\\_id>-<vm\\_id>-displayName"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:606
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:608
-# fe84676df63e465ab7918b5f44790a34
-# 799a550bf2024c8db25a267cd0eac622
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:610
 msgid "No"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:606
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:608
-# 2f6abcbb57e24820b71d94a8d721a901
-# 05c2b0965dab4221a022ca3f4d1fb71e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:610
 msgid "UUID"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:606
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:606
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:608
 #: ../../virtual_machines.rst:608
-# 5179011192fa4530bf1aa6561ba03e80
-# 0e4881cabf544619b6ed3f98b666fa4d
-# 923b87aaf25d404cb843c35fde7e8abf
-# 14cf566f26974c38b4ceaa39a9c10a2b
-# 5351204fc9aa4a09ac443444dcb12cf5
-# 1b26f9393c914e4bbc0f6099ee278a0e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:609
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:609
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:610
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:610
 msgid "i-<user\\_id>-<vm\\_id>-<>"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:607
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:608
-# 882c61362e02473eb3d26c71fc8a1d93
-# 2e62c668c7b74882a7c5518dd4e345b7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:609
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:610
 msgid "False"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:613
-# c1aad1317c774f3cb8be7a171d4c7615
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:615
 msgid "Changing the Service Offering for a VM"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:615
-# aa826a1e593e4934b4bd9a30bd004c64
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:617
 msgid "To upgrade or downgrade the level of compute resources available to a virtual machine, you can change the VM's compute offering."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:622
-# 8c522d8ff0c341f08389ff47a300b9be
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:624
 msgid "Choose the VM that you want to work with."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:624
-# 0efe6503c5934cb0b193cabcb06131e0
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:626
 msgid "(Skip this step if you have enabled dynamic VM scaling; see :ref:`cpu-and-memory-scaling`.)"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:629
-# 8a714661de844774afa81e0071868b59
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:631
 msgid "Click the Change Service button. |ChangeServiceButton.png|"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:631
-# 83f39b159c464727b6fccf6e6b055c0e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:633
 msgid "The Change service dialog box is displayed."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:633
-# c981bd6e1e7f49bab3deb9b83f0477f6
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:635
 msgid "Select the offering you want to apply to the selected VM."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:641
-# a01d7307691b4520a87be0d9d9b9da2d
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:643
 msgid "CPU and Memory Scaling for Running VMs"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:645
-# ab0e9786b026430a9847f2f68311aeb3
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:647
 msgid "It is not always possible to accurately predict the CPU and RAM requirements when you first deploy a VM. You might need to increase these resources at any time during the life of a VM. You can dynamically modify CPU and RAM levels to scale up these resources for a running VM without incurring any downtime."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:651
-# 115161eb80b3499bacb45dfdfebee485
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:653
 msgid "Dynamic CPU and RAM scaling can be used in the following cases:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:653
-# 30297090e50d4dde9f897f9a136fe4f6
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:655
 msgid "User VMs on hosts running VMware and XenServer."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:655
-# 6232185457af46168206dcb77fbe3d5a
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:657
 msgid "System VMs on VMware."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:657
-# f6a39632a5fc44fc95fe18b95ec76dca
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:659
 msgid "VMware Tools or XenServer Tools must be installed on the virtual machine."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:660
-# 3a9ff2ea379947d1a7d14452ee5a9f23
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:662
 msgid "The new requested CPU and RAM values must be within the constraints allowed by the hypervisor and the VM operating system."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:663
-# 5110926c89cb47f6b2f174d9b7fd2074
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:665
 msgid "New VMs that are created after the installation of CloudStack 4.2 can use the dynamic scaling feature. If you are upgrading from a previous version of CloudStack, your existing VMs created with previous versions will not have the dynamic scaling capability unless you update them using the following procedure."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:671
-# 1ad181d6d7c7496e95ae7d8940fdae5e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:673
 msgid "Updating Existing VMs"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:673
-# 869cd5d508b846d8bac2af633484f301
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:675
 msgid "If you are upgrading from a previous version of CloudStack, and you want your existing VMs created with previous versions to have the dynamic scaling capability, update the VMs using the following steps:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:677
-# 11e41c992a6545bca58c3d47b712fc40
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:679
 msgid "Make sure the zone-level setting enable.dynamic.scale.vm is set to true. In the left navigation bar of the CloudStack UI, click Infrastructure, then click Zones, click the zone you want, and click the Settings tab."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:682
-# 62c28d859ce4495393ca05ebe80feab9
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:684
 msgid "Install Xen tools (for XenServer hosts) or VMware Tools (for VMware hosts) on each VM if they are not already installed."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:685
-# d20322e380d44022b1ff5c61fdb66462
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:687
 msgid "Stop the VM."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:687
-# 7fb4a5e90f7240faa3517081515db067
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:689
 msgid "Click the Edit button."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:689
-# e27c8efe5a804069964feebad14fc869
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:691
 msgid "Click the Dynamically Scalable checkbox."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:693
-# cfbb1778b1b04d149bb2c2bb69c274d3
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:695
 msgid "Restart the VM."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:697
-# f11c788c7fd447179dd19538674fb81c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:699
 msgid "Configuring Dynamic CPU and RAM Scaling"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:699
-# 30af79a24d8f48a1b834110d8374abbc
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:701
 msgid "To configure this feature, use the following new global configuration variables:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:702
-# 5a2816315adb4870943cb43b6d0cf99c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:704
 msgid "enable.dynamic.scale.vm: Set to True to enable the feature. By default, the feature is turned off."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:705
-# cdeb9f1cb4df4b029610a510842cc284
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:707
 msgid "scale.retry: How many times to attempt the scaling operation. Default = 2."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:710
-# 07decccd4eb04199817b30945867ed27
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:712
 msgid "How to Dynamically Scale CPU and RAM"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:712
-# ae889fadf36342a6a037fb765a54fd59
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:714
 msgid "To modify the CPU and/or RAM capacity of a virtual machine, you need to change the compute offering of the VM to a new compute offering that has the desired CPU and RAM values. You can use the same steps described above in `“Changing the Service Offering for a VM” <#changing-the-service-offering-for-a-vm>`_, but skip the step where you stop the virtual machine. Of course, you might have to create a new compute offering first."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:720
-# 4ad82ed62390433a83075a6fe291e6c6
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:722
 msgid "When you submit a dynamic scaling request, the resources will be scaled up on the current host if possible. If the host does not have enough resources, the VM will be live migrated to another host in the same cluster. If there is no host in the cluster that can fulfill the requested level of CPU and RAM, the scaling operation will fail. The VM will continue to run as it was before."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:729
-# 04a78ffb0e8a4995a6fbbf8870ef3c01
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:731
 msgid "Limitations"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:731
-# 4d4543f814604671a8582fd47d1298ca
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:733
 msgid "You can not do dynamic scaling for system VMs on XenServer."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:733
-# 0c3b91b5ecc54cb1b79f79eea7129458
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:735
 msgid "CloudStack will not check to be sure that the new CPU and RAM levels are compatible with the OS running on the VM."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:736
-# c8b490e8cfa64c6c992a761349ffcec9
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:738
 msgid "When scaling memory or CPU for a Linux VM on VMware, you might need to run scripts in addition to the other steps mentioned above. For more information, see `Hot adding memory in Linux (1012764) <>`_ in the VMware Knowledge Base."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:742
-# 4e112807f7f146ccb7683bafe9845553
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:744
 msgid "(VMware) If resources are not available on the current host, scaling up will fail on VMware because of a known issue where CloudStack and vCenter calculate the available capacity differently. For more information, see ` <>`_."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:748
-# eed3ea4ba4134de1b4cb819e07cb8326
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:750
 msgid "On VMs running Linux 64-bit and Windows 7 32-bit operating systems, if the VM is initially assigned a RAM of less than 3 GB, it can be dynamically scaled up to 3 GB, but not more. This is due to a known issue with these operating systems, which will freeze if an attempt is made to dynamically scale from less than 3 GB to more than 3 GB."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:756
-# 0f66f02496244365a1fc127038eafca0
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:758
 msgid "Resetting the Virtual Machine Root Volume on Reboot"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:758
-# 63185701fdb845c78448a80722e1e1f9
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:760
 msgid "For secure environments, and to ensure that VM state is not persisted across reboots, you can reset the root disk. For more information, see `“Reset VM to New Root Disk on Reboot” <storage.html#reset-vm-to-new-root-disk-on-reboot>`_."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:765
-# 66018bd4d29d47f5b9921b2b638bd9e5
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:767
 msgid "Moving VMs Between Hosts (Manual Live Migration)"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:767
-# 4a11ec0f0f7849af900329d21eb5021a
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:769
 msgid "The CloudStack administrator can move a running VM from one host to another without interrupting service to users or going into maintenance mode. This is called manual live migration, and can be done under the following conditions:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:772
-# f7d30be3c9c04c2890163879415fbec7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:774
 msgid "The root administrator is logged in. Domain admins and users can not perform manual live migration of VMs."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:775
-# 17e5f9d4b5d849c395dc3660e836ea8c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:777
 msgid "The VM is running. Stopped VMs can not be live migrated."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:777
-# 948845ad74164fee9ba6899a995747ff
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:779
 msgid "The destination host must have enough available capacity. If not, the VM will remain in the \"migrating\" state until memory becomes available."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:781
-# 926ce179048d440ba2bea6731af74b85
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:783
 msgid "(KVM) The VM must not be using local disk storage. (On XenServer and VMware, VM live migration with local disk is enabled by CloudStack support for XenMotion and vMotion.)"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:785
-# 7afc45cd0fd64406bf6773ae8ca01061
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:787
 msgid "(KVM) The destination host must be in the same cluster as the original host. (On XenServer and VMware, VM live migration from one cluster to another is enabled by CloudStack support for XenMotion and vMotion.)"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:790
-# 5b314d24029f4c3b8005118729a96b8a
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:792
 msgid "To manually live migrate a virtual machine"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:796
-# 1e1e47dac41d499993b564e4a93cb2d3
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:798
 msgid "Choose the VM that you want to migrate."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:798
-# 761a3094e3774e94a810eb219c96c394
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:800
 msgid "Click the Migrate Instance button. |Migrateinstance.png|"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:800
-# fd690eecd191485bb7d1b4908411a5cc
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:802
 msgid "From the list of suitable hosts, choose the one to which you want to move the VM."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:804
-# 726aae3ee8924808ba550a28342fc0e5
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:806
 msgid "If the VM's storage has to be migrated along with the VM, this will be noted in the host list. CloudStack will take care of the storage migration for you."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:812
-# 8f08330a7d1e42caaf5ef765aa58882a
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:814
 msgid "Deleting VMs"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:814
-# c3d724719a8246f193d97c4f0d121699
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:816
 msgid "Users can delete their own virtual machines. A running virtual machine will be abruptly stopped before it is deleted. Administrators can delete any virtual machines."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:818
-# 7ce9ae8ec54a41f9a717fdf87bd9c144
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:820
 msgid "To delete a virtual machine:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:824
-# e404b64388f74a71bbfc6af41ccd3ff1
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:826
 msgid "Choose the VM that you want to delete."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:826
-# 2d8231a2d7c149b796ed88861d1bb909
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:828
 msgid "Click the Destroy Instance button. |Destroyinstance.png|"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:830
-# e060074ca29143089e33cdd841b6e53c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:832
 msgid "Working with ISOs"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:832
-# 49e588f8f3d3457396167bfe47840a9c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:834
 msgid "CloudStack supports ISOs and their attachment to guest VMs. An ISO is a read-only file that has an ISO/CD-ROM style file system. Users can upload their own ISOs and mount them on their guest VMs."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:836
-# 43da1c69da0e4ff3ba3867e9061ad9c4
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:838
 msgid "ISOs are uploaded based on a URL. HTTP is the supported protocol. Once the ISO is available via HTTP specify an upload URL such as http://my.web.server/filename.iso."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:840
-# 646b8bd2384245229f23171a7a8d7712
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:842
 msgid "ISOs may be public or private, like templates.ISOs are not hypervisor-specific. That is, a guest on vSphere can mount the exact same image that a guest on KVM can mount."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:844
-# 3d98a7d5d5ef47d5b8a0ccafaa66e0e7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:846
 msgid "ISO images may be stored in the system and made available with a privacy level similar to templates. ISO images are classified as either bootable or not bootable. A bootable ISO image is one that contains an OS image. CloudStack allows a user to boot a guest VM off of an ISO image. Users can also attach ISO images to guest VMs. For example, this enables installing PV drivers into Windows. ISO images are not hypervisor-specific."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:854
-# 8d9568801830478a848ccdac420a263f
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:856
 msgid "Adding an ISO"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:856
-# ba8d1a29acc24d7ca0da86abbc13d3d2
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:858
 msgid "To make additional operating system or other software available for use with guest VMs, you can add an ISO. The ISO is typically thought of as an operating system image, but you can also add ISOs for other types of software, such as desktop applications that you want to be installed as part of a template."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:862
-# 79227c9ef0904022a147fb56ff1f7530
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:864
 msgid "Log in to the CloudStack UI as an administrator or end user."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:864
-# 0241367a6d3f4783a3b774447b3e7ba8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:866
 msgid "In the left navigation bar, click Templates."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:866
-# 0f973ef8ca224955a380e55e4cb178f7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:868
 msgid "In Select View, choose ISOs."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:868
-# 7fa77a1f7f2c433b9a91a2674c905e0f
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:870
 msgid "Click Add ISO."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:870
-# d823b6abfa4f4f90a537b89a3028cbf8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:872
 msgid "In the Add ISO screen, provide the following:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:872
-# 3685d0bb311b4ed380fda725b7cd9278
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:874
 msgid "**Name**: Short name for the ISO image. For example, CentOS 6.2 64-bit."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:875
-# 2b4eed14408848cdba835ad59d43680e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:877
 msgid "**Description**: Display test for the ISO image. For example, CentOS 6.2 64-bit."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:878
-# f186dace19cc4fb78d4e957564d8542e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:880
 msgid "**URL**: The URL that hosts the ISO image. The Management Server must be able to access this location via HTTP. If needed you can place the ISO image directly on the Management Server"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:882
-# 425e7404b8194bb5931d02792793408e
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:884
 msgid "**Zone**: Choose the zone where you want the ISO to be available, or All Zones to make it available throughout CloudStack."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:885
-# aa204bdaf6d9433bb4412c757dc5d44b
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:887
 msgid "**Bootable**: Whether or not a guest could boot off this ISO image. For example, a CentOS ISO is bootable, a Microsoft Office ISO is not bootable."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:889
-# 8b59d99740ca42ecbb70e61c148a6cea
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:891
 msgid "**OS Type**: This helps CloudStack and the hypervisor perform certain operations and make assumptions that improve the performance of the guest. Select one of the following."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:893
-# 55d339b4332b4f8d90ab0c41ac4064b8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:895
 msgid "If the operating system of your desired ISO image is listed, choose it."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:896
-# 7181c3bfc6ea45d29f5de6686bdbc0c8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:898
 msgid "If the OS Type of the ISO is not listed or if the ISO is not bootable, choose Other."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:899
-# 121ed273b9d942f0bcab107605fbc155
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:901
 msgid "(XenServer only) If you want to boot from this ISO in PV mode, choose Other PV (32-bit) or Other PV (64-bit)"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:902
-# 4630b5213f5447b692ec7949d9d2d0b8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:904
 msgid "(KVM only) If you choose an OS that is PV-enabled, the VMs created from this ISO will have a SCSI (virtio) root disk. If the OS is not PV-enabled, the VMs will have an IDE root disk. The PV-enabled types are:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:907
-# 635be29dfcf3483a8f0a22d1a6baccd9
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:909
 msgid "Fedora 13"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:909
-# 93e9c1d5a6a3487d8c2c3fa739eaf98d
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:911
 msgid "Fedora 12"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:911
-# 2a8eeb99d2ea4a3bac651072df26da55
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:913
 msgid "Fedora 11"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:913
-# c31cbc941bb44094846e2e60cddb38b8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:915
 msgid "Fedora 10"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:915
-# 46d96452f5e645899cdbeed2f1d8dd64
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:917
 msgid "Fedora 9"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:917
-# 4b44f056e016456b86e5d94d780f5c70
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:919
 msgid "Other PV"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:919
-# 1f0bbb7dcde34e43a90ab458542c9245
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:921
 msgid "Debian GNU/Linux"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:921
-# fa0ff295703648b6a27c3051e80cc1a7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:923
 msgid "CentOS 5.3"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:923
-# 10c5d0e4740249ef938a3af66c83cbd4
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:925
 msgid "CentOS 5.4"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:925
-# 3abebb97eac94950b3928ed76316c4fb
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:927
 msgid "CentOS 5.5"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:927
-# 6e43cd1649cc453eb9ddd4fd035c80cc
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:929
 msgid "Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.3"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:929
-# 460371604538459f9aaab9dbec447cdd
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:931
 msgid "Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:931
-# 7d68f48aeac44031b6cd313d5fc799a1
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:933
 msgid "Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.5"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:933
-# a2764fbb27c34b978dae6142215c6850
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:935
 msgid "Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:936
-# 94dfebd340a74c8b88a2994cc95f58ec
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:938
 msgid "It is not recommended to choose an older version of the OS than the version in the image. For example, choosing CentOS 5.4 to support a CentOS 6.2 image will usually not work. In these cases, choose Other."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:941
-# f097cba5535645278ee6719b4a03072a
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:943
 msgid "**Extractable**: Choose Yes if the ISO should be available for extraction."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:944
-# 7d047a068b0a49599ef129b9c79a6666
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:946
 msgid "**Public**: Choose Yes if this ISO should be available to other users."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:947
-# cc70871cc63f4a778f5a762c96814820
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:949
 msgid "**Featured**: Choose Yes if you would like this ISO to be more prominent for users to select. The ISO will appear in the Featured ISOs list. Only an administrator can make an ISO Featured."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:953
-# 0ada7b2845314dff81bc2025971a349d
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:955
 msgid "The Management Server will download the ISO. Depending on the size of the ISO, this may take a long time. The ISO status column will display Ready once it has been successfully downloaded into secondary storage. Clicking Refresh updates the download percentage."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:958
-# 6918d4062b5b40fe9ec994fe73602e85
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:960
 msgid "**Important**: Wait for the ISO to finish downloading. If you move on to the next task and try to use the ISO right away, it will appear to fail. The entire ISO must be available before CloudStack can work with it."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:965
-# b14f8c054f394494acb88245da8ba860
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:967
 msgid "Attaching an ISO to a VM"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:969
-# b5dd3e88e7fd4e289eaba6d0a5144d12
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:971
 msgid "Choose the virtual machine you want to work with."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:971
-# 7dc31f79f1d14b79a420d462bfee1c59
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:973
 msgid "Click the Attach ISO button. |iso.png|"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:973
-# c8a3faf4703b4ccd9b1e8108195cc959
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:975
 msgid "In the Attach ISO dialog box, select the desired ISO."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:979
-# 549b92307c7f47f98184d3f1124fa408
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:981
 msgid "Changing a VM's Base Image"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:981
-# 13e3fdc48e0047a987a24ca40e0e1a87
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:983
 msgid "Every VM is created from a base image, which is a template or ISO which has been created and stored in CloudStack. Both cloud administrators and end users can create and modify templates, ISOs, and VMs."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:985
-# f5fa30e2adb14813a20639e4efb5b685
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:987
 msgid "In CloudStack, you can change an existing VM's base image from one template to another, or from one ISO to another. (You can not change from an ISO to a template, or from a template to an ISO)."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:989
-# 950431c149ec42938db84b6db95abf20
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:991
 msgid "For example, suppose there is a template based on a particular operating system, and the OS vendor releases a software patch. The administrator or user naturally wants to apply the patch and then make sure existing VMs start using it. Whether a software update is involved or not, it's also possible to simply switch a VM from its current template to any other desired template."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:996
-# fee5003ddd3f4dbbaba68ad0e14fe0d0
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:998
 msgid "To change a VM's base image, call the restoreVirtualMachine API command and pass in the virtual machine ID and a new template ID. The template ID parameter may refer to either a template or an ISO, depending on which type of base image the VM was already using (it must match the previous type of image). When this call occurs, the VM's root disk is first destroyed, then a new root disk is created from the source designated in the template ID parameter. The new root disk is attached to the VM, and now the VM is based on the new template."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1005
-# 0b104b6b42e9463c92201dd3799d82d6
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1007
 msgid "You can also omit the template ID parameter from the restoreVirtualMachine call. In this case, the VM's root disk is destroyed and recreated, but from the same template or ISO that was already in use by the VM."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1012
-# e0d3653b842a43b7bd3f9cba8bfb4397
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1014
 msgid "Using SSH Keys for Authentication"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1014
-# f04e7ecfb1314f84ab38410cef835634
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1016
 msgid "In addition to the username and password authentication, CloudStack supports using SSH keys to log in to the cloud infrastructure for additional security. You can use the createSSHKeyPair API to generate the SSH keys."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1019
-# 007515e3abea40618c568f35513e1571
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1021
 msgid "Because each cloud user has their own SSH key, one cloud user cannot log in to another cloud user's instances unless they share their SSH key files. Using a single SSH key pair, you can manage multiple instances."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1025
-# 0edd947ce47c438daad162beb19d2fd7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1027
 msgid "Creating an Instance Template that Supports SSH Keys"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1027
-# f2ce122e2dcf433a8945e8c2d923e2b6
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1029
 msgid "Create an instance template that supports SSH Keys."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1029
-# c683112d085244fabffdc696c868fdf2
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1031
 msgid "Create a new instance by using the template provided by cloudstack."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1031
-# 0409d2f2d7964ac28bfeb8bed3f58e12
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1033
 msgid "For more information on creating a new instance, see"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1033
-# 497da833fd9642c39f7ca84fadb0ce84
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1035
 msgid "Download the cloudstack script from `The SSH Key Gen Script <>`_ to the instance you have created."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1041
-# 339a3d87be144308915639d37c89ea1d
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1043
 msgid "Copy the file to /etc/init.d."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1047
-# f601fce5097849559dc10a71eeb440a9
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1049
 msgid "Give the necessary permissions on the script:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1053
-# a5a38d6cf81845aa81cbb049a6c03108
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1055
 msgid "Run the script while starting up the operating system:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1059
-# 733b18c1fccb453396b69626f1da7452
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1061
 msgid "Stop the instance."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1063
-# 580da0c9298f41699deb34011b0310e6
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1065
 msgid "Creating the SSH Keypair"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1065
-# c5ac52360d7941528588398acbb420e8
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1067
 msgid "You must make a call to the createSSHKeyPair api method. You can either use the CloudStack Python API library or the curl commands to make the call to the cloudstack api."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1069
-# 89cec2df86664c26bafeddd6fd2aa054
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1071
 msgid "For example, make a call from the cloudstack server to create a SSH keypair called \"keypair-doc\" for the admin account in the root domain:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1073
-# c57fbd36512446559d91c1b7eeff7cea
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1075
 msgid "Ensure that you adjust these values to meet your needs. If you are making the API call from a different server, your URL/PORT will be different, and you will need to use the API keys."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1077
-# 6d651f1b57ef4e81ade3cdafcc642e4b
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1079
 msgid "Run the following curl command:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1083
-# 665246c92ab74234b1790979863082a7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1085
 msgid "The output is something similar to what is given below:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1101
-# 64c5993f04f043b5a0e5925aef2db171
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1103
 msgid "Copy the key data into a file. The file looks like this:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1118
-# cf75a310b6854564b8053aa63328f6ce
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1120
 msgid "Save the file."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1122
-# 87cc3ec398db47f09bc21e1a66c8720f
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1124
 msgid "Creating an Instance"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1124
-# e115c665e72345fcab3fc94458caa818
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1126
 msgid "After you save the SSH keypair file, you must create an instance by using the template that you created at `Section 5.2.1, “ Creating an Instance Template that Supports SSH Keys” <#create-ssh-template>`__. Ensure that you use the same SSH key name that you created at `Section 5.2.2, “Creating the SSH Keypair” <#create-ssh-keypair>`__."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1131
-# 8e5a7943aaf741989b2f9aa7c92fa061
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1133
 msgid "You cannot create the instance by using the GUI at this time and associate the instance with the newly created SSH keypair."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1134
-# bb36e5f1a5cc497bb95f96481cd3c232
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1136
 msgid "A sample curl command to create a new instance is:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1140
-# 9a98f03016ba40f1b8eb932e8e15a75c
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1142
 msgid "Substitute the template, service offering and security group IDs (if you are using the security group feature) that are in your cloud environment."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1146
-# 9c448726db0b469bb32323df48aeba12
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1148
 msgid "Logging In Using the SSH Keypair"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1148
-# 5276ff9c384b4372bc6814b7f7461ae2
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1150
 msgid "To test your SSH key generation is successful, check whether you can log in to the cloud setup."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1151
-# 632b48d2ebaf4620be47c9bc1b6e1d39
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1153
 msgid "For example, from a Linux OS, run:"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1157
-# b597ba33b4154d5c95931e7a30a1aa41
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1159
 msgid "The -i parameter tells the ssh client to use a ssh key found at ~/.ssh/keypair-doc."
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1162
-# 0ebe651140d94e709efff80066e042b7
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1164
 msgid "Resetting SSH Keys"
 msgstr ""
-#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1164
-# 1367090489eb4ad68179bce4ba266e37
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1166
 msgid "With the API command resetSSHKeyForVirtualMachine, a user can set or reset the SSH keypair assigned to a virtual machine. A lost or compromised SSH keypair can be changed, and the user can access the VM by using the new keypair. Just create or register a new keypair, then call resetSSHKeyForVirtualMachine."
 msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:18
+msgid "User-Data and Meta-Data"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:20
+msgid "CloudStack provides API access to attach up to 2KB of data after base64 encoding to a deployed VM. Using HTTP POST(via POST body), you can send up to 32K of data after base64 encoding. Deployed VMs also have access to instance metadata via the virtual router."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:25
+msgid "Create virtual machine thru the API: `deployVirtualMachine <>`_ using the parameter ``userdata=`` to include user-data formated in `base64 <>`_."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:29
+msgid "Accessed user-data from VM. Once the IP address of the virtual router is known, use the following steps to retrieve user-data:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:32
+msgid "Run the following command to find the virtual router."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:38
+msgid "Access user-data by running the following command using the result of the above command"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:45
+msgid "Meta Data can be accessed similarly, using a URL of the form ``{metadata type}``. (For backwards compatibility, the previous URL ``{metadata type}`` is also supported.) For metadata type, use one of the following:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:50
+msgid "``service-offering``. A description of the VMs service offering"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:52
+msgid "``availability-zone``. The Zone name"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:54
+msgid "``local-ipv4``. The guest IP of the VM"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:56
+msgid "``local-hostname``. The hostname of the VM"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:58
+msgid "``public-ipv4``. The first public IP for the router. (E.g. the first IP of eth2)"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:61
+msgid "``public-hostname``. This is the same as public-ipv4"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:63
+msgid "``instance-id``. The instance name of the VM"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:67
+msgid "Using Cloud-Init"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:69
+msgid "`Cloud-Init <>`_ can be use to access an interpret user-data from virtual machines. Cloud-Init be installed into templates and also require CloudStack password and sshkey scripts (:ref:`adding-password-management-to-templates` and `using ssh keys <virtual_machines.html#using-ssh-keys-for-authentication>`_). User password management and ``resetSSHKeyForVirtualMachine`` API are not yet supported by cloud-init."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:74
+msgid "Install cloud-init package into a template:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:82
+msgid "Create datasource configuration file: ``/etc/cloud/cloud.cfg.d/99_cloudstack.cfg``"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:94
+msgid "user-data example"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:96
+msgid "This example use cloud-init to Upgrade Operating-System of the newly created VM:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:110
+msgid "base64 formated:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines/user-data.rst:116
+msgid "Refer to `Cloud-Init CloudStack datasource <>`_ documentation for latest capabilities. Cloud-Init and Cloud-Init CloudStack datasource are not supported by Apache CloudStack community."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1176
+msgid "Assigning GPU/vGPU to Guest VMs"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1178
+msgid "CloudStack can deploy guest VMs with Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) or Virtual Graphics Processing Unit (vGPU) capabilities on XenServer hosts. At the time of VM deployment or at a later stage, you can assign a physical GPU ( known as GPU-passthrough) or a portion of a physical GPU card (vGPU) to a guest VM by changing the Service Offering. With this capability, the VMs running on CloudStack meet the intensive graphical processing requirement by means of the high computation power of GPU/vGPU, and CloudStack users can run multimedia rich applications, such as Auto-CAD, that they otherwise enjoy at their desk on a virtualized environment. CloudStack leverages the XenServer support for NVIDIA GRID Kepler 1 and 2 series to run GPU/vGPU enabled VMs. NVIDIA GRID cards allows sharing a single GPU cards among multiple VMs by creating vGPUs for each VM. With vGPU technology, the graphics commands from each VM are passed directly to the underlying dedicated GPU, without the interventi
 on of the hypervisor. This allows the GPU hardware to be time-sliced and shared across multiple VMs. XenServer hosts use the GPU cards in following ways:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1195
+msgid "**GPU passthrough**: GPU passthrough represents a physical GPU which can be directly assigned to a VM. GPU passthrough can be used on a hypervisor alongside GRID vGPU, with some restrictions: A GRID physical GPU can either host GRID vGPUs or be used as passthrough, but not both at the same time."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1200
+msgid "**GRID vGPU**: GRID vGPU enables multiple VMs to share a single physical GPU. The VMs run an NVIDIA driver stack and get direct access to the GPU. GRID physical GPUs are capable of supporting multiple virtual GPU devices (vGPUs) that can be assigned directly to guest VMs. Guest VMs use GRID virtual GPUs in the same manner as a physical GPU that has been passed through by the hypervisor: an NVIDIA driver loaded in the guest VM provides direct access to the GPU for performance-critical fast paths, and a paravirtualized interface to the GRID Virtual GPU Manager, which is used for nonperformant management operations. NVIDIA GRID Virtual GPU Manager for XenServer runs in dom0. CloudStack provides you with the following capabilities:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1211
+msgid "Adding XenServer hosts with GPU/vGPU capability provisioned by the administrator."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1213
+msgid "Creating a Compute Offering with GPU/vGPU capability."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1215
+msgid "Deploying a VM with GPU/vGPU capability."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1217
+msgid "Destroying a VM with GPU/vGPU capability."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1219
+msgid "Allowing an user to add GPU/vGPU support to a VM without GPU/vGPU support by changing the Service Offering and vice-versa."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1222
+msgid "Migrating VMs (cold migration) with GPU/vGPU capability."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1224
+msgid "Managing GPU cards capacity."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1226
+msgid "Querying hosts to obtain information about the GPU cards, supported vGPU types in case of GRID cards, and capacity of the cards."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1230
+msgid "Prerequisites and System Requirements"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1232
+msgid "Before proceeding, ensure that you have these prerequisites:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1234
+msgid "The vGPU-enabled XenServer 6.2 and later versions. For more information, see `Citrix 3D Graphics Pack <>`_."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1237
+msgid "GPU/vPGU functionality is supported for following HVM guest operating systems: For more information, see `Citrix 3D Graphics Pack <>`_."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1240
+msgid "Windows 7 (x86 and x64)"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1242
+msgid "Windows Server 2008 R2"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1244
+msgid "Windows Server 2012"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1246
+msgid "Windows 8 (x86 and x64)"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1248
+msgid "Windows 8.1 (\"Blue\") (x86 and x64)"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1250
+msgid "Windows Server 2012 R2 (server equivalent of \"Blue\")"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1252
+msgid "CloudStack does not restrict the deployment of GPU-enabled VMs with guest OS types that are not supported by XenServer for GPU/vGPU functionality. The deployment would be successful and a GPU/vGPU will also get allocated for VMs; however, due to missing guest OS drivers, VM would not be able to leverage GPU resources. Therefore, it is recommended to use GPU-enabled service offering only with supported guest OS."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1254
+msgid "NVIDIA GRID K1 (16 GiB video RAM) AND K2 (8 GiB of video RAM) cards supports homogeneous virtual GPUs, implies that at any given time, the vGPUs resident on a single physical GPU must be all of the same type. However, this restriction doesn't extend across physical GPUs on the same card. Each physical GPU on a K1 or K2 may host different types of virtual GPU at the same time. For example, a GRID K2 card has two physical GPUs, and supports four types of virtual GPU; GRID K200, GRID K220Q, GRID K240Q, AND GRID K260Q."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1256
+msgid "NVIDIA driver must be installed to enable vGPU operation as for a physical NVIDIA GPU."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1258
+msgid "XenServer tools are installed in the VM to get maximum performance on XenServer, regardless of type of vGPU you are using. Without the optimized networking and storage drivers that the XenServer tools provide, remote graphics applications running on GRID vGPU will not deliver maximum performance."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1260
+msgid "To deliver high frames from multiple heads on vGPU, install XenDesktop with HDX 3D Pro remote graphics."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1262
+msgid "Before continuing with configuration, consider the following:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1264
+msgid "Deploying VMs GPU/vGPU capability is not supported if hosts are not available with enough GPU capacity."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1266
+msgid "A Service Offering cannot be created with the GPU values that are not supported by CloudStack UI. However, you can make an API call to achieve this."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1268
+msgid "Dynamic scaling is not supported. However, you can choose to deploy a VM without GPU support, and at a later point, you can change the system offering to upgrade to the one with vGPU. You can achieve this by offline upgrade: stop the VM, upgrade the Service Offering to the one with vGPU, then start the VM."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1270
+msgid "Live migration of GPU/vGPU enabled VM is not supported."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1272
+msgid "Limiting GPU resources per Account/Domain is not supported."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1274
+msgid "Disabling GPU at Cluster level is not supported."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1276
+msgid "Notification thresholds for GPU resource is not supported."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1279
+msgid "Supported GPU Devices"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1284
+msgid "Device"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1284
+msgid "Type"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1286
+msgid "GPU"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1286
+msgid "Group of NVIDIA Corporation GK107GL [GRID K1] GPUs"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1287
+msgid "Group of NVIDIA Corporation GK104GL [GRID K2] GPUs"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1288
+msgid "Any other GPU Group"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1289
+msgid "vGPU"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1289
+msgid "GRID K100"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1290
+msgid "GRID K120Q"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1291
+msgid "GRID K140Q"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1292
+msgid "GRID K200"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1293
+msgid "GRID K220Q"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1294
+msgid "GRID K240Q"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1295
+msgid "GRID K260Q"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1299
+msgid "GPU/vGPU Assignment Workflow"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1302
+msgid "CloudStack follows the below sequence of operations to provide GPU/vGPU support for VMs:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1304
+msgid "Ensure that XenServer host is ready with GPU installed and configured. For more information, see `Citrix 3D Graphics Pack <>`_."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1307
+msgid "Add the host to CloudStack. CloudStack checks if the host is GPU-enabled or not. CloudStack queries the host and detect if it's GPU enabled."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1310
+msgid "Create a compute offering with GPU/vGPU support: For more information, see `Creating a New Compute Offering <#creating-a-new-compute-offering>`__.."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1313
+msgid "Continue with any of the following operations:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1315
+msgid "Deploy a VM."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1317
+msgid "Deploy a VM with GPU/vGPU support by selecting appropriate Service Offering. CloudStack decide which host to choose for VM deployment based on following criteria:"
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1319
+msgid "Host has GPU cards in it. In case of vGPU, CloudStack checks if cards have the required vGPU type support and enough capacity available. Having no appropriate hosts results in an InsufficientServerCapacity exception."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1321
+msgid "Alternately, you can choose to deploy a VM without GPU support, and at a later point, you can change the system offering. You can achieve this by offline upgrade: stop the VM, upgrade the Service Offering to the one with vGPU, then start the VM. In this case, CloudStack gets a list of hosts which have enough capacity to host the VM. If there is a GPU-enabled host, CloudStack reorders this host list and place the GPU-enabled hosts at the bottom of the list."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1324
+msgid "Migrate a VM."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1326
+msgid "CloudStack searches for hosts available for VM migration, which satisfies GPU requirement. If the host is available, stop the     VM in the current host and perform the VM migration task. If the VM migration is successful, the remaining GPU capacity is     updated for both the hosts accordingly."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1328
+msgid "Destroy a VM."
+msgstr ""
+#: ../../virtual_machines.rst:1330
+msgid "GPU resources are released automatically when you stop a VM. Once the destroy VM is successful, CloudStack will make a resource call to the host to get the remaining GPU capacity in the card and update the database accordingly."
+msgstr ""

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