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From alena1...@apache.org
Subject [7/36] git commit: Removed Base64 from test
Date Fri, 10 Aug 2012 17:50:03 GMT
Removed Base64 from test


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-cloudstack/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-cloudstack/commit/14a60c76
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-cloudstack/tree/14a60c76
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-cloudstack/diff/14a60c76

Branch: refs/heads/vpc
Commit: 14a60c7666f22d19b15575f2ced964253e2934c6
Parents: 602ea46
Author: Alex Huang <alex.huang@citrix.com>
Authored: Fri Aug 10 06:10:24 2012 -0700
Committer: Alex Huang <alex.huang@citrix.com>
Committed: Fri Aug 10 06:10:24 2012 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 test/src/com/cloud/sample/Base64.java              | 1755 ---------------
 .../src/com/cloud/sample/UserCloudAPIExecutor.java |    3 +-
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 1756 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-cloudstack/blob/14a60c76/test/src/com/cloud/sample/Base64.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/test/src/com/cloud/sample/Base64.java b/test/src/com/cloud/sample/Base64.java
deleted file mode 100644
index 5d822e3..0000000
--- a/test/src/com/cloud/sample/Base64.java
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1755 +0,0 @@
-// Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
-// or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
-// distributed with this work for additional information
-// regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
-// to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
-// "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
-// with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
-//
-//   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
-//
-// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
-// software distributed under the License is distributed on an
-// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
-// KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
-// specific language governing permissions and limitations
-// under the License.
-package com.cloud.sample;
-
-/**
- * <p>Encodes and decodes to and from Base64 notation.</p>
- * <p>Homepage: <a href="http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>.</p>
- *
- * <p>
- * Change Log:
- * </p>
- * <ul>
- *  <li>v2.2.1 - Fixed bug using URL_SAFE and ORDERED encodings. Fixed bug
- *   when using very small files (~< 40 bytes).</li>
- *  <li>v2.2 - Added some helper methods for encoding/decoding directly from
- *   one file to the next. Also added a main() method to support command line
- *   encoding/decoding from one file to the next. Also added these Base64 dialects:
- *   <ol>
- *   <li>The default is RFC3548 format.</li>
- *   <li>Calling Base64.setFormat(Base64.BASE64_FORMAT.URLSAFE_FORMAT) generates
- *   http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</li>
- *   <li>Calling Base64.setFormat(Base64.BASE64_FORMAT.ORDERED_FORMAT) generates
- *   URL and file name friendly format that preserves lexical ordering as described
- *   in http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</li>
- *   </ol>
- *   Special thanks to Jim Kellerman at <a href="http://www.powerset.com/">http://www.powerset.com/</a>
- *   for contributing the new Base64 dialects.
- *  </li>
- * 
- *  <li>v2.1 - Cleaned up javadoc comments and unused variables and methods. Added
- *   some convenience methods for reading and writing to and from files.</li>
- *  <li>v2.0.2 - Now specifies UTF-8 encoding in places where the code fails on systems
- *   with other encodings (like EBCDIC).</li>
- *  <li>v2.0.1 - Fixed an error when decoding a single byte, that is, when the
- *   encoded data was a single byte.</li>
- *  <li>v2.0 - I got rid of methods that used booleans to set options. 
- *   Now everything is more consolidated and cleaner. The code now detects
- *   when data that's being decoded is gzip-compressed and will decompress it
- *   automatically. Generally things are cleaner. You'll probably have to
- *   change some method calls that you were making to support the new
- *   options format (<tt>int</tt>s that you "OR" together).</li>
- *  <li>v1.5.1 - Fixed bug when decompressing and decoding to a             
- *   byte[] using <tt>decode( String s, boolean gzipCompressed )</tt>.      
- *   Added the ability to "suspend" encoding in the Output Stream so        
- *   you can turn on and off the encoding if you need to embed base64       
- *   data in an otherwise "normal" stream (like an XML file).</li>  
- *  <li>v1.5 - Output stream pases on flush() command but doesn't do anything itself.
- *      This helps when using GZIP streams.
- *      Added the ability to GZip-compress objects before encoding them.</li>
- *  <li>v1.4 - Added helper methods to read/write files.</li>
- *  <li>v1.3.6 - Fixed OutputStream.flush() so that 'position' is reset.</li>
- *  <li>v1.3.5 - Added flag to turn on and off line breaks. Fixed bug in input stream
- *      where last buffer being read, if not completely full, was not returned.</li>
- *  <li>v1.3.4 - Fixed when "improperly padded stream" error was thrown at the wrong time.</li>
- *  <li>v1.3.3 - Fixed I/O streams which were totally messed up.</li>
- * </ul>
- *
- * <p>
- * I am placing this code in the Public Domain. Do with it as you will.
- * This software comes with no guarantees or warranties but with
- * plenty of well-wishing instead!
- * Please visit <a href="http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>
- * periodically to check for updates or to contribute improvements.
- * </p>
- *
- * @author Robert Harder
- * @author rob@iharder.net
- * @version 2.2.1
- */
-public class Base64
-{
-    
-/* ********  P U B L I C   F I E L D S  ******** */   
-    
-    
-    /** No options specified. Value is zero. */
-    public final static int NO_OPTIONS = 0;
-    
-    /** Specify encoding. */
-    public final static int ENCODE = 1;
-    
-    
-    /** Specify decoding. */
-    public final static int DECODE = 0;
-    
-    
-    /** Specify that data should be gzip-compressed. */
-    public final static int GZIP = 2;
-    
-    
-    /** Don't break lines when encoding (violates strict Base64 specification) */
-    public final static int DONT_BREAK_LINES = 8;
-	
-	/** 
-	 * Encode using Base64-like encoding that is URL- and Filename-safe as described
-	 * in Section 4 of RFC3548: 
-	 * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>.
-	 * It is important to note that data encoded this way is <em>not</em> officially valid Base64, 
-	 * or at the very least should not be called Base64 without also specifying that is
-	 * was encoded using the URL- and Filename-safe dialect.
-	 */
-	 public final static int URL_SAFE = 16;
-	 
-	 
-	 /**
-	  * Encode using the special "ordered" dialect of Base64 described here:
-	  * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>.
-	  */
-	 public final static int ORDERED = 32;
-    
-    
-/* ********  P R I V A T E   F I E L D S  ******** */  
-    
-    
-    /** Maximum line length (76) of Base64 output. */
-    private final static int MAX_LINE_LENGTH = 76;
-    
-    
-    /** The equals sign (=) as a byte. */
-    private final static byte EQUALS_SIGN = (byte)'=';
-    
-    
-    /** The new line character (\n) as a byte. */
-    private final static byte NEW_LINE = (byte)'\n';
-    
-    
-    /** Preferred encoding. */
-    private final static String PREFERRED_ENCODING = "UTF-8";
-    
-	
-    // I think I end up not using the BAD_ENCODING indicator.
-    //private final static byte BAD_ENCODING    = -9; // Indicates error in encoding
-    private final static byte WHITE_SPACE_ENC = -5; // Indicates white space in encoding
-    private final static byte EQUALS_SIGN_ENC = -1; // Indicates equals sign in encoding
-	
-	
-/* ********  S T A N D A R D   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */	
-    
-    /** The 64 valid Base64 values. */
-    //private final static byte[] ALPHABET;
-	/* Host platform me be something funny like EBCDIC, so we hardcode these values. */
-	private final static byte[] _STANDARD_ALPHABET =
-    {
-        (byte)'A', (byte)'B', (byte)'C', (byte)'D', (byte)'E', (byte)'F', (byte)'G',
-        (byte)'H', (byte)'I', (byte)'J', (byte)'K', (byte)'L', (byte)'M', (byte)'N',
-        (byte)'O', (byte)'P', (byte)'Q', (byte)'R', (byte)'S', (byte)'T', (byte)'U', 
-        (byte)'V', (byte)'W', (byte)'X', (byte)'Y', (byte)'Z',
-        (byte)'a', (byte)'b', (byte)'c', (byte)'d', (byte)'e', (byte)'f', (byte)'g',
-        (byte)'h', (byte)'i', (byte)'j', (byte)'k', (byte)'l', (byte)'m', (byte)'n',
-        (byte)'o', (byte)'p', (byte)'q', (byte)'r', (byte)'s', (byte)'t', (byte)'u', 
-        (byte)'v', (byte)'w', (byte)'x', (byte)'y', (byte)'z',
-        (byte)'0', (byte)'1', (byte)'2', (byte)'3', (byte)'4', (byte)'5', 
-        (byte)'6', (byte)'7', (byte)'8', (byte)'9', (byte)'+', (byte)'/'
-    };
-	
-    
-    /** 
-     * Translates a Base64 value to either its 6-bit reconstruction value
-     * or a negative number indicating some other meaning.
-     **/
-    private final static byte[] _STANDARD_DECODABET =
-    {   
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
-        -5,-5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
-        -9,-9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
-        -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
-        -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
-        62,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
-        -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 44 - 46
-        63,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
-        52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,              // Numbers zero through nine
-        -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
-        -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
-        -9,-9,-9,                                      // Decimal 62 - 64
-        0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,            // Letters 'A' through 'N'
-        14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,        // Letters 'O' through 'Z'
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                          // Decimal 91 - 96
-        26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
-        39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
-        -9,-9,-9,-9                                 // Decimal 123 - 126
-        /*,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 127 - 139
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 */
-    };
-	
-	
-/* ********  U R L   S A F E   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */
-	
-	/**
-	 * Used in the URL- and Filename-safe dialect described in Section 4 of RFC3548: 
-	 * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>.
-	 * Notice that the last two bytes become "hyphen" and "underscore" instead of "plus" and "slash."
-	 */
-    private final static byte[] _URL_SAFE_ALPHABET =
-    {
-      (byte)'A', (byte)'B', (byte)'C', (byte)'D', (byte)'E', (byte)'F', (byte)'G',
-      (byte)'H', (byte)'I', (byte)'J', (byte)'K', (byte)'L', (byte)'M', (byte)'N',
-      (byte)'O', (byte)'P', (byte)'Q', (byte)'R', (byte)'S', (byte)'T', (byte)'U', 
-      (byte)'V', (byte)'W', (byte)'X', (byte)'Y', (byte)'Z',
-      (byte)'a', (byte)'b', (byte)'c', (byte)'d', (byte)'e', (byte)'f', (byte)'g',
-      (byte)'h', (byte)'i', (byte)'j', (byte)'k', (byte)'l', (byte)'m', (byte)'n',
-      (byte)'o', (byte)'p', (byte)'q', (byte)'r', (byte)'s', (byte)'t', (byte)'u', 
-      (byte)'v', (byte)'w', (byte)'x', (byte)'y', (byte)'z',
-      (byte)'0', (byte)'1', (byte)'2', (byte)'3', (byte)'4', (byte)'5', 
-      (byte)'6', (byte)'7', (byte)'8', (byte)'9', (byte)'-', (byte)'_'
-    };
-	
-	/**
-	 * Used in decoding URL- and Filename-safe dialects of Base64.
-	 */
-    private final static byte[] _URL_SAFE_DECODABET =
-    {   
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
-      -5,-5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
-      -9,-9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
-      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
-      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
-      -9,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
-      -9,                                         // Decimal 44
-      62,                                         // Minus sign at decimal 45
-      -9,                                         // Decimal 46
-      -9,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
-      52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,              // Numbers zero through nine
-      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
-      -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
-      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 62 - 64
-      0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,            // Letters 'A' through 'N'
-      14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,        // Letters 'O' through 'Z'
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,                                // Decimal 91 - 94
-      63,                                         // Underscore at decimal 95
-      -9,                                         // Decimal 96
-      26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
-      39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
-      -9,-9,-9,-9                                 // Decimal 123 - 126
-      /*,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 127 - 139
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 */
-    };
-
-
-
-/* ********  O R D E R E D   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */
-
-	/**
-	 * I don't get the point of this technique, but it is described here:
-	 * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>.
-	 */
-    private final static byte[] _ORDERED_ALPHABET =
-    {
-      (byte)'-',
-      (byte)'0', (byte)'1', (byte)'2', (byte)'3', (byte)'4',
-      (byte)'5', (byte)'6', (byte)'7', (byte)'8', (byte)'9',
-      (byte)'A', (byte)'B', (byte)'C', (byte)'D', (byte)'E', (byte)'F', (byte)'G',
-      (byte)'H', (byte)'I', (byte)'J', (byte)'K', (byte)'L', (byte)'M', (byte)'N',
-      (byte)'O', (byte)'P', (byte)'Q', (byte)'R', (byte)'S', (byte)'T', (byte)'U',
-      (byte)'V', (byte)'W', (byte)'X', (byte)'Y', (byte)'Z',
-      (byte)'_',
-      (byte)'a', (byte)'b', (byte)'c', (byte)'d', (byte)'e', (byte)'f', (byte)'g',
-      (byte)'h', (byte)'i', (byte)'j', (byte)'k', (byte)'l', (byte)'m', (byte)'n',
-      (byte)'o', (byte)'p', (byte)'q', (byte)'r', (byte)'s', (byte)'t', (byte)'u',
-      (byte)'v', (byte)'w', (byte)'x', (byte)'y', (byte)'z'
-    };
-	
-	/**
-	 * Used in decoding the "ordered" dialect of Base64.
-	 */
-    private final static byte[] _ORDERED_DECODABET =
-    {   
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
-      -5,-5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
-      -9,-9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
-      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
-      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
-      -9,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
-      -9,                                         // Decimal 44
-      0,                                          // Minus sign at decimal 45
-      -9,                                         // Decimal 46
-      -9,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
-      1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,                       // Numbers zero through nine
-      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
-      -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
-      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 62 - 64
-      11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,     // Letters 'A' through 'M'
-      24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,     // Letters 'N' through 'Z'
-      -9,-9,-9,-9,                                // Decimal 91 - 94
-      37,                                         // Underscore at decimal 95
-      -9,                                         // Decimal 96
-      38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
-      51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
-      -9,-9,-9,-9                                 // Decimal 123 - 126
-      /*,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 127 - 139
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
-        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 */
-    };
-
-	
-/* ********  D E T E R M I N E   W H I C H   A L H A B E T  ******** */
-
-
-	/**
-	 * Returns one of the _SOMETHING_ALPHABET byte arrays depending on
-	 * the options specified.
-	 * It's possible, though silly, to specify ORDERED and URLSAFE
-	 * in which case one of them will be picked, though there is
-	 * no guarantee as to which one will be picked.
-     * @param options Specify the type of alphabet desired.
-     * @return The requested alphabet.
-	 */
-	private static byte[] getAlphabet( int options )
-	{
-		if( (options & URL_SAFE) == URL_SAFE ) return _URL_SAFE_ALPHABET;
-		else if( (options & ORDERED) == ORDERED ) return _ORDERED_ALPHABET;
-		else return _STANDARD_ALPHABET;
-		
-    }
-
-	/**
-	 * Returns one of the _SOMETHING_DECODABET byte arrays depending on
-	 * the options specified.
-	 * It's possible, though silly, to specify ORDERED and URL_SAFE
-	 * in which case one of them will be picked, though there is
-	 * no guarantee as to which one will be picked.
-     * @param options Specify the type of alphabet desired.
-     * @return The requested alphabet.
-	 */
-	private static byte[] getDecodabet( int options )
-	{
-		if( (options & URL_SAFE) == URL_SAFE ) return _URL_SAFE_DECODABET;
-		else if( (options & ORDERED) == ORDERED ) return _ORDERED_DECODABET;
-		else return _STANDARD_DECODABET;
-		
-	}
-
-    /** Defeats instantiation. */
-    private Base64(){}
-
-/* ********  E N C O D I N G   M E T H O D S  ******** */
-
-    /**
-     * Encodes up to the first three bytes of array <var>threeBytes</var>
-     * and returns a four-byte array in Base64 notation.
-     * The actual number of significant bytes in your array is
-     * given by <var>numSigBytes</var>.
-     * The array <var>threeBytes</var> needs only be as big as
-     * <var>numSigBytes</var>.
-     * Code can reuse a byte array by passing a four-byte array as <var>b4</var>.
-     *
-     * @param b4 A reusable byte array to reduce array instantiation
-     * @param threeBytes the array to convert
-     * @param numSigBytes the number of significant bytes in your array
-     * @param options the alphabet options to use.
-     * @return four byte array in Base64 notation.
-     * @since 1.5.1
-     */
-    private static byte[] encode3to4( byte[] b4, byte[] threeBytes, int numSigBytes, int options )
-    {
-        encode3to4( threeBytes, 0, numSigBytes, b4, 0, options );
-        return b4;
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * <p>Encodes up to three bytes of the array <var>source</var>
-     * and writes the resulting four Base64 bytes to <var>destination</var>.
-     * The source and destination arrays can be manipulated
-     * anywhere along their length by specifying 
-     * <var>srcOffset</var> and <var>destOffset</var>.
-     * This method does not check to make sure your arrays
-     * are large enough to accomodate <var>srcOffset</var> + 3 for
-     * the <var>source</var> array or <var>destOffset</var> + 4 for
-     * the <var>destination</var> array.
-     * The actual number of significant bytes in your array is
-     * given by <var>numSigBytes</var>.</p>
-	 * <p>This is the lowest level of the encoding methods with
-	 * all possible parameters.</p>
-     *
-     * @param source the array to convert
-     * @param srcOffset the index where conversion begins
-     * @param numSigBytes the number of significant bytes in your array
-     * @param destination the array to hold the conversion
-     * @param destOffset the index where output will be put
-     * @param options the alphabet options to use
-     * @return the <var>destination</var> array
-     * @since 1.3
-     */
-    private static byte[] encode3to4( 
-     byte[] source, int srcOffset, int numSigBytes,
-     byte[] destination, int destOffset, int options )
-    {
-		byte[] ALPHABET = getAlphabet( options ); 
-	
-        //           1         2         3  
-        // 01234567890123456789012345678901 Bit position
-        // --------000000001111111122222222 Array position from threeBytes
-        // --------|    ||    ||    ||    | Six bit groups to index ALPHABET
-        //          >>18  >>12  >> 6  >> 0  Right shift necessary
-        //                0x3f  0x3f  0x3f  Additional AND
-        
-        // Create buffer with zero-padding if there are only one or two
-        // significant bytes passed in the array.
-        // We have to shift left 24 in order to flush out the 1's that appear
-        // when Java treats a value as negative that is cast from a byte to an int.
-        int inBuff =   ( numSigBytes > 0 ? ((source[ srcOffset     ] << 24) >>>  8) : 0 )
-                     | ( numSigBytes > 1 ? ((source[ srcOffset + 1 ] << 24) >>> 16) : 0 )
-                     | ( numSigBytes > 2 ? ((source[ srcOffset + 2 ] << 24) >>> 24) : 0 );
-
-        switch( numSigBytes )
-        {
-            case 3:
-                destination[ destOffset     ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 18)        ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>>  6) & 0x3f ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 3 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff       ) & 0x3f ];
-                return destination;
-                
-            case 2:
-                destination[ destOffset     ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 18)        ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>>  6) & 0x3f ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 3 ] = EQUALS_SIGN;
-                return destination;
-                
-            case 1:
-                destination[ destOffset     ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 18)        ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f ];
-                destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = EQUALS_SIGN;
-                destination[ destOffset + 3 ] = EQUALS_SIGN;
-                return destination;
-                
-            default:
-                return destination;
-        }   // end switch
-    }
-
-    /**
-     * Serializes an object and returns the Base64-encoded
-     * version of that serialized object. If the object
-     * cannot be serialized or there is another error,
-     * the method will return <tt>null</tt>.
-     * The object is not GZip-compressed before being encoded.
-     *
-     * @param serializableObject The object to encode
-     * @return The Base64-encoded object
-     * @since 1.4
-     */
-    public static String encodeObject( java.io.Serializable serializableObject )
-    {
-        return encodeObject( serializableObject, NO_OPTIONS );
-    }   // end encodeObject
-    
-
-
-    /**
-     * Serializes an object and returns the Base64-encoded
-     * version of that serialized object. If the object
-     * cannot be serialized or there is another error,
-     * the method will return <tt>null</tt>.
-     * <p>
-     * Valid options:<pre>
-     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
-     *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
-     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
-     * </pre>
-     * <p>
-     * Example: <code>encodeObject( myObj, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
-     * <p>
-     * Example: <code>encodeObject( myObj, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DONT_BREAK_LINES )</code>
-     *
-     * @param serializableObject The object to encode
-     * @param options Specified options
-     * @return The Base64-encoded object
-     * @see Base64#GZIP
-     * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
-     * @since 2.0
-     */
-    public static String encodeObject( java.io.Serializable serializableObject, int options )
-    {
-        // Streams
-        java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream  baos  = null; 
-        java.io.OutputStream           b64os = null; 
-        java.io.ObjectOutputStream     oos   = null; 
-        java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream gzos  = null;
-        
-        // Isolate options
-        int gzip           = (options & GZIP);
-
-        try
-        {
-            // ObjectOutputStream -> (GZIP) -> Base64 -> ByteArrayOutputStream
-            baos  = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
-            b64os = new Base64.OutputStream( baos, ENCODE | options );
-    
-            // GZip?
-            if( gzip == GZIP )
-            {
-                gzos = new java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream( b64os );
-                oos  = new java.io.ObjectOutputStream( gzos );
-            }   // end if: gzip
-            else
-                oos   = new java.io.ObjectOutputStream( b64os );
-            
-            oos.writeObject( serializableObject );
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-        {
-            e.printStackTrace();
-            return null;
-        }   // end catch
-        finally
-        {
-            try{ oos.close();   } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-            try{ gzos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-            try{ b64os.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-            try{ baos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally
-        
-        // Return value according to relevant encoding.
-        try 
-        {
-            return new String( baos.toByteArray(), PREFERRED_ENCODING );
-        }   // end try
-        catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue)
-        {
-            return new String( baos.toByteArray() );
-        }   // end catch
-        
-    }   // end encode
-    
-    
-
-    /**
-     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
-     * Does not GZip-compress data.
-     *
-     * @param source The data to convert
-     * @return the string of encoded bytes.
-     * @since 1.4
-     */
-    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source )
-    {
-        return encodeBytes( source, 0, source.length, NO_OPTIONS );
-    }   // end encodeBytes
-    
-
-
-    /**
-     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
-     * <p>
-     * Valid options:<pre>
-     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
-     *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
-     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
-     * </pre>
-     * <p>
-     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
-     * <p>
-     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DONT_BREAK_LINES )</code>
-     *
-     *
-     * @param source The data to convert
-     * @param options Specified options
-     * @return the string of encoded bytes
-     * @see Base64#GZIP
-     * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
-     * @since 2.0
-     */
-    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source, int options )
-    {   
-        return encodeBytes( source, 0, source.length, options );
-    }   // end encodeBytes
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
-     * Does not GZip-compress data.
-     *
-     * @param source The data to convert
-     * @param off Offset in array where conversion should begin
-     * @param len Length of data to convert
-     * @return the string of encoded bytes
-     * @since 1.4
-     */
-    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source, int off, int len )
-    {
-        return encodeBytes( source, off, len, NO_OPTIONS );
-    }   // end encodeBytes
-    
-    
-
-    /**
-     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
-     * <p>
-     * Valid options:<pre>
-     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
-     *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
-     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
-     * </pre>
-     * <p>
-     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
-     * <p>
-     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DONT_BREAK_LINES )</code>
-     *
-     *
-     * @param source The data to convert
-     * @param off Offset in array where conversion should begin
-     * @param len Length of data to convert
-	 * @param options alphabet type is pulled from this (standard, url-safe, ordered)
-     * @return the string of encoded bytes
-     * @see Base64#GZIP
-     * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
-     * @since 2.0
-     */
-    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source, int off, int len, int options )
-    {
-        // Isolate options
-        int dontBreakLines = ( options & DONT_BREAK_LINES );
-        int gzip           = ( options & GZIP   );
-        
-        // Compress?
-        if( gzip == GZIP )
-        {
-            java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream  baos  = null;
-            java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream gzos  = null;
-            Base64.OutputStream            b64os = null;
-            
-    
-            try
-            {
-                // GZip -> Base64 -> ByteArray
-                baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
-                b64os = new Base64.OutputStream( baos, ENCODE | options );
-                gzos  = new java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream( b64os ); 
-            
-                gzos.write( source, off, len );
-                gzos.close();
-            }   // end try
-            catch( java.io.IOException e )
-            {
-                e.printStackTrace();
-                return null;
-            }   // end catch
-            finally
-            {
-                try{ gzos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-                try{ b64os.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-                try{ baos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-            }   // end finally
-
-            // Return value according to relevant encoding.
-            try
-            {
-                return new String( baos.toByteArray(), PREFERRED_ENCODING );
-            }   // end try
-            catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue)
-            {
-                return new String( baos.toByteArray() );
-            }   // end catch
-        }   // end if: compress
-        
-        // Else, don't compress. Better not to use streams at all then.
-        else
-        {
-            // Convert option to boolean in way that code likes it.
-            boolean breakLines = dontBreakLines == 0;
-            
-            int    len43   = len * 4 / 3;
-            byte[] outBuff = new byte[   ( len43 )                      // Main 4:3
-                                       + ( (len % 3) > 0 ? 4 : 0 )      // Account for padding
-                                       + (breakLines ? ( len43 / MAX_LINE_LENGTH ) : 0) ]; // New lines      
-            int d = 0;
-            int e = 0;
-            int len2 = len - 2;
-            int lineLength = 0;
-            for( ; d < len2; d+=3, e+=4 )
-            {
-                encode3to4( source, d+off, 3, outBuff, e, options );
-
-                lineLength += 4;
-                if( breakLines && lineLength == MAX_LINE_LENGTH )
-                {   
-                    outBuff[e+4] = NEW_LINE;
-                    e++;
-                    lineLength = 0;
-                }   // end if: end of line
-            }   // en dfor: each piece of array
-
-            if( d < len )
-            {
-                encode3to4( source, d+off, len - d, outBuff, e, options );
-                e += 4;
-            }   // end if: some padding needed
-
-            
-            // Return value according to relevant encoding.
-            try
-            {
-                return new String( outBuff, 0, e, PREFERRED_ENCODING );
-            }   // end try
-            catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue)
-            {
-                return new String( outBuff, 0, e );
-            }   // end catch
-            
-        }   // end else: don't compress
-        
-    }   // end encodeBytes
-    
-
-    
-    
-    
-/* ********  D E C O D I N G   M E T H O D S  ******** */
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Decodes four bytes from array <var>source</var>
-     * and writes the resulting bytes (up to three of them)
-     * to <var>destination</var>.
-     * The source and destination arrays can be manipulated
-     * anywhere along their length by specifying 
-     * <var>srcOffset</var> and <var>destOffset</var>.
-     * This method does not check to make sure your arrays
-     * are large enough to accomodate <var>srcOffset</var> + 4 for
-     * the <var>source</var> array or <var>destOffset</var> + 3 for
-     * the <var>destination</var> array.
-     * This method returns the actual number of bytes that 
-     * were converted from the Base64 encoding.
-	 * <p>This is the lowest level of the decoding methods with
-	 * all possible parameters.</p>
-     * 
-     *
-     * @param source the array to convert
-     * @param srcOffset the index where conversion begins
-     * @param destination the array to hold the conversion
-     * @param destOffset the index where output will be put
-	 * @param options alphabet type is pulled from this (standard, url-safe, ordered)
-     * @return the number of decoded bytes converted
-     * @since 1.3
-     */
-    private static int decode4to3( byte[] source, int srcOffset, byte[] destination, int destOffset, int options )
-    {
-		byte[] DECODABET = getDecodabet( options ); 
-	
-        // Example: Dk==
-        if( source[ srcOffset + 2] == EQUALS_SIGN )
-        {
-            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
-            //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset    ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
-            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 );
-            int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset    ] ] & 0xFF ) << 18 )
-                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1] ] & 0xFF ) << 12 );
-            
-            destination[ destOffset ] = (byte)( outBuff >>> 16 );
-            return 1;
-        }
-        
-        // Example: DkL=
-        else if( source[ srcOffset + 3 ] == EQUALS_SIGN )
-        {
-            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
-            //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
-            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 )
-            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 18 );
-            int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] & 0xFF ) << 18 )
-                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] & 0xFF ) << 12 )
-                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] & 0xFF ) <<  6 );
-            
-            destination[ destOffset     ] = (byte)( outBuff >>> 16 );
-            destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = (byte)( outBuff >>>  8 );
-            return 2;
-        }
-        
-        // Example: DkLE
-        else
-        {
-            try{
-            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
-            //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
-            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 )
-            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 18 )
-            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 3 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 24 );
-            int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] & 0xFF ) << 18 )
-                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] & 0xFF ) << 12 )
-                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] & 0xFF ) <<  6)
-                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 3 ] ] & 0xFF )      );
-
-            
-            destination[ destOffset     ] = (byte)( outBuff >> 16 );
-            destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = (byte)( outBuff >>  8 );
-            destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = (byte)( outBuff       );
-
-            return 3;
-            }catch( Exception e){
-                System.out.println(""+source[srcOffset]+ ": " + ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ]  ) );
-                System.out.println(""+source[srcOffset+1]+  ": " + ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ]  ) );
-                System.out.println(""+source[srcOffset+2]+  ": " + ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ]  ) );
-                System.out.println(""+source[srcOffset+3]+  ": " + ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 3 ] ]  ) );
-                return -1;
-            }   // end catch
-        }
-    }   // end decodeToBytes
-    
-    
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Very low-level access to decoding ASCII characters in
-     * the form of a byte array. Does not support automatically
-     * gunzipping or any other "fancy" features.
-     *
-     * @param source The Base64 encoded data
-     * @param off    The offset of where to begin decoding
-     * @param len    The length of characters to decode
-     * @param options alphabet type is pulled from this (standard, url-safe, ordered)
-     * @return decoded data
-     * @since 1.3
-     */
-    public static byte[] decode( byte[] source, int off, int len, int options )
-    {
-		byte[] DECODABET = getDecodabet( options );
-	
-        int    len34   = len * 3 / 4;
-        byte[] outBuff = new byte[ len34 ]; // Upper limit on size of output
-        int    outBuffPosn = 0;
-        
-        byte[] b4        = new byte[4];
-        int    b4Posn    = 0;
-        int    i;
-        byte   sbiCrop;
-        byte   sbiDecode;
-        for( i = off; i < off+len; i++ )
-        {
-            sbiCrop = (byte)(source[i] & 0x7f); // Only the low seven bits
-            sbiDecode = DECODABET[ sbiCrop ];
-            
-            if( sbiDecode >= WHITE_SPACE_ENC ) // White space, Equals sign or better
-            {
-                if( sbiDecode >= EQUALS_SIGN_ENC )
-                {
-                    b4[ b4Posn++ ] = sbiCrop;
-                    if( b4Posn > 3 )
-                    {
-                        outBuffPosn += decode4to3( b4, 0, outBuff, outBuffPosn, options );
-                        b4Posn = 0;
-                        
-                        // If that was the equals sign, break out of 'for' loop
-                        if( sbiCrop == EQUALS_SIGN )
-                            break;
-                    }   // end if: quartet built
-                    
-                }   // end if: equals sign or better
-                
-            }   // end if: white space, equals sign or better
-            else
-            {
-                System.err.println( "Bad Base64 input character at " + i + ": " + source[i] + "(decimal)" );
-                return null;
-            }   // end else: 
-        }   // each input character
-                                   
-        byte[] out = new byte[ outBuffPosn ];
-        System.arraycopy( outBuff, 0, out, 0, outBuffPosn ); 
-        return out;
-    }   // end decode
-    
-    
-	
-	
-    /**
-     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
-     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
-     *
-     * @param s the string to decode
-     * @return the decoded data
-     * @since 1.4
-     */
-    public static byte[] decode( String s )
-	{
-		return decode( s, NO_OPTIONS );
-	}
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
-     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
-     *
-     * @param s the string to decode
-	 * @param options encode options such as URL_SAFE
-     * @return the decoded data
-     * @since 1.4
-     */
-    public static byte[] decode( String s, int options )
-    {   
-        byte[] bytes;
-        try
-        {
-            bytes = s.getBytes( PREFERRED_ENCODING );
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uee )
-        {
-            bytes = s.getBytes();
-        }   // end catch
-		//</change>
-        
-        // Decode
-        bytes = decode( bytes, 0, bytes.length, options );
-        
-        
-        // Check to see if it's gzip-compressed
-        // GZIP Magic Two-Byte Number: 0x8b1f (35615)
-        if( bytes != null && bytes.length >= 4 )
-        {
-            
-            int head = ((int)bytes[0] & 0xff) | ((bytes[1] << 8) & 0xff00);       
-            if( java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.GZIP_MAGIC == head ) 
-            {
-                java.io.ByteArrayInputStream  bais = null;
-                java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream gzis = null;
-                java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream baos = null;
-                byte[] buffer = new byte[2048];
-                int    length;
-
-                try
-                {
-                    baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
-                    bais = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream( bytes );
-                    gzis = new java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream( bais );
-
-                    while( ( length = gzis.read( buffer ) ) >= 0 )
-                    {
-                        baos.write(buffer,0,length);
-                    }   // end while: reading input
-
-                    // No error? Get new bytes.
-                    bytes = baos.toByteArray();
-
-                }   // end try
-                catch( java.io.IOException e )
-                {
-                    // Just return originally-decoded bytes
-                }   // end catch
-                finally
-                {
-                    try{ baos.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-                    try{ gzis.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-                    try{ bais.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-                }   // end finally
-
-            }   // end if: gzipped
-        }   // end if: bytes.length >= 2
-        
-        return bytes;
-    }   // end decode
-
-
-    
-
-    /**
-     * Attempts to decode Base64 data and deserialize a Java
-     * Object within. Returns <tt>null</tt> if there was an error.
-     *
-     * @param encodedObject The Base64 data to decode
-     * @return The decoded and deserialized object
-     * @since 1.5
-     */
-    public static Object decodeToObject( String encodedObject )
-    {
-        // Decode and gunzip if necessary
-        byte[] objBytes = decode( encodedObject );
-        
-        java.io.ByteArrayInputStream  bais = null;
-        java.io.ObjectInputStream     ois  = null;
-        Object obj = null;
-        
-        try
-        {
-            bais = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream( objBytes );
-            ois  = new java.io.ObjectInputStream( bais );
-        
-            obj = ois.readObject();
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-        {
-            e.printStackTrace();
-            obj = null;
-        }   // end catch
-        catch( java.lang.ClassNotFoundException e )
-        {
-            e.printStackTrace();
-            obj = null;
-        }   // end catch
-        finally
-        {
-            if (bais!=null)
-                try{ bais.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-            if (ois!=null)
-                try{ ois.close();  } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally
-        
-        return obj;
-    }   // end decodeObject
-    
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Convenience method for encoding data to a file.
-     *
-     * @param dataToEncode byte array of data to encode in base64 form
-     * @param filename Filename for saving encoded data
-     * @return <tt>true</tt> if successful, <tt>false</tt> otherwise
-     *
-     * @since 2.1
-     */
-    public static boolean encodeToFile( byte[] dataToEncode, String filename )
-    {
-        boolean success = false;
-        Base64.OutputStream bos = null;
-        try
-        {
-            bos = new Base64.OutputStream( 
-                      new java.io.FileOutputStream( filename ), Base64.ENCODE );
-            bos.write( dataToEncode );
-            success = true;
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-        {
-            
-            success = false;
-        }   // end catch: IOException
-        finally
-        {
-            if (bos!=null)
-                try{ bos.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally
-        
-        return success;
-    }   // end encodeToFile
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Convenience method for decoding data to a file.
-     *
-     * @param dataToDecode Base64-encoded data as a string
-     * @param filename Filename for saving decoded data
-     * @return <tt>true</tt> if successful, <tt>false</tt> otherwise
-     *
-     * @since 2.1
-     */
-    public static boolean decodeToFile( String dataToDecode, String filename )
-    {
-        boolean success = false;
-        Base64.OutputStream bos = null;
-        try
-        {
-                bos = new Base64.OutputStream( 
-                          new java.io.FileOutputStream( filename ), Base64.DECODE );
-                bos.write( dataToDecode.getBytes( PREFERRED_ENCODING ) );
-                success = true;
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-        {
-            success = false;
-        }   // end catch: IOException
-        finally
-        {
-            if (bos!=null)
-                try{ bos.close(); } catch( Exception e ){ /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally
-        
-        return success;
-    }   // end decodeToFile
-    
-    
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Convenience method for reading a base64-encoded
-     * file and decoding it.
-     *
-     * @param filename Filename for reading encoded data
-     * @return decoded byte array or null if unsuccessful
-     *
-     * @since 2.1
-     */
-    public static byte[] decodeFromFile( String filename )
-    {
-        byte[] decodedData = null;
-        Base64.InputStream bis = null;
-        try
-        {
-            // Set up some useful variables
-            java.io.File file = new java.io.File( filename );
-            byte[] buffer;
-            int length   = 0;
-            int numBytes;
-            
-            // Check for size of file
-            if( file.length() > Integer.MAX_VALUE )
-            {
-                System.err.println( "File is too big for this convenience method (" + file.length() + " bytes)." );
-                return null;
-            }   // end if: file too big for int index
-            buffer = new byte[ (int)file.length() ];
-            
-            // Open a stream
-            bis = new Base64.InputStream( 
-                      new java.io.BufferedInputStream( 
-                      new java.io.FileInputStream( file ) ), Base64.DECODE );
-            
-            // Read until done
-            while( ( numBytes = bis.read( buffer, length, 4096 ) ) >= 0 )
-                length += numBytes;
-            
-            // Save in a variable to return
-            decodedData = new byte[ length ];
-            System.arraycopy( buffer, 0, decodedData, 0, length );
-            
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-        {
-            System.err.println( "Error decoding from file " + filename );
-        }   // end catch: IOException
-        finally
-        {
-            if (bis!=null)
-                try{ bis.close(); } catch( Exception e) { /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally
-        
-        return decodedData;
-    }   // end decodeFromFile
-    
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * Convenience method for reading a binary file
-     * and base64-encoding it.
-     *
-     * @param filename Filename for reading binary data
-     * @return base64-encoded string or null if unsuccessful
-     *
-     * @since 2.1
-     */
-    public static String encodeFromFile( String filename )
-    {
-        String encodedData = null;
-        Base64.InputStream bis = null;
-        try
-        {
-            // Set up some useful variables
-            java.io.File file = new java.io.File( filename );
-            byte[] buffer = new byte[ Math.max((int)(file.length() * 1.4),40) ]; // Need max() for math on small files (v2.2.1)
-            int length   = 0;
-            int numBytes;
-            
-            // Open a stream
-            bis = new Base64.InputStream( 
-                      new java.io.BufferedInputStream( 
-                      new java.io.FileInputStream( file ) ), Base64.ENCODE );
-            
-            // Read until done
-            while( ( numBytes = bis.read( buffer, length, 4096 ) ) >= 0 )
-                length += numBytes;
-            
-            // Save in a variable to return
-            encodedData = new String( buffer, 0, length, Base64.PREFERRED_ENCODING );
-                
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-        {
-            System.err.println( "Error encoding from file " + filename );
-        }   // end catch: IOException
-        finally
-        {
-            if (bis!=null)
-                try{ bis.close(); } catch( Exception e) { /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally
-        
-        return encodedData;
-        }   // end encodeFromFile
-    
-    /**
-     * Reads <tt>infile</tt> and encodes it to <tt>outfile</tt>.
-     *
-     * @param infile Input file
-     * @param outfile Output file
-     * @since 2.2
-     */
-    public static void encodeFileToFile( String infile, String outfile )
-    {
-        String encoded = Base64.encodeFromFile( infile );
-        java.io.OutputStream out = null;
-        try{
-            out = new java.io.BufferedOutputStream(
-                  new java.io.FileOutputStream( outfile ) );
-            out.write( encoded.getBytes("US-ASCII") ); // Strict, 7-bit output.
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException ex ) {
-            ex.printStackTrace();
-        }   // end catch
-        finally {
-            if (out!=null)
-                try { out.close(); }
-                    catch( Exception ex ){ /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally    
-    }   // end encodeFileToFile
-
-
-    /**
-     * Reads <tt>infile</tt> and decodes it to <tt>outfile</tt>.
-     *
-     * @param infile Input file
-     * @param outfile Output file
-     * @since 2.2
-     */
-    public static void decodeFileToFile( String infile, String outfile )
-    {
-        byte[] decoded = Base64.decodeFromFile( infile );
-        java.io.OutputStream out = null;
-        try{
-            out = new java.io.BufferedOutputStream(
-                  new java.io.FileOutputStream( outfile ) );
-            out.write( decoded );
-        }   // end try
-        catch( java.io.IOException ex ) {
-            ex.printStackTrace();
-        }   // end catch
-        finally {
-            if (out!=null)
-                try { out.close(); }
-                    catch( Exception ex ){ /* empty */ }
-        }   // end finally    
-    }   // end decodeFileToFile
-    
-    
-    /* ********  I N N E R   C L A S S   I N P U T S T R E A M  ******** */
-    
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * A {@link Base64.InputStream} will read data from another
-     * <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt>, given in the constructor,
-     * and encode/decode to/from Base64 notation on the fly.
-     *
-     * @see Base64
-     * @since 1.3
-     */
-    public static class InputStream extends java.io.FilterInputStream
-    {
-        private boolean encode;         // Encoding or decoding
-        private int     position;       // Current position in the buffer
-        private byte[]  buffer;         // Small buffer holding converted data
-        private int     bufferLength;   // Length of buffer (3 or 4)
-        private int     numSigBytes;    // Number of meaningful bytes in the buffer
-        private int     lineLength;
-        private boolean breakLines;     // Break lines at less than 80 characters
-		private int     options;        // Record options used to create the stream.
-		@SuppressWarnings("unused")
-		private byte[]  alphabet;	    // Local copies to avoid extra method calls
-		private byte[]  decodabet;		// Local copies to avoid extra method calls
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Constructs a {@link Base64.InputStream} in DECODE mode.
-         *
-         * @param in the <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt> from which to read data.
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public InputStream( java.io.InputStream in )
-        {   
-            this( in, DECODE );
-        }   // end constructor
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Constructs a {@link Base64.InputStream} in
-         * either ENCODE or DECODE mode.
-         * <p>
-         * Valid options:<pre>
-         *   ENCODE or DECODE: Encode or Decode as data is read.
-         *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
-         *     (only meaningful when encoding)
-         *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
-         * </pre>
-         * <p>
-         * Example: <code>new Base64.InputStream( in, Base64.DECODE )</code>
-         *
-         *
-         * @param in the <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt> from which to read data.
-         * @param options Specified options
-         * @see Base64#ENCODE
-         * @see Base64#DECODE
-         * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
-         * @since 2.0
-         */
-        public InputStream( java.io.InputStream in, int options )
-        {   
-            super( in );
-            this.breakLines   = (options & DONT_BREAK_LINES) != DONT_BREAK_LINES;
-            this.encode       = (options & ENCODE) == ENCODE;
-            this.bufferLength = encode ? 4 : 3;
-            this.buffer       = new byte[ bufferLength ];
-            this.position     = -1;
-            this.lineLength   = 0;
-			this.options      = options; // Record for later, mostly to determine which alphabet to use
-			this.alphabet     = getAlphabet(options);
-			this.decodabet    = getDecodabet(options);
-        }   // end constructor
-        
-        /**
-         * Reads enough of the input stream to convert
-         * to/from Base64 and returns the next byte.
-         *
-         * @return next byte
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public int read() throws java.io.IOException 
-        { 
-            // Do we need to get data?
-            if( position < 0 )
-            {
-                if( encode )
-                {
-                    byte[] b3 = new byte[3];
-                    int numBinaryBytes = 0;
-                    for( int i = 0; i < 3; i++ )
-                    {
-                        try
-                        { 
-                            int b = in.read();
-                            
-                            // If end of stream, b is -1.
-                            if( b >= 0 )
-                            {
-                                b3[i] = (byte)b;
-                                numBinaryBytes++;
-                            }   // end if: not end of stream
-                            
-                        }   // end try: read
-                        catch( java.io.IOException e )
-                        {   
-                            // Only a problem if we got no data at all.
-                            if( i == 0 )
-                                throw e;
-                            
-                        }   // end catch
-                    }   // end for: each needed input byte
-                    
-                    if( numBinaryBytes > 0 )
-                    {
-                        encode3to4( b3, 0, numBinaryBytes, buffer, 0, options );
-                        position = 0;
-                        numSigBytes = 4;
-                    }   // end if: got data
-                    else
-                    {
-                        return -1;
-                    }   // end else
-                }   // end if: encoding
-                
-                // Else decoding
-                else
-                {
-                    byte[] b4 = new byte[4];
-                    int i;
-                    for( i = 0; i < 4; i++ )
-                    {
-                        // Read four "meaningful" bytes:
-                        int b;
-                        do{ b = in.read(); }
-                        while( b >= 0 && decodabet[ b & 0x7f ] <= WHITE_SPACE_ENC );
-                        
-                        if( b < 0 )
-                            break; // Reads a -1 if end of stream
-                        
-                        b4[i] = (byte)b;
-                    }   // end for: each needed input byte
-                    
-                    if( i == 4 )
-                    {
-                        numSigBytes = decode4to3( b4, 0, buffer, 0, options );
-                        position = 0;
-                    }   // end if: got four characters
-                    else if( i == 0 ){
-                        return -1;
-                    }   // end else if: also padded correctly
-                    else
-                    {
-                        // Must have broken out from above.
-                        throw new java.io.IOException( "Improperly padded Base64 input." );
-                    }   // end 
-                    
-                }   // end else: decode
-            }   // end else: get data
-            
-            // Got data?
-            if( position >= 0 )
-            {
-                // End of relevant data?
-                if( /*!encode &&*/ position >= numSigBytes )
-                    return -1;
-                
-                if( encode && breakLines && lineLength >= MAX_LINE_LENGTH )
-                {
-                    lineLength = 0;
-                    return '\n';
-                }   // end if
-                else
-                {
-                    lineLength++;   // This isn't important when decoding
-                                    // but throwing an extra "if" seems
-                                    // just as wasteful.
-                    
-                    int b = buffer[ position++ ];
-
-                    if( position >= bufferLength )
-                        position = -1;
-
-                    return b & 0xFF; // This is how you "cast" a byte that's
-                                     // intended to be unsigned.
-                }   // end else
-            }   // end if: position >= 0
-            
-            // Else error
-            else
-            {   
-                // When JDK1.4 is more accepted, use an assertion here.
-                throw new java.io.IOException( "Error in Base64 code reading stream." );
-            }   // end else
-        }   // end read
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Calls {@link #read()} repeatedly until the end of stream
-         * is reached or <var>len</var> bytes are read.
-         * Returns number of bytes read into array or -1 if
-         * end of stream is encountered.
-         *
-         * @param dest array to hold values
-         * @param off offset for array
-         * @param len max number of bytes to read into array
-         * @return bytes read into array or -1 if end of stream is encountered.
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public int read( byte[] dest, int off, int len ) throws java.io.IOException
-        {
-            int i;
-            int b;
-            for( i = 0; i < len; i++ )
-            {
-                b = read();
-                
-                //if( b < 0 && i == 0 )
-                //    return -1;
-                
-                if( b >= 0 )
-                    dest[off + i] = (byte)b;
-                else if( i == 0 )
-                    return -1;
-                else
-                    break; // Out of 'for' loop
-            }   // end for: each byte read
-            return i;
-        }   // end read
-        
-    }   // end inner class InputStream
-    
-    
-    
-    
-    
-    
-    /* ********  I N N E R   C L A S S   O U T P U T S T R E A M  ******** */
-    
-    
-    
-    /**
-     * A {@link Base64.OutputStream} will write data to another
-     * <tt>java.io.OutputStream</tt>, given in the constructor,
-     * and encode/decode to/from Base64 notation on the fly.
-     *
-     * @see Base64
-     * @since 1.3
-     */
-    public static class OutputStream extends java.io.FilterOutputStream
-    {
-        private boolean encode;
-        private int     position;
-        private byte[]  buffer;
-        private int     bufferLength;
-        private int     lineLength;
-        private boolean breakLines;
-        private byte[]  b4; // Scratch used in a few places
-        private boolean suspendEncoding;
-		private int options; // Record for later
-		@SuppressWarnings("unused")
-		private byte[]  alphabet;	    // Local copies to avoid extra method calls
-		private byte[]  decodabet;		// Local copies to avoid extra method calls
-        
-        /**
-         * Constructs a {@link Base64.OutputStream} in ENCODE mode.
-         *
-         * @param out the <tt>java.io.OutputStream</tt> to which data will be written.
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public OutputStream( java.io.OutputStream out )
-        {   
-            this( out, ENCODE );
-        }   // end constructor
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Constructs a {@link Base64.OutputStream} in
-         * either ENCODE or DECODE mode.
-         * <p>
-         * Valid options:<pre>
-         *   ENCODE or DECODE: Encode or Decode as data is read.
-         *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
-         *     (only meaningful when encoding)
-         *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
-         * </pre>
-         * <p>
-         * Example: <code>new Base64.OutputStream( out, Base64.ENCODE )</code>
-         *
-         * @param out the <tt>java.io.OutputStream</tt> to which data will be written.
-         * @param options Specified options.
-         * @see Base64#ENCODE
-         * @see Base64#DECODE
-         * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public OutputStream( java.io.OutputStream out, int options )
-        {   
-            super( out );
-            this.breakLines   = (options & DONT_BREAK_LINES) != DONT_BREAK_LINES;
-            this.encode       = (options & ENCODE) == ENCODE;
-            this.bufferLength = encode ? 3 : 4;
-            this.buffer       = new byte[ bufferLength ];
-            this.position     = 0;
-            this.lineLength   = 0;
-            this.suspendEncoding = false;
-            this.b4           = new byte[4];
-			this.options      = options;
-			this.alphabet     = getAlphabet(options);
-			this.decodabet    = getDecodabet(options);
-        }   // end constructor
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Writes the byte to the output stream after
-         * converting to/from Base64 notation.
-         * When encoding, bytes are buffered three
-         * at a time before the output stream actually
-         * gets a write() call.
-         * When decoding, bytes are buffered four
-         * at a time.
-         *
-         * @param theByte the byte to write
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public void write(int theByte) throws java.io.IOException
-        {
-            // Encoding suspended?
-            if( suspendEncoding )
-            {
-                super.out.write( theByte );
-                return;
-            }   // end if: supsended
-            
-            // Encode?
-            if( encode )
-            {
-                buffer[ position++ ] = (byte)theByte;
-                if( position >= bufferLength )  // Enough to encode.
-                {
-                    out.write( encode3to4( b4, buffer, bufferLength, options ) );
-
-                    lineLength += 4;
-                    if( breakLines && lineLength >= MAX_LINE_LENGTH )
-                    {
-                        out.write( NEW_LINE );
-                        lineLength = 0;
-                    }   // end if: end of line
-
-                    position = 0;
-                }   // end if: enough to output
-            }   // end if: encoding
-
-            // Else, Decoding
-            else
-            {
-                // Meaningful Base64 character?
-                if( decodabet[ theByte & 0x7f ] > WHITE_SPACE_ENC )
-                {
-                    buffer[ position++ ] = (byte)theByte;
-                    if( position >= bufferLength )  // Enough to output.
-                    {
-                        int len = Base64.decode4to3( buffer, 0, b4, 0, options );
-                        out.write( b4, 0, len );
-                        //out.write( Base64.decode4to3( buffer ) );
-                        position = 0;
-                    }   // end if: enough to output
-                }   // end if: meaningful base64 character
-                else if( decodabet[ theByte & 0x7f ] != WHITE_SPACE_ENC )
-                {
-                    throw new java.io.IOException( "Invalid character in Base64 data." );
-                }   // end else: not white space either
-            }   // end else: decoding
-        }   // end write
-        
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Calls {@link #write(int)} repeatedly until <var>len</var> 
-         * bytes are written.
-         *
-         * @param theBytes array from which to read bytes
-         * @param off offset for array
-         * @param len max number of bytes to read into array
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public void write( byte[] theBytes, int off, int len ) throws java.io.IOException
-        {
-            // Encoding suspended?
-            if( suspendEncoding )
-            {
-                super.out.write( theBytes, off, len );
-                return;
-            }   // end if: supsended
-            
-            for( int i = 0; i < len; i++ )
-            {
-                write( theBytes[ off + i ] );
-            }   // end for: each byte written
-            
-        }   // end write
-        
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Method added by PHIL. [Thanks, PHIL. -Rob]
-         * This pads the buffer without closing the stream.
-         */
-        public void flushBase64() throws java.io.IOException 
-        {
-            if( position > 0 )
-            {
-                if( encode )
-                {
-                    out.write( encode3to4( b4, buffer, position, options ) );
-                    position = 0;
-                }   // end if: encoding
-                else
-                {
-                    throw new java.io.IOException( "Base64 input not properly padded." );
-                }   // end else: decoding
-            }   // end if: buffer partially full
-
-        }   // end flush
-
-        
-        /** 
-         * Flushes and closes (I think, in the superclass) the stream. 
-         *
-         * @since 1.3
-         */
-        public void close() throws java.io.IOException
-        {
-            // 1. Ensure that pending characters are written
-            flushBase64();
-
-            // 2. Actually close the stream
-            // Base class both flushes and closes.
-            super.close();
-            
-            buffer = null;
-            out    = null;
-        }   // end close
-        
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Suspends encoding of the stream.
-         * May be helpful if you need to embed a piece of
-         * base640-encoded data in a stream.
-         *
-         * @since 1.5.1
-         */
-        public void suspendEncoding() throws java.io.IOException 
-        {
-            flushBase64();
-            this.suspendEncoding = true;
-        }   // end suspendEncoding
-        
-        
-        /**
-         * Resumes encoding of the stream.
-         * May be helpful if you need to embed a piece of
-         * base640-encoded data in a stream.
-         *
-         * @since 1.5.1
-         */
-        public void resumeEncoding()
-        {
-            this.suspendEncoding = false;
-        }   // end resumeEncoding
-        
-        
-        
-    }   // end inner class OutputStream
-    
-    
-}   // end class Base64

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-cloudstack/blob/14a60c76/test/src/com/cloud/sample/UserCloudAPIExecutor.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/test/src/com/cloud/sample/UserCloudAPIExecutor.java b/test/src/com/cloud/sample/UserCloudAPIExecutor.java
index c1246d4..ad99f36 100644
--- a/test/src/com/cloud/sample/UserCloudAPIExecutor.java
+++ b/test/src/com/cloud/sample/UserCloudAPIExecutor.java
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ import java.util.StringTokenizer;
 import javax.crypto.Mac;
 import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
 
+import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
 import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpClient;
 import org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpMethod;
 import org.apache.commons.httpclient.methods.GetMethod;
@@ -179,7 +180,7 @@ public class UserCloudAPIExecutor {
             mac.init(keySpec);
             mac.update(request.getBytes());
             byte[] encryptedBytes = mac.doFinal();
-            return URLEncoder.encode(Base64.encodeBytes(encryptedBytes), "UTF-8");
+            return URLEncoder.encode(Base64.encodeBase64String(encryptedBytes), "UTF-8");
         } catch (Exception ex) {
             System.out.println(ex);
         }


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