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From Andrus Adamchik <>
Subject Re: Redacting db user name and password from XML
Date Wed, 17 Jan 2018 05:58:22 GMT
If it is not a Bootique project, the property should work. A few non-Bootique projects that
I still have (that are on Cayenne 4.0) are started using -Dcayenne.* properties from the docs.

If it is a Bootique project, you will need to use the Bootique approach to configure credentials
for anything [1], Cayenne included. E.g. for a sample config [2], you'd be setting a value
for the property "-Dbq.jdbc.mysql.password". Another way (preferred to -D IMO) is to define
a shell variable pointing to the same property, and then exporting the var:


     .declareVar("jdbc.mysql.username", "DB_USER");
     .declareVar("jdbc.mysql.password", "DB_PASSWORD");

in startup script:

   export DB_PASSWORD=root
   export DB_PASSWORD=secret

   java -jar my.jar # no password in the Java process sig



> On Jan 17, 2018, at 12:22 AM, Pascal Robert <> wrote:
> Do -Dcayenne.jdbc.username really work? I’m trying to use that (so that the password
is not stored in Git), and the runtime is still using the login information from the XML file.
> Cayenne 4.1.M1.
> ServerRuntime mysqlRuntime = ServerRuntime.builder().addConfig("cayenne-mysql.xml").build();
>> Le 18 déc. 2017 à 11:49, Andrus Adamchik <> a écrit
>> Hi Mark,
>> We've done quite a bit of work in Cayenne to avoid complex things like PasswordEncoding
or custom DataSourceFactories. If all that is needed is to change / define login credentials,
the simplest way is via properties [1]. [2] shows an example with a single DataNode. If you
have more than one, you will need to add the project name and the DataNode name to the base
property name. E.g.:
>> export MY_USER=user
>> export MY_PASSWORD=secret
>> java -Dcayenne.jdbc.username.project.mynode=$MY_USER \
>>    -Dcayenne.jdbc.password.project.mynode=$MY_PASSWORD \
>>    -jar myapp.jar 
>> Hope this helps,
>> Andrus
>> [1]
>> [2]
>>> On Dec 17, 2017, at 4:23 AM, Mark Hull <> wrote:
>>> I apologize if this question has been asked and answered before but: What is
the best-practices solution to redact the database user name and password from an XML file
created and used by Cayenne Modeler? The ServerRuntime build statement is simply:
>>> cayenneRuntime = ServerRuntime.builder()
>>> .addConfig("com/hulles/a1icia/cayenne/cayenne-a1icia.xml")
>>>           .build();
>>> It works just fine as long as the db user name and password are in the XML file,
but I don't believe in leaving clear-text artifacts like that laying around in the code, so
I want to add the user and password data at runtime from a Java method (not from an external
file or an 'executable', whatever that means in the content of PasswordEncoding). Adding .user("xyz")
and .password("zyx") to the build statement don't work, presumably because the DataNode is
not the default and those statements just set their respective fields for the default DataNode.
>>> If I have to, I can create either a Module to change those properties somehow
at runtime (though the documentation for doing so is, to be kind, sparse), somehow implement
the PasswordEncoding (even less documentation, because I don't know where it's used), or just
edit the XML at runtime (horrible choice but looking like the best of a bad lot at this point).
>>> All this seems like a lot of effort when I imagine this need must crop up fairly
often among Cayenne users (it should, for security reasons IMO). Is there a simple standard
way to do what I want? Or at least a standard way? I don't want to invent a new wheel here.
I feel like I'm missing something obvious that everyone else knows about and that I just missed.
Oh, by the way, whatever the solution is should still allow Cayenne Modeler to function normally.
>>> I promise I searched for the answer everywhere I could think of. StackOverflow
had a couple answers that used deprecated methods and didn't work when I tried them.
>>> Thanks in advance for any help. I hope there's a really simple answer so I feel
stupid but don't have to spend any more time on this than I have already. :)
>>> - Mark Hull
>>> /People say nothing is impossible, but I do nothing every day. - A. A. Milne/

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