cayenne-user mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From "Borut BolĨina" <borut.bolc...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: caching documentation
Date Fri, 12 Dec 2008 15:13:32 GMT
Hi,

any drafts of the OSCache examples yet? I am looking at
http://cayenne.apache.org/doc/caching-and-fresh-data.html and there are
TO-DOs still there.

Cheers,
Borut

2008/3/5 Marcin Skladaniec <marcin@ish.com.au>

> Thank you very much for the reply, I need to read through one more time and
> I'll try to make use of it as well as write some documentation down for the
> website.
>
> Marcin
>
>
> On 05/03/2008, at 9:20 PM, Andrus Adamchik wrote:
>
>
>> On Mar 4, 2008, at 1:26 AM, Marcin Skladaniec wrote:
>>
>>  Hi
>>>
>>> The documentation on caching (
>>> http://cayenne.apache.org/doc/caching-and-fresh-data.html and
>>> http://cayenne.apache.org/doc/object-caching.html) isn't very
>>> comprehensive,
>>>
>>
>> Agreed. There are lots of new features related to caching in 3.0, and we
>> do not communicate them well to the users as of yet.
>>
>>  it does not answer questions like:
>>>
>>> - what is actually stored in cache pks? datarows ? objectIds ?
>>>
>>
>> There are two types of cache: object cache [1] and query cache.
>>
>> * Object cache (stored at ObjectContext): Map<ObjectId, Persistent> (it
>> may not be declared as such, but this is what it is).
>> * Object cache (stored at DataDomain... so really a snapshot cache):
>> Map<ObjectId, DataRow>
>> * Query cache (stored at ObjectContext, aka LOCAL_CACHE): Map<String,
>> List<Persistent|DataRow>
>> * Query cache (stored at DataDomain, aka SHARED_CACHE): Map<String,
>> List<DataRow>
>>
>>
>>  - does caching change when paging is on ?
>>>
>>
>> Yes, there are some caveats, and a few things were tweaked recently.
>> LOCAL_CACHE works (both ROP and two tier). There is no SHARED_CACHE support
>> (and I want to make this more formal - throw an IllegalStateException if
>> pagination and SHARED_CACHE are used together). One reason why I want to do
>> that is that it appeared under ROP as if SHARED_CACHE worked, when it fact
>> things worked differently, as a side effect of the special handling of
>> paginated lists on the ROP server (see below).
>>
>>
>>  - does caching require special measures when used with ROP ? (meaning the
>>> propagation of changes between contexts)
>>>
>>
>> Not really, maybe an understanding of how it is implemented. Paginated
>> list is always cached in the *server* local cache, regardless of the query
>> cache settings. I.e. "LOCAL_CACHE + paginated list + ROP" means caching on
>> both server and client; "NO_CACHE + paginated list + ROP" still means
>> caching on the server. This is done in order to avoid transferring
>> unresolved ID's to the client.
>>
>>
>>  - how to properly use SelectQuery.setCacheGroups()?
>>>
>>
>> Cache groups are ignored unless you use advanced implementations of
>> QueryCache on the server (e.g. OSCache). RefreshQuery can also target cache
>> groups (see below). "cache group" is a mechanism to allow backend code to
>> perform smart cache invalidation without knowing anything about the nature
>> of the queries. E.g. you can have two groups "objects_that_change_often" and
>> "objects_that_rarely_change", corresponding to 2 OSCache invalidation rules,
>> "once per minute" vs. "once per day"... Now when you add new queries, you do
>> not need to change configuration, if they fall into one of the existing
>> "groups"...
>>
>> So the trick with cache groups is to find common data invalidation
>> patterns in your app. Each repeating pattern becomes a group. This is a
>> logical task, with very little code involved.
>>
>>  what happens when a query has more than one cache group specified?
>>>
>>
>> Invalidation rules for all groups are combined. I rarely used that in
>> practice, but still think this allows some extra flexibility, e.g. if the
>> same query falls in a broad category and also in a very specific one. E.g.
>> "objects_that_rarely_change" and "objects_that_change_when_event_X_occurs".
>>
>>  - how long the cache entries sit in the memory, is there a way to
>>> invalidate all cache from time to time ?
>>>
>>
>> Query cache (both shared and local): default mechanism is LRU and no
>> expiration. OSCache allows to configure size and advanced expiration rules
>> per cache group.
>>
>> Snapshot cache: LRU. Size configurable in the Modeler.
>>
>> Object cache (server): Unlimited size map with weak references.
>>
>>
>>  - how to invalidate cache using RefreshQuery, the
>>> http://cayenne.apache.org/doc/refreshquery.html is just a list of
>>> suggestions on how it might work in the future.
>>>
>>
>> Yeah, this is not documented properly. I need to poke around a bit more to
>> provide accurate information on RefreshQuery behavior. It was an early idea
>> of cache handling, but I stopped using it in my own apps, as OSCache works
>> beautifully, supports clustering, etc., etc. And rather importantly - it
>> removes cache management logic from the code (i.e. explicit invalidation vs.
>> configuration-based one).
>>
>>  Me and Ari are willing to document the caching feature, but we would need
>>> some help.
>>>
>>
>> Awesome! I'd imagine the trick here is to separate everything discussed
>> here into "internal-design-not-relevant-to-the-user" part and
>> "cache-user-guide" part to avoid confusing people and exposing too many
>> implementation details that will likely change over time.
>>
>> Andrus
>>
>>
>> [1] http://cayenne.apache.org/doc/object-caching.html
>>
>>
>

Mime
  • Unnamed multipart/alternative (inline, None, 0 bytes)
View raw message