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From "Agrawal, Pratik" <>
Subject Re: Hinted Handoff
Date Mon, 06 Aug 2018 21:20:33 GMT
Does Cassandra TTL out the hints after max_hint_window_in_ms? From my understanding, Cassandra
only stops collecting hints after max_hint_window_in_ms but can still keep replaying the hints
if the node comes back again. Is this correct? Is there a way to TTL out hints?


From: Kyrylo Lebediev <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Monday, August 6, 2018 at 4:10 PM
To: "" <>
Subject: Re: Hinted Handoff

Small gc_grace_seconds value lowers max allowed node downtime, which is 15 minutes in your
case. After 15 minutes of downtime you'll need to replace the node, as you described. This
interval looks too short to be able to do planned maintenance. So, in case you set larger
value for gc_grace_seconds (lets say, hours or a day) will you get visible read amplification
/ waste a lot of disk space / issues with compactions?

Hinted handoff may be the reason in case hinted handoff window is longer than gc_grace_seconds.
To me it looks like hinted handoff window (max_hint_window_in_ms in cassandra.yaml, which
defaults to 3h) must always be set to a value less than gc_grace_seconds.



From: Agrawal, Pratik <>
Sent: Monday, August 6, 2018 8:22:27 PM
Subject: Hinted Handoff

Hello all,

We use Cassandra in non-conventional way, where our data is short termed (life cycle of about
20-30 minutes) where each record is updated ~5 times and then deleted. We have GC grace of
15 minutes.

We are seeing 2 problems

1.) A certain number of Cassandra nodes goes down and then we remove it from the cluster using
Cassandra removenode command and replace the dead nodes with new nodes. While new nodes are
joining in, we see more nodes down (which are not actually down) but we see following errors
in the log

“Gossip not settled after 321 polls. Gossip Stage active/pending/completed: 1/816/0”

To fix the issue, I restarted the server and the nodes now appear to be up and the problem
is solved

Can this problem be related to ?

2.) Meanwhile, after restarting the nodes mentioned above, we see that some old deleted data
is resurrected (because of short lifecycle of our data). My guess at the moment is that these
data is resurrected due to hinted handoff. Interesting point to note here is that data keeps
resurrecting at periodic intervals (like an hour) and then finally stops. Could this be caused
by hinted handoff? if so is there any setting which we can set to specify that “invalidate,
hinted handoff data after 5-10 minutes”.

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