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From Stefano Ortolani <ostef...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: LCS, range tombstones, and eviction
Date Fri, 12 May 2017 13:22:30 GMT
Thanks a lot Blake, that definitely helps!

I actually found a ticket re range tombstones and how they are accounted
for: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CASSANDRA-8527

I am wondering now what happens when a node receives a read request. Are
the range tombstones read before scanning the SStables? More interestingly,
given that a single partition might be split across different levels, and
that some range tombstones might be in L0 while all the rest of the data in
L1, are all the tombstones prefetched from _all_ the involved SStables
before doing any table scan?

Regards,
Stefano

On Thu, May 11, 2017 at 7:58 PM, Blake Eggleston <beggleston@apple.com>
wrote:

> Hi Stefano,
>
> Based on what I understood reading the docs, if the ratio of garbage
> collectable tomstones exceeds the "tombstone_threshold", C* should start
> compacting and evicting.
>
>
> If there are no other normal compaction tasks to be run, LCS will attempt
> to compact the sstables it estimates it will be able to drop the most
> tombstones from. It does this by estimating the number of tombstones an
> sstable has that have passed the gc grace period. Whether or not a
> tombstone will actually be evicted is more complicated. Even if a tombstone
> has passed gc grace, it can't be dropped if the data it's deleting still
> exists in another sstable, otherwise the data would appear to return. So, a
> tombstone won't be dropped if there is data for the same partition in other
> sstables that is older than the tombstone being evaluated for eviction.
>
> I am quite puzzled however by what might happen when dealing with range
> tombstones. In that case a single tombstone might actually stand for an
> arbitrary number of normal tombstones. In other words, do range tombstones
> contribute to the "tombstone_threshold"? If so, how?
>
>
> From what I can tell, each end of the range tombstone is counted as a
> single tombstone tombstone. So a range tombstone effectively contributes
> '2' to the count of tombstones for an sstable. I'm not 100% sure, but I
> haven't seen any sstable writing logic that tracks open tombstones and
> counts covered cells as tombstones. So, it's likely that the effect of
> range tombstones covering many rows are under represented in the droppable
> tombstone estimate.
>
> I am also a bit confused by the "tombstone_compaction_interval". If I am
> dealing with a big partition in LCS which is receiving new records every
> day,
> and a weekly incremental repair job continously anticompacting the data
> and
> thus creating SStables, what is the likelhood of the default interval
> (10 days) to be actually hit?
>
>
> It will be hit, but probably only in the repaired data. Once the data is
> marked repaired, it shouldn't be anticompacted again, and should get old
> enough to pass the compaction interval. That shouldn't be an issue though,
> because you should be running repair often enough that data is repaired
> before it can ever get past the gc grace period. Otherwise you'll have
> other problems. Also, keep in mind that tombstone eviction is a part of all
> compactions, it's just that occasionally a compaction is run specifically
> for that purpose. Finally, you probably shouldn't run incremental repair on
> data that is deleted. There is a design flaw in the incremental repair used
> in pre-4.0 of cassandra that can cause consistency issues. It can also
> cause a *lot* of over streaming, so you might want to take a look at how
> much streaming your cluster is doing with full repairs, and incremental
> repairs. It might actually be more efficient to run full repairs.
>
> Hope that helps,
>
> Blake
>
> On May 11, 2017 at 7:16:26 AM, Stefano Ortolani (ostefano@gmail.com)
> wrote:
>
> Hi all,
>
> I am trying to wrap my head around how C* evicts tombstones when using LCS.
> Based on what I understood reading the docs, if the ratio of garbage
> collectable tomstones exceeds the "tombstone_threshold", C* should start
> compacting and evicting.
>
> I am quite puzzled however by what might happen when dealing with range
> tombstones. In that case a single tombstone might actually stand for an
> arbitrary number of normal tombstones. In other words, do range tombstones
> contribute to the "tombstone_threshold"? If so, how?
>
> I am also a bit confused by the "tombstone_compaction_interval". If I am
> dealing with a big partition in LCS which is receiving new records every
> day,
> and a weekly incremental repair job continously anticompacting the data
> and
> thus creating SStables, what is the likelhood of the default interval
> (10 days) to be actually hit?
>
> Hopefully somebody will be able to shed some lights here!
>
> Thanks in advance!
> Stefano
>
>

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