Thanks all for the help.
I ran the traffic over the weekend surprisingly, my heap was doing OK (around 5.7G of 8G) but GC activity went nuts and dropped the throughput. I will probably increase the number of nodes.

The other interesting thing I noticed was that there were some objects with finalize() methods, this could potentially cause GC issues.

On Fri, May 31, 2013 at 1:47 AM, Aiman Parvaiz <> wrote:
I believe you should roll out more nodes as a temporary fix to your problem, 400GB on all nodes means (as correctly mentioned in other mails of this thread) you are spending more time on GC. Check out the second comment in this link by Aaron Morton, he says the more than 300GB can be problematic, though this post is about older version of cassandra but I believe concept still stands true:


On May 29, 2013, at 9:32 PM, srmore <> wrote:

I am observing that my performance is drastically decreasing when my data size grows. I have a 3 node cluster with 64 GB of ram and my data size is around 400GB on all the nodes. I also see that when I re-start Cassandra the performance goes back to normal and then again starts decreasing after some time.

Some hunting landed me to this page which talks about the large data sets and explains that it might be because I am going through multiple layers of OS cache, but does not tell me how to tune it.

So, my question is, are there any optimizations that I can do to handle these large datatasets ?

and why does my performance go back to normal when I restart Cassandra ?

Thanks !