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From David Vanderfeesten <>
Subject Re: understanding of native indexes: limitations, potential side effects,...
Date Wed, 16 May 2012 18:58:14 GMT
Txs Jeremiah,
But I am not sure I am following " number of columns could be equal to
number of rows ".  Is native index implemented as one cf shared over all
the indexes (one row in the idx CF corresponding to one index) or  is there
an internal index cf per index?. My (potential wrong) mindset was the
latter. In that case if you would index a column with a very high
cardinality like for example serialNbr,  this corresponding internal idx cf
will just lead to almost the same nbr of rows as the original cf containing
the serialnbr. I can''t match that what you are explaining...

- David

On Wed, May 16, 2012 at 6:23 PM, Jeremiah Jordan <> wrote:

>  The limitation is because number of columns could be equal to number of
> rows.  If number of rows is large this can become an issue.
> -Jeremiah
>  ------------------------------
> *From:* David Vanderfeesten []
> *Sent:* Wednesday, May 16, 2012 6:58 AM
> *To:*
> *Subject:* understanding of native indexes: limitations, potential side
> effects,...
>  Hi
> I like to better understand the limitations of native indexes, potential
> side effects and scenarios where they are required.
> My understanding so far :
> - Is that indexes on each node are storing indexes for data locally on the
> node itself.
> - Indexes do not return values in a sorted way (hashes of the indexed row
> keys are defining the order)
> - Given by the design referred in the first bullet, a coordinator node
> receiving a read of a native index, needs to spawn a read to multiple
> nodes(set of nodes together covering at least the complete key space +
> potentially more to assure read consistency level).
> - Each write to an indexed column leads to an additional local read of the
> index to update the index (kind of obvious but easily forgotten when tuning
> your system for write-only workload)
> - When using a where clause in CQL you need at least to specify an equal
> condition on a native indexed column. Additional conditions in the where
> clause are filtered out by the coordinator node receiving the CQL query.
> - native indexes do not support very well columns with high number of
> discrete values throughout the entire CF.
> Is upper understanding correct and complete?
> Some doubts:
> - about the limitation of indexing columns with high number of discrete
> values:
> I assume native indexes  are implemented with an internally managed CF per
> index. With high cardinality values, in worst case, the number of rows in
> the index are identical to the number of rows of the indexed CF. Or are
> there other reasons for the limitation, and if that's the case, is there
> a guideline on the max. nbr of cardinality that is still reasonable?
> -Are column updates and the update of the indexes (read + write action)
> atomic and isolated from concurrent updates?
> Txs!
> David

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