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From "Dan Hendry" <>
Subject RE: Compaction -> CPU load 100% -> time out
Date Tue, 15 Nov 2011 16:43:51 GMT
I really don't recommend using t1.micros. The problem with them is that they
have CPU bursting, basically meaning you get lots of CPU resources for a
short time but if you use more than you have been allocated you get
basically nothing for 10+ seconds afterwards. By 'basically nothing' I
really mean that - the machine is effectively dead. The biggest problem with
this (which we found out the hard way, within a test environment thankfully)
is that it makes capacity planning extremely difficult - the line between
having a cluster with sufficient capacity and being overloaded is extremely
abrupt and very difficult to see coming. Moreover once you are over
capacity, the 'dead periods caused' by CPU bursting cause things spiral out
of control rapidly due to overtly aggressive client retries and hinted
handoff increasing overall load (although the HH problem might have improved
with 1.0.x). I would recommend m1.smalls at the very least.


If you are set on micros, make sure you only ever trigger compaction on one
node at a time (or better, consider if you even need to trigger major
compactions at all), set compaction_throughput_mb_per_sec (cassandra.yaml)
as low as you possibly can (1 is the minimum I believe), try disabling
hinted handoff (on all nodes), and use lower read/write consistency levels
if you can.




From: Alain RODRIGUEZ [] 
Sent: November-15-11 6:34
Subject: Compaction -> CPU load 100% -> time out


Hi, I'm running a 3 node cassandra 1.0.2 cluster on 3 Amazon EC2 t1.micro.


I managed to fix some OOM I had, but I still have some spike of cpu load.


I know that t1.micro have small resources, but I think it could be enough if
they were well managed.


My application works well, excepted when cassandra need to run a compaction
on a node. To do it, Cassandra uses 100% of the cpu, generating a lot of
time out. My time out is configured to 250 ms with 2 attempt max. I'm
running in production, our actual system use MySQL and we are trying to
replace MySQLwith Cassandra. Cassandra musn't slow down the production
environnement while we use both DB in parallel, that is why I can't increase
the time before a time out.


Running this compaction in background somehow could be a good idea, after my
seach about this subject, I tried by adding JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS
-Dcassandra.compaction.priority=1" to the


This option was added for Cassandra 0.6.3, is it still usefull ? It doesn't
resolve my problem.


Anyways, this doesn't help while performing a nodetool repair, the cpu load
is still 100%.


Is there a way to turn these exceptional tasks into backgrounds tasks, using
only available cpu ?


Is there a way to get Cassandra working properly on EC2 t1.micros ?





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