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From aaron morton <>
Subject Re: Unable to repair a node
Date Tue, 16 Aug 2011 23:44:41 GMT
ctrl-c will not stop the repair. 

You kind of check things by looking at netstat compationstats , that will just tell you if
there are compactions backing up. Not necessarily if they are validation compactions used
during repairs. You can trawl the logs to look for messages from the AntiEntropyService if
you want. 

If you have started multiple repairs and that been failing, I would suggest a rolling restart.
It's the only way to be sure if killing them. probably a good idea to get back to a known

If there are some failures the repair on the node you started it on will eventually give up
after 24 or 48 hours (?). 

> SSTableReader has opened dozens and dozens of files, most of them unrelated to the CF
being repaired
> compactions are taking place continuously on CFs other than the one being repaired, even
CFs in other keyspaces

That's probably the 2280 issue. Data from all CF's is streamed over


Aaron Morton
Freelance Cassandra Developer

On 17/08/2011, at 10:09 AM, Philippe wrote:

> One last thought : what happens when you ctrl-c a nodetool repair ? Does it stop the
repair on the server ? If not, then I think I have multiple repairs still running. Is there
any way to check this ?
> Thanks
> 2011/8/16 Philippe <>
> Even more interesting behavior : a repair on a CF has consequences on other CFs. I didn't
expect that.
> There are no writes being issued to the cluster yet the logs indicate that 
> SSTableReader has opened dozens and dozens of files, most of them unrelated to the CF
being repaired
> compactions are taking place continuously on CFs other than the one being repaired, even
CFs in other keyspaces
> I see "Sending AEService tree" messages for CF not being repaired.
> After a very long time, I got some AES messages indicating that streaming from node C
had finished and then many minutes after that node B. And yet the pending stream count on
node B hasn't changed.
> The *-data.db files for the CF being repaired are about 70MB on-disk.
> Maybe when a stream is fully received on node B, netstats indicates that no streams are
pending but since they are not acknowledged, node A doesn't ?
> 2011/8/16 Philippe <>
> I'm still trying different stuff. Here are my latest findings, maybe someone will find
them useful:
> I have been able to repair some small column families by issuing a repair [KS] [CF].
When testing on the ring with no writes at all, it still takes about 2 repairs to get "consistent"
logs for all AES requests.
> Launching a repair one the smallest CF of the biggest KS has triggered a flurry of compactions
and streams. Some of those streams are for other CF in that keyspace !?
> During repairs (one at a time cluster-wide), I get 25-50% io waits & 35%-50% cpu
usage on a 6 core SATA-disk setup
> What is surprising to me (bug?) is that netstats shows me streams going from node A to
node B at 0% progress. But netstats on node B doesn't show me any streams coming in. I'm thinking
that repairs may be never ending and that may be messing up my compactions hence the huge
pile up of compactions until the disk fulls.
> I know there's an issue related to failed streams & repairs, could I be hitting it
> Thanks
> 2011/8/14 Philippe <>
> @Teijo : thanks for the procedure, I hope I won't have to do that
> Peter, I'll answer inline. Thanks for the detailed answer.
> > the number of SSTables for some keyspaces goes dramatically up (from 3 or 4
> > to several dozens).
> Typically with a long running compaction, such as that triggered by
> repair, that's what happens as flushed memtables accumulate. In
> particular for memtables with frequent flushes.
> Are you running with concurrent compaction enabled?
> Yes, it is enabled. On my 0.8 cluster, cassandra.yaml has this (it's commented). BTW,
I have 6 cores on each server.
> #concurrent_compactors: 1
> > the commit log keeps increasing in size, I'm at 4.3G now, it went up to 40G
> > when the compaction was throttled at 16MB/s. On the other nodes it's around
> > 1GB at most
> Hmmmm. The Commit Log should not be retained longer than what is
> required for memtables to be flushed. Is it possible you have had an
> out-of-disk condition and flushing has stalled? Are you seeing flushes
> happening in the log?
> No I don't believe there was ever an out of disk.  Yes it is flushing for the first couple
of hours.
> Then, when repair seems locked up, my log is mostly filled with lines such as this
> INFO [ScheduledTasks:1] 2011-08-14 23:15:47,267 (line 88) [My_Keyspace].[My_Columnfamily]
          45,105541               50/50               20/20
>  Why is that ?
> > the data directory is bigger than on the other nodes. I've seen it go up to
> > 480GB when the compaction was throttled at 16MB/s
> How much data are you writing? Is it at all plausible that the huge
> spike is a reflection of lots of overwriting writes that aren't being
> compacted?
> No, there's no bulk loading going on at the moment and I'm pretty sure there wasn't when
it spiked up to that load.
> I've never measured the load because it's a mix of counter increments and new counters
all the time. It's not that much though.
> Normally when disk space spikes with repair it's due to other nodes
> streaming huge amounts (maybe all of their data) to the node, leading
> to a temporary spike. But if your "real" size is expected to be 60,
> 480 sounds excessive. Are you sure other nodes aren't running repairs
> at the same time and magnifying each other's data load spikes?
> Yes, the two other nodes were running repairs. I had them scheduled at 8 hour intervals
but they must have started.
> When data is streamed from one to another, does that data go into the commit log as a
regular write ?
>  How much of a negative impact can that have on the repair going on on this node ?
> > What's even weirder is that currently I have 9 compactions running but CPU
> > is throttled at 1/number of cores half the time (while > 80% the rest of the
> > time). Could this be because other repairs are happening in the ring ?
> You mean compaction is taking less CPU than it "should"?
> Yes
> No, this should not be due to other nodes repairing. However it sounds
> to me like you are bottlenecking on I/O and the repairs and
> Yes, I/O is really high on the node right now. Around 50% I/O waits.
> compactions are probably proceeding extremely slowly, probably being
> completely drowned out by live traffic (which is probably having an
> abnormally high performance impact due to data size spike).
> Yes, the live traffic is 3 to 10x times slower during repair. Ouch... I hope I won't
to do this too often while in production !
> What's your read concurrency configured on the node? What does "iostat
> -x -k 1" show in the average queue size column?
> Average queue size on the disk (RAID-1 + separate LVM volumes for data, commit log, caches,
logs)) varies between 2 and 90. I'd say the average is around 30-40. Very high variation.
> Is "nodetool -h
> localhost tpstats" showing that ReadStage is usually "full" (@ your
> limit)?
> No backlog at all in tpstats
> I've figured out how AES is logging its actions and it looks like it really is going
through every CF in every keyspace and doing a tree request for every token range
> So it really looks like it's just taking forever to compact stuff as it's repairing.

> I saw in another email that repairing was taking 2-3mn/ GB... it looks like a lot more
for my ring. Anybody else have numbers ?
> Thanks

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